Primary Sources For the 21st Century

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Primary Sources For the 21st Century

  1. 1. Primary Sources in the 21st Century Glenn Wiebe ESSDACK glennw@essdack.org
  2. 2. “A morsel of genuine history is a thing so rare as to be always valuable.” Thomas Jefferson 1817
  3. 3. make some decisions & place some dots
  4. 4. primary or secondary? Old history New history textbook textbook Band of Brothers Diary Photo Blog Artifact Digital photo Printout of email Wikipedia article World Book
  5. 5. Direct traces of the event
  6. 6. Direct traces of the event Accounts created at the time it occurred, by firsthand observers and participants
  7. 7. Direct traces of the event Accounts created at the time it occurred, by firsthand observers and participants Accounts created after the event occurred, by firsthand observers and participants
  8. 8. Definitions?
  9. 9. Definitions? Primary sources • Contemporary accounts of an event, created by someone who experienced or witnessed the event in question • “a first-hand account of an event, person, or place”
  10. 10. Secondary sources • Materials that interpret, assign value to, conjecture upon, and draw conclusions about the events reported in primary sources • “An account of an event, person, or place that is not first-hand”
  11. 11. Secondary sources? • Materials that interpret, assign value to, conjecture upon, and draw conclusions about the events reported in primary sources • “An account of an event, person, or place that is not first-hand”
  12. 12. need to change any of your dots?
  13. 13. 21st Century skills
  14. 14. make complex choices frame, analyze and solve problems
  15. 15. “I learned that to do history, you have to be objective and be able to look at a puzzle of historical events and put them together in order.” 10th grader
  16. 16. analyze, access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in a variety of forms and media
  17. 17. “When my students read the Whitman letters, I saw a sheen of tears in their eyes and noted an avid interest in the soldiers as people, not just historical figures.” HS teacher
  18. 18. being open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives
  19. 19. “Discovering that two students view a document differently creates a kind of dissonance that opens up meaning and creates new understanding in learners.” MS teacher
  20. 20. understand the interconnections among systems and content
  21. 21. “The Civil Rights Movement finally made sense to me when I looked at lynching postcards from the 1900s and some of the writings of Ida B. Wells.” HS student
  22. 22. articulate thoughts and ideas clearly and effectively
  23. 23. “I enjoy putting my ideas out there.” MS student
  24. 24. www.socialstudiescentral.com
  25. 25. National Archives & Records Administration www.archives.gov/education
  26. 26. Library of Congress www.loc.gov/teachers
  27. 27. Digital Vaults www.digitalvaults.org
  28. 28. Kansas Memory www.kansasmemory.org
  29. 29. Footnote www.footnote.com
  30. 30. Newspaper Archive www.newspaperarchive.com
  31. 31. so what ’s it look like?
  32. 32. Pearl Harbor unit
  33. 33. Pearl Harbor wiki
  34. 34. • make complex choices • frame, analyze and solve problems • analyze, access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in a variety of forms and media • open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives • understand the interconnections among systems • articulate thoughts and ideas clearly and effectively
  35. 35. Google Earth
  36. 36. • make complex choices • frame, analyze and solve problems • analyze, access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in a variety of forms and media • open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives • understand the interconnections among systems • articulate thoughts and ideas clearly and effectively
  37. 37. Online resources Man on the Street interviews
  38. 38. • make complex choices • frame, analyze and solve problems • analyze, access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in a variety of forms and media • open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives • understand the interconnections among systems • articulate thoughts and ideas clearly and effectively
  39. 39. BibMe
  40. 40. Evernote BibMe
  41. 41. • make complex choices • frame, analyze and solve problems • analyze, access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in a variety of forms and media • open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives • understand the interconnections among systems • articulate thoughts and ideas clearly and effectively
  42. 42. Pearl Harbor blog
  43. 43. • make complex choices • frame, analyze and solve problems • analyze, access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in a variety of forms and media • open and responsive to new and diverse perspectives • understand the interconnections among systems • articulate thoughts and ideas clearly and effectively
  44. 44. Exit card?

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