Food security in the contexts of General Water Seccurity in Central Asia: What value added GWP can bring - Workshop 1 - CP meeting Day 1

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  • Продовольствие во имя прогресса
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  • Food security in the contexts of General Water Seccurity in Central Asia: What value added GWP can bring - Workshop 1 - CP meeting Day 1

    1. 1. Food Security in the contexts of General Water Security in Central Asia: What value added GWP can bring on Yusup Kamalov NGO “Union for Defense the Amudarya and Aral Sea”, Chair GWP CACENA Stockholm, Sweden August 18-19 2011 GWP CP Meeting 2011 “ GWP’s Strategy: Stay the Course or Change Direction?”
    2. 2. Central Asia
    3. 3. General Challenges for Water Security <ul><li>Population growth, especially in urban areas </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts around water resources </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Hydro capacity usage </li></ul><ul><li>Non-coordinated planning </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of coordinated financial mechanism at the regional level </li></ul><ul><li>Change in cropping patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Low world market prices for agricultural products </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of ecosystem approach and IWRM application </li></ul><ul><li>Overexploitation and pollution of water ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change </li></ul>
    4. 4. POPULATION GROWTH Total from 18 million in 1950 to 78 million in 2050
    5. 5. URBAN RURAL
    6. 6. The problem of irrigated agriculture and its roots Irrigated Agriculture in Central Asia contributes 90% to Food security!
    7. 7. Main Canals poorly operated... and poorly maintained
    8. 8. Water Measurement Limited measurements no proper records
    9. 9. Water Users’ Associations Weak WUAs with low budget and capacities, lack of professionals
    10. 10. <ul><li>Room for improvements is high </li></ul><ul><li>High return on modernization investment by savings water, energy and thus money </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in revenue collection by providing water to majority of the farmers in the command area </li></ul><ul><li>Improved water delivery service to farmers, enabling them to increase their profit margin and enhance livelihood. </li></ul>Steps towards Food Security
    11. 11. How to improve profitability of irrigated agriculture
    12. 12. Example: Solutions in Uzbekistan – Changes in Crop Patterns 20 10 1990 Other crops 50 % Other crops 70 % (Wheat, vegetables, fruits) Cotton and rice 50 % Cotton and rice 30 % Water consumptive crops Less water consumptive crops
    13. 13. Total Water Intake in Uzbekistan 64 Billion m 3 1990 20 10 53 Billion m 3
    14. 14. Solutions in Uzbekistan – Investments into Water Sector <ul><li>Rehabilitation of irrigation and drainage systems </li></ul>Modernization of water infrastructure and pumping systems
    15. 15. ACTORS IN AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT
    16. 16. What value added GWP can bring on (1) To support policy dialogues To support national IWRM plans (food security chapters in particular) To support capacity building programs; Knowledge dissemination (including IWRM ToolBox)
    17. 17. What value added GWP can bring on (2) To support capacity building programs; Knowledge dissemination (including IWRM ToolBox) To facilitate Partnerships, Alliances, Consultations, Joint activities coordination
    18. 18. <ul><li>Policy dialogue on food security </li></ul><ul><li>IWRM national planning in three countries (Kyrg, Taj, Uzb) </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity developments (trainings on how to increase efficiency of irrigated agriculture) </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge dissemination. </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in joint pilot projects </li></ul>RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ACTIONS
    19. 19. <ul><li>  </li></ul>THANK YOU !!! Additional information: [email_address] www.gwp-cacena.org

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