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CCS Ready in Thailand: A Progress Report - Boonrasri Tongpenyai


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This presentation was given as part of the CCS Ready workshop which was held in association with the 6th Asia Clean Energy Forum (20 – 24 June, Manila)

The workshop discussed the range of measures and best practices that can be implemented to prompt the design, permitting and construction of CCS projects when designing or building a new fossil fuelled energy or industrial plant.

The workshop hosted participants of the Asian Development Banks’ Regional Technical Assistance Program who updated the group on the outcomes of their individual projects.

This presentation provides an update on the current project being undertaken under the Asian Development Bank’s Regional Technical Assistance Program which aims to conduct an analysis of the potential for CCS, culminating in a road map for a CCS demonstration project in Thailand.

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CCS Ready in Thailand: A Progress Report - Boonrasri Tongpenyai

  1. 1. CCS–Ready in Thailand: AProgress ReportCCS – Ready Workshop6th Asia Clean Energy ForumADB, Manila22 June 2011Witsarut ThungsuntonkhunSenior Petroleum EngineerDepartment of Mineral FuelsMinistry of Energy, Thailand
  2. 2. Scope Thailand’s initiatives to mitigate GHG emission Potential for CCS Challenges to implementing CCS Actions needed to prepare for CCS deployment
  3. 3. Thailand Energy Consumption (2009)
  4. 4. CO2 Emission in the Energy Sector:198 Mt in 2009 Potential CO source for 2 CCS Commercial & Others Residential 5% Manufacturing 4% 22% Transport 28% Power Generation 41%Source: Derived from DEDE Energy Situation 4Report, Thailand
  5. 5. Thailand CCS Working Group ONEP, TGO
  6. 6. Department of Mineral Fuels
  7. 7. Thailand Energy Policy
  8. 8. GHG Emission MitigationInitiatives Thai government has set up a national strategic plan on climate change (2008-201) with a broad framework to deal with GHG mitigation and climate change adaptation; a 10-year national action plan is being drafted Although Thailand has not committed to a target for CO2 reduction, it is voluntarily undertaking several policies and measures to reduce carbon emissions.
  9. 9. Examples of GHG EmissionMitigation Policies and Measures Power Development Plan (PDP2010) (2010 – 2030)  Aims to reduce CO2 emission factor (CO2 per unit of electricity generated) by increasing the use of renewables, imported hydropower and introducing 5,000 MW nuclear power (postponed after the Fukushima incident), as well as higher efficiency coal power plants (7,200 MW)  Adds 30,000 MW to the grid (now 30,000 MW)
  10. 10. Examples of GHG EmissionMitigation Policies and Measures Alternative Energy Development Plan (2008 – 2022)  Targets to increase the share of modern renewable energy to 14% and the share of compressed natural gas for vehicles to 6% of total final energy consumption by 2022  Renewables: mainly biomass for heat and power, biofuels, and increasingly solar and wind
  11. 11. Examples of GHG EmissionMitigation Policies and Measures Energy Conservation Plan (2011 – 2030)  Aims to increase energy efficiency by reducing energy intensity (energy consumption per GDP) by 25% by 2030 with 2005 as the base year, i.e. from 16 to 12 ktoe/billion baht GDP (1 USD ~ 30 baht)  Requires a reduction in energy demand of 30,000 ktoe in 2030 or 20% of the projected demand
  12. 12. CO2 Emission Sources: Potential CCS Power Industry Natural Gas Processing Industry Cement Industry Oil and Gas IndustryRequire comprehensivestudy on CCSR concept
  13. 13. Potential CO2 Sinks Depleted oil and gas reservoirs Lack of information on saline aquifers and coal seamRequire comprehensive study oninjectivity.- Carbonate reservoirs (NE area)- Highly faulted reservoirs Source: ADB DM TA 7575
  14. 14. Challenges CCS is a very new issue, not many governments including Thai’s government has developed rule and regulations as same as assigned designated agency on CCS. Though Thai energy sector is increasingly interested in CCS, as can be seen by the participation in CCS studies, however, the CCS technology is still not cost attractive and technology risk Public Participation and Public Awareness is one of the critical issues to implement CCS. Currently, knowledge on CCS for public consider at minimum level
  15. 15. Actions Needed Capacity building on CCS technology, rule & regulation for policy and planning, regulation and oversight, and technical personnel Develop a CCS roadmap: policy, regulatory framework, and assigned designated authority Develop public education and awareness campaign on CCS to engage public participation at early stage
  16. 16. Thank you for your attention