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CCS an Industry Perspective - Gwen Andrews

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This presentation was given as part of the CCS Ready workshop which was held in association with the 6th Asia Clean Energy Forum (20 – 24 June, Manila)

The workshop discussed the range of measures and best practices that can be implemented to prompt the design, permitting and construction of CCS projects when designing or building a new fossil fuelled energy or industrial plant.

Gwen Andrews, Vice President, Power and Environmental Policies Asia and Oceania of Alstom gave an in-depth presentation on CCS from an industry perspective. She gave an insight into Alstom advances in capture technologies and demonstration projects.

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CCS an Industry Perspective - Gwen Andrews

  1. 1. CCS READY ADB/GCCSI Workshop Gwen AndrewsVice President, Power & Environmental Policies, Asia & Oceania Manila, June 2011
  2. 2. CO2 from fossil fuel combustion World energy-related CO2 emissions World energy-related CO2Gt CO2 emissions by sector 30 28.8 Gt in 2007 Others Residential, services & agriculture 20 Power generation 10 Industries 0 Transport 1880 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 Source: IEA 2009 Source: Adapted from CDIAC 2004 Power generation represents >40% of CO2 emitted by fossil fuels Presentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 2 © ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  3. 3. Power market trends - 2030 CO2-free• 45% of the market will be in CO2-free 45% Fossil fuels technologies 55% GT Plant and Steam Plant World % Share by Scope (GW, 10-14 ) 100% China• Fossil fuels are still dominant 80% 60% Component Integrated Systems 40% 20% 0% GT Plant Steam Plant Market Market Asia Other• More than 60% of the new PP market will 40% regions 60% be in AsiaPresentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 3Clean Power Today! - PJ - 07/04/2011 - P 3© ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to anyparticular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, withoutexpress written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  4. 4. Alstom Clean Power strategy CCS – A reality today Alstom is the world leader in clean integrated solutionsEmissions CO2(Gt/y) N° 1 nuclear* & biomass Technological * Conventional islands mix Wind, solar & geothermal Efficiency CCS N° 1 hydro Efficiency: Plant optimisation & retrofit Ref 2030 Realistic First CO2 capture 2030 Target demo plant in the world Presentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 4 © ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  5. 5. CO2 Capture Technologies CO2 capture technologies pursued by Alstom Post-combustion Oxy-combustion (New + retrofit) (New + retrofit) • Chilled Ammonia • Oxy combustion with Air Separation Unit • Advanced Amines • Chemical Looping CombustionPresentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 5© ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to anyparticular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, withoutexpress written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  6. 6. Alstom activity on demonstrations1st and 2nd Generation CCS Operating Under Construction 2 GenVattenfall Schwarze Pumpe AEP Mountaineer DOE/Alstom Windsor TCM Mongstad EDF – Le Havre Germany - 30 MWth USA - 58 MWth US – 3 MWth Norway - 40 MWth France – 5 MWth Adv. Oxy - Lignite Chilled Ammonia - Coal Chemical looping - Coal Chilled Ammonia - Gas Amines - Coal Pre-commercial Projects NER300 NER300 Dow Chemical Co. Total Lacq USA, West Virginia France - 30 MWth Drax - Selby Vattenfall Jänschwalde Transalta Advanced Amines - Coal Oxy - Gas UK - 426 MWe Germany - 250 MWe Canada - >200 MWe 2 Gen Oxy – Hard Coal Oxy - Lignite Post - Coal NER300 NER300 Alstom BSF Windsor RFCS EU - Darmstad US - 15 MWth Germany – 1 MWth PGE Belchatow AEP Mountaineer Getica - CET Turceni Oxy - Coals Chemical looping - Coal Poland – 260 MWe Adv. USA – 235MWe Romania – >250MWe Amines - Lignite Chilled Ammonia - Coal Chilled Ammonia - Lignite Selected by Alberta and Selected by US DOE NER300 Applied for funding Selected for receiving EEPR funding Federal Canadian to receive CCPI funding Round 3 funding Presentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 6 © ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  7. 7. Gas Combined Cycle Capture Ready GT operation with ST allowing Steam Noise increased exhaust extraction pressure Emissions: Exhaust gas and Capturing unit Control & Instrumentation Flue gas system Electrical HRSG / Steam cycle Interface with Capture Plant: Steam extraction and return Plant infrastructure Provisions in Compressed Air System Water Systems arrangement planning: (Pre-treatment, Space for CO2 Cooling water system demineralisation, waste) capture system Investigation of relevant systems based on Advanced Amine capturing processPresentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 7© ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to anyparticular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, withoutexpress written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  8. 8. Capture-Ready Steam Plant Identified pre-investments for future capture retrofit - Coal Waste Water Treatment System: Optimisation of the cooling Electrical & foresee interconnection with system recovery of heat in Control Building: power block WWTS CO2 capture and compression Extra space Steam Turbine: reservations in turbine design for future steam extraction Transformer Area: Optimisation of the installing an isolated bus Boiler heat transfer surfaces according Modifications Provisions in of heat load sharing arrangement planning FGD: leaving space for Stack duct: upgrade potential longer stack ductAlstom Capture Ready solutions developed upon three pillars:• Early and substantial investment in Capture technologies development• Integrated power plant expertise (EPC supplier of turnkey power plant)• Component supplier experience (supplier of a major equipment in 25% of the worldwide installed power capacity) Presentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 8 © ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  9. 9. Presentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 9© ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to anyparticular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, withoutexpress written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  10. 10. CCS in a nutshell… Capture Power plants Transport Pipelines Ships Storage Depleted Oil and Gas fields Enhanced Oil/Gas Recovery Saline AquifersPresentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 10© ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to anyparticular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, withoutexpress written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  11. 11. Title (Arial 26)Presentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 11© ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to anyparticular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, withoutexpress written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  12. 12. Explanation - Usage of correct templatePresentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 12© ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to anyparticular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, withoutexpress written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  13. 13. Presentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 13© ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to anyparticular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, withoutexpress written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  14. 14. Presentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 14© ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to anyparticular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, withoutexpress written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  15. 15. Hardcoal CCS power plantEnergy Penalty (EP) & Cost Of Electricity (COE) EP % CoE MWe net South East Asia €/MWh net South East Asia 26% Oxy SEA 85 24% Oxy Post SEA Post 75 22% Ref PP 65 20% 18% 55 60 €/MWh (Post) 16% 45 15% 14% 35 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 Note : 90% capture of CCS PP CO2 emissions, CCS plant and Reference plant at same net Energy Penalty close to 15 %, COE increase <50% Presentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 15 © ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  16. 16. Hardcoal CCS power plantFuel and Capex/Opex contribution in CoE CoE Ref Plant & Incremental CCS in 2030 100 € / MWh net T&S 90 Fuel 73,6 80 +47% Capex+Opex 70 61,4 59,6 +57% +49% 60 50 50 39 40 40 30 20 10 0 REF POST REF POST REF POST EUR NAM SEA Regional differences in Fuel, Capex/Opex costsPresentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 16© ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to anyparticular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, withoutexpress written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  17. 17. Costs of decarbonised power compared€ / MWh CoE - Low Carbon technologies Europe in 2011-2016 period 400 300 Reference case 200 100 84 65 0 15 15 al d d V al ro ar in in 20 P m m 20 le yd W W er er ar uc H S S Th th re re ol C N C S eo lC ho ho C ar G ns ffs T oa ol G S O O dc C C ar H C PSource : Alstom analysis 2011. CCS 2015 costs, including on shore T&S and CO2 price (Flue Gas Recirculation case for CCSGas CC, average Amine/Oxy for CCS Hardcoal) CCS on Coal and Gas are competitive ! Presentation Title - Presenters Initials - dd mmm yyyy - P 17 © ALSTOM 2011. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is indicative only. No representation or warranty is given or should be relied on that it is complete or correct or will apply to any particular project. This will depend on the technical and commercial circumstances. It is provided without liability and is subject to change without notice. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.
  18. 18. www.alstom.com/power

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