Japan members' meeting_200613_wawan-ganawan_a_kadir_itb

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Global CCS Institute Meeting 20 June 2013. Presentation on CCS initiatives in Indonesia by Prof. Dr. Wawan Gunawan A. Kadir, Vice Rector for Research and Innovation, Institute Technology Bandung (ITB).

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Japan members' meeting_200613_wawan-ganawan_a_kadir_itb

  1. 1. CCS INITIATIVE IN INDONESIA byby Wawan Gunawan A. Kadir Vice Rector for Research and Innovation-ITB Global CCS Institute’s Japan Regional Members Meeting, Tokyo 20 June 2013
  2. 2. OUTLINE • CCS PROJECT SITUATION IN INDONESIA • INDONESIA REGULATORY FOR CCS• INDONESIA REGULATORY FOR CCS • GUNDIH CCS PROJECT - HISTORY OF THE PROJECT - REGIONAL GEOLOGY AND TECTONIC SETTING - G&G CHARACTERISTIC OF CCS RESERVOIR TARGET - TENTATIVE RESULTS
  3. 3. CCS PROJECT SITUATION IN INDONESIA
  4. 4. • The president stresses Indonesia's Commitment to reduce emissions by 26% in 2020, and up to 41% if Indonesian President Message(INDONESIA COMMITMENT G20 SUMMIT IN PITTSBURG) reduce emissions by 26% in 2020, and up to 41% if international support is forthcoming • Two main contributions can be given by Indonesian Earth Scientist (also through international cooperation) in reducing carbon emissions : 1. Increasing the use of reneweble energy (geothermal) 2. Introducing CCS and CO2-EOR to the community and implementing those approaches in indonesian hydrocarbon fields (Kadir, 2010)
  5. 5. TARGETS FOR 2025TARGETS FOR 2025  Maintain oil production level PETROLEUM POLICYPETROLEUM POLICY  Oil and Gas Supply Security  Oil And Gas Utilization  Oil and Gas Pricing Policy POLICY AND TARGETS OF INDONESIA OIL & GAS MANAGEMENT  Maintain oil production level  50% national operatorship  Security of domestic Fuel Supply and Industrial Feedstock  91% local content (goods and services)  99% skilled national workforce  Unconventional Oil and Gas Business  Conservation Of Oil and Gas Production  Increasing National Capacity In Oil And Gas Industry FUEL POLICYFUEL POLICY  Feedstock & Fuel Supply Security  99% skilled national workforce  Achieving oil and gas safety, zero accidents, zero failure, and achievement of zero flares, and zero waste  Feedstock & Fuel Supply Security  Fuel Categorization  Pricing Policy  Fuel Diversification  Fuel Standard and Quality  Fuel Efficiency Ministry of EM&R (2012)
  6. 6. OIL PRODUCTION DOMINANT GAS PRODUCTION DOMINANT INDONESIA’S OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION PROFILE Ministry of EM&R (2012)
  7. 7. ZERO FLARE PROGRAM 1. Preparing flare gas utilization policy (CNG, LPG, City Gas, EOR, 350 400 FLARE GAS REDUCTION PROGRAM Gas for Power Plant, LPG, CNG, Industry policy (CNG, LPG, City Gas, EOR, Gas for Power Plant) 2. Socializing flare gas reduction policy to business entities (year 2010); 3. Monitoring flare gas reduction implementation (year 2010 –50 100 150 200 250 300 FlareGas,MMSCFD LPG, CNG, Industry 3. Monitoring flare gas reduction implementation (year 2010 – 2025); 4. Achieving zero flare gas target in year 2025. 0 50 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 FlareGas,M remaining gas flare Ministry of EM&R (2012)
  8. 8. GREEN OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY INITIATIVE (GOGII) CCS IN OIL AND GAS INDUSTRYCCS IN OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY EFFICIENT ENERGY UTILIZATION OIL AND GAS FUELS CO2 OIL AND GAS • EOR CO2 OIL AND GAS UPSTREAM & DOWNSTREAM ACTIVITIES • INDUSTRY • CCS Ministry of EM&R (2012)
  9. 9. AREA FOR CCS POTENTIAL IN INDONESIA THAILAND PHILIPINESNatural CO2 Source Depleted Oil Reservoirs PacificOcean Natuna BRUNEI EAST MALAYSIA Banda Aceh SINGAPORE Bontang LNG Plant Attaka KALIMANTAN IRIAN JAYA Sangatta MALAYSIA Depleted Oil Reservoirs & CO2 from LNG Plant AUSTRALIA Indian Ocean Jakarta J A V A BALI TIMOR I N D O N E S I A North part of East Java Modified from Ministry of EM&R (2012)
  10. 10. SUMATRA REGION KALIMANTAN AND EASTERN INDONESIA REGION PT PERTAMINA EP WORKING AREA JAWA REGION GundihJAWA REGION Basin Producing 15 Basin With Discovery, Non Producing 8 Tested Basin, No Discovery 21 Untested Basin 21 PT PERTAMINA EP Working Area Acreages: 140,000 km2 Gundih field
  11. 11. CO2 contents of Some Gas Fields in Indonesia
  12. 12. Milestone in IndonesiaCCS ProgramCCS Program
  13. 13. INDONESIA Regulatory coverage for CCS KYOTO PROTOCAL INDONESIA COMMITMENT G20 SUMMIT IN PITTSBURG OIL AND GAS REGULATION RELATED TO CCS ACTIVITIES EMISSION REGULATION ACTIVITIES PERMIT RELATED TO CCS LOCATION CAPTURING TRANSPORTING STORING RELATED REGULATION SOCIO-POLITICAL AND CLIMATE CONSIDERATIONS
  14. 14. EFFECTS OF VERYING GEOLOGICAL Related Oil and gas regulation framework (UU 22/2001) UPSTREAM EFFECTS OF VERYING PURITY OF CO2 STREAMS GEOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE (LEAKEAGE RISK) DOWNSTREAM ADEQUACY OF MODEL TO PREDICT RESERVOIR PERFORMANCE MONITORING METHODOLOGY, DET ECTION LIMIT PERTAMINA INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION PUBLIC ACCEPTENCE CLIMATE REGIME INCENTIVE STRUCTURE
  15. 15. Indonesia Regulatory for CCS ? -No law on CCS available in Indonesia (at Present). - Several regulation in Oil&Gas seem suitable for CCS arrangements (it seem similarity). - Example: Minister Regulation No. 13/207, ‘Requirements and procedures of waste • CCS activity will involve interest of multi-minister and agencies at central goverment, such as: Ministry of E&MR, Ministry of Environment, SKKMigas, etc. - Example: Minister Regulation No. 13/207, ‘Requirements and procedures of waste water treatment for upstream Oil & Gas and geothermal activities using injection method into subsurface’ SKKMigas, etc. • CCS activity covers several laws and regulations: Oil & gas mining laws, environmental regulation, pipelines regulation, National Constitution, transportation regulation, health & safety regulation 1 5
  16. 16. GUNDIH CCS PILOT PROJECT
  17. 17. GUNDIH CCS PILOT PROJECT History of the project A collaboration effort that is conducted between: • Institut Teknologi Bandung, Kyoto University, • Pertamina UTC and Pertamina EP Supported by • Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and • Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) SATREPS (Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development) • Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) Ministry of E&MR ADBNext involve
  18. 18. JICAJICAJST*JST* collaboration Members of the SATREPS CCS Project International joint research ・ITB (Institut Teknologi Bandung) ・Pertamina EP and ・Kyoto University ・University of Tokyo ・Waseda University ・Akita University Research Partnership Technical CooperationSupport ・Pertamina EP and Pertamina UTC . ITS, UNILA, Trisakti . Unhas, etc ・Akita University ・Toyama University, ・JAPEX (Japan Petroleum Exploration Co, Ltd.) ・Fukada Geological Institute Partnership
  19. 19.  The study concerns approximately 0.3 million ton of CO2 emitted annually during production of natural gas in a gas field presently under development in the Gundih Area BACKGROUND STUDY Gundih Area  A pilot study for research and development of technologies for assessing both shallow and deep strata at sites of CO2 injection.  Essential for safe application of CO2 sequestration technologies, and for monitoring of underground distribution and behavior of CO2 through capacity development of organizations and human resources.
  20. 20. JAVA ISLANDJAVA ISLAND 11 22 33 Study Area KENDENG TROUGHKENDENG TROUGH Smith (2005) EAST JAVA BASINAL AREAEAST JAVA BASINAL AREA
  21. 21. TECTONIC ELEMENTS OF EAST JAVA BASINAL AREA
  22. 22. STRATIGRAPHIC CORRELATION AND NOMENCLATURES OF JAVA ISLAND CCS TARGET POSTPOST--RIFTRIFTSYNSYN--RIFTRIFT PRE-RIFT Sapiie et al., (2006)
  23. 23. NN –– S Central Java Cross SectionS Central Java Cross Section Sapiie et al., (2006)
  24. 24. CO2 CONTENTS OF EAST JAVA BASINAL AREA • Map showing trends of habitats of oil and gas in the East Java Basin. • Four trends can be recognized containing oil, thermogenic and biogenic gas fields. • The habitats are closely related with the geologic setting and petroleum system. (Satyana and Purwaningsih, 2007)
  25. 25. KTB (Kedung Tuban) – RBT (Randu Blatung) – KDL (Kedung Lusi) fields LOCATION MAP OF GUNDIH AREA Kedunglusi Kedunglusi KEDUNGLUSI KTB – RBT – KDL FIELDS (Gundih Area) Cepu
  26. 26. KETERANGAN : : WORKOVER WELL : PLAN OF SUBSURFACE DEVELOPMENT WELL KTB-03TW GEOGRAPHICAL MAP OF GUNDIH AREA CCS PILOT PLAN DEVELOPMENT WELL (CLUSTER SYSTEM) : INJECTION WELL : SETTLEMENT : OPEN AREA : RICE FIELD RBT-03 KTB-06
  27. 27. • Gundih field was operated by PT. Pertamina EP, which has initial gas in place (IGIP) 435,96 BSCF and could produce 62 MMSCFD in 12 years. FACT OF GUNDIH FIELD • CO2 content which generated directly from the field is 21% from total gas, whereas if after through CPP (Central Processing Plant) the percentage of CO2 produced is about 15% from total gas in this field (Kadir, 2012).(Kadir, 2012). • PT. Pertamina EP provided 2D/3D seismic data and well data to evaluate subsurface GGR in this area.
  28. 28. DATA AVAILABILITY IN GUNDIH FIELD • 2D/3D SEISMIC • 9 WELLS
  29. 29. Roll out plan: 2015 – 2025 Injection plan: inject up to 10,000 tonCO2 in 10 years in shallow storage (Ngrayong Formation) Injection ScenariosInjection Scenarios storage (Ngrayong Formation) CO2 supply: at various rate (500 ton CO2/year - 0.1 MtonCO2/year) Ekowati, in progress
  30. 30. • Ngrayong Formation in Gundih field doesn’t have a big closure to inject CO2. The formation has an open structure to the north that will have a possibility to migrate the injection of CO2 (Asikin, 2012).....The location was moved to north of Gundih. • Kujung Formation does not provide sufficient storage capacity. With Tentative ResultsTentative Results • Kujung Formation does not provide sufficient storage capacity. With optimum injection surface rate of 960 tonCO2/year @ Pinitial = 940 psia, maximum total gas injection is 7000 tonCO2 in 10 years with negligible increase in pressure value (Ekowati, 2012). • Ngrayong Formation provides sufficient storage capacity. With injection surface rate of 1,000 tonCO2/year, total gas injection could reach 10,000 tonCO2 in 10 years with negligible increase in pressure value (Ekowati, 2012).2012). • However, uncertainty factor is still large since many assumptions are used to generate the model properties. There is a possibility that injection at Ngrayong Formation will be leak to the surface or charging into Caluk structure through the northern fault. • Future works will concentrate in determining possible location in the northern part of Gundih Field with most likely residual trapping mechanism.
  31. 31. THANK YOU TERIMA KASIH ARIGATOU GOZAIMASUARIGATOU GOZAIMASU

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