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Gccsi japan members'_meeting_200613_peng-si_zhen_chinagov


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Global CCS Institute Meeting 20 June 2013. Presentation on CCUS Development in China by Dr Peng SiZhen, Deputy Director General, The Administrative Centre for China’s Agenda 21 (ACCA21).

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Gccsi japan members'_meeting_200613_peng-si_zhen_chinagov

  1. 1. CCUS Development in China Dr. PENG Sizhen The Administrative Centre for China’s Agenda 21 GCCSI Member Meeting, Tokyo, 20th June 2013
  2. 2. Overview of Energy, Emissions and Role of CCUS Policy, R&D, Demo, and International Cooperation CCUS Prospective in China Conclusions Contents
  4. 4. 3E Profile 1978-2010 From 1990 to 2010, the GDP grew by 7.3 times, while energy consumption and CO2 emission increased by 3.3 and 3.0 times. From 1990 to 2010, CO2 intensity declined by 57%, that is rare all over the world.
  5. 5. 0 200000 400000 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 中国过去三十年来各种能源消费量的变化 煤炭 石油 天然气 水电、核电和风电 0% 50% 100% 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 中国过去三十年来能源消费结构的变化 煤炭 石油 天然气 水电、核电和风电 Profile of Energy Consumption, and Structure 1978-2011 •Coal accounts for around 69% primary energy consumption over last 30 years • The energy demand increases by 200 million tce annually in the recent years in which fossil fuels account for around 90% above. •Non-fossil fuels development is remarkable, but still cant meet new incremental energy demands in quite a long time
  6. 6. Target of Carbon Emission Reduction in 2020 • CO2 emission intensity to drop 40-45% by 2020 according to the 2005 level. • Non-fossil fuels accounting for about 15% of total primary energy consumption • Forest area and stock volume newly increasing 40 million hectares and 1.3 billion m3 respectively compared to 2005 • Promoting development of green economy, low-carbon economy and circular economy, and R&D climate sound technologies
  7. 7. Normal mitigation technologies have great potential for CO2 reduction in China currently, and are cost effective. 2020 2030 2050 Mitigation tech. in Industry, Transport and Building 2.2Gt 3.8Gt 5.0Gt Non-Fossil Energy Tech. 1.5Gt 3.0Gt 5.3Gt • Mitigation Potential • Mitigation Cost (big portion of negative cost) 45% 65% in 2020 Building SectorIndustry Sector
  8. 8. CCUS is not mature and is expensive • High costs • High energy penalty • High risk A big portion of fuel costs in total cost.
  9. 9. Scenario analysis suggests CCUS will play important role in mid- and long-term. 0 5 10 15 20 25 2020年 2030年 2050年 减排潜力亿吨CO2/年 多联产 IGCC燃烧前 富氧燃烧 燃烧后 NGCC IGCC 超临界 超超临界 AD700 1.4 Gt
  10. 10. Modeling Study on Energy and Emission Reduction in 2050 By Tsinghua University 2020 2030 2050 GDP 7-8% 6% 4% Primary Energy (bi. tce) 5 6 7 Non fossil fuels 14-15% 20% 38% CO2 emission (bi. T) 10 11 60 ELC Scenario
  11. 11. •CCUS will account for about 27% contribution if CO2 emission in 2050 drops to the 2005 level.
  12. 12. 12 Modeling Study on Energy and Emission Reduction in 2050 By China Academy of Engineering 2020 2030 2050 GDP 7-8% 6% 3.5% Primary Energy (bi. tce) 4.2 4.8 5.8 Non fossil fuels 14% 25% 40% CO2 emission (bi. T) 9 8.5 8 Scenario of High EE
  13. 13. Theoretical Storage Capacity • Examined 17 onshore basins and 10 offshore • Applied specific storage volume method based on • Capacity: 3.1TtCO2 – 2.3 TtCO2 onshore – 0.8 TtCO2 offshore Saline Aquifer • Examined 29 onshore basins and 21 offshore • Capacity 4.8GtCO2 – 4.6 GtCO2 onshore – 0.2 GtCO2 offshore • Up to 7.0 BBO additional oil recovery EOR • Examined 23 onshore basins and 6 offshore • Capacity 5.2 GtCO2 storage potential – 4.3 GtCO2 onshore – 0.9 GtCO2 offshore • 10% of OCIP for storage • Examined 69 onshore coal-bearing regions • 12.1GtCO2 capacity • 1.6 Tm3 additional coal bed methane recovery Depleted Gas Reservoirs ECBM (600-1500m) (Source: Li et al, 2007)
  14. 14. Criterion Classes weight 1st order 2nd order Killer criterion 1 2 3 4 5 Sizeof structure element (divided by faults) <500 km2 <1000 km2 Small <5,000 km2 Medium <10,000 km2 Large <50,000 km2 Giant >50,000 km2 0.01 Maximum depth <1000m Shallow (<1,500 m) Intermediate (1,500 –3,000 m) Deep (>3,000 m) 0.03 Average permeability ofstorage formation <1mD 1-10mD 10-50mD 50-100mD 100-500mD >1000mD 0.1 (total, effective) porosity <5% 5-10% 10~15% 15~20% 20~25% >25% 0.02 Fluid pressure pressure ratio (>1.2) pressureratio (1.0-1.2) pressure ratio (<1.0) 0.01 Injection thickness <10m 10-20m 20-50m 50-100m 100-300m >300m 0.08 Reservoir failure (pressure build-up) Pluvial and Alluvial facies Fluvial facies Lacustrine andpaludal facies 0.02 Primary seal formation — — — 0.01 storagecapacityandinjectivity(majoreconomicfactors) Geothermal Warm basin (>40? /km) Moderate (20-40? /km) Coldbasin (<20? /km) 0.05 Geology Extensively faultedand fractured Moderately faultedand fractured Limited faulting 0.02 Active faults <10km 10-20km 20-40km >40km 0.06 In-situstress zone extension zone Strike-slip zone compression zone 0.01 Hydrocarbon potential none small medium large Giant 0.02 distancefrom hydrocarbon fields >40km 20-40km <20km 0.04 Hydrocarbon maturity Unexplored Exploration Developing Mature Over mature 0 Sedimentary facies Pluvial and Alluvial Fluvial Lacustrine andpaludal 0.03 Primary seal formation seal by different lithology regional seal formation Basinscale seal formatin 0.03 Riskminimization Buffer formations Pluvial and Alluvial Fluvial Lacustrine 0.01 Methodology for site screening Ranking of potential storage sites
  15. 15. Source: RT Dahowskia, X Li et al., A Preliminary Cost Curve Assessment of Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Potential in China , Energy Procedia 00 (2008) 2849-2856. Large Industrial CO2 Point Sources & Distribution Power (74% of Emissions) Cement 13% Iron&Steel 7% Hydrogen 0% Ethylene 1% Ammonia 3%Refineries 2% 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 East North Northeast Northwest South Central Southwest Refinery Power Iron & Steel Hydrogen Ethylene Oxide Ethylene Cement Ammonia  Power, Cement and Iron & Steel  The East, North and South Central
  17. 17. 2.1 Policies/actions by State Council • National Medium and Long-term Outline for S&T Development (2006-2020),2006 • National Action Plan on Climate Change, 2007 • National 12th 5-year Plan on Energy Development,2011 • National 12th 5-year Work-plan on GHG Control,2012 • National Medium and Long-term Plan for Major S&T Infrastructure Construction (2012-2030), 2013 Development of CCUS technologies are included in all above State Council documents
  18. 18. Policies/actions by NDRC • Recommendations on Promoting CCUS Pilot and Demonstration
  19. 19. Policies/actions by MOST • China’s S&T Special Action on climate change, 2007 • S&T roadmap of China’s CCUS development by MOST/ACCA21, 2011 • National 12th 5-year Scientific and Technological Plan on Climate Change, 2012 • 12th 5-year Special Plan for CCUS technology development, 2013 • National Special Assessment Report on CO2 Utilization Technologies, 2013
  20. 20. Policies/actions by MLR • National preliminary survey on CO2 onshore storage capacity • Research and development of methodology and criteria selecting CO2 storage sites
  21. 21. Policies/actions by MEP • Research and development of special EIA requirement on CCUS • Research and development of guideline on monitoring of CCUS project
  22. 22. Policies are getting into details gradually General statement “to develop CO2 near zero emission technology” Detailed development measure Targets, actions in capture, storage, utilization and storage, full-chain demo, etc
  23. 23. Basic Research Tech. Development Pilot/ Demo Financial Price, tax Investment Monitoring Storage Site Safety and Risks State Council NDRC +NEA MOST MLR MEP MOF BUT, More enabling policies needed
  24. 24. 2.2 Basic Science by NNSF Project Title Duration Basic research on properties of porous medium dense supercritical CO2, water, and oil transportation 2008-2011 Study of influence factors and mechanisms of CO2 diffusion law in porous media 2009-2011 Solid-gas effect relationship of carbon dioxide sequestration in deep coal bed and sequestration experimental simulation 2010-2012 Coupled binary gas-solid interaction and dual porosity effect research during carbon dioxide sequestration in deep coal bed 2011-2013 Study of migration rules and increase permeability mechanism of supercritical CO2 injection in low permeability coal seam 2011-2013 Fundamental study of supercritical carbon dioxide applications in unconventional reservoirs 2011-2014 Research of fluid-solid-heat coupling action mechanism of carbon dioxide enhanced coalbed methane 2012-2014 Study of N2/CO2 mixed-gas enhanced coalbed methane mechanism and the best ratio of gas component under stratigraphic constraints 2012-2014 QSAR research on thermodynamic properties and transport properties of CO2 flooding system 2012-2014 Study on reservoir damage mechanism caused by CO2 flooding 2012-2015 Study of interactions between supercritical CO2 and coal and their impacts on carbon sequestration based on CO2 sequestration in deep coal seams 2012-2015 Study of shale mass interaction mechanism based on shale gas reservoir of CO2 sequestration 2013-2015
  25. 25. 2.2 R&D by MOST Project Title Funding by Duration Type of projects The Project of CCS–EOR, Utilization and Storage 973 2006-2010 Basic Research Program of CO2 Capture and Storage technology 863 2008-2010 Technology R&DThe Key Tech Research Program on CCS-EOR and Storage 863 2009-2011 The Key Tech Research Program on CO2-Algae-Biodiesel 863 2009-2011 CO2- Safety Mining with CO2 Gas Reservoirs and CO2 Utilization Tech National Major Special Project 2008-2010 R& D Demonstration Project of Mining and Utilization Tech of Volcanic gas containing CO2 in Songliao Basin National Major Special Project 2008-2010 • R&D Activities in the 11th FYP by MOST
  26. 26. 2.2 R&D by MOST • R&D Activities in the 12th FYP by MOST Name of Projects Funding by Duration Type of projects Demonstration Project of CO2 capture and geological storage in Coal Liquification Plant, China Shenhua Group National Key Technology R&D Programme 2011-2014 Technology R&D The Key Tech Research Project of CO2 Emission Reducing on Iron- Steel Sector National Key Technology R&D Programme 2011-2014 Technology R&D Research and Demostration Program of IGCC +CO2 Caputure, Utilization and Storage National Key Technology R&D Programme 2011-2013 CO2 Storage Capacity Assessment and Demonstration in China China Geological Survey 2011-2014 The Program of CCS –EOR, Utilization and Storage 973 2011-2015 Basic Research
  27. 27. Trends of Paper & Patent on CCUS (1995-2012) SCI & EI Papers Domestic Patents
  28. 28. 2.3 Enterprise Pilot and Demo Project Title Scale Capture Tech Storage/ Utilization Status The pilot project of CO2 Capture, Huaneng Beijing Gaobeidian Thermal Power Plant Capture Capacity:3,000 T/Y Post- Combustion Food Use Operated in 2008 Demonstration Project of CO2 capture and storage in Coal Liquification Plant, China Shenhua Group Capture Capacity:100,000 T/Y Storage Capacity: 100,000 T/Y Coal liquefaction Saline Aquifer operated in 2011 Demonstration Project of CO2 capture, Storage and Utilization in IGCC Plant Greengen of Huaneng Capture Capacity:60,000-- 100,000 T/Year Pre- Combustion EOR Launched in 2011 Small Scale Demonstration Project on CO2 Capture and EOR in Shengli Oil Field, Sinopec Capture/Utilization:40,000T/Y Post- Combustion EOR Operated in 2010 Demonstration Project of CO2 capture, Shanghai Shidongkou Power Plant, Huaneng Capture Capacity:120,000 T/Y Post- Combustion Food/ Industrial Operated since 2010 Demonstration project of Carbon Capture, Shuanghuai Power Plant, China Power Investment Capture Capacity:10,000 T/Y Post- Combustion Food/ Manufacture Operated in 2010 Pilot Plant of CO2 capture in Lianyungang City, CAS Capture Capacity:30,000 T/Y Pre- Combustio N/A Operated in 2011
  29. 29.  Shuanghuai Power Plant, China Power Investment Capture Capacity:10,000 T/Y Food/Manufacture Operated in 2010  Huaneng Beijing Gaobeidian Thermal Power Plant Capture Capacity:3,000 T/Y Food Use Operated in 2008  Shanghai Shidongkou Power Plant, Huaneng Capture Capacity:120,000 T/Y Food/Manufacture Operated in 2010  Shengli Oil Field, Sinopec Capture/Utilization:40,000T/Y EOR Operated in 2010 Post-combustion Pilot & Demo
  30. 30.  Huneng Green-gen IGCC CCS Pilot Capture Capacity:60,000-100,000 T/Y CCS-EOR Launched in 2012  Pilot Plant of CO2 capture in Lianyungang City, CAS Capture Capacity:3,000 T/Y Food Use Operated in 2008 Post-combustion Pilot & Demo
  31. 31. 35 Mwt Oxy-Fuel Industrial Demonstration Project in HuaZhong University of Science and Technology Capture Capacity:50,000-100,000 T/Y Goal: To set up an industrial demonstration plant of carbon capture with oxy- fuel combustion Location: Yingcheng city, Hubei Province Oxy-fuel Pilot
  32. 32. Full-chain CCS Demonstration  Shenhua Group’s 100,000 t/a CCS Demonstration Project • Goal: To build an integrated CCS demonstration project • Technologies: CO2 chemical source capture + saline aquifer storage • Capture Capacity: 100,000 tonnes per year • Injection scale: 100,000 tonnes per year, accumulated 300,000 tonnes • Injection life: Jan 2011 to Jun 2014 Under construction: Shengli Oil Field CO2-EOR, 1Mt CO2/year, SINOPEC
  33. 33.  Petrochina’s CO2 EOR research and demonstration project in the Jilin oil field  China United Coalbed Methane’s ECBM project  ENN group’s microalgae bio- energy and carbon sequestration demonstration project  Jinlong-CAS CO2 utilization in chemical production CO2 Utilization Pilots
  34. 34. 2.4 International Collaboration Project Partner Duration China-Australia Geological Storage of CO2 (CAGS) RET, GA 2012-2014 China-EU NZEC Cooperation UK, EU, Norway 2007-2009 China-EU Carbon Capture and Storage Cooperation(COACH) EU 2007-2009 Sino-Italy CCS Technology Cooperation Project(SICCS) ENEL 2010-2012 China-US Clean energy Research Center MOST, NEA, DOE 2010-2015 CSLF Capacity Building Projects CSLF 2012- MOST-IEA Cooperation on CCUS IEA 2012- China-ADB Cooperation on CCUS ADB 2008-
  35. 35.  The project timeframe is 2009-2011 with the main activities including scientific studies, capacity building, professional and student exchanges, and study tours.  Under the support of ―China and Australia clean coal Joint working group‖, the phase 2 cooperation of GAGS will be conducted to continue scientific research and capacity building activities China-Australia Geological Storage of CO2 (CAGS)
  36. 36. As an important project of international cooperation in the field of CCS that China participates in, the launching and implementation of the COACH project plays a positive role in promoting China’s research capacity on CCS. Project Objectives: The project aims to strengthen the close cooperation between China and EU in the field of CCS, in order to address the growing problems of energy shortage and greenhouse gas emissions. China-EU COACH Project The project has a duration of three years between 2006-2009, and has been concluded by October, 2009.
  37. 37. The UK-China NZEC project is an important part of the China-EU NZEC Phase I cooperation, with key objectives as follows:  Enable knowledge transfer and sharing;  Model the future energy requirements of China, taking CCS into account;  Case studies of potential CO2 capture technologies;  Build capacity in China for the evaluation of storage potential for CO2 and undertake preliminary screening of potential sites suitable for geological storage of CO2. Phase I of the UK-China NZEC project lasted for two years (2007-2009), and has been concluded by October, 2009 China-EU/UK NZEC Project (Phase I)
  38. 38. Nov. 30th, 2009, 12th China-EU summit, Nanjing, MOU signed between MOST (China) and EC on NZEC Phase II cooperation; Nov. 2011, agreement was signed for implementation of the NZEC Phase IIA: China-EU/Norway NZEC Project (Phase II)  Work aim and contents agreed 6 workpackages including research, capacity building and Identification of potential site for feasibility study  Coordination and Administrative Structure setup Joint Steering Committee Meeting— Decision making PMU (Project management Unit)— Implementation
  39. 39. China-US Clean Energy Research Center (CERC) On 17 Nov, 2009, Wan Gang, Minister of Science and technology of China (MOST), Guobao, Zhang,ex-administrator of National Energy Administration and Steven, Chu, secretary of the U.S. Department of Energy signedan agreement to start the establishment of CERC. The establishement of CERC aims at promoting the cooperated research in the field of clean energy technology between China and US scientists and engineers. Clean Coal technology, including CCS, is one of the first three prior approved cooperation areas.
  40. 40. Sino-Italy Cooperation on CCS Technology Project Objectives: A pre-feasibility study on building a CCS project in China would be carried out, with a focus on CO2 capture and transportation from coal-fired power plants. Major Contents of the Project: With a focus on personnel/technology exchanges and joint research, the Sino-Italy Cooperation on CCS Technology is mainly composed of the following three parts: Information exchange and basic research (WP1) Pre-feasibility study (WP2) Initial preparation for the joint feasibility study (WP3)
  41. 41. Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) China is one of the founding members of the CSLF, and Ministry of Science and Technology, on behalf of China, is responsible for organizing, coordinating and participating in relevant cooperation activities. The fourth Ministerial-level meeting had been successfully held in Beijing 2011. Under the support of CSLF capacity building fund, China has carried out CCUS experience exchange events, policy and regulatory study, CCUS financing research, and other capacity building activities.
  42. 42. Cooperation with Interantional Energy Agency (IEA) Build on previous and existing technical and policy-related activites the MOST and IEA jointly agree on a series of activites leading towards a conducive technology and policy framework for CCUS. The overall framework covers six potential areas: 1. Potential of CCUS application in major industrial sectors in China and related capacity building; 2. Potential of CCUS retrofitting of existing power plants; 3. Potential applications of CCUS in high concentrations CO2 emission industries; 4. Sharing of experience from CCUS demonstration projects; 5. Financing modes for CCUS technology development; 6. Potential assessment of CO2utilization.
  43. 43. Since 2008, ADB has been supporting China’s efforts on developing CCUS technology through capacity development projects, studies, and financial assistance. Asian Development Bank (ADB) Two China-ADB joint research projects are launched in 2013:  the assessment of the potential role of oxy-fuel combustion CO2 capture  developing China‘s roadmap for demonstration and deployment of CCUS
  45. 45. System scale: >0.3million tons/a Energy penalty: <25% Cost: 350 RMB/ton Capture system: 0.3-1 million tons/a Energy penalty: <20% Cost: 210 RMB/ton Pipeline: >80km Cost: 90 RMB/ton Capacity:0.3million tons/a Utilization scale: 1 million tons/a Oil-production: 0.3million tons/a Storage percentage: 40-50% Storage: 0.3million tons/a Cost: 50 RMB/ton Technically Feasible & economically affordable System scale: 1 million tons/a Energy penalty: <20% Cost: 300 RMB/ton Capture system: 1 million tons/a Energy penalty:< 15% Cost :180 RMB/ton Pipeline:200km Cost:80RMB/ton*million km Capacity:>1million tons/a Utilization scale:2 million tons/a Oil-production:0.6million tons/a Storage percentage: 50-60% Storage: 1million tons/a Cost: 40 RMB/ton System scale: >1 million tons/a Energy penalty: <17% Cost: 240 RMB/ton Capture system: >1 million tons/a Energy penalty:< 12% Cost : 140 RMB/ton Pipeline net:>= 1000km Cost: 70 RMB/ton Utilization scale:>2 million tons/a Oil-production:1million tons/a Storage percentage: 60% Storage: >1million tons/a Cost: 30 RMB/ton 2015 2020 2030 Launch full- chain demo Vision and Target Establish 1 Mt/a full-chain demo Technical Capacity for applications
  46. 46. EOR and Depleted Oil reservoir Storage Opportunities !(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!( !( !( !(!(!(!(!(!(!( !( !(!( !( !( !(!( !(!( !(!( !(!(!( !(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !( !(!(!(!(!(!( !( !(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !( !(!( !( !(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!( !( !( !(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !( !(!(!(!( !(!(!(!( !(!( !( !(!(!(!(!( !(!( !( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!( !( !( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!( !( !(!( !( !(!(!( !( !( !(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !( !(!( !( !( !( !( !(!( !(!(!( !( !(!(!( !(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!( !(!(!( !( !( !( !( !(!( !(!(!(!(!(!( !( !( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !( !(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!( !( !(!(!( !(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!( !( !(!( !(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!( !( !(!(!(!(!(!( !( !(!( !(!(!( !(!( !( !(!( !( !(!(!( !(!( !( !( !( !(!( !(!(!(!(!( !(!( !( !(!(!(!(!(!( !( 深部咸水层 合成氨 水泥 乙烯 环氧乙烷 制氢厂 钢铁 火电 炼油厂 !( 大型油田 !( 中型油田 !( 小型油田 !( !(!( !(!( !(!( !(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!(!( !( !(!(!(!(!(!( !(!(!(!(!(!(!( !( !(!( !(!(!(!( ECBM Storage Opportunities 合成氨 水泥 乙烯 环氧乙烷 制氢厂 钢铁 火电 炼油厂 煤层 CCUS Technology Roadmap: Full Chain Demo
  47. 47. • The nationwide utilization and storage capacity assessment shall be conducted as soon as possible in order to better understand the CCUS potential in China. • The first full-chain technology demonstration shall be launched for those high-concentration emission sources (such as coal chemical) due to the low capture cost; coal-fired power plant shall also carry on full-chain technology demonstration timely because their emissions are high in volume with multi-point sources; on the aspect of technological options shall be balanced. • Considering the maturity of CO2-EOR technology and large potential for on-land saline aquifer storage, the full-chain technology demonstration for CO2-EOR and onshore saline aquifer storage shall be prioritized. CCUS Technology Roadmap: Full Chain Demo
  48. 48. • The demonstrations and scale-up on the integration of CO2-EOR and onshore saline aquifer with multiple capture options shall actively but steadily take forward with an aim to operate demonstration project at 1 million tons/a and above by 2030. • The research on innovative and cost-effective CO2 utilization technologies shall be enhanced, and initial demonstration can be launched jointly with other integrated systems. • The full-chain demonstration projects witness more opportunities in Ordos Basin, Songliao Basin, Bohai Bay Basin and the Junggar Basin, while the specific demonstration project shall take the cost, safety, environment and other factors into consideration. CCUS Technology Roadmap: Full Chain Demo
  49. 49. 2015 2020 20302010 海底咸水层 陆上咸水层 ECBM /酸气回注 EO R < 5万吨/年 > 100万吨/年 富氧燃烧 高浓度排放源 燃烧后捕集燃烧前捕集 5~ 10万吨/年 11~ 30万吨/年 31~ 50万吨/年 51~ 100万吨/年 任一捕集方式 Onshore Aquifer formation Offshore geological storage Acid gas Post-combustion Pre-combustion Any capture technology Oxy-fuel High-Concentration CCUS Technology Roadmap: Full Chain Demo
  50. 50. Current Work • An Assessment Report on CO2 Utilization Technologies in China is now being prepared, led by ACCA21. – Enhanced Energy Recovery – Enhanced Resources Recovery – Chemicals production – Bio & Agriculture production – Products from industrial wastes • To update CCUS Roadmap with new recognition on Utilization technologies.
  51. 51. CONCLUSIONS 4
  52. 52. • CCUS is important to China – In the long term, an important technical option for CO2 reduction. – In the short term, utilization could be priority to remove economic barrier, e.g. enhanced exploration of shale gas, geothermal, saline water and liquid mineral, and to understand safety of storage for the future. – CCUS is a diverse technology cluster. Choosing a priority technology should be different in terms of industry, location and time. • Besides technology R&D, enabling policies are essential for the take off of CCUS. • The nature of CCUS technology calls for enhanced International collaboration, in particular knowledge sharing.
  53. 53. Thanks for your attention! PENG Sizhen The Administrative Centre for China’s Agenda 21 (ACCA21), Beijing 100038 For More Information, Please Visit