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Putting Locative Technology
In Its Sense of Place
Glen Farrelly
PhD Student
Faculty of Information
University of Toronto
J...
Overview
1. Research Problem
2. Background
3. Sense of Place Diagram
4. Research Questions
5. Importance of Research
6. Me...
Research Problem
• Mobile locative technology increasing in use
• Its impact upon our relationship to places
not been full...
Background Literature
and
Sense of Place
Diagram
Background
Sense of Place
• An individual’s meanings of a place
Hybrid Space:
• Co-evolution of people, technology, and pl...
Locative Media Definition
Five core components necessary:
1. Geo-positioning technology
2. Internet (or data network) conn...
Formation of Sense of Place
Research Questions
1. What is the nature of relationships people
have to places?
2. How do people use information in formi...
Importance of Research
• Locative media facilitates access to elusive
geographically relevant information
• This can incre...
Methodology
Method
Web-based survey:
• 21 questions: 6 open-ended, 15 close-ended
• Convenience sampling
• Not generalizable; explorat...
Responses
• Seventy eight people completed the survey
• Cross section of ages, education levels,
and residence
• Mobiles d...
Results
Relationship Between People
and Places
Photo by Gaurav Vaidya
Meaningful Place Qualities
Characteristic
Percentage of
Respondents
Past personal experience 79.5%
Physical qualities 76.9...
Information & Sense of Place
• People draw upon different
modalities
• Most used modalities:
word of mouth, print, TV &
fi...
Locative Media & Place
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Find nearby
businesses
Find nearby
events
Find nearby
sites
View
pictures or
vi...
Locative Media Improves
Sense of Place
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Improves knowledge of
place
Aids social connection Improves app...
Conclusion
Key Findings
Re. Sense of Place
• Multifaceted - experiential, social,
affective
• Arises from different modalities
and in...
Design Heuristics
• Allow personal experience to be recorded
privately and publicly
• Offer personalization features
• Con...
More Information
Email: glen.farrelly@utoronto.ca
Portfolio: glenfarrelly.com
Blog: glenfarrelly.blogspot.ca
Putting Locative Technology in its Sense of Place
Putting Locative Technology in its Sense of Place
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Putting Locative Technology in its Sense of Place

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As we interact and learn about places, we bestow meaning on such places, forming the mental concept of a sense of place. Mobile devices and location-based services (LBS), a.k.a. locative media, may alter our everyday relationships of place. This paper reports on an exploratory survey study conducted on the elements that comprise sense of place and the role of (LBS). It was found that sense of place arises from diverse information sources, is multimodal and individualistic. Findings also suggest LBS can improve sense of place by enhancing people’s familiarity, personal engagement, and social connection to place. Respondents also identified barriers to their use of LBS.

Published in: Technology, Education
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Putting Locative Technology in its Sense of Place

  1. 1. Putting Locative Technology In Its Sense of Place Glen Farrelly PhD Student Faculty of Information University of Toronto June June 29, 2013
  2. 2. Overview 1. Research Problem 2. Background 3. Sense of Place Diagram 4. Research Questions 5. Importance of Research 6. Methodology 7. Results 8. Conclusion
  3. 3. Research Problem • Mobile locative technology increasing in use • Its impact upon our relationship to places not been fully understood • Some speculate it contributes to alienation and placelessness
  4. 4. Background Literature and Sense of Place Diagram
  5. 5. Background Sense of Place • An individual’s meanings of a place Hybrid Space: • Co-evolution of people, technology, and place
  6. 6. Locative Media Definition Five core components necessary: 1. Geo-positioning technology 2. Internet (or data network) connectivity 3. Mobile communications and computing 4. Geocoded content 5. Graphical interface and interaction design
  7. 7. Formation of Sense of Place
  8. 8. Research Questions 1. What is the nature of relationships people have to places? 2. How do people use information in forming a sense of place? 3. How do people use mobile devices in relation to place? 4. What is the potential of LM to improve sense of place?
  9. 9. Importance of Research • Locative media facilitates access to elusive geographically relevant information • This can increase familiarity and connection to places thereby improving sense of place • Sense of place is important for identity, sense of belonging, and custodianship
  10. 10. Methodology
  11. 11. Method Web-based survey: • 21 questions: 6 open-ended, 15 close-ended • Convenience sampling • Not generalizable; exploratory 16
  12. 12. Responses • Seventy eight people completed the survey • Cross section of ages, education levels, and residence • Mobiles devices used (in order): smartphone, GPS nav, and tablet 15
  13. 13. Results
  14. 14. Relationship Between People and Places Photo by Gaurav Vaidya
  15. 15. Meaningful Place Qualities Characteristic Percentage of Respondents Past personal experience 79.5% Physical qualities 76.9% Social dimension 75.6% History 65.4% Familial connection 57.7% Cultural significance 57.7% Usefulness 53.8% Spiritual connection 34.6%
  16. 16. Information & Sense of Place • People draw upon different modalities • Most used modalities: word of mouth, print, TV & film, Internet • Mobile applications used for short visits more than long visits * Our world is mediated alreadyPhoto by O. Bendorf
  17. 17. Locative Media & Place 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Find nearby businesses Find nearby events Find nearby sites View pictures or videos of location Read current info of location Read history of location Read local news Read reviews of nearby businesses %ofrespondents
  18. 18. Locative Media Improves Sense of Place 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Improves knowledge of place Aids social connection Improves appreciation of place Fosters sense of belonging to place %ofrespondents
  19. 19. Conclusion
  20. 20. Key Findings Re. Sense of Place • Multifaceted - experiential, social, affective • Arises from different modalities and info sources Re. Locative Media • Educates on aspects of place • Helps connects us to our places Photo By Sacred Land Film Project
  21. 21. Design Heuristics • Allow personal experience to be recorded privately and publicly • Offer personalization features • Consider affect • Draw upon various multimedia formats • Offer different types of information • Ensure content available across many locations
  22. 22. More Information Email: glen.farrelly@utoronto.ca Portfolio: glenfarrelly.com Blog: glenfarrelly.blogspot.ca

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