Texas Clean Energy Project:    A PolyGen Facility with 90% CO2 Capture                   Global CCS Institute        Globa...
Summit Power GroupOverviewSPG’s traditional business is Power Project Development • Track record of successfully leading  ...
Summit Power Group OverviewSPG was founded twenty years ago by Donald Hodel & Earl Gjelde    – Mr. Hodel was Secretary of ...
Snapshot of TCEP• 400 MW IGCC project with 90% carbon capture• Siemens gasifiers & 1x1 F-class CCCT w/ high H2 CT• Linde c...
Snapshot of TCEP•400 MWe gross IGCC project with 90% carbon capture•Siemens: 2 gasifiers & 1 high-H2 CT + 1 ST in combined...
Project Overview• Total Capital Cost ~ $2.2 Billion• Three year construction schedule – average 1,500 jobs• Full-time plan...
TCEP Site
TCEP is #1 projectfor climate & CCS• TCEP is Administration’s top project for carbon capture  and sequestration (CCS) – mo...
Product sales• TCEP is a “polygen” IGCC project – it has multiple products• Three major products account for 95% of revenu...
Diversified Revenue Stream   Bankable Offtake Contracts            • 400 MW gross output           Revenue            • 19...
Water Requirements• Minimize water usage  –   Dry cooling for power block  –   Zero liquid discharge  –   Recycle  –   Dee...
Water Supply & Challenges• Brackish Ground Water with on-site desalination   – Capitan Reef• Municipal Waste Water   – Gul...
Low Air Emissions • Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) issued final   air quality permit for TCEP on Dec. 28...
SO2, NOx, PM10 Bar Chart                           15
CO2 Bar Chart                16
Texas Emissions Comparisons                                    Power Plant Emission Summary - Per MW Comparison           ...
CO2 Management • Blue Source will manage most CO2 matters    – Sale of CO2 for EOR, arranging pipeline transport, and     ...
CO2/EOR = CCS + a bridge                                                Photo by Briley Mitchell • CO2/EOR has long, safe,...
CCS in the Permian Basin •CO2 pipelines: 2,200-mile network with several major owners •The natural sources are in decline,...
Plant Rendering                  AV20100391   21
3D Rendering of TCEP Plant Power Block                                         AV20100391   22
Plot Plan            23
Block Flow Diagram                     24
TCEP Core            25
ConclusionTCEP is a ―poly-gen‖ power and chemicalfacility based on gasification of coal. Verydifferent from most IGCCs in ...
Lessons Learned   Technical decisions drive the commercial decisions   Commercial decisions drive technical decisions  ...
Contact information• Laura Miller:   – lmiller@summitpower.com   – (214)763-0600• See also:   – www.summitpower.com   – ww...
Summit Power – Texas Clean Energy Project: A PolyGen Facility with 90% CO2 Capture – Laura Miller, Director of Projects in...
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Summit Power – Texas Clean Energy Project: A PolyGen Facility with 90% CO2 Capture – Laura Miller, Director of Projects in Texas – Global CCS Institute Regional Meeting Washington DC – January 2012

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Summit Power – Texas Clean Energy Project: A PolyGen Facility with 90% CO2 Capture – Laura Miller, Director of Projects in Texas – Global CCS Institute Regional Meeting Washington DC – January 2012

  1. 1. Texas Clean Energy Project: A PolyGen Facility with 90% CO2 Capture Global CCS Institute Global Opportunities and Strategic Directions Embassy of Canada, Washington D.C. January 19, 2012SUMMIT POWER
  2. 2. Summit Power GroupOverviewSPG’s traditional business is Power Project Development • Track record of successfully leading development of large, clean energy projects—over 7,000 MW in operation Previous SPG • Over 1,000 MW in development or Power Projects under construction • Total SPG-led projects in service or under contract, including O&M agreements represent over $7 billion of investment • Successfully launched joint venture to develop utility-scale solar projects2 SUMMIT POWER
  3. 3. Summit Power Group OverviewSPG was founded twenty years ago by Donald Hodel & Earl Gjelde – Mr. Hodel was Secretary of Energy (& later Interior) under President Reagan – Mr. Gjelde was Mr. Hodel’s #2 in both Cabinet positions – Messrs. Hodel & Gjelde previously led Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) – Now includes several dozen experienced power sector professionalsCurrent principal business lines – Wind power (creator of the widely utilized ―White Creek Model‖) – Solar power (utility-scale PV projects in JV with REC and CSP projects with Starwood Global) – Natural gas-fired power plants (principally Siemens CCGTs technology) – Gasification with carbon capture (TCEP & others, plus Underground Coal Gasification) – Commercialization of select new clean energy technologiesFocus on clean, low- or no-carbon projects that support U.S. energy security 3 SUMMIT POWER
  4. 4. Snapshot of TCEP• 400 MW IGCC project with 90% carbon capture• Siemens gasifiers & 1x1 F-class CCCT w/ high H2 CT• Linde chemical block incorporates Rectisol CO2 capture process• Located at former FutureGen site directly atop Permian Basin• All components already in commercial use elsewhere; only the integration is new; intended as a reference plant• 90% carbon capture rate yields ≈ 2.5M short tpy of CO2• $450 million cost share from U.S. DOE’s CCPI3
  5. 5. Snapshot of TCEP•400 MWe gross IGCC project with 90% carbon capture•Siemens: 2 gasifiers & 1 high-H2 CT + 1 ST in combined cycle
  6. 6. Project Overview• Total Capital Cost ~ $2.2 Billion• Three year construction schedule – average 1,500 jobs• Full-time plant jobs: 150 high-paying jobs• Approximately 2.5 million tons/yr of CO2 = 7.5 million bbls of oil• Powder River Basin Coal ~ 2 million tons per year• Natural Gas for Startup and Back up• Some turndown capability from duct burners
  7. 7. TCEP Site
  8. 8. TCEP is #1 projectfor climate & CCS• TCEP is Administration’s top project for carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) – most funding of any project• Ardent support from national environmental groups – NRDC, EDF, Clean Air Task Force• Received Record of Decision, thru National Environmental Policy Act, on 9/27/11• Received air permit 12/28/10 without opposition, in record time• The US project chosen for CCS collaboration with China
  9. 9. Product sales• TCEP is a “polygen” IGCC project – it has multiple products• Three major products account for 95% of revenue: • Power: ~195 MW at busbar, large on-site commercial loads; negotiating PPA with CPS Energy • Urea for fertilizer: up to 750,000 tons per year (~20% of US production); 100% urea sold to major urea distributor • CO2 for EOR: Approximately 147,000 Mcf per day; 60% of CO2 sold to Whiting Oil• Minor products: Argon gas, sulfuric acid, inert non-leachable slag• Thanks to DOE financial support, all products can be sold at “market” rather than at “cost” – which would be hard to calculate in any event
  10. 10. Diversified Revenue Stream Bankable Offtake Contracts • 400 MW gross output Revenue • 195 MW net to grid 30 year, PV10 Power • ERCOT peak demand >65,000 MWs CO2 • 2.5 MM tons/year 21% Power 30% CO2 • 90% capture rate Argon • 33 MM tons annual demand Urea & 46% • 750k tons/year minor Urea • US demand 8.5 MM tons/year 3% • US imports 5 MM tons/year SUMMIT POWER 11
  11. 11. Water Requirements• Minimize water usage – Dry cooling for power block – Zero liquid discharge – Recycle – Deep Well Injection• Current estimated average demand ~ 4 MGD• Current estimated peak demand ~ 4.8 MGD 12
  12. 12. Water Supply & Challenges• Brackish Ground Water with on-site desalination – Capitan Reef• Municipal Waste Water – Gulf Coast Waste Disposal Authority • City of Midland • City of Odessa 13
  13. 13. Low Air Emissions • Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) issued final air quality permit for TCEP on Dec. 28, 2010; draft permit had no environmental opposition or requests for hearing • NOx, SOx & PM far below lowest-yet limits permitted in Texas for fossil fuel power plants • Sulfur removal is 99% despite using low sulfur coal • Mercury removal greater than 95% from syngas • CO2 capture rate of 90% - CO2 emissions rate (lbs per MWhr) only 20 to 30% of a natural gas combined-cycle power plant 14
  14. 14. SO2, NOx, PM10 Bar Chart 15
  15. 15. CO2 Bar Chart 16
  16. 16. Texas Emissions Comparisons Power Plant Emission Summary - Per MW Comparison WITHDRWN 2014 1979 2010 - 2014 Morgan Tenaska 2014 Martin Lake Oak Grove Creek Trailblazer Las Brisas White Stalion TCEP (2565 MW) (1720 MW) (858 MW) (765 MW) (1320 MW) (1320 MW) (400 MW)SO2 (lb/MW) 11.97 2.01 1.01 0.65 1.40 0.86 0.14NOx (lb/MW) 4.49 0.84 0.50 0.55 0.66 0.70 0.13PM10 (lb/MW) 1.00 0.42 0.40 0.35 0.29 0.26 0.22Hg (lb/MW) 0.000214 0.000096 0.000021 0.000019 0.000019 0.000008 0.000007CO2 (lb/MW) 2,203 2,203 2,129 319 1,972 2,041 2281. EPA has determined that permit limits for CO2 will be required January 2, 2011.2. Tenaska CO2 emissions are scaled from Morgan Creek and assume 85% capture.3. Martin Lake CO2 emissions are scaled from Oak Grove.4. TCEP PM10 emissions are 0.08 lb/MW without coal drying and urea production emissions. 17 SUMMIT POWER
  17. 17. CO2 Management • Blue Source will manage most CO2 matters – Sale of CO2 for EOR, arranging pipeline transport, and certification of verifiable emissions reduction (VER) credits • TX Bureau of Econ Geology will approve the MVA – New state law contains comprehensive requirements for MVA (monitoring, verification and accounting of CO2) – Texas has the most progressive clean coal policies in U.S.; could be model for the nation • Carbon Management Advisory Board will be created – CCS scientists, policy-makers, environmentalists – To advise re: capture, sequestration, MVA, policy, etc. 18
  18. 18. CO2/EOR = CCS + a bridge Photo by Briley Mitchell • CO2/EOR has long, safe, reliable, high-volume history – Especially in Permian Basin, this is not an experiment • CO2/EOR with MVA can be highly reliable form of CCS – CO2 can remain sequestered for more than 1,000 yrs (the TX std) 19
  19. 19. CCS in the Permian Basin •CO2 pipelines: 2,200-mile network with several major owners •The natural sources are in decline, and the one huge natural dome (McElmo Dome) that does have additional supplies would require billions in pipeline cost to transport Map illustrates the CO2 pipelines throughout the US 20 SUMMIT POWER
  20. 20. Plant Rendering AV20100391 21
  21. 21. 3D Rendering of TCEP Plant Power Block AV20100391 22
  22. 22. Plot Plan 23
  23. 23. Block Flow Diagram 24
  24. 24. TCEP Core 25
  25. 25. ConclusionTCEP is a ―poly-gen‖ power and chemicalfacility based on gasification of coal. Verydifferent from most IGCCs in four respects: One of the world’s largest CO2 capture projects (90% capture rate) CO2 as major revenue source – not cost Dual use of syngas (power & fertilizer) Warranties on integrated performance This makes TCEP unusual 26
  26. 26. Lessons Learned Technical decisions drive the commercial decisions Commercial decisions drive technical decisions Location provides opportunities EOR is an increasingly important bridge for CCS Polygens (versus power-only) are critical to private financing Bipartisan support is key Community support (state and local) is key Again, this makes TCEP quite unusual 27
  27. 27. Contact information• Laura Miller: – lmiller@summitpower.com – (214)763-0600• See also: – www.summitpower.com – www.texascleanenergyproject.com 28

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