Panel 5. CCS projects in action - Dr Chong Kul Ryu, KEPRI

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Delivered at the Global CCS Institute's Global Status of CCS: 2013 event in Seoul, 11 October 2013.

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Panel 5. CCS projects in action - Dr Chong Kul Ryu, KEPRI

  1. 1. 2013 GCCSI Meeting in Seoul KEPCO’s CCS Activities Dr. Chong Kul Ryu KEPCO RI October 11, 2013 KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 1
  2. 2. Outlines q Introduction q Post-combustion CO2 Capture Technology Ø Dry sorbent technology Ø Advanced amine technology q Solid Sorbent Pre-combustion CO2 Capture Technology q Chemical Looping Combustion q Summary KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 2
  3. 3. Introduction KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 3
  4. 4. Electrical Capacity Forecast in Korea 2012 정격용량(81,806 MW) (2013(2013-2027) 2,768, 3.4% 2012 81,806 MW (60.6% Fossil fuels) 4,700, 4,084,2,768, 20,716, 5.7% 5.0% 3.4% 4,888, 25.3% 4,700,4,084, 6.0% 20,716, 5.0% 4,888,5.7% 6.0% 20,116, 24.6% 20,116, 24.6% 25.3% 23,409, 23,409, 28.6% 28.6% 2027 158,502 MW (49.6% Fossil fuels) 2027 정격용량(158,502 MW) Nuclear Coal Anthracite LNG 4,700, 3.0% 1,249, 0.8% Oil Pumped Hydro. 1,125, 1.4% 1,125, 1.4% 32,014, 20.2% 31,794, 20.1% 7,434, 4.7% Nuclear 35,916, 35,916 22.7% (31.9%) Coal 44,669, 30, 320 28.2% (26.9%) q Total capacity additions: 50.9 GW, US$ 64b (2012) 2027: Renewables ~NGCC (32 GW) MOTIE, 2013, 6 Basic Plan of Electricity Supply(2013-2027) KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 4 무연탄 LNG 석유 양수 집단 725, 0.5% Ø Nuclear: 15.2 GW (11 unit) Ø Coal: 21.3 GW (25 unit) Ø NGCC: 11.7 GW (21 unit) Ø FF retirements: about 8.123 GW (30 unit: anthracite, LNG, oil) ※ not included Renewables th 유연탄 신재생 Renewables H&P 원자력
  5. 5. 25, 4% Electricity Peak Load Forecast in Korea (2013(2013-2027) 2012 정격용량(81,806 MW) 4,700, 4,084, 1,277, 4,888, 5.7% 5.0% 1.6% 6.0% 20,716, 2,362, 25.3% 3.0% 4,700, 4,778, 6.0% 6.1% 20,116, 24.6% 2027 130,853 GW 2012 78,483 GW 2,768, 3.4% 20,116, 25.6% 20,716, 26.4% 23,409, 23,409, 28.6% 39.8% Nuclear Coal Anthracite 1,139, 0.9% 4,700, 3.6% LNG 5,837, 4.5% 6,071, 4.6% 35,916, 27.4% 31,794, 24.3% Oil 44,669, 34.1% Pumped Hydro. Renewables 1,125, 1.4% 725, 0.6% H&P Electricity generation: 469,049 GWh 40% Increase 655,305 GWh FF 60% FF 63% MOTIE, 2013, 6th Basic Plan of Electricity Supply(2013-2027) KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 5
  6. 6. Policy and Strategy for CCS in Korea q Commitment of the 30% GHG reduction below BAU by 2020 (Nov.’09) q Framework Act on Low Carbon, Green Growth (14 April 2010) Ø Presidential Committee on Green Growth: Major Policies and Plans including CCS Ø Announcement of Korean CCS Master Plan (July 13 2010) § § Two large-scale integrated CCS demonstrations by 2020 Established Korea CCS Association in MOTIE, leading by KEPCO (Nov. 2010) q Korean ETS is slated on Jan 1, 2015 KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 6
  7. 7. Korea CCS Demonstration Plans q Two Large-scale integrated CCS demonstrations by 2020 Stage 1. Pilot demo (10-30 MW) 1st Demonstration Project (KCCS-1) 2nd Demonstration Project (KCCS-2) 2010 Post-Combustion (Dry or Wet) Pilot Plant Stage 2. Large-scale demo (100-300 MW) 2014 FEED 2012 2016 Oxy-fuel or IGCC Pilot Plant FEED 2014 2018 Demonstration (Link to Storage) 2016 2020 Demonstration (Link to Storage) q Allocated about US $1.74 billion Ø Government: $ 0.74 billion (43%), Private: $ 1 billion (57%) q New coal-fired power plant with CCS will take about 10-15% share in CO2 reduction by 2030 q KEPCO is leading the development of large scale CCS commercialization technologies KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 7
  8. 8. KEPCO’s CCS R&DD Strategies KEPCO 2020 Target Tech Coal/Gas Power Plant Post-combustion - Solid sorbent Post-combustion - Adv. amine CO2 Capture Oxy-fuel combustion Pre-combustion - Wet scrubbing IGCC Pre-combustion - Solid sorbent CCUS Chemical Looping Combustion KEPCO 2025 Target Tech CO2 Storage KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action CO2 Utilization 8
  9. 9. PostPost-combustion CO2 capture - Solid sorbent technology CO2 free flue gas MHCO3 MHCO3 MHCO3 Regenerator Carbonator CO2 H2O Solid sorbent Steam M2CO3 Flue gas Schematic of Dry Post-Combustion Technology KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 9
  10. 10. PostPost-Combustion CO2 Capture: Solid Sorbent q Dry Regenerable Sorbent Technology Ø KEPCO RI’s Solid Sorbent Ø KIER’s Fluidized-Bed (FB) CO2 Capture Process Ø Process scale-up: 0.5 kW(‘03)→25 kW(‘06)→0.5 MW (‘10)→10 MW(‘13) q 0.5 MW Test-Bed (’02.10~’11.03), MEST (CDRS), US$ 11.2 M Ø Achieved 85% CO2 capture rate from 25 kW BSU (2008) Ø Commissioning 0.5 MW test-bed facility at KOSPO’s Hadong Thermal Power Station (Unit # 3) on March 2010. Ø Completed Phase 3 with 80% CO2 capture rate from 0.5 MW test-bed with KEP-CO2P1 sorbent (1600 h) q 10 MW Pilot Plant (’10.10~’14.09), MOTIE (KETEP), US$ 40 M Ø 85±5% removal from 0. 5 MW test-bed with modified sorbent (1200 h) Ø 10 MW site: KOSPO’s Hadong Thermal Power Station (Unit #8) ü 2012.08.24: Ground-breaking ceremony ü 2013. 3Q: Completing construction ü 2013. 4Q~2014.3Q: Commissioning and long-term operation KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 10
  11. 11. 0.5 MW test-bed: Dry regenerable sorbent q Scale: 0.5 MW slip-streamed from 500 MW coal-fired power plant(SC) q Capacity: 10 tCO2/d q Flue gas: coal-fired boiler q Process: KIER’s Fluidized-bed Process q Sorbent: KEP-CO2P2 or P3 Ø 85±5% CO2 capture rate Ø > 90% CO2 product purity 0.5 MW test-bed at KOSPO’s Hadong coal-fired power plant, KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action q Startup: 2010.03. q Pilot plant area: 10 x 6 x 24(H) m q Location: Hadong, Korea. KOSPO’s Hadong Thermal Power Station (unit #3) 11
  12. 12. 10 MW Pilot plant: Dry regenerable sorbent 10MW Pilot Plant H adong Power Plant, unit #8 q Scale: 10 MW slip-streamed from 500 MW coal-fired power plant(SC) q Capacity: 200 tCO2/d q Flue gas: coal-fired boiler q 0.5 MW Test-Bed 3D-view H adong Power Plant, unit #3 Algae fond q Sorbent: KEP-CO2P2 q Targets: Ø > 80% CO2 capture rate Ø > 95% CO2 purity Ø > 1000 h continuous operation Ø US$ 30/tCO2 q Startup: October, 2013 q Main plot area: 34 m(L)x15 m(W)x59 m(H) q Location: Hadong, Korea. KOSPO’s Hadong Thermal Power Station (unit #8) KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 12
  13. 13. PostPost-combustion CO2 capture - Advanced amine technology KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 13
  14. 14. PostPost-Combustion CO2 Capture: Advanced Solvent q Advanced Amine Solvent Technology Ø KEPCO’s Wet Solvent (KoSol) Ø KEPCO’s KoSol Solvent CO2 Capture Process q 0.1 MW Test-Bed, (`08. 11 ~`11. 10) MOTIE (KETEP), US$ 8 M Ø Commissioning 0.1 MW test bed facility at KOMIPO’s Boryeong Thermal Power Station(Unit#8) on Oct. 2010 Ø Completed Campaign#1~#5 with KoSol-4 solvent (3,000 h) Ø Achieved over 90% CO2 capture rate and 3.0~3.1 GJ/ton-CO2 regeneration energy q 10 MW Pilot Plant, (`10. 10~`14. 9) MOVIE (KETEP), US$ 42 M Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø 10 MW site : KOMIPO’s Boryeong Thermal Power Station(Unit #8) 2013. 5. 24 : Completing construction 2013. 9. : Achieved > 90% CO2 capture rate in the early test-run 2013. 10. ~ 12. : Variable tests for optimum operation condition 2013. 12. ~ : Long-term operation KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 14
  15. 15. 0.1 MW Test bed, Advanced amine q Scale: 0.1 MW slip-streamed from 500 MW coal-fired power plant(SC) q Capacity: 2 tCO2/d q Flue gas: coal-fired boiler Absorber Stripper q Solvent: KoSol-4 * · > 90% CO2 capture · > 99% CO2 product purity · 3.0~3.1 GJ/tCO2 regeneration energy Reboiler (on conventional wet scrubbing process) q Plot area: LxWxH =12m x 7m x 25m q Startup: Oct, 2010 q Location: city of Boryeong, Korea. KOMIPO’s Boryeong Thermal Power Station (unit #8) 0.1MW Test-bed at Boryeong coal-fired power plant KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action * KoSol: KEPCO’s proprietary solvent 15/26 15
  16. 16. 10 MW Pilot Plant, Advanced amine q Scale: 10 MW slip-streamed from 500 MW coal-fired power plant(SC) q Capacity: 200 tCO2/d q Flue gas: coal-fired boiler q Solvent: KoSol-4 * • > 90% CO2 capture rate • > 99% CO2 product purity • 3.0~3.1 GJ/tCO2 regeneration energy (early test results) • Target of regen. energy: <2.8 GJ/tCO2 q Startup: May, 2013 q Plot area: LxWxH = 31m x 31m x 48m q Location: City of Boryeong, Korea. KOMIPO’s Boryeong Thermal Power Station (unit #8) KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 16/26 16
  17. 17. PrePre-combustion CO2 capture - Dry sorbent technology S free Syngas CO2 SO2 H2 MS Regenerator Desulfurizer MS Air MO Raw Syngas Warm Gas Clean-up SEWGS KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 17
  18. 18. Pre-Combustion CO2 Capture Solid Sorbent q Solid Sorbent Pre-Combustion CO2 Capture Technology Ø Strategic Approach • Minimize energy penalty and cost for CO2 capture – Maintain high T & P through the whole process CO2 Compression Coal CO2 Storage H2S Sorbent WGS Catalyst HCl sorbent CO2 Sorbent Oxygen Gasifier 가스화기 Warm Gas Cleanup SEWGS By One Loop Process Combined Cycle Ø Warm Gas Clean-up • Solid sorbent (KEPCO RI) & FB Process (KIER) Ø One Loop Process for Pre-combustion CO2 Capture • Solid Sorbents (KEPCO RI) & One-loop FB Process (KIER) Ø Scale-up Schedule of Process Development • 0.1 MW ('11) → 1~10 MW (‘18) → 300 MW (’18~) Ø 2nd Phase Fund: US$ 30 M, Oct. 2011~ Sep. 2015 KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 18
  19. 19. Chemical Looping Combustion q q q q Intrinsic CO2 separation w/o ASU and CO2 Capture Facility 2nd Phase fund: US$ 5.6 M (Sep. 2006-Aug. 2011) CO2 capture cost: <10~20 $/tCO2 (‘20) Scale-up Ø 50 kWth (‘09)→200 kWth (‘11)→1 MWth (‘18)→100 MW (‘18~) q Participants: Process (KIER, Daegu City Gas Co., MEPS, NEXCOM) Oxygen carrier (KEPCO & its 5 Thermal Power Co.) Fuel + Air CO2 + H2O HXR N2 N 2+MeO Steam Power 발전 Air 공기반응기 Air (금속연소) Reactor HXR HXR Oxygen Carrier CO2 H 2O 연료반응기 Fuel (연료연소) Reactor Fuel (CH4, Syngas) Me KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 19
  20. 20. 200 kW CLC BSU • • • • Oxidizer • Reducer • • • KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 20 Scale: 200 kWth slip-streamed from local H&P Capacity: 1 tCO2/d (CO2 20 Nm3/h) Fuel gas: Natural gas Process: Dual fluidized-bed process (KIER) Oxygen carrier (KEPCO RI): batch test – Fuel conversion >99.7% – CO2 selectivity >99% – 99% CO2 product purity – NOx emission < 10 ppm – CO + H2+CH4 <0.3 % – O2 transfer capacity >12 wt% (AI <15%) Startup: 2011.03 (100 h) Pilot plant area: 5 x 5 x 6(H) m Location: City of Daegu, Korea. Joo-kok CES H & P plant
  21. 21. Summary KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 21
  22. 22. Summary q For energy security and climate change, KEPCO offers the comprehensible portfolio of CO2 capture technology. q Two 10 MW pilot plants (dry sorbent and adv. amine) scaled-up based on the results from 0.1- 0.5 MW test-bed runs are under shakedown test, aiming to bring at least one commercial demo project online by 2015~2017. q The FEED study of the 100 MW oxyfuel combustion project was completed in 2012 and MOTIE was putting the 100 MW prject on hold recently. q KEPCO RI with others also develops the key technologies of pre-combustion and CLC with solid sorbents for advanced power generation. q KEPCOs with MOTIE’s support is moving big steps forwarding to commercialize CCS technology by 2020. q Looking for funding, strategic partners and opportunities to demonstrate our technologies in Korea KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 22
  23. 23. Demo Sites of CO2 Capture Plants Youngdong: Oxy-Fuel (‘15, 100 MW) Taean: IGCC + CCS Solid Sorbent (‘18, 1-10 MW) (‘18~, 300 MW) Samcheok: Solid Sorbent (’18, 300 MW) Boryeong: Adv. Amine (’10, 0.1 MW) (‘14, 10 MW) (’18, 500 MW) KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action Hadong: Solid Sorbent (’11, 0.5 MW) (’14, 10 MW) 23
  24. 24. CO2 Storage in Korea • MOF: Korea Offshore CO2 Geological Storage Project (‘05-’15) (US$ 66M, 2 Phase ‘11-’15) • MOTIE: Small-scale CO2 injection demonstration project, Phohang Basin (US$ 16.7 M, ‘13-’16) 24
  25. 25. Thank you for your attention! KEPCOP’s CCS Projects in Action 25

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