Global CCS Institute - Day 2 - Panel 4 - The Cost of Capture: Progress and Opportunities

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George Booras - EPRI

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Global CCS Institute - Day 2 - Panel 4 - The Cost of Capture: Progress and Opportunities

  1. 1. PANEL 4THE COST OF CAPTURE: PROGRESS AND OPPORTUNITIESAnne Margrete Blaker and Stale Aakenes – Gassnova SFGeorge Booras – EPRIRobert Hilton – AlstomDon Wharton – TransAlta
  2. 2. The Costs of Capture:Progress and Opportunities George Booras Senior Project Manager Global CCS Institute International Members’ Meeting Calgary, AB, Canada October 11, 2012
  3. 3. EPRI’s CoalFleet for Tomorrow Program • Since 2005 EPRI’s CoalFleet for Tomorrow program has been conducting a portfolio of research & development to support the next generation of advanced coal-based power plants with CO2 capture – Industry-led program includes members from five continents – Employs “learning by doing” approach; generalize actual deployment projects (50 & 60 Hz) to create design guides – Augments ongoing RD&D to speed market introduction of improved designs and materials • Numerous process developers, engineering companies, equipment manufacturers, and research institutions have collaborated with EPRI on this research© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 3
  4. 4. Technology Development Assessment CO2 Capture and Storage for Power Applications Research Development Demonstration Deployment Mature Technology *Anticipated Level of Technology Investment PC with Post-Combustion Capture 2nd Generation 1st Generation IGCC with Pre-Combustion Capture Oxy-Combustion 2nd Generation 1st Generation Storage in Saline Aquifer EOR for CO2 Storage * Pre- and post-combustion capture are considered mature technologies in applications outside of power Left end of arrow indicates current status; generation. Using CO2 for EOR without consideration Right end of arrow indicates estimated 2030 development level. of storage is also considered a mature technology. Time © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 4
  5. 5. EPRI (US) 2012 Cost of Electricity (COE) estimates for Coal Technologies with and without CO2 Capture – PRB coal (Cost estimates assume mature plant designs, not first-of-a-kind plants) FWI Siemens IGCC-CCS IGCC FWI Siemens IGCC FWI Shell IGCC-CCS IGCC w/o CCS FWI Shell IGCC FWI COP IGCC-CCS FWI COP IGCC All PRB Cases w/CCS FWI USCPC (Phase 1) B&W USCPC-Oxy Oxy-PC PC w/o CCS B&W USCPC Nexant Adv. Amine, Optimized PC-PCC Nexant USCPC-PCC (MHI) FOAK Nexant USCPC CCS Cases include $10/tonne CO2 TS&M cost 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 30 Yr Levelized Constant Dollar Cost of Electricity, $/MWh© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 5
  6. 6. Cost of Electricity and Cost of CO2 Avoided • With full carbon capture, the levelized cost of electricity for all coal technologies nearly doubles compared to a PC plant without capture • Avoided Cost of CO2 is quite significant – Avoided Cost for mature US Coal CCS plants is 90-100$/tonne • Transportation, Monitoring and Storage (TMS) costs of 10$/tonne included in EPRI studies – This accounts for 11$/MWh or 17% of the capture cost. – This applies in US where storage is on shore and pipeline is short. – TMS costs elsewhere could be higher due to added offshore costs • Cost estimates for first-of-a-kind CCS plants are typically much higher than those estimated for mature plant designs© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 6
  7. 7. Highlights of EPRI’s Recent CO2 Capture Studies • Construction costs have risen since recession of 2008-09 – Costs have returned to mid-2008 peak levels – Data set is relatively small, especially for USA – Cost uncertainty is large, especially for new technology • Several new studies for coal & natural gas plants with CCS – EPRI, DOE/NETL, and others – Greenfield and retrofit applications, with full and partial capture • Greenhouse gas performance standards proposed in several countries – Coal plants need CCS to comply, partial capture being emphasized • Drivers remain for CCS development & demonstration – Funding from governments around the world – Additional funding is needed to get demos built • Revenue from selling CO2 to EOR projects • Some IGCC projects co-producing fertilizer© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 7
  8. 8. Together…Shaping the Future of Electricity© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 8

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