Cc operational strategy


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Cc operational strategy

  1. 1. Draft Operational Strategy on Adapting to Climate Change Alex Simalabwi GWP Regional Days August 2011
  2. 2. <ul><li>Of the 12 years (from 1995-2006), 11 are among the 12 warmest since records began in 1850. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Global Impacts and Issues
  4. 5. Global Trends in disasters since 1900
  5. 6. Drought and Desertification <ul><li>Drought, desertification estimated to affect one-third of the world’s population and are predicted to worsen </li></ul>
  6. 7. Sea Level Rise <ul><li>Millions of people low-lying coastal areas,SIDS at risk over the 21st century </li></ul>
  7. 8. Delta losses <ul><ul><li>Rising sea levels to result in freshwater losses in river delta systems </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Water Stress <ul><ul><li>700 million people in 43 countries live below the water-stress threshold of 1,700 cubic metres per person. By 2025 that figure will reach 3 billion </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Gender Impacts <ul><ul><li>increased frequency of droughts means that women are walking greater distances to collect water, often ranging from 10-15 km/ day </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Ecosystems & Forests <ul><li>Changes in hydrology to have wide-ranging impacts on ecosystem diversity </li></ul>
  11. 12. Glacial Melt & Mountain Populations <ul><li>increase flood risk to one-sixth of the world’s population, predominantly in the Indian sub-continent, parts of China, and the Andes in South America </li></ul>
  12. 13. Climate Migration and Displacement <ul><li>A global temperature increase of 3-4°C could cause 330 million people displaced </li></ul>
  13. 14. Agriculture and Food Systems <ul><li>Disruption of food production systems may expose an additional 75–125 million people to threat of hunger </li></ul>
  14. 15. Transboundary Impacts <ul><ul><li>An estimated 145 states have international basins within their territory, and 30 countries lie entirely within them </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Finance and GDP <ul><li>UNFCCC-additional costs for adaptation in the water sector $9 – 11 billion in 2030 </li></ul><ul><li>World Bank- $13.7 billion in drier scenarios, and $19.2 billion in wetter scenarios for ‘Water Supply and Flood Management’. </li></ul>
  16. 19. GWP Response
  17. 20. Goal 2: Address critical development challenges This means contributing to solutions for critical challenges to water security, such as climate change , urbanisation, food production, resource related conflict and other challenges .
  18. 21. Expected outcomes-2a <ul><li>Outcome 2a: </li></ul><ul><li>National and regional policy makers, civic organisations, water managers and international development agencies take into account the links between water and climate change, and develop solutions for adapting the management of water resources to climate change. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Helping policy makers understand the links between water and climate change </li></ul><ul><li>b.Solution development </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting policy makers to develop solutions for adapting the management of water resources to climate change for development </li></ul>
  19. 22. Expected outcomes-2c <ul><li>Outcome 2 c: International actors and multi-lateral policy processes work with a clearer understanding of the options available for tackling emerging and on-going challenges facing water security </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual contributions </li></ul><ul><li>to enable international actors and multi-lateral policy processes work with a clearer understanding of the options available for tackling emerging and on-going challenges facing water security </li></ul>
  20. 23. GWP Response ISSUE -Modest progress; TEC & Regions <ul><li>Intellectual contributions </li></ul><ul><li>Need Tools for guiding decision making, decision support Tools </li></ul><ul><li>- dealing with uncertainity, no/low regret measures, resilience, vulnerability,etc, </li></ul><ul><li>some focus on policies </li></ul><ul><li>uncertainity?? </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions development </li></ul>Major focus of the interventions -Dialogues,workshops,meetings <ul><li>Advocacy </li></ul>
  21. 24. Towards an operational strategy
  22. 26. a. Advocacy
  23. 27. UNFCCC Accreditation IGO Observer Status Side Event : “Bridging the Water and Climate Agendas” “ Water Management, Water Security and Climate Change Adaptation” One Page Briefing Note + contributions to “Outreach” Led to : “Beyond COP15 : Building Resilience through Water Security” Nairobi Statement Nairobi Work Programme on Adaptation COP 16 COP 17 Key messages COP 15 G8, Italy, July 2009 “ Climate Adaptation is Water Adaptation” Copenhagen, November 2008 Dialogue on Adaptation to Climate Change for Land and Water Management Hanoi, January 2009 Bamako, February 2009 Istanbul, March 2009 Nairobi, April 2009 Barcelona, November 2009 Side Event at Water Day and IGO Observer with Stakeholder Forum Beyond COP15 : Regional Dialogues; + GWP input into Review of Adaptation Fund Bonn, June 2010 Bonn, June 2011
  24. 28. Disaster Risk Reduction Climate Change Adaptation Water Security Linking development Agendas Better climate information <ul><li>GWP´s role : </li></ul><ul><li>Reaching out to the climate community and the disaster management community </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water security with these agendas at national level, regional level, global level </li></ul><ul><li>Stressing that better water management is the key to climate adaptation </li></ul>
  25. 29. b. Intellectual contributions
  26. 30. b. Intellectual Contributions <ul><li>Better Water Resources Management - Greater Resilience Today, More Effective Adaptation Tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>Water Management, Water Security and Climate Change Adaptation: Early Impacts and Essential Responses </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change Adaptation and IWRM - An Initial Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change: How can we adapt </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Publications </li></ul><ul><li>GWP Briefing Note, 2009 </li></ul>
  27. 31. c. Solution development building resilience to impacts, minimize damages & increase benefits
  28. 32. What Solutions? Policy solutions Financial solutions Institutional solutions Technical solutions
  29. 33. Policy Solutions-Linking Water, Climate and Economic Development communities.. getting out of the silos Integrating water security, climate resilience into national development, policy frameworks COP People Water People Finance/ economic Developement people
  30. 34. Financial Solutions-Mobilising investments and financing water security to build climate resilience…. (3 I s)
  31. 35. Institutional Solutions Institutional development- information, education & enhancing knowledge on the risks, damages and opportunities
  32. 36. Technical solutions Dealing with uncertainty Distilling available methodologies Projecting water, climate, development futures Robust response measures for a wide range of scenarios
  33. 37. Technical solutions-floods    
  34. 38. <ul><li>Current Status of the Operational Strategy </li></ul>
  35. 39. Programme Approach..... Water Climate Development Programe
  36. 41. Under Development..... Strategic Framework for Water Security and Climate Resilient Development Technical Backgound document Capacity Developmenet Strategy Policy Briefs
  37. 42. Developing the Framework <ul><li>CORE TEAM </li></ul><ul><li>HR Wallingford- lead </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford University Centre for Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford Policy Management </li></ul><ul><li>Institute for Development Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Associate Partners </li></ul><ul><li>University of East Anglia Water Security Centre International Office for Water (host of INBO) </li></ul><ul><li>IWMI-Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Systems Analysis Group-University of Cape Town </li></ul>
  38. 43. Discussion Solution development requires a ‘Step Change’ What should we do to get to this?