Gujaratis live in Gujarat, one of
the western states in India. The
name comes from "Gujara," a
branch of the White Huns. This
group ruled the area during the
eighth and ninth centuries.
Gujara also is the name of a
pastoral caste (social class).
o The State has a long coast-line of about 1600 kms. and is the longest
among all States of country
o It is comprised of 33 districts, which are further sub-divided into talukas.
A taluka consists of a city or town that serves as its headquarters.
o Gujarat accounts for 6.19 percent of the total area of the country.
o The State is situated on the west coast of India
o It is bounded by the Arabian Sea in the West, by the States of Rajasthan
in the North and North-East, by Madhya Pradesh in the East and by
Maharashtra in the South and South East.
o The State has an international boundary and has a common border with
Pakistan at the north-western fringe.
FAST FACTS ABOUT GUJARAT
• Area : 196077 sq. km.
• Population : 60383628 (AS PER 2011)
• Capital : Gandhinagar
• Language : Gujarati
• Currency : Indian Rupee
• Climate : Wet in the southern districts and Desertic in the north-west
1. Winter : November to February (12 - 29 Celsius)
2. Summer : March to May (29 - 41 Celsius)
3. Monsoon : June to October (27 - 35 Celsius)
• The history of Gujarat encompasses the Indus Valley civilization.
• The Dravidian tribes were the original inhabitants of the region.
The ancient history of Gujarat was enriched by their commercial
The history of Gujarat saw an Aryan invasion followed by a brief
period of Greek rule. There were a succession of Hindu
kingdoms including the era of the Guptas and culminating in the
reign of the Solankis.
The 9th century history of Gujarat saw the emergence of the
Muslims in the political arena of the state. The Mughals
established and consolidated their rule from Delhi The rule of the
Mughals lasted for two centuries before it was ended by the
Marathas in the 18th century.
o Gujaratis have a cultural heritage that can be traced back to
a civilization that existed 3000 years ago.
o Gujarati literature dates to the twelfth century.
o Many groups contribute to Gujarati culture. From the
Vaishnavas come the legends and mythology of Krishna, to
whom are ascribed the popular Raas and Garba folk dances.
Jains influenced temple architecture and developed a
distinctive style of painting. Muslim architecture in Gujarat
combined Hindu elements with its own styles.
RECREATIONAL AND ECO
•Indus Civilization sites like •Gandhinagar
•Lothal and Dholavera
•Ancient Buddhist sites
CITIES FAMOUS FOR
•Jyotirlingas at Somnath
•Dwarka (Jamnagar district)
•Mount Girnar at Junagadh
•Asiatic Lions in Gir forest
•Wild Ass in Rann of Kutchh
•Indian bustards in bird
•Dugong is found in Okha
•Aero Sports –
Saputara, Pavagadh, Junag
•Water Sports – Ahmedpur
Mandvi, Ubhraat, Dwarka,
Nargol, Tithal, Chorwad
Gujarati Art & Crafts
• Gujarat is blessed with rich and vibrant tradition of Handicrafts. It is
widely differing in its proportions of its patterns to the element of
wonderful exquisite Artifacts in various forms. It stands unique with
diverse arts and crafts – a mixed combination with aesthetic appeal.
• Tie and dye – Bandhani
• Bead work
• Textile culture
• Temple culture
o The language, Gujarati, comes
from Sanskrit an ancient language.
There are several dialects of
Gujarati. These include Kachchi,
Kathiawadi, Pattani, Charotari and
Surati. Bhili, a language similar to
Gujarati, is spoken by tribal groups
in northern and eastern Gujarat.
Gujarati is written in a cursive
Maharashtra and Rajasthan are the
therefore there are individuals
speaking Hindi, Marathi and
• Gujarati cuisine is mostly vegetarian, reflecting the strong influence of
Jains and the Vaishnavas in the region.
Jowar, Bajri are the main staples.
Roti - unleavened bread made from flour. This is eaten with a variety of
Kadhi - a savory curry of curds and fried cakes made from pulses
(legumes), is a popular dish.
• Srikhand a rich dessert made with curds and spiced with
saffron, cardamom, nuts, and fruit. Gujarat is also known for its
delicious ice cream.
Lunch is usually roti and buttermilk. The main meal is eaten in the
evening and consists of rice, split peas (dal-bhat), and vegetables.
Meals are served on a thali, a metal tray on which roti, rice, and
small bowls are placed. The bowls may hold vegetables such as
eggplant, potatoes, beans, dal (lentils), and dahi (curds).
FAIRS AND FESTIVALS
Kite Festival (Makar Sankranti, January)
Global Garba (October–November)
Rann Utsav (November–December)
• Gujarat is a state of music fans and has created a number of the best
musicians of India. It is said that the well-known musicians and singers
Baiju Bawra and Tana Riri belong to the state itself. Narsinh Mehta, of
the 'Vaishnav Janto' popularity, also comes from Gujarat. 'Vaishnav
Janto' was very beloved to Gandhiji also and remains a musical marvel
• Musical performers like Ustad Faiyazkhan, Maulabux, the "Been" player
Rahim Khan and numerous others have shone the name of the state in
the field of music. Dahyalal Shivram's Sangeet Kaladhar and Adityaram
Vyas's Sangeetaditya have also created important efforts to Gujarati
How to reach Gujarat
By Air: The state of Gujarat has 10 domestic airports and an international
airport in the state capital Gandhinagar . All major airlines of India like
Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, etc have regular operations
By Road: Total 68,900kms of roadways comprising of National Highways,
State Highways and other roads run through the state connecting the major
By Rail: Extensive railways network runs through the state of Gujarat. The
state is served by several important trains
Minor Mandvi, Mundra, Sikka, Okha, Porbandar, Veraval, Bhavnagar,
Salaya, Pipavav, Mahuva, Jafrabad, Hazira
DO’S AND DONT’S
Read culture of Gujarat i.e. about their traditions and perception
Know about the temperature prevailing at the time of visit
Proper planning is to be done to avoid wastage of time
Check about photography permission / video filming at any monument
Keep valuables in hotel locker / safe deposit vaults and get receipt
Don’t travel without tickets in public transports
Don't encourage beggars.
Don't accept food or drink from strangers.
Smoking and drinking is not allowed in public places
For more details
304 Aarohi Complex,
Near Rasranjan Sweet Mart,
Vijay Char Rasta,
Contact Person: Ankur Patel
Toll Free Number (USA/CANADA): 1800-497-3917