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REL228Workshop1

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REL228Workshop1

  1. 1. Workshop 1 Truth & Worldview REL 228 - Defending The Faith The Impact of a Christian Worldview Glenn Johnson
  2. 2. WELCOME AND INTRODUCTIONS Who are you? Who are your people? What is your spiritual history? What do you expect from this course? You go first……… Defending The Faith
  3. 3. j Defending The Faith
  4. 4. My People….Veritas Church Defending The Faith
  5. 5. What I Like…. Defending The Faith
  6. 6. Proverbs 3:5-6 Trust in the LORD with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding; in all your ways acknowledge him, and he will make your paths straight. 1 Peter 3:15 But in your hearts set apart Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect… BIBLICAL WISDOM & PRAYER
  7. 7. SYLLABUS REVIEW
  8. 8. SAMPLE NEWS ARTICLE PRESENTATION
  9. 9. SAMPLE MOVIE REVIEW
  10. 10. IN-CLASS WORLDVIEW INTERVIEWS Take a few moments to interview each other asking these questions: 1. What is your major source of news? 2. Does it have a bias? If yes, what is it? 3. What is your major source of entertainment? 4. Does it have a bias? If so, what is it? 5. What do you think of the news article the facilitator distributed? Take About 15 minutes and then we’ll discuss as a class….
  11. 11. BREAK
  12. 12. PROJECT GROUP FORMATION
  13. 13. Proverbs 3:5-6 Trust in the LORD with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding; in all your ways acknowledge him, and he will make your paths straight. 1 Peter 3:13-16 Who is going to harm you if you are eager to do good? But even if you should suffer for what is right, you are blessed. “Do not fear what they fear; do not be frightened.” But in your hearts set apart Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect, keeping a clear conscience, so that those who speak maliciously against your good behavior in Christ may be ashamed of their slander. Why should we study a Christian Worldview?
  14. 14. J PAUL GETTY MUSEUM….”The Getty Kouros” WHAT IS TRUTH?
  15. 15. What is a Worldview? • Beliefs we hold • Mental mindset about the way the world functions • Our understanding about how we fit into the world • How we go about discovering truth
  16. 16. The Early Church & Its Worldview Impa • Patria Potestas/Manus (total control of father over wife/daughter) • Polytheism • Emperor worship • Abortion • Infanticide • Child abandonment • Human sacrifices • Suicide considered honorable • Slavery widespread • Worthlessness of human life • Fornication rampant • Religious prostitution • Homosexuality widely practiced • Pedophilia/Pederasty • Lack of rights for women • No care for aged, sick, or handicapped These practices were eliminated from Roman Civilization by Christianity Under The Influence – by Alvin Schmidt
  17. 17. Worldview Great Questions • What is truth? • Where did we come from? • What has gone wrong with the world? • What can we do to fix things? • How now should we live? QUESTIONS THAT CONCERN US…
  18. 18. The Problem of KNOWLEDGE EPISTEMOLOGY: Study of the Theory of Knowledge QUESTIONS: What is Mind? What Can Be Known? What is True? What is the Process of Knowing? KNOWLEDGE: Justified True Belief CRITICS: “Truth as criterion for knowledge is too rigid” b/c yo can never have absolute certainty about anything
  19. 19. The Problem of KNOWLEDGE RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE • PREMISE: “I believe there is a God.” -QUESTION: How does one know that one knows? -ANSWER: Bible says so. • STATEMENT: “I have had an experience with Jesus.” • STATEMENT: “Behind creation, there must be a Creator.” • STATEMENT: “God has a hold on my life.” APPEAL TO AUTHORITY APPEAL TO EXPERIENCE RATIONALISM APPROACH EXISTENTIAL- PRAGMATIC
  20. 20. What Is Truth? • Classical/Traditional View • Postmodernism/Relativism • Pragmatism
  21. 21. Classical/Traditional View of Truth Something is true if and only if it conforms to what is real or actual. “Jesus is the Son of God”, is a true statement only if Jesus is actually the Son of God.
  22. 22. Postmodern View of Truth Truth is relative. What may be true for you might not be true for me. Each person or culture determines their own truth. “There is no Lord God”, “God is in all things”, “Allah is Lord”, and “Jesus is Lord.” are all true statements if the person speaking these statements believes that they are true.
  23. 23. Pragmatic View of Truth Truth is found when something works to bring about results that are good or positive. Declaring, “Jesus is Lord” is true for me if it results in my living an ethical and fulfilling life. However, if saying “There is no god” results in my living an ethical and fulfilling life then it is also true.
  24. 24. Classical/Traditional View Approach to Truth Naturalism – The material universe is all there is and can be explained without a belief in God. Theism – There is a personal God that is actively involved in the affairs of this world. Monism/Pantheism – All is one. There is one reality. Our senses simply perceive different aspects of it and are unreliable.
  25. 25. Forms of Naturalism • Atheism • Agnosticism •Humanists • Transhumanism • Church of Scientology FRANK TIPLER ARTHUR C. CLARKE JOHN ADAMS ALDOUS HUXLEY BERTRAND RUSSELL CARL SAGAN TOM CRUISE L RON HUBBARD
  26. 26. Forms of Monism/Transcendentalis Buddhism Taoism Hinduism New Ageism Occultism Theosophy Pantheism Gnosticism
  27. 27. Forms of Theism OT Yahwism (also referred to as Judaism) Christianity Islam Mormonism
  28. 28. Naturalism Worldview Where did we come from? Matter is eternal. World and life came about through innate, physical laws that govern the universe. What has gone wrong with the world? People have not yet evolved to a state where their behavior is always rational.
  29. 29. What can we do to fix things? Scientific discovery, technology, and evolutionary development can solve all problems. How now should we live? Survival of the species is critical and all behavior should be governed in a way that ensures survival and quality of life. Whatever pleases us but doesn’t harm anyone else is permissible. Naturalism Worldview
  30. 30. Monism/Transcendentalism Worldview Where did we come from? The world and matter are just an illusion—the universe is one. Matter recycles itself. What has gone wrong with the world? People are ignorant of the state they are in… they must discover the mystical, good, or oneness that exists in the universe.
  31. 31. What can we do to fix things? Self-discovery, meditation, mystical rituals, good works How now should we live? Works are important but there is no basis for determining what is good or bad. In general, what seems to disturb oneness or harmony in the universe is bad. Monism/Transcendentalism Worldview
  32. 32. Theistic Worldview Where did we come from? Theistic religions agree that God created the universe, world, all life, and man and woman in His own image.
  33. 33. What has gone wrong with the world? Theistic Worldview YAHWISM/Judaism—Humans were created good but are fallen because of the disobedience of Adam & Eve. Christianity—Humans were created good but are fallen because of disobedience of Adam & Eve. Islam—Humans are not affected by the sin of Adam & Eve. All good is from God and all evil is from Satan and the fallen angels.
  34. 34. What can we do to fix things? YAHWISM/Judaism—Salvation comes through performing good deeds. Follow the law. Christianity—Salvation is a gift offered by God because of his grace and love. Christ paid the penalty for our sin and we must simply follow him & become like him. Islam—Salvation comes through good deeds and we can never be sure if a person has done enough good deeds. Theistic Worldview
  35. 35. Theistic Worldview How now should we live? YAHWISM/Judaism—Stress on following the law and intellectual attainment. Christianity—Love for God is expressed in our behavior toward God and people. We are to strive to apply God’s teaching to the world in an attempt to redeem the world. As our love for God grows we love and serve a broken world in desperate need of God’s redemption Islam—Submission to God is at the core of Islam. Submission means that all must submit— as defined by Islamic Law—even government, commerce, and society.
  36. 36. Postmodern Worldview Where did we come from? There is no God—thus no standards outside the person. Looks for natural explanation of creation. What has gone wrong with the world? Our judgment of right or wrong, and good or evil is based on our cultural context and personal view of reality.
  37. 37. What can we do to fix things? Learn to accept things as they are. Be tolerant of all views, don’t project your values on others. How now should we live? Live however you want as long as it doesn’t conflict with the lives or needs of other people. Postmodern Worldview
  38. 38. Postmodern Worldview Film: Second Hand Lions
  39. 39. Pragmatist Worldview Where did we come from? The existence of God and the world are only relevant in so far as they help us better understand our world and create the best outcomes for humanity. What has gone wrong with the world? Because people fail to pursue a purely logical decision making process. we see evil result. Evil is not doing the greatest good for the greatest number.
  40. 40. What can we do to fix things? Concentrate on discovering what best improves the condition of people. Religion is fine when it results in positive outcomes. Naturalism is fine when it brings about scientific and technological developments that benefit people. How now should we live? Use logic that results in discovering ways to maximize the best for the most. Develop our minds so that we can achieve these results. Pragmatist Worldview
  41. 41. Why Discuss Worldview? • 91% of Born-Again Teens Believe in Absolute Truth • 9% of Born-Again Christians Hold to Orthodox Christian Beliefs • Global Economy; Military Entanglements; Religious/Non-Religious Options Available; 1 Billion+ are Non-Religious • It Affects the Way We Live and the Way We Impact Our Culture •We Tend To Take Our Own Solutions For Granted; Live Out Our Commitments In The Practical Arena of Everyday Life •We’re Intuitively Aware of Depth/Meaning To Life
  42. 42. Each Worldview Has Own Internal Logic 1. COHERENCE 2. CORRESPONDENCE TO FACTS 3. COMPREHENSIVENESS 4. APPLICABILITY TO LIFE 5. UNIVERSALITY
  43. 43. The Case For A Christian Worldview KEY: A Christian Worldview Is Not Mere Intellectual Affirmation…Emerges From A Relationship With Christ & Others ORIGIN: From Resurrection Belief APOSTOLIC WITNESS IN N.T.- Church’s Contact With Historical Life of Jesus Christ CHRISTIAN FAITH: Personal Relationship of Trust in Christ; New Way of Life (Kingdom Living: Matt. 5-7); Expanding Insight Into the Mystery of Existence CENTRAL MARK: Commitment To Love All As We Have Been Loved By God
  44. 44. THE CHALLENGE OF JESUS IN A PLURALIST WORLD John 14:6 Jesus answered, "I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
  45. 45. Romans 12:1-2   Therefore, I urge you, brothers, in view of God's mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God—this is your spiritual act of worship. 2 Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God's will is—his good, pleasing and perfect will.
  46. 46. Application of Worldview Lesson 1. Christianity Explains: Human Life and Destiny; Understands Material World; Responds to Deepest Existential Anxieties 2. REALISTIC: Corresponds To The Facts We Now Know About Life and the Universe 3. INTERNALLY COHERENT: Irreducible Explanation of WHY There Is A Universe and Why We Are Who We Are 4. GREATEST CHALLENGE: Problem of Evil 5. COMPREHENSIVE: Incorporates Full Range Of Human Existence and Experience; It’s The Integrating Key to All Knowledge and Experience; True and Fulfilling When Put To The Tests of Life 6. Absolute moral truths exist and are self-evident. We know this because God has placed these truths in our conscience. 7. Counter postmodernism with the statement that there are no absolute truths by pointing out that the statement is an absolute. 8. Point out to pragmatists that their view undercuts basic human value. The Nazis were pragmatists.
  47. 47. BREAK
  48. 48. TIME WITH LEWIS 12:10-12:45 •Most read Xn apologist of the 20th century
  49. 49. TIME WITH LEWIS •STEPS INTO ATHEISM •QUEST FOR TRUE JOY •ENCOUNTER WITH GOD
  50. 50. TIME WITH LEWIS •HIS INTELLECT •ENCOUNTER WITH HOLINESS •ELECTED TO OXFORD IN 1916 •BECOMING A THEIST
  51. 51. TIME WITH LEWIS • LEWIS AS AN APOLOGIST…. 1. Present the Christian faith to unbelievers 2. Defend the Christian faith on behalf of uneducated believers 3. Defend traditional orthodoxy
  52. 52. TIME WITH LEWIS MERE CHRISTIANITY: Book 1 First Point: a universal moral sense, an agreed-upon standard of morality runs throughout the human race There are certain things that people have always regarded as honorable or desirable behaviors
  53. 53. TIME WITH LEWIS MERE CHRISTIANITY: Book 1 In 1943 England, he gave a series of radio addresses focusing on the issues of Christianity. Spoke of the Law Of Nature (objective right/wrong) ROMANS 2:14-15; 3:20 and 23 -When Gentiles who have not the law do by nature what the law requires, they are a law to themselves, even though they do not have the law. They show that what the law requires is written on their hearts, while their conscience also bears witness and their conflicting thoughts accuse or perhaps excuse them . . . . For no human being will be justified in [God’s] sight by works of the law, since through the law comes knowledge of sin . . . All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. (Revised Standard Version)
  54. 54. TIME WITH LEWIS MERE CHRISTIANITY: Book 1 Lectures later published as 3 books and combined into “Mere Christianity” C.S. Lewis proves that "at the center of each there is something, or a Someone, who against all divergences of belief, all differences of temperament, all memories of mutual persecution, speaks with the same voice," rejecting the boundaries that divide Christianity's many denominations.
  55. 55. TIME WITH LEWIS LEWIS REACTION: WHAT DO YOU THINK? What about Lewis’ observations of universal Law of Nature? Do you agree with Lewis when he says that none of us are keeping that Law of Nature? How do you think that Lewis would respond to contemporary moral relativism of today (i.e., that actions are right or wrong insofar as they benefit me and “hurt” no one else)
  56. 56. Workshop 2…Next Week Where did we come from? The Christian view of creation -How Now Shall We Live? – Chapters 5-14 -Mere Christianity – Book Two, Chapters 1-5 -Divide out chapters in Mere Christianity to groups to prepare for leading discussions in next week’s class -Write news article analysis about Creation -Start on worldview interviews and movie papers

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