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Transboundary Issues from and International Perspective, by Prof, Patricia Wouters

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Transboundary Issues from and International Perspective, by Prof, Patricia Wouters

  1. 1. IHP-HELP Centre for WaterGWP / IWMI Law, Policy & ScienceSouth Asia Regional Workshop UNESCO24-25 Feb 2011, Colombo – Sri Lanka Transboundary Issues from an International Perspective 24/02/2011 Prof. Patricia Wouters | Director
  2. 2. Global Water ChallengeNo development 1.2 billionwithout water without safe drinking water and1.4 billion km3 of 2.4 billionwater on Earth without sanitationOnly a fraction wideningreadily available water gap Global environmental change worsening water crisisIHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science | under the auspices of UNESCO Slide | 2
  3. 3. International Waters across AsiaIHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science | under the auspices of UNESCO Slide | 3
  4. 4. GWP vision: a water secure world GWP’s Vision of a water secure world A water secure world is vital for a better future: a future in which there is enough water for social and economic development and for ecosystems. A water secure world integrates a concern for the intrinsic value of water together with its full range of uses for human survival and well-being. A water secure world harnesses waters productive power and minimises its destructive force. It is a world where every person has enough safe, affordable water to lead a clean, healthy and productive life. It is a world where communities are protected from floods, droughts, landslides, erosion and water- borne diseases. Water security also means addressing environmental protection and the negative effects of poor management, which will become more challenging as climatic variability increases. A water secure world reduces poverty, advances education, and increases living standards. It is a world where there is an improved quality of life for all, especially for the most vulnerable—usually women and children—who benefit most from good water governance. – GWP Strategy 2009–2013IHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science | under the auspices of UNESCO Slide | 4
  5. 5. Water Security – operational definition Sharing Benefits 1. Availability 2. Access 3. Addressing Conflicts-of-useIHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science | under the auspices of UNESCO Slide | 5
  6. 6. The Law of Nations – peace and security “to maintain international peace and security … and ... the fundamental freedoms of all … “ Hydro-DiplomacyIHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science | under the auspices of UNESCO Slide | 6
  7. 7. Water Security Matrix Disciplinary interface Int’l / Global Environmental s Economic Regional Political Societal c a l e National HumanIHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science | under the auspices of UNESCO Slide | 7
  8. 8. Implementing Water Security: the 3 – A’s Rule: Equitable & Reasonable Availability Access Use -- all relevant factors considered Addressing together conflicts-of-useIHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science | under the auspices of UNESCO Slide | 8
  9. 9. Water security challenges in TB watersWater Security Challenges Key ElementsAvailability Increased floods and Information droughtsAccess Water for all ? -Equity - All relevant factors (social, economic, environmental) - LawAddressing Social, economic, - Balancing ofconflicts-of-use environmental needs interests - Governance - Hydro-diplomacyIHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science | under the auspices of UNESCO Slide | 9
  10. 10. Water Security Hierarchy Water security Regional & Global NationalIHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science | under the auspices of UNESCO Slide | 10
  11. 11. Water Security Matrix Disciplinary interface Int’l / Global Environmental s Economic Regional Political Societal c a l e National HumanIHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science | under the auspices of UNESCO Slide | 11
  12. 12. Water security puzzle – what solutions for Asia?IHP-HELP Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science | under the auspices of UNESCO Slide | 12
  13. 13. Thank you!

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