Successfully reported this slideshow.
Your SlideShare is downloading. ×

Running head POLITICAL INSTABILITY IN BANGLADESH .docx

Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Ad
Running head: POLITICAL INSTABILITY IN BANGLADESH
2
POLITICAL INSTABILITY IN BANGLADESH
2
Political Instability in Banglad...
By the 1700s, the Mughal empire was declined, and Bengal
becomes a semi-independent state, which Siraj ud-Daulah lastly
le...
Its economy has a lot to talk about. Here I will address political
instability.
Political Instability
Political instabilit...
Advertisement
Advertisement

Check these out next

1 of 12 Ad

Running head POLITICAL INSTABILITY IN BANGLADESH .docx

Download to read offline

Running head: POLITICAL INSTABILITY IN BANGLADESH 2

POLITICAL INSTABILITY IN BANGLADESH 2








Political Instability in Bangladesh
Student’s Name:
Institutional Affiliation:

History of Bangladesh
During the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, modern Bangladesh attained its independence from Pakistan. The history of Bangladesh is carefully entwined with the history of India subsequent and that of Bengal. The country's early documented history featured the succession of Buddhist and Hindu kingdoms, and around the 6th to 7th century AD, Islam arrived. Later, the Muslim religious leaders started preaching, and after that construction of mosques. Bengal Sultanate took the leadership of the Bangladesh community since the 14th century. Ahamed, (2013) points out that Bangladesh economic prosperity tremendously increased and, by the same time, declared the wealthiest country to trade with by the Europeans. Subsequently, under the Mughal Empire, it was the most prosperous province where Bengal Subah generated almost half of the empire and about 12% of the world's GDP more significant than the entire GDP of Western Europe.
By the 1700s, the Mughal empire was declined, and Bengal becomes a semi-independent state, which Siraj ud-Daulah lastly led it. Bengal Presidency was established after that as a result of Bengal's contribution to the Industrial Revolution. In August 1947, the border of modern Bangladesh 1991was created with the separation of India and Bengal.

Demography of Bangladesh showing the population of religion
Economic Development
The country of Bangladesh is an agricultural ambitious economy. An overall of about 54% of all residents in Bangladesh country are all directly and indirectly involved in farming. The government has good soil fertility and enough supply of water due to so many rivers within the area, making the nation to harvest about three crops every year. There have been so many reported cases of floods damaging crops around every year, but it has never made it harder for the residents since the production of food crops within the nation has been enough. Labor- intensive is the second sector in the manufacturing industry that is the Ready-made garments industry to be specific, involved both genders in generating the foreign revenue as well as contributing to the GDP of the country. The export of the workforce is the third sector that has signed to the Bangladeshi an economy. A good number of the people of Bangladesh have been able to acquire job opportunities in the market in the nearby countries of the Middle- East, Malaysia, Singapore, etc. The nation strictly observed cultural and religious beliefs that allowed women to stay at their homes, and they were supposed to remain around the compounds to take care of all the activities around them. Men, on the o.

Running head: POLITICAL INSTABILITY IN BANGLADESH 2

POLITICAL INSTABILITY IN BANGLADESH 2








Political Instability in Bangladesh
Student’s Name:
Institutional Affiliation:

History of Bangladesh
During the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, modern Bangladesh attained its independence from Pakistan. The history of Bangladesh is carefully entwined with the history of India subsequent and that of Bengal. The country's early documented history featured the succession of Buddhist and Hindu kingdoms, and around the 6th to 7th century AD, Islam arrived. Later, the Muslim religious leaders started preaching, and after that construction of mosques. Bengal Sultanate took the leadership of the Bangladesh community since the 14th century. Ahamed, (2013) points out that Bangladesh economic prosperity tremendously increased and, by the same time, declared the wealthiest country to trade with by the Europeans. Subsequently, under the Mughal Empire, it was the most prosperous province where Bengal Subah generated almost half of the empire and about 12% of the world's GDP more significant than the entire GDP of Western Europe.
By the 1700s, the Mughal empire was declined, and Bengal becomes a semi-independent state, which Siraj ud-Daulah lastly led it. Bengal Presidency was established after that as a result of Bengal's contribution to the Industrial Revolution. In August 1947, the border of modern Bangladesh 1991was created with the separation of India and Bengal.

Demography of Bangladesh showing the population of religion
Economic Development
The country of Bangladesh is an agricultural ambitious economy. An overall of about 54% of all residents in Bangladesh country are all directly and indirectly involved in farming. The government has good soil fertility and enough supply of water due to so many rivers within the area, making the nation to harvest about three crops every year. There have been so many reported cases of floods damaging crops around every year, but it has never made it harder for the residents since the production of food crops within the nation has been enough. Labor- intensive is the second sector in the manufacturing industry that is the Ready-made garments industry to be specific, involved both genders in generating the foreign revenue as well as contributing to the GDP of the country. The export of the workforce is the third sector that has signed to the Bangladeshi an economy. A good number of the people of Bangladesh have been able to acquire job opportunities in the market in the nearby countries of the Middle- East, Malaysia, Singapore, etc. The nation strictly observed cultural and religious beliefs that allowed women to stay at their homes, and they were supposed to remain around the compounds to take care of all the activities around them. Men, on the o.

Advertisement
Advertisement

More Related Content

More from glendar3 (20)

Recently uploaded (20)

Advertisement

Running head POLITICAL INSTABILITY IN BANGLADESH .docx

  1. 1. Running head: POLITICAL INSTABILITY IN BANGLADESH 2 POLITICAL INSTABILITY IN BANGLADESH 2 Political Instability in Bangladesh Student’s Name: Institutional Affiliation: History of Bangladesh During the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, modern Bangladesh attained its independence from Pakistan. The history of Bangladesh is carefully entwined with the history of India subsequent and that of Bengal. The country's early documented history featured the succession of Buddhist and Hindu kingdoms, and around the 6th to 7th century AD, Islam arrived. Later, the Muslim religious leaders started preaching, and after that construction of mosques. Bengal Sultanate took the leadership of the Bangladesh community since the 14th century. Ahamed, (2013) points out that Bangladesh economic prosperity tremendously increased and, by the same time, declared the wealthiest country to trade with by the Europeans. Subsequently, under the Mughal Empire, it was the most prosperous province where Bengal Subah generated almost half of the empire and about 12% of the world's GDP more significant than the entire GDP of Western Europe.
  2. 2. By the 1700s, the Mughal empire was declined, and Bengal becomes a semi-independent state, which Siraj ud-Daulah lastly led it. Bengal Presidency was established after that as a result of Bengal's contribution to the Industrial Revolution. In August 1947, the border of modern Bangladesh 1991was created with the separation of India and Bengal. Demography of Bangladesh showing the population of religion Economic Development The country of Bangladesh is an agricultural ambitious economy. An overall of about 54% of all residents in Bangladesh country are all directly and indirectly involved in farming. The government has good soil fertility and enough supply of water due to so many rivers within the area, making the nation to harvest about three crops every year. There have been so many reported cases of floods damaging crops around every year, but it has never made it harder for the residents since the production of food crops within the nation has been enough. Labor- intensive is the second sector in the manufacturing industry that is the Ready-made garments industry to be specific, involved both genders in generating the foreign revenue as well as contributing to the GDP of the country. The export of the workforce is the third sector that has signed to the Bangladeshi an economy. A good number of the people of Bangladesh have been able to acquire job opportunities in the market in the nearby countries of the Middle- East, Malaysia, Singapore, etc. The nation strictly observed cultural and religious beliefs that allowed women to stay at their homes, and they were supposed to remain around the compounds to take care of all the activities around them. Men, on the other hand, men as the head of the family were supposed to step out work extra hard and provide for their families (Ganguly,2006). As time went by, and the cost of living was high, women now involved themselves in the labor workforce to try to earn extra to better their lives.
  3. 3. Its economy has a lot to talk about. Here I will address political instability. Political Instability Political instability has increasingly been reported in Bangladesh. The increase in volatility has dramatically affected the education sector, poverty, and economy reduction. Today, the issue of constant political instability in Bangladesh has been the main concern with a lot of questions arising. The first democratic government began like twenty-one years back, and the country is still experiencing democracy. Democracy, scarcity of the essential livelihoods, community harmony among many reasons for the political instability are to the date mentioned to be the leading causes. Incompetence local administration, corruption cases at the government levels, and the political conflicts are the main reasons pulling back the growth of the country to achieve their economic development as it was planned to be. Regardless of the constant efforts and so much money placed on the nation by the global organization and the overseas nations, in line with credits, the countries inhabitants remain on the forefront causes of the development plan in the country. To measure political uncertainty is a laborious exercise, but the World Bank has designed a compound catalog of the same. The above index of the political instability, the following index is well known; 1. Economist Aptitude Unit's political uncertainty guide 2. Unsuccessful public guide of the External Procedure 3. Governance indicators of the World Bank The ranking of Bangladesh according to the above indices are shown below; Exuberant from the lowest
  4. 4. Governance indicators of the World Bank 2008 Unsuccessful public guide of the External Procedure 2009 Economist Aptitude Unit’s political uncertainty guide 2009/10 1. Mogadishu Mogadishu Harare 2. Baghdad Harare N’Djamena 3. Kabul Khartoum Democratic Republic of Congo 4. Phnom Penh N’Djamena Cambodia 5. Khartoum Democratic Republic of Congo Khartoum 6. Democratic Rep of Congo Baghdad
  5. 5. Baghdad 7. Colombo Kabul Yamoussoukro 8. Lagos Central African Republic Port-City-Prince 9. Islamabad Conakry Islamabad 10. N’Djamena Islamabad Lusaka 11. Yamoussoukro Yamoussoukro Kabul 12. Guinea Bissau Port-au-Prince
  6. 6. Central African Republic 13. Sana’a Naypyidaw Pyongyang 14. Kathmandu Nairobi Sucre 15. Addis Ababa Lagos Quito 16. The Central African Republic Addis Ababa Luanda 17. West Bank Sucre Dominican Republic 18. Bogota Kyiv Bangladesh (Total Samples of 177) 19.
  7. 7. Bangladesh (Total Samples of 165) Naypyidaw 20. Harare 21. Bangladesh (Total Samples of 204) Assessment Status of Political Steadiness of Bangladesh The above statistics show that Bangladesh is a politically instability country. Further investigations within the country showed that both the direct and the indirect costs are the main links to the political instability of Bangladesh (Shahzad et.al, 2012). The direct cost comprises of the strike or the Hartal. The word HARTAL is a Hindi word that means Hat markets and the word TAL meaning locked. The closure of the shops was to realize that the market demand was so prevalent in the Indian market in the 187th century. The Hartal brings about loss of production, loss of working hours, increased cases of violence, and massive destruction of
  8. 8. properties. UNDP came up with indicates that from 1991 to 2000, there has been an average loss of 4.5% Gross Domestic Product and in the period of 1995 to 1999, Bangladesh suffered an economic injury of $10 billion as a result of Hartal. Indirect costs on the hand-addressed the lack of confidence by both the local and the foreign investors to invest in Bangladesh. Political instability within the country has created a terrible impression on the investors who seems to be worried and unsure about the investment's opportunity in Bangladesh in the future. The government's good though on the country to contain the Hartal has further brought about the violation of human rights, thus creating a terrible picture of Bangladesh to different investors locally and abroad. Proposed Solution s to Political Instability. Political uncertainty is a significant risk to the entire budget and development of Bangladesh. The issue resulting from mistrust among the residents, corruption, hunger for power, and so much politics in the country is among the significant factors that have resulted in political instability in Bangladesh. When, for instance, we have two major political parties in the country fight for power, there will be so many cases conflicts and violence recorded. According to Ahmed and Pulok (2013) there are three possible ways to end the cases of political instability.
  9. 9. Firstly, both leaders and members of different political parties have confidence in that pollical instability can bring about the execution of their competitors, that is almost unbearable and increased fierceness, realistically, either on the party must be brought to an end altogether. Secondly, there is a need for both parties to the formation of profuse republic, apprehending that neither of the double revelries can do away with each other. The last suggestion to end political instability is the failing of sovereign fidelities that can bring about the hereditary regulation and In the Long run, end political instability. The absolute powers in the Bangladesh government are enjoyed by the Prime Minister, and therefore reducing his/ her skills, and the forces shared with the opposition leaders would bring down the political temperatures. In the present times, Prime Minister power is so significant as compared to the monarch's forces in the past governance. Therefore, by reducing such skills as political parties, chief executives and the judiciary shall reduce the political pressures. Thus, the government needs to set robust lawful actions against all the government officials who, by any means, try to break the rules and are found guilty. The fear as a result of the rules will end up reducing the chances of increased rates of political instability. For an excellent future development, the government of Bangladesh needs to develop a constitution that promotes democracy by giving clear guidance. Both the political culture
  10. 10. and the NGOs can also play a key part in helping trust with the residents (Chawdhury,2016). Civilians also can counsel the government to bring to an end the violations happening thus creating a harmonious environment for everyone and therefore, the growth of the economy. The constitution can also be modified restraining the number of Hartals and bringing to an end political movement, which has dramatically affected the economy by the opposing parties every year. The foreign elements influence the political parties of Bangladesh. Therefore, the international items can move frontward and, in the performance, a key part in dropping the political uncertainty, which can be realized by allowing the political leaders and political parties. The issue of political instability can only be reduced if the government chooses to embrace dialogue. Therefore, the government of Bangladesh should take the opposition into confidence and engage them to solve political issues through thorough discussions. References Ahamed, F. (2013). Background of History of Bangladesh and Ready-made Garment Industry: Key challenges in the RMG Industry. Middle East Journal of Business, 8(1). Ahmed, M. U., & Pulok, M. H. (2013). The role of political stability on economic performance: the case of Bangladesh. Journal of Economic Cooperation &
  11. 11. Development, 34(3), 61. Chawdhury, J. (2016). Political Instability a Major Obstacle to Economic Growth in Bangladesh. Ganguly, S. (2006). The rise of Islamist militancy in Bangladesh (Vol. 171). United States Institute of Peace Shahzad, A., Mithani, D. A., Al-Swidi, A. K., & Fadzil, F. H. (2012). Political stability and the foreign direct investment inflows in Pakistan. British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 9(2), 199-213. Religious Demography of Bangladesh SalesIslam hinduisimother0.90.090.01 Projected Political Uncertainty Catalog in Bangladesh; 1996- 2008 Projected Catalog of Political Uncertainity1996199820002002200320042005200620072008- 0.8-0.52-0.6-0.85-1.08-1.1399999999999999-1.61-1.39-1.4- 1.54Column11996199820002002200320042005200620072008C olumn21996199820002002200320042005200620072008
  12. 12. The Hartals Figures from 1971 to 2000 Average Figure Of Hartal1971-19741975-19861987-19901991- 19941995-19981999- 200012.114.181.572.09999999999999493.1110.7Column11971- 19741975-19861987-19901991-19941995-19981999- 2000Column21971-19741975-19861987-19901991-19941995- 19981999-2000

×