Restorative Growth


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Presentation by Frederic Hauge, CEO of Bellona at COP 18 side event Global Update on CCS and Regional Project Perspectives

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Restorative Growth

  1. 1. Global CCS Institute: Regional Projects Perspectives RESTORATIVE GROWTH GCC Pavilion COP 18, DOHA Frederic Hauge President, The Bellona Foundation Vice Chairman of the European Technology Platform on Zero Emission Fossil Fuel Power Plants (ZEP) Member of the EU Biofuels Technology Platform From Pollution to Solution
  2. 2. Energy Demand§  80 % of global energy production is based on fossil fuel§  Global energy demand is increasing§  Securing standard of living will require increasing energy demand§  CO2 emissions must be reduced by 80 % by 2050 From Pollution to Solution
  3. 3. The Challenge Source:  «The  Impact  Poten3al  of  The  Sahara  Forest  Project  –  a  scenario  towards  2050»  
  4. 4. How to combat global warming:The Bellona Scenario From Pollution to Solution
  5. 5. EU ROAD MAP:LOW CARBON ECONOMY 2050 EU Heads of State, February 2010: 80 - 95 % reduction in GHG by 2050 – compared to 1990 level:
  6. 6. Stationary sources of CO2 From Pollution to Solution
  7. 7. Energy efficiency, solar, wind, biomass and CCS is crucial to combat global warming and poverty in a Carbon Negative strategy!”The best way to predict the future is to invent it” From Pollution to Solution
  8. 8. Coal and CO2 capture§  Why coal combined with CCS:§  High CO2 content in flue gas from coal power plants§  Coal gasification for H2 production§  CO2 injection in deep mines to produce methane§  Co-firing with biomass From Pollution to Solution
  9. 9. CO2 capture and H2 productionH2 can be produced fromsteam reforming of lowpressure gas:§  Stranded gas§  Gasification of coal§  Injection of CO2 to produce low pressure gas from deep coal mines§  BiogasCO2 from H2 production canbe captured and stored From Pollution to Solution
  10. 10. Technologies where CCS is relevant§  High temperature fuel cells based on hydrogen or methane is the most effective power production§  Will also be used in maritime sector§  Low temperature fuel cells for onshore transport. More than twice the efficiency of traditional engines§  Fuel cells based on biomass, stranded gas and gas from coal From Pollution to Solution
  11. 11. Putting Out the Fire n  CO2 capture technology can extinguish coal fires n  Sargas technology is applicable Source: ITC Source: SargasOld method: Removal of hot or combustible coal New method: The Sargas technology produces CO2 which can be used to put out coal mine fires From Pollution to Solution
  12. 12. Putting Out the Fire - Benefitsn  Chinese and global CO2 emissions considerably reducedn  Loss in coal reserves stoppedn  Economical gainsn  Introduce CCS in China Source: Statoil Source: ITC From Pollution to Solution
  13. 13. Grafikk:  NASA/Goddard  Scien2fic  Visualiza2on  Studio  
  14. 14. From Pollution to Solution From Pollution to Solution
  15. 15. •  Maximum technical potential in 2050: 10 Gt negative emissions in the power sector annualy; 6 Gt in the biofuels sector•  Realisable potential: 3,2 Gt annualy in 2050 (including both sectors)
  16. 16. Ultra Low-CO2 steelmaking JP. Birat, 8 June 2012, Montreal 16
  17. 17. JP. Birat, 8 June 2012, Montreal 17
  18. 18. Bellona Environmental CCS Team:BEST+ Programme 2012 - 2014 •  Road Maps for CCS •  Deployment Analysis •  Communicating CCS From Pollution to Solution
  19. 19. From Pollution to Solution
  20. 20. OUR  FUTURE  IS  CARBON  NEGATIVE   A  CCS  Roadmap  for  Romania    
  21. 21. The  message  is  simple  but  clear:  CCS  will  be  necessary  to  avoid  soaring  energy  prices  in  Romania   •  Fossil  energy  producFon  will  become  much  cheaper   with  CCS  than  without  CCS   •  Combined  with  biomass  co-­‐firing,  CCS  can  even  make  buying   CO2  quotas  completely  unnecessary  for  the  Romanian  power   sector   •  Though  the  EUA  price  is  currently  very  low,  the  European   Commission  will  soon  table  opFons  for  strengthening  the  EU   ETS  and  rise  the  price  to  ensure  emission  reducFons  
  22. 22. Roadmap  for  The  Gulf  (UAE,  Qatar,  Bahrein,  Saudi  Arabia)   •  Large  potenFal  for  CCS  in  the  Gulf:  Key  to  secure  a   role  for  hydrocarbons  in  a  low-­‐carbon  economy   •  Increased  focus  on  Climate  Change  (Abu  Dhabi   hosFng  UNIDO/IEA  workshop  on  CCS;  Qatar  hosFng   COP18  and  the  Sahara  Forest  Project  Pilot  Facility)   •  Already  CCS  projects  proposed  in  UAE:   •  Emirates  Aluminium  Project  (post-­‐combusFon  gas   turbine)   •  Hydrogen  Power  Abu  Dhabi  (HPAD,  pre-­‐combusFon   syngas  producFon)   •  Regional  roadmap  with  EOR  potenFal  as  a  starFng   point  
  23. 23. Report  on  CO2  for  EORFirst Steps To Commercial CCS Deployment    
  24. 24. Report  outline   •  Why  CO2  for  EOR  ?   •  What  CO2  Source  ?   •  How  much  will  capture  and  transport   cost  ?   •  How  much  oil  can  be  recovered  ?   •  Are  there  other  opportuni2es  ?  
  25. 25. 2012 Sahara Forest Project – Qatar 5 2 7 6 1 3 4 1. Concentrated Solar Power 5. Salt production 2. Saltwater greenhouses 6. Halophytes3. Outside vegetation and evaporative hedges 7. Algae production 4. Photovoltaic Solar Power From Pollution to Solution
  26. 26. The Sahara Forest Project From Pollution to Solution