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1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Dinar Corp., Inc. et al
William Keith Watkins, presiding
Terry F. Moorer, referral
Date filed: 07/27/2015
Date of last filing: 08/03/2015
Doc.
No.
Dates Description
1 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Complaint
2 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Corporate/Conflict Disclosure Statement
3 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Motion for Preliminary Injunction
4 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015
Terminated: 07/27/2015
Motion to Seal
5 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015
Terminated: 07/27/2015
Motion for TRO
6 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Summons Issued
7 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Order on Motion to Seal
8 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Temporary Restraining Order
9 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Case Assigned/Reassigned
10 Filed & Entered: 07/29/2015 Order
11 Filed & Entered: 07/30/2015 Order
12 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed
13 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed
14 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed
15 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed
16 Filed & Entered: 08/02/2015 Summons Returned Executed
17 Filed & Entered: 08/03/2015 for Extension of Deadline
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1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Dinar Corp., Inc. et al
William Keith Watkins, presiding
Terry F. Moorer, referral
Date filed: 07/27/2015
Date of last filing: 08/03/2015
Doc.
No.
Dates Description
17 Filed & Entered: 08/03/2015 for Extension of Deadline
Docket Text: MOTION for Extension of Deadline Restraining Order and hearing re [8] Temporary Restraining
Order,,,,, Terminate Motions,,,,, Set Deadlines/Hearings,,,, by United States Commodity Futures Trading
Commission. (Mulreany, Timothy)
16 Filed & Entered: 08/02/2015 Summons Returned Executed
Docket Text: SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Husam
Tayeh served on 7/30/2015, answer due 8/20/2015. (Attachments: # (1) Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy)
12 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed
Docket Text: SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Theodore
S. Hudson, II served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015. (Attachments: # (1) Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy)
13 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed
Docket Text: SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. My
Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015. (Attachments: # (1) Exhibit
1)(Mulreany, Timothy)
14 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed
Docket Text: SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Dinar
Corp., Inc. served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015. (Attachments: # (1) Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy)
15 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed
Docket Text: SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. My
Monex, Inc. served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015. (Attachments: # (1) Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy)
11 Filed & Entered: 07/30/2015 Order
Docket Text: ORDER DIRECTING the Clerk to unseal this action. Signed by Chief Judge William Keith Watkins on
7/30/2015. (wcl, )
10 Filed & Entered: 07/29/2015 Order
Docket Text: ORDERED that the hearing as to whether the Statutory Restraining Order should be converted to a
preliminary injunction (Doc. # [8], at 30) will be held before the undersigned on 8/10/2015, at 10:00 AM, in
courtroom 2-B of the Frank M. Johnson, Jr. U.S. Courthouse, in Montgomery, Alabama; Counsel shall appear in
person, and telephonic appearances will not be permitted; DIRECTING the Plf to promptly serve Dfts and Relief
Dfts with a copy of this Order; DIRECTING the Clerk to provide a court reporter for the hearing. Signed by Chief
Judge William Keith Watkins on 7/29/2015. (furn: calendar, ar) (wcl, )
1 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Complaint
Docket Text: COMPLAINT against Dinar Corp., Inc., Theodore S. Hudson, II, My Monex, Inc., My Monex, Inc., an
Alabama Corporation, Husam Tayeh, filed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (Attachments:
# (1) Exhibit 1, # (2) Exhibit 2, # (3) Exhibit 3, # (4) Exhibit 4, # (5) Exhibit 5, # (6) Exhibit 6, # (7) Exhibit 7, # (8)
Exhibit 8, # (9) Exhibit 9, # (10) Exhibit 10, # (11) Exhibit 11, # (12) Exhibit 12, # (13) Exhibit 13, # (14) Exhibit 14,
# (15) Exhibit 15, # (16) Exhibit 16, # (17) Exhibit 17, # (18) Exhibit 18, # (19) Exhibit 19, # (20) Exhibit 20, # (21)
Exhibit 21, # (22) Exhibit 22, # (23) Exhibit 23, # (24) Exhibit 24, # (25) Exhibit 25, # (26) Exhibit 26, # (27) Exhibit
27, # (28) Exhibit 29, # (29) Exhibit 29, # (30) Exhibit 30, # (31) Exhibit 31)(kh, )
2 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Corporate/Conflict Disclosure Statement
Docket Text: Corporate/Conflict Disclosure Statement by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
(kh, )
3 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Motion for Preliminary Injunction
Docket Text: MOTION for Preliminary Injunction by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
(Attachments: # (1) Proposed Order)(kh, )
4 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015
Terminated: 07/27/2015
Motion to Seal
Docket Text: MOTION to Seal by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (Attachments: # (1)
Proposed Order)(kh, )
5 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015
Terminated: 07/27/2015
Motion for TRO
Docket Text: EX PARTE MOTION for Statutory Restraining Order by United States Commodity Futures Trading
Commission. (Attachments: # (1) Proposed Order)(kh, )
6 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Summons Issued
Docket Text: Summons Issued as to Dinar Corp., Inc., Theodore S. Hudson, II, My Monex, Inc., My Monex, Inc., an
Alabama Corporation, Husam Tayeh; returned to counsel for personal service. (kh, )
7 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Order on Motion to Seal
Docket Text: IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the CFTCs [4] motion to seal is GRANTED and that the entire docket
and file in this matter shall be SEALED. It is further hereby ORDERED that the seal shall expire upon the earlier of
(1) seventy-two hours following issuance of the ex parte statutory restraining order sought by the CFTC or (2) notice
by the CFTC to the Court that Defendants and Relief Defendants have been served with the Complaint and requested
statutory restraining order. Signed by Honorable Judge Myron H. Thompson on 7/27/2015. (kh, )
8 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Temporary Restraining Order
Docket Text: ORDERED that Plaintiff's [5] Ex Parte Motion for Statutory Restraining Order isGRANTED as set
forth herein; Defendants and Relief Defendants are hereby ordered to SHOW CAUSE why the Plaintiffs separately
filed Motion for Preliminary Injunction should not be granted, and shall file their response(s) thereto, including all
counter or opposing affidavits and a memorandum of legal authority, within ten (10) days of service; The restraining
order will expire 14 days from the date of this order, on August 10, 2015; A HEARING as to whether this Statutory
Restraining Order should be converted to a preliminary injunction will be held on August 10, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. in
Courtroom 2FMJ of the Frank M. Johnson Jr. United States Courthouse Complex, One Church Street, Montgomery,
Alabama, before the undersigned. Counsel shall appear in person and telephonic appearances will not be permitted;
The Clerk of the Court is DIRECTED to email a copy of this Order to counsel for the Plaintiff and confirm receipt of
same. Signed by Honorable Judge Myron H. Thompson on 7/27/2015. (furn: calendar, AG)(kh, )
9 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Case Assigned/Reassigned
Docket Text: Case Reassigned to Chief Judge William Keith Watkins as district judge. Honorable Judge Myron H.
Thompson no longer assigned to the case as district judge. (kh, )
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1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Dinar Corp., Inc. et al
William Keith Watkins, presiding
Terry F. Moorer, referral
Date filed: 07/27/2015
Date of last filing: 08/03/2015
Doc.
No.
Deadline/Hearing
Event
Filed
Due/Set Satisfied Terminated
8 Oral Argument 07/27/2015 08/10/2015
at 10:00 AM
07/29/2015
10 Oral Argument 07/29/2015 08/10/2015
at 10:00 AM
1 Answer due 07/27/2015 08/19/2015
1 Answer due 07/27/2015 08/19/2015
1 Answer due 07/27/2015 08/19/2015
1 Answer due 07/27/2015 08/19/2015
1 Answer due 07/27/2015 08/20/2015
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1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Dinar Corp., Inc. et al
William Keith Watkins, presiding
Terry F. Moorer, referral
Date filed: 07/27/2015
Date of last filing: 08/03/2015
Timothy J. Mulreany
U S Commodity Futures Trading
Comm
1155 21st St NW
Washington, DC 20581
202-418-5306
202-418-5523 (fax)
tmulreany@cftc.gov
Assigned: 07/27/2015
LEAD ATTORNEY
ATTORNEY TO BE NOTICED
representing
United States Commodity Futures Trading
Commission
(Plaintiff)
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MHT-ClerkD
U.S. District Court
Alabama Middle District (Dothan)
CIVIL DOCKET FOR CASE #: 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM
United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Dinar Corp.,
Inc. et al
Assigned to: Chief Judge William Keith Watkins
Referred to: Honorable Judge Terry F. Moorer
Cause: 7:6(b) Federal Commodity Exchange Regulation
Date Filed: 07/27/2015
Jury Demand: None
Nature of Suit: 850 Securities/Commodities
Jurisdiction: U.S. Government Plaintiff
Plaintiff
United States Commodity Futures Trading
Commission
represented by Timothy J. Mulreany
U S Commodity Futures Trading Comm
1155 21st St NW
Washington, DC 20581
202-418-5306
Fax: 202-418-5523
Email: tmulreany@cftc.gov
LEAD ATTORNEY
ATTORNEY TO BE NOTICED
V.
Defendant
Dinar Corp., Inc. represented by Dinar Corp., Inc.
Legalinc. Corporate Services
1810 E. Sahara Avenue
No 314
Las Vegas, NV 89101
PRO SE
Defendant
My Monex, Inc.
a Nevada corporation
represented by My Monex, Inc.
Nevada Incorporating Company
723 S. Casino Center Blvd
2nd Floor
Las Vegas, NV 89101
PRO SE
Defendant
Husam Tayeh represented by Husam Tayeh
9923 S. Ridgeland Avenue
No 110
Chicago Ridge, IL 60415
PRO SE
Defendant
Theodore S. Hudson, II represented by Theodore S. Hudson, II
303 Whatley Drive
Dothan, AL 36303
PRO SE
Defendant
My Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation represented by My Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation
c/o Theodore S. Hudson, II - Director
303 Whatley Drive
Dothan, AL 36303
PRO SE
Date Filed # clear Docket Text
07/27/2015 1
50.35MB
COMPLAINT against Dinar Corp., Inc., Theodore S. Hudson, II, My Monex, Inc., My
Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation, Husam Tayeh, filed by United States Commodity
Futures Trading Commission. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1, # 2 Exhibit 2, # 3 Exhibit 3, # 4
Exhibit 4, # 5 Exhibit 5, # 6 Exhibit 6, # 7 Exhibit 7, # 8 Exhibit 8, # 9 Exhibit 9, # 10
Exhibit 10, # 11 Exhibit 11, # 12 Exhibit 12, # 13 Exhibit 13, # 14 Exhibit 14, # 15 Exhibit
15, # 16 Exhibit 16, # 17 Exhibit 17, # 18 Exhibit 18, # 19 Exhibit 19, # 20 Exhibit 20, # 21
Exhibit 21, # 22 Exhibit 22, # 23 Exhibit 23, # 24 Exhibit 24, # 25 Exhibit 25, # 26 Exhibit
26, # 27 Exhibit 27, # 28 Exhibit 29, # 29 Exhibit 29, # 30 Exhibit 30, # 31 Exhibit 31)(kh,
) (Entered: 07/27/2015)
07/27/2015 2
50.04KB
Corporate/Conflict Disclosure Statement by United States Commodity Futures Trading
Commission. (kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015)
07/27/2015 3
0.79MB
MOTION for Preliminary Injunction by United States Commodity Futures Trading
Commission. (Attachments: # 1 Proposed Order)(kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015)
07/27/2015 4
318.88KB
MOTION to Seal by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
(Attachments: # 1 Proposed Order)(kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015)
07/27/2015 5
1.42MB
EX PARTE MOTION for Statutory Restraining Order by United States Commodity Futures
Trading Commission. (Attachments: # 1 Proposed Order)(kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015)
07/27/2015 6
1.13MB
Summons Issued as to Dinar Corp., Inc., Theodore S. Hudson, II, My Monex, Inc., My
Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation, Husam Tayeh; returned to counsel for personal
service. (kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015)
07/27/2015 7
8.61KB
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the CFTCs 4 motion to seal is GRANTED and that the
entire docket and file in this matter shall be SEALED. It is further hereby ORDERED that
the seal shall expire upon the earlier of (1) seventy-two hours following issuance of the ex
parte statutory restraining order sought by the CFTC or (2) notice by the CFTC to the Court
that Defendants and Relief Defendants have been served with the Complaint and requested
statutory restraining order. Signed by Honorable Judge Myron H. Thompson on 7/27/2015.
(kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015)
07/27/2015 8
32.80KB
ORDERED that Plaintiff's 5 Ex Parte Motion for Statutory Restraining Order isGRANTED
as set forth herein; Defendants and Relief Defendants are hereby ordered to SHOW
CAUSE why the Plaintiffs separately filed Motion for Preliminary Injunction should not be
granted, and shall file their response(s) thereto, including all counter or opposing affidavits
and a memorandum of legal authority, within ten (10) days of service; The restraining order
will expire 14 days from the date of this order, on August 10, 2015; A HEARING as to
whether this Statutory Restraining Order should be converted to a preliminary injunction
will be held on August 10, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. in Courtroom 2FMJ of the Frank M. Johnson
Jr. United States Courthouse Complex, One Church Street, Montgomery, Alabama, before
the undersigned. Counsel shall appear in person and telephonic appearances will not be
permitted; The Clerk of the Court is DIRECTED to email a copy of this Order to counsel
for the Plaintiff and confirm receipt of same. Signed by Honorable Judge Myron H.
Thompson on 7/27/2015. (furn: calendar, AG)(kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015)
07/27/2015 9
106.57KB
Case Reassigned to Chief Judge William Keith Watkins as district judge. Honorable Judge
Myron H. Thompson no longer assigned to the case as district judge. (kh, ) (Entered:
07/27/2015)
07/29/2015 10
8.57KB
ORDERED that the hearing as to whether the Statutory Restraining Order should be
converted to a preliminary injunction (Doc. # 8 , at 30) will be held before the undersigned
on 8/10/2015, at 10:00 AM, in courtroom 2-B of the Frank M. Johnson, Jr. U.S.
Courthouse, in Montgomery, Alabama; Counsel shall appear in person, and telephonic
appearances will not be permitted; DIRECTING the Plf to promptly serve Dfts and Relief
Dfts with a copy of this Order; DIRECTING the Clerk to provide a court reporter for the
hearing. Signed by Chief Judge William Keith Watkins on 7/29/2015. (furn: calendar, ar)
(wcl, ) (Entered: 07/29/2015)
07/30/2015 11
8.35KB
ORDER DIRECTING the Clerk to unseal this action. Signed by Chief Judge William Keith
Watkins on 7/30/2015. (wcl, ) (Entered: 07/30/2015)
07/31/2015 12
74.02KB
SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading
Commission. Theodore S. Hudson, II served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015.
(Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) (Entered: 07/31/2015)
07/31/2015 13
75.23KB
SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading
Commission. My Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation served on 7/29/2015, answer due
8/19/2015. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) (Entered: 07/31/2015)
07/31/2015 14
0.63MB
SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading
Commission. Dinar Corp., Inc. served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015. (Attachments:
# 1 Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) (Entered: 07/31/2015)
07/31/2015 15
106.60KB
SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading
Commission. My Monex, Inc. served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015. (Attachments: #
1 Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) (Entered: 07/31/2015)
08/02/2015 16
177.28KB
SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading
Commission. Husam Tayeh served on 7/30/2015, answer due 8/20/2015. (Attachments: # 1
Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) (Entered: 08/02/2015)
08/03/2015 17
21.42KB
MOTION for Extension of Deadline Restraining Order and hearing re 8 Temporary
Restraining Order,,,,, Terminate Motions,,,,, Set Deadlines/Hearings,,,, by United States
Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (Mulreany, Timothy) (Entered: 08/03/2015)
or
Total filesize of selected documents (MB):
Maximum filesize allowed (MB): 10
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WKW-TFM
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1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Dinar Corp., Inc. et al
William Keith Watkins, presiding
Terry F. Moorer, referral
Date filed: 07/27/2015
Date of last filing: 08/03/2015
Dinar Corp., Inc.
Legalinc. Corporate Services
1810 E. Sahara Avenue
No 314
Las Vegas, NV 89101
Added: 07/27/2015
(Defendant)
PRO SE
Theodore S. Hudson, II
303 Whatley Drive
Dothan, AL 36303
Added: 07/27/2015
(Defendant)
PRO SE
My Monex, Inc.
a Nevada corporation
Nevada Incorporating Company
723 S. Casino Center Blvd
2nd Floor
Las Vegas, NV 89101
Added: 07/27/2015
(Defendant)
PRO SE
My Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation
c/o Theodore S. Hudson, II - Director
303 Whatley Drive
Dothan, AL 36303
Added: 07/27/2015
(Defendant)
PRO SE
Husam Tayeh
9923 S. Ridgeland Avenue
No 110
Chicago Ridge, IL 60415
Added: 07/27/2015
(Defendant)
PRO SE
United States Commodity Futures Trading
Commission
Added: 07/27/2015
(Plaintiff)
represented
by
Timothy J. Mulreany
U S Commodity Futures Trading
Comm
1155 21st St NW
Washington, DC 20581
202-418-5306
202-418-5523 (fax)
tmulreany@cftc.gov
Assigned: 07/27/2015
LEAD ATTORNEY
ATTORNEY TO BE NOTICED
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1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Dinar Corp., Inc. et al
William Keith Watkins, presiding
Terry F. Moorer, referral
Date filed: 07/27/2015
Date of last filing: 08/03/2015
Note: Each selected transaction in this case is shown below in a box with any other transactions to
which it is related.
Doc. No. Event Name Event Filed
Event
Terminated
1 Complaint 07/27/2015
2 Corporate/Conflict Disclosure Statement 07/27/2015
3 Motion for Preliminary Injunction 07/27/2015
4 Motion to Seal 07/27/2015 07/27/2015
7 Order on Motion to Seal 07/27/2015
5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015
8 Temporary Restraining Order 07/27/2015
8 Terminate Motions 07/27/2015
8 Set Deadlines/Hearings 07/27/2015
10 Order 07/29/2015
10 Terminate Hearings 07/29/2015
10 Set Hearings 07/29/2015
17 for Extension of Deadline 08/03/2015
6 Summons Issued 07/27/2015
7 Order on Motion to Seal 07/27/2015
4 Motion to Seal 07/27/2015 07/27/2015
8 Temporary Restraining Order 07/27/2015
5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015
10 Order 07/29/2015
10 Terminate Hearings 07/29/2015
10 Set Hearings 07/29/2015
17 for Extension of Deadline 08/03/2015
8 Terminate Motions 07/27/2015
5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015
10 Order 07/29/2015
10 Terminate Hearings 07/29/2015
10 Set Hearings 07/29/2015
17 for Extension of Deadline 08/03/2015
8 Set Deadlines/Hearings 07/27/2015
5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015
10 Order 07/29/2015
10 Terminate Hearings 07/29/2015
10 Set Hearings 07/29/2015
17 for Extension of Deadline 08/03/2015
9 Case Assigned/Reassigned 07/27/2015
10 Order 07/29/2015
5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015
8 Temporary Restraining Order 07/27/2015
8 Terminate Motions 07/27/2015
8 Set Deadlines/Hearings 07/27/2015
10 Terminate Hearings 07/29/2015
5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015
8 Temporary Restraining Order 07/27/2015
8 Terminate Motions 07/27/2015
8 Set Deadlines/Hearings 07/27/2015
10 Set Hearings 07/29/2015
5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015
8 Temporary Restraining Order 07/27/2015
8 Terminate Motions 07/27/2015
8 Set Deadlines/Hearings 07/27/2015
11 Order 07/30/2015
11 Case Unsealed 07/30/2015
12 Summons Returned Executed 07/31/2015
13 Summons Returned Executed 07/31/2015
14 Summons Returned Executed 07/31/2015
15 Summons Returned Executed 07/31/2015
16 Summons Returned Executed 08/02/2015
17 for Extension of Deadline 08/03/2015
5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015
8 Temporary Restraining Order 07/27/2015
8 Terminate Motions 07/27/2015
8 Set Deadlines/Hearings 07/27/2015
Docket Report ...
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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABA1FE C EVE D
SOUTHERN DIVISION
7015 JUL 21 A U
UNITED STATES COMMODITY
FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION,
CIVIL ACTION N	 0
Plaintiff,
V.
	
	
5270—MIAT—TOM
FILED UNDER SEAL
DINAR, CORP., INC.;
MY MONEX, INC., a Nevada Corporation; and
HUSAM TAYEH
Defendants,
THEODORE S. HUDSON, II; and
MY MONEX, INC., an Alabama Corporation
Relief Defendants
COMPLAINT FOR PERMANENT INJUNCTION, CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES,
AND OTHER EQUITABLE RELIEF
Plaintiff, United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission ("Commission"), by its
attorneys, alleges as follows:
I. SUMMARY
1. Beginning from at least January 2012 and continuing to the present (the "relevant
period"), Husain Tayeh ("Tayeh"), Dinar Corp., Inc. ("DCI") and My Monex, Inc., a Nevada
corporation ("Monex NV") (collectively, the "Defendants"), engaged, and are engaging, in a
fraudulent scheme involving the offering of agreements, contracts or transactions in off-
exchange foreign currency ("forex") on a leveraged, margined, or financed basis to retail
customers who were not eligible contract participants ("ECP5") and that do not result in actual
delivery of forex within two (2) days of the transaction date(s). Defendants, who have never
been registered as required with the Commission, have engaged in more than $8 million of these
illegal, off-exchange retail forex transactions.
-1-
Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 1 of 21
2. Tayeh created and operates DCI and Monex NV, business entities that he uses to
facilitate the Defendants' fraudulent activities and that act as the counterparty(s) in the subject
agreements, contracts or transactions in forex. Defendants operate their fraudulent scheme via
the Internet through the use of the website www.dinarcorp.com ("webSite"), by offering, and
entering into, transactions in forex with non-ECP retail customers that are leveraged, margined
or financed by the Defendants, and that result in actual delivery of forex - if at all - within
periods of not less than fifteen (15) days and as much as one hundred twenty (120) days
following the date of the transaction(s).
3. In furtherance of the fraudulent scheme, Tayeh, individually and on behalf of DO
and Monex NV, made, and continues to make, material misrepresentations and omit material
facts in solicitations to actual and prospective customers via the website, including but not
limited to: (a) representing that DO operates a "fully licensed and fully compliant licensed
money services business" but failing to disclose that DO has been served with cease and desist
orders in the states of Texas and Illinois for operating without required licenses; (b) representing
that DO and Monex NV provide the "best price guaranteed" and the "best prices up front all the
time" but failing to disclose that the forex transactions they offer to retail customers include
significant finance charges; (c) failing to disclose that DO and Monex NV are each operating as
a registered foreign exchange dealer ("RFED") without being registered with, the Commission as
required; and (d) failing to disclose that Tayeh is acting as an associated person ("AP") of an
RFED(s) without being registered with the Commission as required.
4. By virtue of this conduct and the further conduct described herein, the Defendants
have engaged, are engaging, or are about to engage in acts and practices in violation of Section
4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Commodity Exchange Act (the "Act"), as amended, 7 U.S.C.
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§ 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) (2012) and Commission Regulation ("Regulation") 5.2(b)(1) and (3), 17
C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014); DO and Monex NV have engaged, are engaging, or are about to
engage in acts and practices in violation of Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended,
7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012), and Regulation 53(a(6)(i), 17 C.F.R.
§ 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014); and, Tayeh has engaged, is engaging, or is about to engage in acts and
practices in violation of Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(1)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C.
§ 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(äa) (2012), and Regulation 53(a)(6)(ii), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(ii) (2014).
5. Accordingly, pursuant to Section 6c of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 13a-1
(2012), and Section 2(c)(2)(C) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C) (2012), the Commission brings
this action to enjoin Defendants' unlawful acts and practices, to compel their compliance with
the Act and the Regulations promulgated thereunder, and to enjoin them from engaging in any
commodity related activity.
6. Unless restrained and enjoined by this Court, there is a reasonable likelihood that
Defendants will continue to engage in the acts and practices alleged in this Complaint, and
similar acts and practices, as more fully described below.
II JURISDICTION AND VENUE
7. The Court has jurisdiction over this action pursuant to Section 6c of the Act, as
amended, 7 U.S.0 § 1.3a-1 (2012), which authorizes the Commission to bring an action in proper
district courts of the United States in order to seek injunctive and other relief against any person
whenever it shall appear to the Commission that such person has engaged, is engaging, or is
about to engage in any act or practice constituting a violation of any provision of the Act or any
rule, regulation or order thereunder.
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8. The Commission has jurisdiction over the conduct and transactions at issue in this
case pursuant to Sections 2(c)(2)(C) and 6c of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C) and
13a-1 (2012)..
9. Venue properly lies with the Court pursuant to Section 6c(e) of the Act, as
amended, 7 U.S.C. § 13a-1(e) (2012), because Defendants transact business in this District and
certain transactions, acts, practices, and courses of business alleged in this Complaint occurred,
are occurring, and/or are about to occur within this District.
III. THE PAFTIES
10. Plaintiff Commodity Futures Trading Commission is an independent federal
regulatory agency charged by Congress with the administration and enforcement of the Act,
7 U.S.C. § 1 et seq. (2012), and the Regulations thereunder, 17 C.F.R. § 1.1 et seq. (2014).
11. Defendant Dinar Corp., Inc. is a business corporation organized and operated
pursuant to the laws of the State of Nevada. DCI's President and sole shareholder is Tayeh. DO
has never been registered with the Commission in any capacity. DCI is neither a financial
institution, registered broker dealer, insurance company, financial holding company, or
investment banking holding company, nor an AP of any such entity.
12. Defendant Husam Tayeh, is the President and sole shareholder of DO and
Monex NV. Tayeh is a resident of Burbank, Illinois. Tayeh has never been registered with the
Commission in any capacity. Tayeh is neither a financial institution, registered broker dealer,
insurance company, financial holding company, or investment banking holding company, nor an
AP of any such entity.
13. Defendant My Monex, Inc., a Nevada corporation, is a business corporation
organized and operated pursuant to the laws of the State of Nevada. Monex NV's President and
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sole shareholder is Tayeh. Monex NV has never been registered with the Commission in any
capacity. Monex NV is neither a financial institution, registered broker dealer, insurance
company, financial holding company, or investment banking holding company, nor an AP of any
such entity.
IV. RELIEF DEFENDANTS
14. Relief Defendant Theodore S. Hudson, II ("Hudson"), is a resident of Dothan,
Alabama. Hudson is the President of Monex AL and a shareholder of Monex AL. Hudson has
never been registered with the Commission in any capacity. Hudson is neither a financial
institution, registered broker dealer, insurance company, financial holding company, or
investment banking holding company, nor an AP of any such entity.
15. Relief Defendant My Monex, Inc., an Alabama corporation ("Monex AL"), is
a business corporation organized and operated pursuant to the laws of the State of Alabama.
Monex AL's President and organizer is Hudson, and it is operated out of Hudson's residence in
Dothan, Alabama. Monex AL has never been registered with the Commission in any capacity.
Monex AL is neither a financial institution, registered broker dealer, insurance company,
financial holding company, or investment banking holding company, nor an AP of any such
entity.
V. STATUTORY BACKGROUND
A.	 Statutory and Regulatory Requirements Related to Forex Fraud
16. Section 2(c)(2)(C)(i)(I) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)((i)(I) (2012), applies to
any agreement, contract or transaction in forex that is offered to, or entered in to with, a person
that is not an ECP, subject to certain exceptions not applicable herein. The agreement, contract
or transaction in forex must be offered or entered into on a, leveraged or margined basis, or
financed by the offeror, the counterparty, or a person acting in concert with the offeror or
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counterparty on a similar basis. Id. Section 2(c)(2)(C)(I) shall not apply to a security that is not
a security futures product, or a contract of sale that results in actual delivery within two (2) days
of the transaction, or that creates an enforceable obligation to deliver between a seller and buyer
that have the ability to deliver and accept delivery, respectively, in connection with their line of
business. Id
17. Section 2(c)(2)(C)(ii)(I) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(ii)(I) (2012), states in
relevant part that Section 4b of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 6b (2012), applies to agreements, contracts or
transactions in forex described in Section 2(c)(2)(C)(i)(I) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(i)(I)
(2012).
18. Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iv) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(c)(iv) (2012), further
provides that Section 4b of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 6b (2012), shall apply to any agreement, contract
or transaction in forex "as if the agreement, contract, or transaction were a contract of sale of a
commodity for future delivery."
B.	 Statutory and Regulatory Requirements Related to Forex RFEDs and APs
19. An "eligible contract participant" is defined by the Act, in relevant part, as an
individual with total assets in excess of $10 million, or (ii) $5 million and who enters the
transaction "to manage the risk associated with an asset owned or liability incurred, or
reasonably likely to be owned or incurred, by the individual." Section 1 a( 18) of the Act, as
amended, 7 U.S.C. § la(18) (2012).
20. Pursuant to Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C.
§ 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012), an entity must be registered if it solicits or accepts orders from
any person that is not an ECP in connection with agreements, contracts or transactions described
in Section 2(c)(2)(C)(i) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(i) (2012), entered into
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with a person who is not described in Section 2(c)(2)(B)(i)(II)(aa, (bb) (ee) or (ff) of the Act, as
amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(B)(i)(II)(aa), (bb), (ee) or (if) (2012).
21. For the purposes of trading retail fOrex, a "retail foreign exchange dealer" is
defined in Regulation 5.1(h)(1), 17 C.F.R. § 5.1h)(1) (2014), as any person that is, or offers to
be, the counterpatty to a retail forex transaction, except for certain persons not relevant to this
Complaint.
22. For purposes of trading forex, an "associated person" of a retail foreign exchange
dealer is defined in Regulation 5. 1(h)(2), 17 C.F.R. § 5.1(h)(2) (2014), as any natural person
associated with an RFED as a partner, officer or employee (or any natural person occupying a
similar status or performing similar functions), in any capacity which involves: (i) the solicitation
or acceptance of retail forex customers' orders (other than in a clerical capacity); or (ii) the
supervision of any person or persons so engaged.
23. Pursuant to Regulation 53(a)(6)(1), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014), in connection
with retail forex transactions, all RFEDs must be registered with the Commission. Pursuant to
Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(ii), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(ii) (2014), in connection with retail forex
transactions, all APs of an RFED must be registered with the Commission. The registration
requirements of Regulation 5.3 (a)(6)(i) and (ii) became effective October 18, 2010, prior to the
relevant period identified herein.
24. A "retail forex transaction" is defined in Regulation 5.1(m), 17 C.F.R. § 5;1(m)
(2014), as any account, agreement, contract, or transaction described in Section 2(c)(2)(B) or
2(c)(2)(C) of the Act. A retail forex transaction does not include an account, agreement, contract
or transaction in foreign currency that is a contract of sale of a commodity for future delivery (or
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an option thereon) that is executed, traded on or otherwise subject to the rules of a contract
market designated pursuant to Section 5(a) of the Act.
VI. FACTS
	
A.	 The Transactions in Fore!
25. The Defendants, through their website, offer to enter into, and enter into,
transactions in forex with retail customers who are not ECPs by offering to act as the
counterparty to transactions in Vietnamese Dong and/or Iraqi Dinar. As the sole officer and
controlling person of both DO and Monex NV, Tayeh is responsible for the content of the
website both individually, and as the agent of DO and Monex NV.
26. Under the caption "Dinar Corp., Inc., Securing Your Future," the Defendants,
through their website, offer customers transactions in forex utilizing a variety of financing
options, which customers can choose by selecting the "Dinarcorpi 5," "Dinarcorp 45,"
"Dinarcorp60+," "Dinarcorp90," or the "0inarcorpl20+Max" options displayed on the website.
	
274	 Each of the above payment plans are financed by the Defendants, acting as the
cOunterparty, and none of the payment plans offered to customers result in actual delivery of
forex within 2 days of the transaction(s). Instead, retail customers receive their forex, if at all,
over periods of not less than fifteen (15) days, and up to one hundred twenty (120) days,
following the date of the transaction in forex.
	
28.	 For example, the Defendants' "Dinar Corp 120+ Max" option, as described on the
website, offers actual and prospective customers a "five payment program" that "allows clients
to lock in their rate for a duration of 120 days and to submit their entire payment within a 120
day period." The first payment is characterized as a "non-refundable Purchase Payment" often
percent (10%) of the total transaction amount. The second payment is due thirty (30) days later,
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and the third, fourth and fifth payments are due in subsequent thirty (30) day intervals. The last,
and fifth payment, comprises sixty percent (60%) of the purchase price. If customers miss a
payment, the entire first payment is forfeited.
29. Customers are offered a variety of options as to the amount of the transaction in
forex they may choose to enter into with the Defendants, each of which carries a significant
financing charge included within the transaction. For example, if a customer chooses to enter
into a transaction nominally involving one million dinars, the customer would be charged a total
of One Thousand Fifty Dollars ($1,050.00). At the current exchange rate of approximately One
U.S. dollar ($1.00) for 1,163 Iraqi Dinars, or Eight Hundred Sixty Dollars ($860) for 1 million
Iraqi Dinars, the transaction offered by the Defendants includes an undisclosed finance charge of
approximately twenty-two percent (22%).
30. Customers enter into transactions in forex with the Defendants by submitting an
online account application through the website.
31. Once a customer agrees to enter into a transaction in forex with the Defendants,
the customer is advised that the Defendants only accept money orders or cashier's checks as
payment. Customers are directed to make their funds payable not to DCI, but to "My Monex,
Inc."
B.	 The Fraudulent Scheme
32. The Defendants solicit transactions in forex by omitting, and misrepresenting,
material facts in their solicitations to actual and prospective customers.
33. The Defendants represent to actual and prospective customers via their website
that DCI is a: "Licensed Money Services Business.. .fully registered and fully compliant." These
representations are false. The Defendants are barred from conducting business as a "money
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services business" in Texas and Illinois for failing to comply with the relevant laws of those
states, and none of the Defendants are registered as required with the Commission.
34. The Defendants also omit from their communications with prospective and actual
customers other material facts. Through the website, the Defendants represent that DO has the
"[B]est Prices Guaranteed.., no special codes, no secret discount, just best prices up front all the
time." However, Defendants fail to advise customers of material facts regarding the true cost of
the transactions offered by the Defendants, including but not limited to, that the transactions
include an undisclosed finance charge of up to twenty-two (22%) percent of the overall cost of
each transaction.
35. Through the website, the Defendants further represent to actual and prospective
customers that "[DCI] does not offer services to or ship to residents of Illinois or Arkansas."
However, nowhere on the website do the Defendants advise actual or prospective customers that
the states of Illinois and Texas have issued cease and desist orders against DCI, barring it from
conducting business in those states due to DCI's failure to comply with those states' licensing
requirements prior to conducting business therein.
36. The Defendants fail to disclose additional material facts to prospective and actual
customers, including but not limited to: that DO, Monex NV and Monex AL are not registered
as RFEDs as required by federal law; b) that Tayeh is not registered as an AP of an RFED(s) as
required by federal law; and c) that the Defendants' are conducting an illegal business absent
such registrations.
37. The online account application does not seek any information about prospective
customers' net worth or customers' business need for foreign currency.
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38. The online account application does not inquire as to whether a prospective
customer is an ECP or about a prospective customer's savings and investments. The online
account application does not inquire if a prospective customer has assets in excess of $5 million.
39. Upon information and belief, few, if any, of the Defendants' retail customers are
ECPs. None of the transactions in forex offered by the Defendants involve a security that is not
a security futures product.
C.	 Failure to Register with Commission
40. Throughout the relevant period, DO and Monex NV solicit and/or accept orders
from customers who are not ECPs to enter into agreements, contracts or transactions in forex,
which are financed by the Defendants.
41. Thus, DO and Monex NV are each acting as an RFED and continue to do so by
soliciting or accepting orders from customers who are not ECPs to engage in agreements,
contracts or transactions in forex which are financed by the Defendants.
42. As of the date of the filing of this Complaint:, neither DO nor Monex NV have
registered with the Commission as an RFED, in violation of Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(i), 17 C.F.R.
§ 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014).
43. Throughout the relevant period, Tayeh has been the sole officer of both DCI and
Monex NV; therefore, he has been an AT of both DCI and Monex NV because he is a partner,
officer or employee, acting in a capacity that involves the solicitation or acceptance of retail
forex customers' orders, or the supervision of any person or persons so engaged.
44. As of the date of the filing of this Complaint, Tayeh has not registered with the
Commission as an AP of RFEDs DCI and/or Monex NV, in violation of Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(ii),
17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a(6)(ii) (2014).
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45. At no time during the relevant period has DO or Monex NV been exempt from
the requirement to register as an RFED.
46. At no time during the relevant period has Tayeh been exempt from the
requirement to register as an AP of an RFED.
D.	 Relief Defendants Received Funds To Which They Have No Legitimate
Claim
47. Throughout the relevant period, Defendants have worked with Hudson, and
caused Hudson to create and operate Monex AL, for the purpose of negotiating cashier's checks
and money orders made payable by customers to "My Monex, Inc.," in bank accounts opened by
Hudson in the name of Monex AL, at various banks within this District, with Hudson as a
signatory on each account.
48. However, all of these cashier's checks and money order were made payable to
Monex NV, not Monex AL. Therefore, as the sole officer of Monex AL, Hudson knew at the
time of each such deposit that none of these cashier's checks and money orders should have. been
deposited into the bank accounts in the name of Monex AL, and that neither Hudson nor Monex
AL had a legitimate claim to the customers' funds.
49. Defendants have sent millions of dollars of customer's cashier's checks and/or
money Orders to Hudson at his home in Dothan, Alabama.
50. After Hudson deposits customers' cashier's checks and money orders made
payable to Monex NV into bank accounts carried in the name of Monex AL, Hudson then remits
customer finds back to Tayeh and entities he created and/or controls, less, five percent (5%)
retained by Hudson and Monex AL as a purported "processing fee."
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51.	 Upon information and belief, Hudson and Monex AL have no legitimate claim to
the customer finds they hold, or the "processing fees" they have collected, all of Which were
obtained as a result of the Defendants' fraudulent conduct.
VII. VIOLATIONS OF THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT
COUNT ONE:
VIOLATION OF 7 U.S.C. § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) and 17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3):
FRAUD
52. The allegations set forth in paragraphs 1 through 51 are re-alleged and
incorporated herein by reference.
53. Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Act 7 U.S.C. § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) (2012), make
it unlawful:
(2) for any person, in or in connection with any Order to make, or the making of, any
contract of sale of any commodity for future delivery, or a swap, that is made, or to be
made, for or on behalf of, or with, any other person; other than on or subject to the rules
of a designated contract market— (A) to cheat or defraud or attempt to cheat or defraud
the other person;.. .or (C) Willfully to deceive or attempt to deceive the other person by
any means whatsoever in regard to any order or contract Or the disposition or execution
of any order or contract, or in regard to any act of agency performed, with respect to any
order or contract for the other person.
54. Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and (3), 17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014), makes it unlawful
for any person, by use of the mails or by any means or instrumentality of interstate commerce,
directly or indirectly, in or in connection with any retail forex transaction: (1) to cheat or defraud
or attempt to cheat or defraud any person; or (3) willfully to deceive or attempt to deceive any
person by any means whatsoever.
55. As described herein, Defendants violated Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Act,
7 U.S.C. § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) (2012), and Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and (3), 17 C.F.R.
§ 5 .2(b)( 1), (3) (2014), by their material false statements and omissions to prospective and
existing customers.
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56. Defendants engaged in the acts and practices described above in connection with
contracts of sale "as if' they Were commodities for futures delivery made other than on or subject
to the rules of a designated contact market.
57. Defendants engaged in the acts and practices described herein willfully,
knowingly, or with reckless disregard for the truth.
58. By the conduct alleged herein, during the relevant period, the Defendants cheated
or defrauded or attempted to cheat or defraud other persons and willfully deceived or attempted
to deceive other persons in connection with any order to make, or the making of, any contract of
sale of any commodity for futures delivery by fraudulently soliciting prospective and existing
customers, including, but not limited to, omitting and misrepresenting material facts in their
solicitations to actual and prospective customers in violation of Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of
the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) (2012) and Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and (3), 17 C.F.R.
§ 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014).
59. The Defendants engaged in the acts and practices described above knowingly or
with reckless disregard for the truth of the fraudulent acts, representations and/or omissions.
60. During the relevant time period, Tayeh was acting as the agent of DO and/or
Monex NY. Therefore, DO and/or Monex NV are liable for Tayeh's violations of Section
4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Act, § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) (2012), and Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and (3),
17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014), pursuant to Section 2(a)(1)(B) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 2(a(1)(B)
(2012), and Regulation 1.2, 17 C.F.R. § 1.2 (2014).
61. Tayeh directly or indirectly controlled DO and Monex NV, and did not act in
good faith or knowingly induced, directly or indirectly, the acts constituting their violations of
Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Act, § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) (2012) and Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and
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(3), 17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014). Tayeh is therefore liable for the violations of DCI and
Monex NV pursuant to Section 13(b) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 13c(b) (2012).
62. During the relevant period, each act of fraudulent act, misrepresentation and/or
omission of material fact, including, but not limited to, those specifically alleged herein, is
alleged as a separate and distinct violation by the Defendants of Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of
the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) (2012) and Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and (3),17 C.F.R.
§ 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014).
COUNT TWO:
VIOLATION OF 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) REGULATION 5.3(a)(6)(i):
FAILURE TO REGISTER AS RFED
63. Paragraphs 1 through 62 are realleged and incorporated herein.
64. During the relevant period, DCI solicited or accepted agreements, contracts or
transactions in forex from non-ECPs in connection with leveraged, margined or financed
agreements, contracts or transactions in forex as the counterparty to each agreement, contract or
transaction in forex. DCI has, and is, .engaging in this conduct without being registered as an
RFED, n violation of Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(i), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014) and Section
2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I(aa) (2012).
65. Tayeh directly or indirectly controlled DCI, and did not act in good faith or
knowingly induced, directly or indirectly, the acts constituting its violations of Regulation
53(a)(6)(1), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014) and Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as
amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012). Tayeh is therefore liable for the violations of
DCI pursuant to Section 13(b) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 13c(b) (2012).
66. Each day that DCI has engaged in this conduct during the relevant period is
alleged as a separate and distinct violation of Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as
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amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012) and Regulation 5.3(ä)(6)(i), 17 C.F.R.
§ 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014).
COUNT THREE:
VIOLATION OF 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)I)(aa) AND REGULATION 5.3(a)(6)(i):
FAILURE TO REGISTER AS RFED
67. Paragraphs 1 through 66 are realleged and incorporated herein.
68. During the relevant period, Monex NV solicited or accepted agreements, contracts
or transactions in forex from non-ECPs in connection with leveraged, margined or financed
agreements, contracts or transactions in forex as the counterparty to each agreement, contract or
transaction. Monex NV has and is engaging in this conduct without being registered as an
RFED, in violation of Regulation 53(a)(6)(1), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014) and Section
2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. §2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012).
69. Tayeh directly or indirectly controlled Monex NV, and did not act in good faith or
knowingly induced, directly or indirectly, the acts constituting its violations of Regulation
5.3(a)(6)(i), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014) and Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as
amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012). Tayeh is therefore liable for the violations of
Monex NV pursuant to Section 13(b) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 13c(b) (2012).
70. Each day that Monex NV has engaged in this conduct during the relevant period
is alleged as a separate and distinct violation of Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as
amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012) and Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(i), 17 C.F.R.
§ 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014).
COUNT FOUR:
VIOLATION OF SECTION 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)I)(aa) OF THE ACT, AS AMENDED
AND REGULATION 5.3(a)(6)(ii):
FAILURE TO REGISTER AS AP OF RFED
71. Paragraphs 1 through 70 are realleged and incorporated herein.
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72. During the relevant period, Tayeh was associated with RFEDS DCI and Monex
NV as a partner, officer or employee, in a capacity that involved: (i) the solicitation or
acceptance of retail forex customers' orders;, or (ii) the supervision of any person or persons so
engaged.
73. Tayeh has and is engaging in this conduct without being registered as an AP of
RFEDs DCI and/or Monex NV, in violation of Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(ii), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(ii)
(2014) and Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa)
(2012).
74. During the relevant time period, Tayeh was acting as the agent of DCI and Monex
NV. Therefore, DCI and Monex NV are liable for Tayeh's violations of Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(ii),
17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(ii) (2014) and Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended,
7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012), pursuant to Section 2(a)(1)(B) of the Act, 7 U.S.C.
§ 2(a)(1)(B) (2012), and Regulation 1.2, 17 C.F.R. § 1.2 (2014).
75. Each day that Tayeh failed to register as an AP of an RFED during the relevant
period is alleged as a separate and distinct violation of Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as
amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012) and Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(ii), 17 C.F.R.
§ 5.3(a)(6)(ii) (2014).
COUNT FIVE:
DISGORGEMENT OF FUNDS FROM THE RELIEF DEFENDANTS
76. The allegations set forth in paragraphs 1 through 75 are re-alleged and
incorporated herein.
77. Defendants have engaged in a fraudulent investment scheme that defrauded
Defendants' customers.
-17-
Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 17 of 21
78. Hudson and Monex AL have received funds that were obtained as a result of
Defendants' fraudulent conduct.
79. Hudson and Monex AL have no legitimate entitlement to, or interest in, the funds
received from Defendants' fraudulent conduct.
80. Hudson and Monex AL should be required to disgorge the funds they received
from Defendants' fraudulent conduct, or the value of those funds that Hudson and/or Monex AL
may have subsequently transferred to third parties.
81. By reason of the foregoing, Hudson and Monex AL hold funds in constructive
trust for the benefit of customers who were victimized by Defendants' fraudulent scheme.
VII. RELIEF REQUESTED
WHEREFORE, the Commission respectfully requests that this Court, as
authorized by Section 6c of the Act, as amended,7 U.S.C. § 13a-1, and pursuant to its own
equitable powers, enter:
A. An order finding that Defendants violated Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Act
7 U.S.C. § 6b(a)(2)(A) and (C) (2012) and Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and (3), 17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1),
(3) (2014); Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa)
(2012) and Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(1) and (ii), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i), (ii) (2014);
B. An order of permanent injunction prohibiting Defendants, and any other person or
entity associated with them, or acting in concert with them, from engaging in conduct in
violation of Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Act 7 U.S.C. § 6b(a)(2)(A) and (C) (2012) and
Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and (3), 17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014); Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of
the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012) and Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(i) and (ii),
17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i), (ii) (2014);
-18-
Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 18 of 21
C. An order requiring Relief Defendants Hudson and Monex AL, as well as any
of their successors or assigns, to disgorge to any officer appointed or directed by the Court, all
ill-gotten gains and other benefits received from Defendants, including, but not limited to,
salaries, commissions, loans, fees, revenues and trading profits derived, directly or indirectly,
from the Defendants as a result of Defendants' acts or practices that constitute violations of the
Act, as amended, and the Regulations, including pre and post-judgment interest;
D. An order of permanent injunction prohibiting Defendants and any successor
thereof, from, directly or indirectly:
a. Trading on or subject to the rules of any registered entity (as that term is defined
in Section la(40) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § la(40) (2012));
b. Entering into any transactions involving "commodity interests" (as that term is
defined in Regulation 1.3(yy), 17 C.F.R. § 1.3(yy) (2014) for their own personal account
or for any account in which they have a direct or indirect interest;
C.	 Having any commodity interests traded on their behalf;
d. Controlling or directing the trading for or on behalf of any other person or entity,
whether by power of attorney or otherwise, in any account involving commodity
interests;
e. Soliciting, receiving or accepting any funds from any person for the purpose of
purchasing or selling any commodity interests;
f. Applying for registration or claiming exemption from registration with the
Commission in any capacity, and engaging in any activity requiring such registration or
exemption from registration with the Commission, except as provided for in Regulation
4.14(a)(9), 17 C.F.R. § 4.14(a)(9) (2014); and/or
-19-
Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 19 of 21
g.	 Acting as a principal (as that term is defined in Regulation 3.1(ã), 17 C.F.R.
§ 3.1(a) (2014)), agent or any other officer or employee of any person (as that term is
defined in Section la(38) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § la(38) (2012)), registered, exempted
from registration or required to be registered with the Commission except as provided for
in Regulation 4.14(a)(9), 17 C.F.R. § 4.14(a)(9) (2014).
E. Enter an order requiring that Defendants, as well as any of their successors,
disgorge to any officer appointed or directed by the Court all benefits received including, but not
limited to, salaries, commissions, loans, fees, revenues and trading profits derived, directly or
indirectly, from acts or practices that constitute violations of the Act, as amended, and the
Regulations, including pre and post-judgment interest;
F. Enter an order directing Defendants and any successors thereof, to rescind,
pursuant to such procedures as the Court may order, all contracts and agreements, whether
implied or express, entered into between them and any of the customers whose funds were
received by them as a result of the acts and practices, which constituted violations of the Act, as
amended, and the Regulations as described herein;
G. Enter an order requiring Defendants to pay civil monetary penalties under the Act,
to be assessed by the Court, in amounts of not more than the greater of: (1) triple the monetary
gain for each violation of the Act, as amended, and the Regulations or (2) $140,000 for each
violation committed on or after October 23, 2008;
H. Enter an order requiring Defendants to pay costs and fees as permitted by
28 U.S.C. § 1920 and 2412(a)(2) (2006); and
2O
Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 20 of 21
I.	 Enter an order providing such other and further relief as this Court may deem
necessary and appropriate under the circumstances.
Dated: July 27, 2015	 Respectfully submitted,
U.S. COMMODITY FUTURE
COMMISSION
Is! Timothy J. Muireany
Timothy J. Mulreany'
Chief Trial Attorney
Maryland Fed. Bar No.: 08262
titiulreanycftc.gov
Attorney for Plaintiff
U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission
1155 21'.t Street, N.W.
Washington, DC
(202) 418-5306
(202) 418-5538
-21-
Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 21 of 21

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Dinar corp 1 15 cv-00538-wkw-tfm sample court documents IQD Scam

  • 1. 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Dinar Corp., Inc. et al William Keith Watkins, presiding Terry F. Moorer, referral Date filed: 07/27/2015 Date of last filing: 08/03/2015 Doc. No. Dates Description 1 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Complaint 2 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Corporate/Conflict Disclosure Statement 3 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Motion for Preliminary Injunction 4 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Terminated: 07/27/2015 Motion to Seal 5 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Terminated: 07/27/2015 Motion for TRO 6 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Summons Issued 7 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Order on Motion to Seal 8 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Temporary Restraining Order 9 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Case Assigned/Reassigned 10 Filed & Entered: 07/29/2015 Order 11 Filed & Entered: 07/30/2015 Order 12 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed 13 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed 14 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed 15 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed 16 Filed & Entered: 08/02/2015 Summons Returned Executed 17 Filed & Entered: 08/03/2015 for Extension of Deadline PACER Service Center Transaction Receipt 08/04/2015 11:28:37 PACER Login: nickgiammarino:4432252:0 Client Code: Description: History/Documents Search Criteria: 1:15-cv-00538- WKW-TFM Billable Pages: 1 Cost: 0.10
  • 2. 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Dinar Corp., Inc. et al William Keith Watkins, presiding Terry F. Moorer, referral Date filed: 07/27/2015 Date of last filing: 08/03/2015 Doc. No. Dates Description 17 Filed & Entered: 08/03/2015 for Extension of Deadline Docket Text: MOTION for Extension of Deadline Restraining Order and hearing re [8] Temporary Restraining Order,,,,, Terminate Motions,,,,, Set Deadlines/Hearings,,,, by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (Mulreany, Timothy) 16 Filed & Entered: 08/02/2015 Summons Returned Executed Docket Text: SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Husam Tayeh served on 7/30/2015, answer due 8/20/2015. (Attachments: # (1) Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) 12 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed Docket Text: SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Theodore S. Hudson, II served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015. (Attachments: # (1) Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) 13 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed Docket Text: SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. My Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015. (Attachments: # (1) Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) 14 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed Docket Text: SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Dinar Corp., Inc. served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015. (Attachments: # (1) Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) 15 Filed & Entered: 07/31/2015 Summons Returned Executed Docket Text: SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. My Monex, Inc. served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015. (Attachments: # (1) Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) 11 Filed & Entered: 07/30/2015 Order Docket Text: ORDER DIRECTING the Clerk to unseal this action. Signed by Chief Judge William Keith Watkins on 7/30/2015. (wcl, ) 10 Filed & Entered: 07/29/2015 Order Docket Text: ORDERED that the hearing as to whether the Statutory Restraining Order should be converted to a preliminary injunction (Doc. # [8], at 30) will be held before the undersigned on 8/10/2015, at 10:00 AM, in courtroom 2-B of the Frank M. Johnson, Jr. U.S. Courthouse, in Montgomery, Alabama; Counsel shall appear in person, and telephonic appearances will not be permitted; DIRECTING the Plf to promptly serve Dfts and Relief Dfts with a copy of this Order; DIRECTING the Clerk to provide a court reporter for the hearing. Signed by Chief Judge William Keith Watkins on 7/29/2015. (furn: calendar, ar) (wcl, ) 1 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Complaint Docket Text: COMPLAINT against Dinar Corp., Inc., Theodore S. Hudson, II, My Monex, Inc., My Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation, Husam Tayeh, filed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (Attachments: # (1) Exhibit 1, # (2) Exhibit 2, # (3) Exhibit 3, # (4) Exhibit 4, # (5) Exhibit 5, # (6) Exhibit 6, # (7) Exhibit 7, # (8) Exhibit 8, # (9) Exhibit 9, # (10) Exhibit 10, # (11) Exhibit 11, # (12) Exhibit 12, # (13) Exhibit 13, # (14) Exhibit 14,
  • 3. # (15) Exhibit 15, # (16) Exhibit 16, # (17) Exhibit 17, # (18) Exhibit 18, # (19) Exhibit 19, # (20) Exhibit 20, # (21) Exhibit 21, # (22) Exhibit 22, # (23) Exhibit 23, # (24) Exhibit 24, # (25) Exhibit 25, # (26) Exhibit 26, # (27) Exhibit 27, # (28) Exhibit 29, # (29) Exhibit 29, # (30) Exhibit 30, # (31) Exhibit 31)(kh, ) 2 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Corporate/Conflict Disclosure Statement Docket Text: Corporate/Conflict Disclosure Statement by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (kh, ) 3 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Motion for Preliminary Injunction Docket Text: MOTION for Preliminary Injunction by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (Attachments: # (1) Proposed Order)(kh, ) 4 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Terminated: 07/27/2015 Motion to Seal Docket Text: MOTION to Seal by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (Attachments: # (1) Proposed Order)(kh, ) 5 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Terminated: 07/27/2015 Motion for TRO Docket Text: EX PARTE MOTION for Statutory Restraining Order by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (Attachments: # (1) Proposed Order)(kh, ) 6 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Summons Issued Docket Text: Summons Issued as to Dinar Corp., Inc., Theodore S. Hudson, II, My Monex, Inc., My Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation, Husam Tayeh; returned to counsel for personal service. (kh, ) 7 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Order on Motion to Seal Docket Text: IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the CFTCs [4] motion to seal is GRANTED and that the entire docket and file in this matter shall be SEALED. It is further hereby ORDERED that the seal shall expire upon the earlier of (1) seventy-two hours following issuance of the ex parte statutory restraining order sought by the CFTC or (2) notice by the CFTC to the Court that Defendants and Relief Defendants have been served with the Complaint and requested statutory restraining order. Signed by Honorable Judge Myron H. Thompson on 7/27/2015. (kh, ) 8 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Temporary Restraining Order Docket Text: ORDERED that Plaintiff's [5] Ex Parte Motion for Statutory Restraining Order isGRANTED as set forth herein; Defendants and Relief Defendants are hereby ordered to SHOW CAUSE why the Plaintiffs separately filed Motion for Preliminary Injunction should not be granted, and shall file their response(s) thereto, including all counter or opposing affidavits and a memorandum of legal authority, within ten (10) days of service; The restraining order will expire 14 days from the date of this order, on August 10, 2015; A HEARING as to whether this Statutory Restraining Order should be converted to a preliminary injunction will be held on August 10, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. in Courtroom 2FMJ of the Frank M. Johnson Jr. United States Courthouse Complex, One Church Street, Montgomery, Alabama, before the undersigned. Counsel shall appear in person and telephonic appearances will not be permitted; The Clerk of the Court is DIRECTED to email a copy of this Order to counsel for the Plaintiff and confirm receipt of same. Signed by Honorable Judge Myron H. Thompson on 7/27/2015. (furn: calendar, AG)(kh, ) 9 Filed & Entered: 07/27/2015 Case Assigned/Reassigned Docket Text: Case Reassigned to Chief Judge William Keith Watkins as district judge. Honorable Judge Myron H. Thompson no longer assigned to the case as district judge. (kh, ) PACER Service Center Transaction Receipt 08/04/2015 10:58:26 PACER Login: nickgiammarino:4432252:0 Client Code:
  • 5. 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Dinar Corp., Inc. et al William Keith Watkins, presiding Terry F. Moorer, referral Date filed: 07/27/2015 Date of last filing: 08/03/2015 Doc. No. Deadline/Hearing Event Filed Due/Set Satisfied Terminated 8 Oral Argument 07/27/2015 08/10/2015 at 10:00 AM 07/29/2015 10 Oral Argument 07/29/2015 08/10/2015 at 10:00 AM 1 Answer due 07/27/2015 08/19/2015 1 Answer due 07/27/2015 08/19/2015 1 Answer due 07/27/2015 08/19/2015 1 Answer due 07/27/2015 08/19/2015 1 Answer due 07/27/2015 08/20/2015 PACER Service Center Transaction Receipt 08/04/2015 12:07:43 PACER Login: nickgiammarino:4432252:0 Client Code: Description: Deadline/Hearings Search Criteria: 1:15-cv-00538- WKW-TFM Billable Pages: 1 Cost: 0.10
  • 6. 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Dinar Corp., Inc. et al William Keith Watkins, presiding Terry F. Moorer, referral Date filed: 07/27/2015 Date of last filing: 08/03/2015 Timothy J. Mulreany U S Commodity Futures Trading Comm 1155 21st St NW Washington, DC 20581 202-418-5306 202-418-5523 (fax) tmulreany@cftc.gov Assigned: 07/27/2015 LEAD ATTORNEY ATTORNEY TO BE NOTICED representing United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission (Plaintiff) PACER Service Center Transaction Receipt 08/04/2015 12:07:22 PACER Login: nickgiammarino:4432252:0 Client Code: Description: Attorney List Search Criteria: 1:15-cv-00538- WKW-TFM Billable Pages: 1 Cost: 0.10
  • 7. MHT-ClerkD U.S. District Court Alabama Middle District (Dothan) CIVIL DOCKET FOR CASE #: 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Dinar Corp., Inc. et al Assigned to: Chief Judge William Keith Watkins Referred to: Honorable Judge Terry F. Moorer Cause: 7:6(b) Federal Commodity Exchange Regulation Date Filed: 07/27/2015 Jury Demand: None Nature of Suit: 850 Securities/Commodities Jurisdiction: U.S. Government Plaintiff Plaintiff United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission represented by Timothy J. Mulreany U S Commodity Futures Trading Comm 1155 21st St NW Washington, DC 20581 202-418-5306 Fax: 202-418-5523 Email: tmulreany@cftc.gov LEAD ATTORNEY ATTORNEY TO BE NOTICED V. Defendant Dinar Corp., Inc. represented by Dinar Corp., Inc. Legalinc. Corporate Services 1810 E. Sahara Avenue No 314 Las Vegas, NV 89101 PRO SE Defendant My Monex, Inc. a Nevada corporation represented by My Monex, Inc. Nevada Incorporating Company 723 S. Casino Center Blvd 2nd Floor Las Vegas, NV 89101 PRO SE Defendant Husam Tayeh represented by Husam Tayeh 9923 S. Ridgeland Avenue No 110 Chicago Ridge, IL 60415 PRO SE Defendant
  • 8. Theodore S. Hudson, II represented by Theodore S. Hudson, II 303 Whatley Drive Dothan, AL 36303 PRO SE Defendant My Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation represented by My Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation c/o Theodore S. Hudson, II - Director 303 Whatley Drive Dothan, AL 36303 PRO SE Date Filed # clear Docket Text 07/27/2015 1 50.35MB COMPLAINT against Dinar Corp., Inc., Theodore S. Hudson, II, My Monex, Inc., My Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation, Husam Tayeh, filed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1, # 2 Exhibit 2, # 3 Exhibit 3, # 4 Exhibit 4, # 5 Exhibit 5, # 6 Exhibit 6, # 7 Exhibit 7, # 8 Exhibit 8, # 9 Exhibit 9, # 10 Exhibit 10, # 11 Exhibit 11, # 12 Exhibit 12, # 13 Exhibit 13, # 14 Exhibit 14, # 15 Exhibit 15, # 16 Exhibit 16, # 17 Exhibit 17, # 18 Exhibit 18, # 19 Exhibit 19, # 20 Exhibit 20, # 21 Exhibit 21, # 22 Exhibit 22, # 23 Exhibit 23, # 24 Exhibit 24, # 25 Exhibit 25, # 26 Exhibit 26, # 27 Exhibit 27, # 28 Exhibit 29, # 29 Exhibit 29, # 30 Exhibit 30, # 31 Exhibit 31)(kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015) 07/27/2015 2 50.04KB Corporate/Conflict Disclosure Statement by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015) 07/27/2015 3 0.79MB MOTION for Preliminary Injunction by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (Attachments: # 1 Proposed Order)(kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015) 07/27/2015 4 318.88KB MOTION to Seal by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (Attachments: # 1 Proposed Order)(kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015) 07/27/2015 5 1.42MB EX PARTE MOTION for Statutory Restraining Order by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (Attachments: # 1 Proposed Order)(kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015) 07/27/2015 6 1.13MB Summons Issued as to Dinar Corp., Inc., Theodore S. Hudson, II, My Monex, Inc., My Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation, Husam Tayeh; returned to counsel for personal service. (kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015) 07/27/2015 7 8.61KB IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the CFTCs 4 motion to seal is GRANTED and that the entire docket and file in this matter shall be SEALED. It is further hereby ORDERED that the seal shall expire upon the earlier of (1) seventy-two hours following issuance of the ex parte statutory restraining order sought by the CFTC or (2) notice by the CFTC to the Court that Defendants and Relief Defendants have been served with the Complaint and requested statutory restraining order. Signed by Honorable Judge Myron H. Thompson on 7/27/2015. (kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015) 07/27/2015 8 32.80KB ORDERED that Plaintiff's 5 Ex Parte Motion for Statutory Restraining Order isGRANTED as set forth herein; Defendants and Relief Defendants are hereby ordered to SHOW CAUSE why the Plaintiffs separately filed Motion for Preliminary Injunction should not be granted, and shall file their response(s) thereto, including all counter or opposing affidavits and a memorandum of legal authority, within ten (10) days of service; The restraining order
  • 9. will expire 14 days from the date of this order, on August 10, 2015; A HEARING as to whether this Statutory Restraining Order should be converted to a preliminary injunction will be held on August 10, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. in Courtroom 2FMJ of the Frank M. Johnson Jr. United States Courthouse Complex, One Church Street, Montgomery, Alabama, before the undersigned. Counsel shall appear in person and telephonic appearances will not be permitted; The Clerk of the Court is DIRECTED to email a copy of this Order to counsel for the Plaintiff and confirm receipt of same. Signed by Honorable Judge Myron H. Thompson on 7/27/2015. (furn: calendar, AG)(kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015) 07/27/2015 9 106.57KB Case Reassigned to Chief Judge William Keith Watkins as district judge. Honorable Judge Myron H. Thompson no longer assigned to the case as district judge. (kh, ) (Entered: 07/27/2015) 07/29/2015 10 8.57KB ORDERED that the hearing as to whether the Statutory Restraining Order should be converted to a preliminary injunction (Doc. # 8 , at 30) will be held before the undersigned on 8/10/2015, at 10:00 AM, in courtroom 2-B of the Frank M. Johnson, Jr. U.S. Courthouse, in Montgomery, Alabama; Counsel shall appear in person, and telephonic appearances will not be permitted; DIRECTING the Plf to promptly serve Dfts and Relief Dfts with a copy of this Order; DIRECTING the Clerk to provide a court reporter for the hearing. Signed by Chief Judge William Keith Watkins on 7/29/2015. (furn: calendar, ar) (wcl, ) (Entered: 07/29/2015) 07/30/2015 11 8.35KB ORDER DIRECTING the Clerk to unseal this action. Signed by Chief Judge William Keith Watkins on 7/30/2015. (wcl, ) (Entered: 07/30/2015) 07/31/2015 12 74.02KB SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Theodore S. Hudson, II served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) (Entered: 07/31/2015) 07/31/2015 13 75.23KB SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. My Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) (Entered: 07/31/2015) 07/31/2015 14 0.63MB SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Dinar Corp., Inc. served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) (Entered: 07/31/2015) 07/31/2015 15 106.60KB SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. My Monex, Inc. served on 7/29/2015, answer due 8/19/2015. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) (Entered: 07/31/2015) 08/02/2015 16 177.28KB SUMMONS Returned Executed by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Husam Tayeh served on 7/30/2015, answer due 8/20/2015. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1)(Mulreany, Timothy) (Entered: 08/02/2015) 08/03/2015 17 21.42KB MOTION for Extension of Deadline Restraining Order and hearing re 8 Temporary Restraining Order,,,,, Terminate Motions,,,,, Set Deadlines/Hearings,,,, by United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission. (Mulreany, Timothy) (Entered: 08/03/2015) or Total filesize of selected documents (MB): Maximum filesize allowed (MB): 10 PACER Service Center
  • 10. Transaction Receipt 08/04/2015 12:08:13 PACER Login: nickgiammarino:4432252:0 Client Code: Description: Docket Report Search Criteria: 1:15-cv-00538- WKW-TFM Billable Pages: 3 Cost: 0.30
  • 11. 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Dinar Corp., Inc. et al William Keith Watkins, presiding Terry F. Moorer, referral Date filed: 07/27/2015 Date of last filing: 08/03/2015 Dinar Corp., Inc. Legalinc. Corporate Services 1810 E. Sahara Avenue No 314 Las Vegas, NV 89101 Added: 07/27/2015 (Defendant) PRO SE Theodore S. Hudson, II 303 Whatley Drive Dothan, AL 36303 Added: 07/27/2015 (Defendant) PRO SE My Monex, Inc. a Nevada corporation Nevada Incorporating Company 723 S. Casino Center Blvd 2nd Floor Las Vegas, NV 89101 Added: 07/27/2015 (Defendant) PRO SE My Monex, Inc., an Alabama Corporation c/o Theodore S. Hudson, II - Director 303 Whatley Drive Dothan, AL 36303 Added: 07/27/2015 (Defendant) PRO SE Husam Tayeh 9923 S. Ridgeland Avenue No 110 Chicago Ridge, IL 60415
  • 12. Added: 07/27/2015 (Defendant) PRO SE United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission Added: 07/27/2015 (Plaintiff) represented by Timothy J. Mulreany U S Commodity Futures Trading Comm 1155 21st St NW Washington, DC 20581 202-418-5306 202-418-5523 (fax) tmulreany@cftc.gov Assigned: 07/27/2015 LEAD ATTORNEY ATTORNEY TO BE NOTICED PACER Service Center Transaction Receipt 08/04/2015 12:09:32 PACER Login: nickgiammarino:4432252:0 Client Code: Description: Party List Search Criteria: 1:15-cv-00538- WKW-TFM Billable Pages: 1 Cost: 0.10
  • 13. 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Dinar Corp., Inc. et al William Keith Watkins, presiding Terry F. Moorer, referral Date filed: 07/27/2015 Date of last filing: 08/03/2015 Note: Each selected transaction in this case is shown below in a box with any other transactions to which it is related. Doc. No. Event Name Event Filed Event Terminated 1 Complaint 07/27/2015 2 Corporate/Conflict Disclosure Statement 07/27/2015 3 Motion for Preliminary Injunction 07/27/2015 4 Motion to Seal 07/27/2015 07/27/2015 7 Order on Motion to Seal 07/27/2015 5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015 8 Temporary Restraining Order 07/27/2015 8 Terminate Motions 07/27/2015 8 Set Deadlines/Hearings 07/27/2015 10 Order 07/29/2015 10 Terminate Hearings 07/29/2015 10 Set Hearings 07/29/2015 17 for Extension of Deadline 08/03/2015 6 Summons Issued 07/27/2015 7 Order on Motion to Seal 07/27/2015 4 Motion to Seal 07/27/2015 07/27/2015 8 Temporary Restraining Order 07/27/2015 5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015 10 Order 07/29/2015 10 Terminate Hearings 07/29/2015 10 Set Hearings 07/29/2015
  • 14. 17 for Extension of Deadline 08/03/2015 8 Terminate Motions 07/27/2015 5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015 10 Order 07/29/2015 10 Terminate Hearings 07/29/2015 10 Set Hearings 07/29/2015 17 for Extension of Deadline 08/03/2015 8 Set Deadlines/Hearings 07/27/2015 5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015 10 Order 07/29/2015 10 Terminate Hearings 07/29/2015 10 Set Hearings 07/29/2015 17 for Extension of Deadline 08/03/2015 9 Case Assigned/Reassigned 07/27/2015 10 Order 07/29/2015 5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015 8 Temporary Restraining Order 07/27/2015 8 Terminate Motions 07/27/2015 8 Set Deadlines/Hearings 07/27/2015 10 Terminate Hearings 07/29/2015 5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015 8 Temporary Restraining Order 07/27/2015 8 Terminate Motions 07/27/2015 8 Set Deadlines/Hearings 07/27/2015 10 Set Hearings 07/29/2015 5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015 8 Temporary Restraining Order 07/27/2015 8 Terminate Motions 07/27/2015 8 Set Deadlines/Hearings 07/27/2015 11 Order 07/30/2015 11 Case Unsealed 07/30/2015 12 Summons Returned Executed 07/31/2015
  • 15. 13 Summons Returned Executed 07/31/2015 14 Summons Returned Executed 07/31/2015 15 Summons Returned Executed 07/31/2015 16 Summons Returned Executed 08/02/2015 17 for Extension of Deadline 08/03/2015 5 Motion for TRO 07/27/2015 07/27/2015 8 Temporary Restraining Order 07/27/2015 8 Terminate Motions 07/27/2015 8 Set Deadlines/Hearings 07/27/2015 Docket Report ... PACER Service Center Transaction Receipt 08/04/2015 12:10:02 PACER Login: nickgiammarino:4432252:0 Client Code: Description: Related Transactions Search Criteria: 1:15-cv-00538- WKW-TFM Billable Pages: 1 Cost: 0.10
  • 16. IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABA1FE C EVE D SOUTHERN DIVISION 7015 JUL 21 A U UNITED STATES COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION, CIVIL ACTION N 0 Plaintiff, V. 5270—MIAT—TOM FILED UNDER SEAL DINAR, CORP., INC.; MY MONEX, INC., a Nevada Corporation; and HUSAM TAYEH Defendants, THEODORE S. HUDSON, II; and MY MONEX, INC., an Alabama Corporation Relief Defendants COMPLAINT FOR PERMANENT INJUNCTION, CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES, AND OTHER EQUITABLE RELIEF Plaintiff, United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission ("Commission"), by its attorneys, alleges as follows: I. SUMMARY 1. Beginning from at least January 2012 and continuing to the present (the "relevant period"), Husain Tayeh ("Tayeh"), Dinar Corp., Inc. ("DCI") and My Monex, Inc., a Nevada corporation ("Monex NV") (collectively, the "Defendants"), engaged, and are engaging, in a fraudulent scheme involving the offering of agreements, contracts or transactions in off- exchange foreign currency ("forex") on a leveraged, margined, or financed basis to retail customers who were not eligible contract participants ("ECP5") and that do not result in actual delivery of forex within two (2) days of the transaction date(s). Defendants, who have never been registered as required with the Commission, have engaged in more than $8 million of these illegal, off-exchange retail forex transactions. -1- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 1 of 21
  • 17. 2. Tayeh created and operates DCI and Monex NV, business entities that he uses to facilitate the Defendants' fraudulent activities and that act as the counterparty(s) in the subject agreements, contracts or transactions in forex. Defendants operate their fraudulent scheme via the Internet through the use of the website www.dinarcorp.com ("webSite"), by offering, and entering into, transactions in forex with non-ECP retail customers that are leveraged, margined or financed by the Defendants, and that result in actual delivery of forex - if at all - within periods of not less than fifteen (15) days and as much as one hundred twenty (120) days following the date of the transaction(s). 3. In furtherance of the fraudulent scheme, Tayeh, individually and on behalf of DO and Monex NV, made, and continues to make, material misrepresentations and omit material facts in solicitations to actual and prospective customers via the website, including but not limited to: (a) representing that DO operates a "fully licensed and fully compliant licensed money services business" but failing to disclose that DO has been served with cease and desist orders in the states of Texas and Illinois for operating without required licenses; (b) representing that DO and Monex NV provide the "best price guaranteed" and the "best prices up front all the time" but failing to disclose that the forex transactions they offer to retail customers include significant finance charges; (c) failing to disclose that DO and Monex NV are each operating as a registered foreign exchange dealer ("RFED") without being registered with, the Commission as required; and (d) failing to disclose that Tayeh is acting as an associated person ("AP") of an RFED(s) without being registered with the Commission as required. 4. By virtue of this conduct and the further conduct described herein, the Defendants have engaged, are engaging, or are about to engage in acts and practices in violation of Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Commodity Exchange Act (the "Act"), as amended, 7 U.S.C. -2- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 2 of 21
  • 18. § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) (2012) and Commission Regulation ("Regulation") 5.2(b)(1) and (3), 17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014); DO and Monex NV have engaged, are engaging, or are about to engage in acts and practices in violation of Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012), and Regulation 53(a(6)(i), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014); and, Tayeh has engaged, is engaging, or is about to engage in acts and practices in violation of Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(1)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(äa) (2012), and Regulation 53(a)(6)(ii), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(ii) (2014). 5. Accordingly, pursuant to Section 6c of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 13a-1 (2012), and Section 2(c)(2)(C) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C) (2012), the Commission brings this action to enjoin Defendants' unlawful acts and practices, to compel their compliance with the Act and the Regulations promulgated thereunder, and to enjoin them from engaging in any commodity related activity. 6. Unless restrained and enjoined by this Court, there is a reasonable likelihood that Defendants will continue to engage in the acts and practices alleged in this Complaint, and similar acts and practices, as more fully described below. II JURISDICTION AND VENUE 7. The Court has jurisdiction over this action pursuant to Section 6c of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.0 § 1.3a-1 (2012), which authorizes the Commission to bring an action in proper district courts of the United States in order to seek injunctive and other relief against any person whenever it shall appear to the Commission that such person has engaged, is engaging, or is about to engage in any act or practice constituting a violation of any provision of the Act or any rule, regulation or order thereunder. -3- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 3 of 21
  • 19. 8. The Commission has jurisdiction over the conduct and transactions at issue in this case pursuant to Sections 2(c)(2)(C) and 6c of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C) and 13a-1 (2012).. 9. Venue properly lies with the Court pursuant to Section 6c(e) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 13a-1(e) (2012), because Defendants transact business in this District and certain transactions, acts, practices, and courses of business alleged in this Complaint occurred, are occurring, and/or are about to occur within this District. III. THE PAFTIES 10. Plaintiff Commodity Futures Trading Commission is an independent federal regulatory agency charged by Congress with the administration and enforcement of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 1 et seq. (2012), and the Regulations thereunder, 17 C.F.R. § 1.1 et seq. (2014). 11. Defendant Dinar Corp., Inc. is a business corporation organized and operated pursuant to the laws of the State of Nevada. DCI's President and sole shareholder is Tayeh. DO has never been registered with the Commission in any capacity. DCI is neither a financial institution, registered broker dealer, insurance company, financial holding company, or investment banking holding company, nor an AP of any such entity. 12. Defendant Husam Tayeh, is the President and sole shareholder of DO and Monex NV. Tayeh is a resident of Burbank, Illinois. Tayeh has never been registered with the Commission in any capacity. Tayeh is neither a financial institution, registered broker dealer, insurance company, financial holding company, or investment banking holding company, nor an AP of any such entity. 13. Defendant My Monex, Inc., a Nevada corporation, is a business corporation organized and operated pursuant to the laws of the State of Nevada. Monex NV's President and -4- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 4 of 21
  • 20. sole shareholder is Tayeh. Monex NV has never been registered with the Commission in any capacity. Monex NV is neither a financial institution, registered broker dealer, insurance company, financial holding company, or investment banking holding company, nor an AP of any such entity. IV. RELIEF DEFENDANTS 14. Relief Defendant Theodore S. Hudson, II ("Hudson"), is a resident of Dothan, Alabama. Hudson is the President of Monex AL and a shareholder of Monex AL. Hudson has never been registered with the Commission in any capacity. Hudson is neither a financial institution, registered broker dealer, insurance company, financial holding company, or investment banking holding company, nor an AP of any such entity. 15. Relief Defendant My Monex, Inc., an Alabama corporation ("Monex AL"), is a business corporation organized and operated pursuant to the laws of the State of Alabama. Monex AL's President and organizer is Hudson, and it is operated out of Hudson's residence in Dothan, Alabama. Monex AL has never been registered with the Commission in any capacity. Monex AL is neither a financial institution, registered broker dealer, insurance company, financial holding company, or investment banking holding company, nor an AP of any such entity. V. STATUTORY BACKGROUND A. Statutory and Regulatory Requirements Related to Forex Fraud 16. Section 2(c)(2)(C)(i)(I) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)((i)(I) (2012), applies to any agreement, contract or transaction in forex that is offered to, or entered in to with, a person that is not an ECP, subject to certain exceptions not applicable herein. The agreement, contract or transaction in forex must be offered or entered into on a, leveraged or margined basis, or financed by the offeror, the counterparty, or a person acting in concert with the offeror or -5- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 5 of 21
  • 21. counterparty on a similar basis. Id. Section 2(c)(2)(C)(I) shall not apply to a security that is not a security futures product, or a contract of sale that results in actual delivery within two (2) days of the transaction, or that creates an enforceable obligation to deliver between a seller and buyer that have the ability to deliver and accept delivery, respectively, in connection with their line of business. Id 17. Section 2(c)(2)(C)(ii)(I) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(ii)(I) (2012), states in relevant part that Section 4b of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 6b (2012), applies to agreements, contracts or transactions in forex described in Section 2(c)(2)(C)(i)(I) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(i)(I) (2012). 18. Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iv) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(c)(iv) (2012), further provides that Section 4b of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 6b (2012), shall apply to any agreement, contract or transaction in forex "as if the agreement, contract, or transaction were a contract of sale of a commodity for future delivery." B. Statutory and Regulatory Requirements Related to Forex RFEDs and APs 19. An "eligible contract participant" is defined by the Act, in relevant part, as an individual with total assets in excess of $10 million, or (ii) $5 million and who enters the transaction "to manage the risk associated with an asset owned or liability incurred, or reasonably likely to be owned or incurred, by the individual." Section 1 a( 18) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § la(18) (2012). 20. Pursuant to Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012), an entity must be registered if it solicits or accepts orders from any person that is not an ECP in connection with agreements, contracts or transactions described in Section 2(c)(2)(C)(i) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(i) (2012), entered into -6- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 6 of 21
  • 22. with a person who is not described in Section 2(c)(2)(B)(i)(II)(aa, (bb) (ee) or (ff) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(B)(i)(II)(aa), (bb), (ee) or (if) (2012). 21. For the purposes of trading retail fOrex, a "retail foreign exchange dealer" is defined in Regulation 5.1(h)(1), 17 C.F.R. § 5.1h)(1) (2014), as any person that is, or offers to be, the counterpatty to a retail forex transaction, except for certain persons not relevant to this Complaint. 22. For purposes of trading forex, an "associated person" of a retail foreign exchange dealer is defined in Regulation 5. 1(h)(2), 17 C.F.R. § 5.1(h)(2) (2014), as any natural person associated with an RFED as a partner, officer or employee (or any natural person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions), in any capacity which involves: (i) the solicitation or acceptance of retail forex customers' orders (other than in a clerical capacity); or (ii) the supervision of any person or persons so engaged. 23. Pursuant to Regulation 53(a)(6)(1), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014), in connection with retail forex transactions, all RFEDs must be registered with the Commission. Pursuant to Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(ii), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(ii) (2014), in connection with retail forex transactions, all APs of an RFED must be registered with the Commission. The registration requirements of Regulation 5.3 (a)(6)(i) and (ii) became effective October 18, 2010, prior to the relevant period identified herein. 24. A "retail forex transaction" is defined in Regulation 5.1(m), 17 C.F.R. § 5;1(m) (2014), as any account, agreement, contract, or transaction described in Section 2(c)(2)(B) or 2(c)(2)(C) of the Act. A retail forex transaction does not include an account, agreement, contract or transaction in foreign currency that is a contract of sale of a commodity for future delivery (or -7- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 7 of 21
  • 23. an option thereon) that is executed, traded on or otherwise subject to the rules of a contract market designated pursuant to Section 5(a) of the Act. VI. FACTS A. The Transactions in Fore! 25. The Defendants, through their website, offer to enter into, and enter into, transactions in forex with retail customers who are not ECPs by offering to act as the counterparty to transactions in Vietnamese Dong and/or Iraqi Dinar. As the sole officer and controlling person of both DO and Monex NV, Tayeh is responsible for the content of the website both individually, and as the agent of DO and Monex NV. 26. Under the caption "Dinar Corp., Inc., Securing Your Future," the Defendants, through their website, offer customers transactions in forex utilizing a variety of financing options, which customers can choose by selecting the "Dinarcorpi 5," "Dinarcorp 45," "Dinarcorp60+," "Dinarcorp90," or the "0inarcorpl20+Max" options displayed on the website. 274 Each of the above payment plans are financed by the Defendants, acting as the cOunterparty, and none of the payment plans offered to customers result in actual delivery of forex within 2 days of the transaction(s). Instead, retail customers receive their forex, if at all, over periods of not less than fifteen (15) days, and up to one hundred twenty (120) days, following the date of the transaction in forex. 28. For example, the Defendants' "Dinar Corp 120+ Max" option, as described on the website, offers actual and prospective customers a "five payment program" that "allows clients to lock in their rate for a duration of 120 days and to submit their entire payment within a 120 day period." The first payment is characterized as a "non-refundable Purchase Payment" often percent (10%) of the total transaction amount. The second payment is due thirty (30) days later, -8- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 8 of 21
  • 24. and the third, fourth and fifth payments are due in subsequent thirty (30) day intervals. The last, and fifth payment, comprises sixty percent (60%) of the purchase price. If customers miss a payment, the entire first payment is forfeited. 29. Customers are offered a variety of options as to the amount of the transaction in forex they may choose to enter into with the Defendants, each of which carries a significant financing charge included within the transaction. For example, if a customer chooses to enter into a transaction nominally involving one million dinars, the customer would be charged a total of One Thousand Fifty Dollars ($1,050.00). At the current exchange rate of approximately One U.S. dollar ($1.00) for 1,163 Iraqi Dinars, or Eight Hundred Sixty Dollars ($860) for 1 million Iraqi Dinars, the transaction offered by the Defendants includes an undisclosed finance charge of approximately twenty-two percent (22%). 30. Customers enter into transactions in forex with the Defendants by submitting an online account application through the website. 31. Once a customer agrees to enter into a transaction in forex with the Defendants, the customer is advised that the Defendants only accept money orders or cashier's checks as payment. Customers are directed to make their funds payable not to DCI, but to "My Monex, Inc." B. The Fraudulent Scheme 32. The Defendants solicit transactions in forex by omitting, and misrepresenting, material facts in their solicitations to actual and prospective customers. 33. The Defendants represent to actual and prospective customers via their website that DCI is a: "Licensed Money Services Business.. .fully registered and fully compliant." These representations are false. The Defendants are barred from conducting business as a "money -9- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 9 of 21
  • 25. services business" in Texas and Illinois for failing to comply with the relevant laws of those states, and none of the Defendants are registered as required with the Commission. 34. The Defendants also omit from their communications with prospective and actual customers other material facts. Through the website, the Defendants represent that DO has the "[B]est Prices Guaranteed.., no special codes, no secret discount, just best prices up front all the time." However, Defendants fail to advise customers of material facts regarding the true cost of the transactions offered by the Defendants, including but not limited to, that the transactions include an undisclosed finance charge of up to twenty-two (22%) percent of the overall cost of each transaction. 35. Through the website, the Defendants further represent to actual and prospective customers that "[DCI] does not offer services to or ship to residents of Illinois or Arkansas." However, nowhere on the website do the Defendants advise actual or prospective customers that the states of Illinois and Texas have issued cease and desist orders against DCI, barring it from conducting business in those states due to DCI's failure to comply with those states' licensing requirements prior to conducting business therein. 36. The Defendants fail to disclose additional material facts to prospective and actual customers, including but not limited to: that DO, Monex NV and Monex AL are not registered as RFEDs as required by federal law; b) that Tayeh is not registered as an AP of an RFED(s) as required by federal law; and c) that the Defendants' are conducting an illegal business absent such registrations. 37. The online account application does not seek any information about prospective customers' net worth or customers' business need for foreign currency. -10- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 10 of 21
  • 26. 38. The online account application does not inquire as to whether a prospective customer is an ECP or about a prospective customer's savings and investments. The online account application does not inquire if a prospective customer has assets in excess of $5 million. 39. Upon information and belief, few, if any, of the Defendants' retail customers are ECPs. None of the transactions in forex offered by the Defendants involve a security that is not a security futures product. C. Failure to Register with Commission 40. Throughout the relevant period, DO and Monex NV solicit and/or accept orders from customers who are not ECPs to enter into agreements, contracts or transactions in forex, which are financed by the Defendants. 41. Thus, DO and Monex NV are each acting as an RFED and continue to do so by soliciting or accepting orders from customers who are not ECPs to engage in agreements, contracts or transactions in forex which are financed by the Defendants. 42. As of the date of the filing of this Complaint:, neither DO nor Monex NV have registered with the Commission as an RFED, in violation of Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(i), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014). 43. Throughout the relevant period, Tayeh has been the sole officer of both DCI and Monex NV; therefore, he has been an AT of both DCI and Monex NV because he is a partner, officer or employee, acting in a capacity that involves the solicitation or acceptance of retail forex customers' orders, or the supervision of any person or persons so engaged. 44. As of the date of the filing of this Complaint, Tayeh has not registered with the Commission as an AP of RFEDs DCI and/or Monex NV, in violation of Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(ii), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a(6)(ii) (2014). -11- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 11 of 21
  • 27. 45. At no time during the relevant period has DO or Monex NV been exempt from the requirement to register as an RFED. 46. At no time during the relevant period has Tayeh been exempt from the requirement to register as an AP of an RFED. D. Relief Defendants Received Funds To Which They Have No Legitimate Claim 47. Throughout the relevant period, Defendants have worked with Hudson, and caused Hudson to create and operate Monex AL, for the purpose of negotiating cashier's checks and money orders made payable by customers to "My Monex, Inc.," in bank accounts opened by Hudson in the name of Monex AL, at various banks within this District, with Hudson as a signatory on each account. 48. However, all of these cashier's checks and money order were made payable to Monex NV, not Monex AL. Therefore, as the sole officer of Monex AL, Hudson knew at the time of each such deposit that none of these cashier's checks and money orders should have. been deposited into the bank accounts in the name of Monex AL, and that neither Hudson nor Monex AL had a legitimate claim to the customers' funds. 49. Defendants have sent millions of dollars of customer's cashier's checks and/or money Orders to Hudson at his home in Dothan, Alabama. 50. After Hudson deposits customers' cashier's checks and money orders made payable to Monex NV into bank accounts carried in the name of Monex AL, Hudson then remits customer finds back to Tayeh and entities he created and/or controls, less, five percent (5%) retained by Hudson and Monex AL as a purported "processing fee." -12- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 12 of 21
  • 28. 51. Upon information and belief, Hudson and Monex AL have no legitimate claim to the customer finds they hold, or the "processing fees" they have collected, all of Which were obtained as a result of the Defendants' fraudulent conduct. VII. VIOLATIONS OF THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT COUNT ONE: VIOLATION OF 7 U.S.C. § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) and 17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3): FRAUD 52. The allegations set forth in paragraphs 1 through 51 are re-alleged and incorporated herein by reference. 53. Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Act 7 U.S.C. § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) (2012), make it unlawful: (2) for any person, in or in connection with any Order to make, or the making of, any contract of sale of any commodity for future delivery, or a swap, that is made, or to be made, for or on behalf of, or with, any other person; other than on or subject to the rules of a designated contract market— (A) to cheat or defraud or attempt to cheat or defraud the other person;.. .or (C) Willfully to deceive or attempt to deceive the other person by any means whatsoever in regard to any order or contract Or the disposition or execution of any order or contract, or in regard to any act of agency performed, with respect to any order or contract for the other person. 54. Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and (3), 17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014), makes it unlawful for any person, by use of the mails or by any means or instrumentality of interstate commerce, directly or indirectly, in or in connection with any retail forex transaction: (1) to cheat or defraud or attempt to cheat or defraud any person; or (3) willfully to deceive or attempt to deceive any person by any means whatsoever. 55. As described herein, Defendants violated Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) (2012), and Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and (3), 17 C.F.R. § 5 .2(b)( 1), (3) (2014), by their material false statements and omissions to prospective and existing customers. -13- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 13 of 21
  • 29. 56. Defendants engaged in the acts and practices described above in connection with contracts of sale "as if' they Were commodities for futures delivery made other than on or subject to the rules of a designated contact market. 57. Defendants engaged in the acts and practices described herein willfully, knowingly, or with reckless disregard for the truth. 58. By the conduct alleged herein, during the relevant period, the Defendants cheated or defrauded or attempted to cheat or defraud other persons and willfully deceived or attempted to deceive other persons in connection with any order to make, or the making of, any contract of sale of any commodity for futures delivery by fraudulently soliciting prospective and existing customers, including, but not limited to, omitting and misrepresenting material facts in their solicitations to actual and prospective customers in violation of Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) (2012) and Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and (3), 17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014). 59. The Defendants engaged in the acts and practices described above knowingly or with reckless disregard for the truth of the fraudulent acts, representations and/or omissions. 60. During the relevant time period, Tayeh was acting as the agent of DO and/or Monex NY. Therefore, DO and/or Monex NV are liable for Tayeh's violations of Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Act, § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) (2012), and Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and (3), 17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014), pursuant to Section 2(a)(1)(B) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 2(a(1)(B) (2012), and Regulation 1.2, 17 C.F.R. § 1.2 (2014). 61. Tayeh directly or indirectly controlled DO and Monex NV, and did not act in good faith or knowingly induced, directly or indirectly, the acts constituting their violations of Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Act, § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) (2012) and Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and -14- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 14 of 21
  • 30. (3), 17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014). Tayeh is therefore liable for the violations of DCI and Monex NV pursuant to Section 13(b) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 13c(b) (2012). 62. During the relevant period, each act of fraudulent act, misrepresentation and/or omission of material fact, including, but not limited to, those specifically alleged herein, is alleged as a separate and distinct violation by the Defendants of Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 6b(a)(2)(A), (C) (2012) and Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and (3),17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014). COUNT TWO: VIOLATION OF 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) REGULATION 5.3(a)(6)(i): FAILURE TO REGISTER AS RFED 63. Paragraphs 1 through 62 are realleged and incorporated herein. 64. During the relevant period, DCI solicited or accepted agreements, contracts or transactions in forex from non-ECPs in connection with leveraged, margined or financed agreements, contracts or transactions in forex as the counterparty to each agreement, contract or transaction in forex. DCI has, and is, .engaging in this conduct without being registered as an RFED, n violation of Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(i), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014) and Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I(aa) (2012). 65. Tayeh directly or indirectly controlled DCI, and did not act in good faith or knowingly induced, directly or indirectly, the acts constituting its violations of Regulation 53(a)(6)(1), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014) and Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012). Tayeh is therefore liable for the violations of DCI pursuant to Section 13(b) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 13c(b) (2012). 66. Each day that DCI has engaged in this conduct during the relevant period is alleged as a separate and distinct violation of Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as -15- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 15 of 21
  • 31. amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012) and Regulation 5.3(ä)(6)(i), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014). COUNT THREE: VIOLATION OF 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)I)(aa) AND REGULATION 5.3(a)(6)(i): FAILURE TO REGISTER AS RFED 67. Paragraphs 1 through 66 are realleged and incorporated herein. 68. During the relevant period, Monex NV solicited or accepted agreements, contracts or transactions in forex from non-ECPs in connection with leveraged, margined or financed agreements, contracts or transactions in forex as the counterparty to each agreement, contract or transaction. Monex NV has and is engaging in this conduct without being registered as an RFED, in violation of Regulation 53(a)(6)(1), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014) and Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. §2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012). 69. Tayeh directly or indirectly controlled Monex NV, and did not act in good faith or knowingly induced, directly or indirectly, the acts constituting its violations of Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(i), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014) and Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012). Tayeh is therefore liable for the violations of Monex NV pursuant to Section 13(b) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 13c(b) (2012). 70. Each day that Monex NV has engaged in this conduct during the relevant period is alleged as a separate and distinct violation of Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012) and Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(i), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i) (2014). COUNT FOUR: VIOLATION OF SECTION 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)I)(aa) OF THE ACT, AS AMENDED AND REGULATION 5.3(a)(6)(ii): FAILURE TO REGISTER AS AP OF RFED 71. Paragraphs 1 through 70 are realleged and incorporated herein. -16- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 16 of 21
  • 32. 72. During the relevant period, Tayeh was associated with RFEDS DCI and Monex NV as a partner, officer or employee, in a capacity that involved: (i) the solicitation or acceptance of retail forex customers' orders;, or (ii) the supervision of any person or persons so engaged. 73. Tayeh has and is engaging in this conduct without being registered as an AP of RFEDs DCI and/or Monex NV, in violation of Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(ii), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(ii) (2014) and Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012). 74. During the relevant time period, Tayeh was acting as the agent of DCI and Monex NV. Therefore, DCI and Monex NV are liable for Tayeh's violations of Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(ii), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(ii) (2014) and Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012), pursuant to Section 2(a)(1)(B) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § 2(a)(1)(B) (2012), and Regulation 1.2, 17 C.F.R. § 1.2 (2014). 75. Each day that Tayeh failed to register as an AP of an RFED during the relevant period is alleged as a separate and distinct violation of Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012) and Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(ii), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(ii) (2014). COUNT FIVE: DISGORGEMENT OF FUNDS FROM THE RELIEF DEFENDANTS 76. The allegations set forth in paragraphs 1 through 75 are re-alleged and incorporated herein. 77. Defendants have engaged in a fraudulent investment scheme that defrauded Defendants' customers. -17- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 17 of 21
  • 33. 78. Hudson and Monex AL have received funds that were obtained as a result of Defendants' fraudulent conduct. 79. Hudson and Monex AL have no legitimate entitlement to, or interest in, the funds received from Defendants' fraudulent conduct. 80. Hudson and Monex AL should be required to disgorge the funds they received from Defendants' fraudulent conduct, or the value of those funds that Hudson and/or Monex AL may have subsequently transferred to third parties. 81. By reason of the foregoing, Hudson and Monex AL hold funds in constructive trust for the benefit of customers who were victimized by Defendants' fraudulent scheme. VII. RELIEF REQUESTED WHEREFORE, the Commission respectfully requests that this Court, as authorized by Section 6c of the Act, as amended,7 U.S.C. § 13a-1, and pursuant to its own equitable powers, enter: A. An order finding that Defendants violated Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Act 7 U.S.C. § 6b(a)(2)(A) and (C) (2012) and Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and (3), 17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014); Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012) and Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(1) and (ii), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i), (ii) (2014); B. An order of permanent injunction prohibiting Defendants, and any other person or entity associated with them, or acting in concert with them, from engaging in conduct in violation of Section 4b(a)(2)(A) and (C) of the Act 7 U.S.C. § 6b(a)(2)(A) and (C) (2012) and Regulation 5.2(b)(1) and (3), 17 C.F.R. § 5.2(b)(1), (3) (2014); Section 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) of the Act, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(C)(iii)(I)(aa) (2012) and Regulation 5.3(a)(6)(i) and (ii), 17 C.F.R. § 5.3(a)(6)(i), (ii) (2014); -18- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 18 of 21
  • 34. C. An order requiring Relief Defendants Hudson and Monex AL, as well as any of their successors or assigns, to disgorge to any officer appointed or directed by the Court, all ill-gotten gains and other benefits received from Defendants, including, but not limited to, salaries, commissions, loans, fees, revenues and trading profits derived, directly or indirectly, from the Defendants as a result of Defendants' acts or practices that constitute violations of the Act, as amended, and the Regulations, including pre and post-judgment interest; D. An order of permanent injunction prohibiting Defendants and any successor thereof, from, directly or indirectly: a. Trading on or subject to the rules of any registered entity (as that term is defined in Section la(40) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § la(40) (2012)); b. Entering into any transactions involving "commodity interests" (as that term is defined in Regulation 1.3(yy), 17 C.F.R. § 1.3(yy) (2014) for their own personal account or for any account in which they have a direct or indirect interest; C. Having any commodity interests traded on their behalf; d. Controlling or directing the trading for or on behalf of any other person or entity, whether by power of attorney or otherwise, in any account involving commodity interests; e. Soliciting, receiving or accepting any funds from any person for the purpose of purchasing or selling any commodity interests; f. Applying for registration or claiming exemption from registration with the Commission in any capacity, and engaging in any activity requiring such registration or exemption from registration with the Commission, except as provided for in Regulation 4.14(a)(9), 17 C.F.R. § 4.14(a)(9) (2014); and/or -19- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 19 of 21
  • 35. g. Acting as a principal (as that term is defined in Regulation 3.1(ã), 17 C.F.R. § 3.1(a) (2014)), agent or any other officer or employee of any person (as that term is defined in Section la(38) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. § la(38) (2012)), registered, exempted from registration or required to be registered with the Commission except as provided for in Regulation 4.14(a)(9), 17 C.F.R. § 4.14(a)(9) (2014). E. Enter an order requiring that Defendants, as well as any of their successors, disgorge to any officer appointed or directed by the Court all benefits received including, but not limited to, salaries, commissions, loans, fees, revenues and trading profits derived, directly or indirectly, from acts or practices that constitute violations of the Act, as amended, and the Regulations, including pre and post-judgment interest; F. Enter an order directing Defendants and any successors thereof, to rescind, pursuant to such procedures as the Court may order, all contracts and agreements, whether implied or express, entered into between them and any of the customers whose funds were received by them as a result of the acts and practices, which constituted violations of the Act, as amended, and the Regulations as described herein; G. Enter an order requiring Defendants to pay civil monetary penalties under the Act, to be assessed by the Court, in amounts of not more than the greater of: (1) triple the monetary gain for each violation of the Act, as amended, and the Regulations or (2) $140,000 for each violation committed on or after October 23, 2008; H. Enter an order requiring Defendants to pay costs and fees as permitted by 28 U.S.C. § 1920 and 2412(a)(2) (2006); and 2O Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 20 of 21
  • 36. I. Enter an order providing such other and further relief as this Court may deem necessary and appropriate under the circumstances. Dated: July 27, 2015 Respectfully submitted, U.S. COMMODITY FUTURE COMMISSION Is! Timothy J. Muireany Timothy J. Mulreany' Chief Trial Attorney Maryland Fed. Bar No.: 08262 titiulreanycftc.gov Attorney for Plaintiff U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission 1155 21'.t Street, N.W. Washington, DC (202) 418-5306 (202) 418-5538 -21- Case 1:15-cv-00538-WKW-TFM Document 1 Filed 07/27/15 Page 21 of 21