Positive psychology 2014


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Positive Psychology Presentation.

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Positive psychology 2014

  1. 1. Positive Psychology By Ginger Gairani For PSY10000
  2. 2. What is Positive Psychology?  “The study of the conditions and processes that contribute to the flourishing or optimal functioning of people, groups, and institutions” -Gable & Haidt
  3. 3. What is Positive Psychology Attempting to Understand?  How things go right in our lives  The relationship between what makes people happy and able to be successful and it’s impact on their mental health  Coping with adversity  Preventing depression  Increasing satisfaction and productivity
  4. 4. The Pioneers of Positive Psychology (Seligman and
  5. 5. How Does This Differ From the Traditional View of Psychology?  Promotes certain characteristics; Strengths of Character and good relationships are “buffers” against mental illness  Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi describe four positive traits that are the backbone of positive psychology:  Subjective wellbeing  Optimism  Happiness  Self-determination -Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi
  6. 6. Drawbacks of Positive Psychology  Some may fail to identify with negative experiences, causing a “Pollyanna view of the world” (Gable & Haidt)  Others view the word “positive” in positive psychology to mean that the opposite must be negative psychology  There is no “negative psychology”; only psychology that works to solve different puzzles of the mind and psyche
  7. 7. Positive Psychology Put Into Practice  Plays a part in recovery during psychiatric rehabilitation  Used by U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and the U.S. Army  The U.S. Army offers resiliency training to officers, where they will then pass down their experience with it to their soldiers  This training seeks to nurture characteristics such as:  Optimism  Effective Problem Solving  Faith  A Sense of Meaning  Self-efficacy  Flexibility  Impulse Control  Empathy  Close Relationships  Spirituality -Moran & Nemec
  8. 8. Positive Psychology Put Into Practice  Normal psychiatric rehabilitation focuses on the shortfalls and limitations of patients, whereas positive psychology emphasizes the importance of what is going right in a client’s life  Positive psychology can be used as a preventative measure and a rehabilitation measure  As a preventative measure, positive psychology searches to strengthen innate characteristics that build a strong foundation for mental health
  9. 9. In Conclusion…  Positive psychology is a movement pioneered by Martin Seligman and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi  It seeks to answer the question: How can we improve on the strength, character, and attributes already present to make people more mentally healthy or resilient?  Positive psychology is practiced in organizations such as the U.S. Army and focuses on what is going right, as opposed to what is wrong
  10. 10. References  Gable, S. L., & Haidt, J. (2005). What (and why) is positive psychology?. Review Of General Psychology, 9(2), 103-110. doi:10.1037/1089-2680.9.2.103  Moran, G. S., & Nemec, P. B. (2013). Walking on the sunny side: what positive psychology can contribute to psychiatric rehabilitation concepts and practice. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 36(3), 202-208. doi:10.1037/ prj0000012  Seligman, M. P., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 55(1), 5- 14. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.5