Ｃloud-related Initiatives in Japan November 8th, 2011 Masahiro YOSHIZAKI Director-General for Policy EvaluationMinistry of Internal Affairs and Communications(MIC), JAPAN
1 Information processing by computers has evolved by repeating centralization and distribution. However, the current trend is toward a “slight centralization.” That is called “Cloud Computing.”
Market size of cloud services in Japan 2The cloud services market was worth 363 billion yen（4.5 billion U.S. dollars*） in 2010. It will increase more than six times in size to reach approximately 2.3 trillion yen （27.9 billion U.S. dollars*） in 2015.Note: The market is expected to expand by approximately 560 billion yen （6.9 billion U.S. dollars*）through policy support for diffusion of cloud services in government, medical care, education, etc . *Converted at the rate of 81yen/U.S. dollar （as of June 1,2011） Converted at the rate of 81yen/U.S.(Billion yen)2,500 2 ,2 5 9 138 117 New market creation 2,000 1 ,8 9 2 effect through policy 109 303 support 97 (New) IaaS（ 新規） 1 ,5 2 5 241 (New) PaaS（ 新規）1,500 80 420 75 (New) SaaS（ 新規） 180 352 IaaS 1 ,0 8 3 358 PaaS 53 2851,000 51 119 312 SaaS 780 27 25 203 267 60 162 198 500 924 363 150 781 112 639 60 458 357 191 0 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Advantages of Cloud Computing 3 Demerits when Advantages of Possessed by Oneself y Cloud Computing■ While Not Being Used → Wasted■ Unexpected Demand Increase → Cannot be Met■ Sudden Growth → Expansion Can’t Keep Up■ Periodic Needs Resolved → Useless During Off‐season■ During Emergency Disasters → Outage■ Security Issues → Must be Dealt With Alone
Issues with Cloud Computing 4 Black‐box System → At the Mercy of Providers Stoppage of Service → Company Ceases Activity Centralized Management → Targeting by Hackers Outsource to Providers → Risk of Leakage of Information from Providers Communication Downtime → Company Ceases Activity
Points of Selecting Cloud Computing 5 Availability Service times, planned outage schedule notification, Application Operation coping with sudden stoppage of service provision, etc. Mean time to recovery, number of occurrences of failures, system Reliability monitoring standards, notification processes, acquisition of logs, etc. Performance Response times, delays, batch processing times Customizability, external connectivity, limits for providing resources Scalability Support Service provision time periods (coping with failures, general inquiries) Backup methods/timing, storage period for backup data, requirements for Data Management data deletion, compensation/insurance at times of data leakage/destruction, etc. Requirements for public authentication acquisition, encryption level for Security communication, restrictions for information receivers, confirmation of Information security‐related matters in audit reports, safety measures for secondary storage media, etc. Cost
Representative Initiatives in Japan 6 Related to Cloud Computing (1)＜Formulation of A Guide for Protection of Cloud ServiceUsers and Securing of Compliance＞“Guide for Protection of Cloud Service Users and Securing ofCompliance” (July, 2011) ・(1) Complementary Protection of Trade Secrets (2) Securing of Compliance In Companies Using Cloud Services ・Clarify important matters to be confirmed beforehand prior to the contract
Representative Initiatives in Japan 7 Related to Cloud Computing (2)＜Standardization of Technical Requirements Required in Inter-cloudCollaboration＞ ・Research and development has been promoted toward providing cloudcomputing technology in which multiple, including medium and small, cloudsperform advanced collaboration in highly reliable, high-quality, power-conserving cloud services. ・On the basis of the results of the research and development, a proposalwas submitted to ITU-T in January, 2011, for technical requirements forfunctionality for collaborating across multiple cloud systems. ・This proposal has been officially incorporated as an agenda candidate atITU-T.＜Implementation of International Dialogue on Cloud Computing＞ ・Concerning cloud computing, open data distribution across borders isimportant, and discussion with many countries is vital.