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Philippine history lecture


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Philippine history lecture

  1. 1. Social Science Philippine History
  2. 2. Considerations • Do not focus on dates because they do not (or seldom) appear in the Licensure Examination for Teachers • Do not rely too much on the lectures and hand-outs. • Read social studies textbooks in high school, from first year to fourth year (Philippine History, Asian Studies, World History, Economics) • Be familiar with basic geographic concepts • Use mnemonics like AQLORQMGMMAREAA for Philippine Presidents • Be up to date or be familiar with current events • Have your own research on every item in the handouts. For instance, you can read wikipedia webpages.
  3. 3. Considerations • Be familiar with some legal terms like Writ of Habeas Corpus, Writ of Amparo and Writ of Habeas Data (appeared in the exam) • Habeas Corpus - writ ordering detained person into court: a writ issued in order to bring somebody who has been detained into court, usually for a decision on whether the detention is lawful was not found in the English Dictionary • Amparo and Habeas Data - In the Philippines, amparo and habeas data are prerogative writs to supplement the inefficacy of the writ of habeas corpus (Rule 102, Revised Rules of Court). Amparo means 'protection,' while habeas data is 'access to information’
  4. 4. Philippine Historical Periods • • • • • • • • Pre-Hispanic Period Spanish Period American Period Japanese Occupation Philippine Independence Marcos Era and Martial Law EDSA Revolution and Fifth Republic Contemporary Period
  5. 5. Pre-Hispanic Period • Migration of Aetas, Indonesians and Malays • Unit of government - Barangay, from the term “balangay” • Rule of the Datu – exercised legislative, executive and judicial powers • Social classes – Maharlika, timawa, alipin (namamahay at sagigilid) • Early laws: Maragtas Code by Datu Sumakwel and Kalantiaw Code by Datu Kalantiaw
  6. 6. Spanish Period • Discovery of the Philippine Islands by Ferdinand Magellan on March 16, 1521 • Death of Magellan in the hands of Lapu-Lapu’s men on April 27, 1521 • Unitary form of government through the governor-generals • The excerise of judicial powers through the Royal Audiencia • The Propaganda Movement and various publications like La Solidaridad (know the pseudonyms of writers) • Gomburza and secularization
  7. 7. Spanish Period Revolutionary era • Establishment of KKK or Kataas-taasan Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan by Gat Andres Bonifacio (Agapito Bagumbayan) • Philippine Revolution of 1896 • Biak-na-Bato government of General Emilio Aguinaldo • Dictatorial government of General Emilio Aguinaldo • Revolutionary government of General Emilio Aguinaldo • First Philippine Republic in Malolos, Bulacan • The life and execution of Dr. José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda • The contributions of other Filipino Heroes
  8. 8. American Period • The Battle of Manila on May 1, 1898 • Treaty of Paris, through which the Philippines was sold by Spain to the US for 20 Million US dollars • American Military Government • The Civil Government and Philippine Commissions (Schurman and Taft) • Tydings-Mcduffie Act or the Philippine Independence Act – which provided for the self-government of the Philippines and for Filipino Independence (from the US) after a period of ten years • Commonwealth government
  9. 9. Japanese Occupation • • • • • World War II Bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 8, 1941 Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines HUKBALAHAP – Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon Fall of Bataan and the Death March from Bataan to San Fernando, Pampanga • Return of Gen. Douglas McArthur and the Leyte Landing
  10. 10. Philippine Independence • Independence of the Philippine declared on July 4, 1946 • Third Republic under President Manuel Roxas • Presidencies of RQMGM – Roxas, Quirino, Magsaysay, Garcia and Macapagal
  11. 11. Marcos Era and Martial Law • Martial Law proclaimed on September 21, 1972 (Proclamation 1081) • 1973 Constitution • Assassination of Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr., who said “The Filipino is worth dying for” • Martial Law was lifted on January 16, 1981
  12. 12. EDSA Revolution and Fifth Republic • EDSA People Power Revolution (EDSA stands for Epifanio delos Santos Avenue) on February 22-25, 1986 • Freedom Constitution • Presidencies of Corazon C. Aquino, Fidel V. Ramos, Joseph Ejercito Estrada, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
  13. 13. Contemporary Period • Administration of President Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III • Current Events – Zamboanga Crisis (September) – Bohol Earthquake (Magnitude 7.2) (October 15) – Typhoon Yolanda (November) – PDAF Scandal