Unit 1, Renaissance


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  • Unit 1, Renaissance

    1. 1. Renaissance Big Idea: Change
    2. 2. Big Idea: Change Essential Question <ul><li>Copy this Down on a new piece of paper </li></ul><ul><li>1) The Middle Ages was a very harsh time and many people refer to it as the “Dark Ages.” What do you think? Was it “Dark?” (not the color) Was the Renaissance a reaction to the Middle Ages? Why or why not? Are we in a “dark age” or “renaissance” today? Explain your answer by providing examples. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Big Idea: Change Essential Question <ul><li>2) Renaissance means rebirth. Was the Renaissance a time of rebirth? Why? Can you think of any other instances where the world has undergone a rebirth? What do you consider to be a rebirth? Explain your answer by providing examples. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Big Idea: Change Essential Question <ul><li>3) Machiavelli, Shakespeare, Michelangelo and Da Vinci were just a few people who made significant contributions during the Renaissance. What was the most significant contribution made by each one of these famous men? Why do you feel that way? Explain. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Big Idea: Change Essential Question <ul><li>4) A more secular worldview was a large part of the Renaissance. Which ‘ism is similar to you? Why do you feel that way? Explain your answer by providing examples. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Big Idea: Change Essential Question <ul><li>5) Many changes came about during the Renaissance. What was the most important change to come about during the Renaissance? Why? Explain your answer thoroughly. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Essential Questions <ul><li>No new Essential Question, work on your essential questions, they are due on Friday!! </li></ul>
    8. 8. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>How did we get to the Renaissance? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Middle Ages (Dark Ages) </li></ul><ul><li>When: fall of W. Roman Empire to the Renaissance (476 AD – 1300’s AD) </li></ul><ul><li>Where: Throughout Europe, Asia and Africa </li></ul><ul><li>What: A variety of things because it was 900 years </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    9. 9. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>- Dark Ages: “the light of learning” had gone out </li></ul><ul><li>- Economy became more agricultural </li></ul><ul><li>- Feudalism developed </li></ul><ul><li>What is feudalism? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we have anything similar? </li></ul>
    10. 10. Higher Lords
    11. 11. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>- Roman Catholic Church was very powerful </li></ul><ul><li>- Many groups started to migrate to Europe </li></ul><ul><li>- The Crusades </li></ul><ul><li>What were these? </li></ul><ul><li>What caused them? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the results? </li></ul>
    12. 12. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>- Black death (1300’s) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ring Around the Rosies” </li></ul><ul><li>Could this happen today? </li></ul><ul><li>Summarize the Middle Ages </li></ul>
    13. 13. Europe in 476 A.D.
    14. 14. Europe in 1360 A.D.
    15. 15. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>II. Renaissance Basics </li></ul><ul><li>A. When? </li></ul><ul><li>- approximately 1300 – 1600 </li></ul><ul><li>B. Where and Who? </li></ul><ul><li>- began in Florence, Italy and spread throughout Europe </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    16. 16. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>C. What? </li></ul><ul><li>- a rebirth that emphasized Greek and Roman culture and learning </li></ul><ul><li>What do you consider a rebirth? </li></ul>
    17. 17. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>III. Secular Worldview </li></ul><ul><li>A. What is Secular? </li></ul><ul><li>- Things not regarded as religious or spiritual (worldly) </li></ul><ul><li>What are some examples of a secular viewpoint today? </li></ul>
    18. 18. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>B. A new concept of the World </li></ul><ul><li>- Secularism: life on earth is more important than the afterlife </li></ul><ul><li>1) Live for the now and forget about later </li></ul><ul><li>2) People challenged the church </li></ul>
    19. 19. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>- Skepticism: questioning tradition and authority, “Why?” </li></ul><ul><li>C. People were important </li></ul><ul><li>- During the Middle Ages, people were thought of as false, flawed and corrupt </li></ul>
    20. 20. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>- Humanism: Humans are the center of the universe, humans can do anything </li></ul><ul><li>- Individualism: very important to be yourself </li></ul>
    21. 21. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>&quot;Ism's&quot; were very popular during this time. Do we have any type of &quot;ism's&quot; today? (They don’t necessarily have to end with “ism.”) Explain your answer. </li></ul><ul><li>(Show us your “ism”) </li></ul>
    22. 22. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>D. Renaissance Man </li></ul><ul><li>- Everybody had a responsibility to become as perfect as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>- The ideal individual tried to master everything (art, music, poetry, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>- Who is a Renaissance Man today? What qualities make a Renaissance Man today? </li></ul>
    23. 23. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>Comparing Medieval and Renaissance Art </li></ul><ul><li>What is the subject matter of the painting? </li></ul><ul><li>What colors are used? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you determine about the size of the figures in the paintings? </li></ul><ul><li>How realistic is the painting? Consider the pose. </li></ul><ul><li>What symbols are used? What messages do these symbols convey? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you determine from these paintings what may have been important in the lives of the painters/public? </li></ul>
    24. 24. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>Compare and Contrast Medieval and Renaissance Art </li></ul><ul><li>- How are they different? </li></ul><ul><li>- How are they the same? </li></ul>
    25. 25. <ul><li>Medieval Art </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on Religious Art </li></ul><ul><li>Lacks perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Appears flat </li></ul><ul><li>Little use of light and shadow </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t look natural, appears “placed” in the picture </li></ul><ul><li>Children look like small adults </li></ul><ul><li>Colors are more subdued </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy use of gold </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols of the church are found in these paintings </li></ul>
    26. 26. <ul><li>Renaissance Art </li></ul><ul><li>Artists became known for individual style and imagination </li></ul><ul><li>Figures were drawn from nature and were based on observation of the real world </li></ul><ul><li>Colors are rich, warm and glowing </li></ul><ul><li>Use of perspective, light and shadow, proportion, anatomically correct physiology and emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Less emphasis on religion </li></ul><ul><li>Use of classical topics/stories depicted in paintings </li></ul>
    27. 27. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>Art innovation </li></ul><ul><li>A. Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>- Making a two-dimensional painting look three-dimensional </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    28. 28. <ul><li>Jan van Eyck </li></ul><ul><li>The Arnolfini </li></ul><ul><li>Wedding </li></ul><ul><li>- Notice how it </li></ul><ul><li>looks 3-D, that’s </li></ul><ul><li>perspective </li></ul>
    29. 29. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>B. Secular paintings </li></ul><ul><li>- Up until this point paintings were religious </li></ul><ul><li>Why would they change? </li></ul><ul><li>Does art reflect society? How? </li></ul>
    30. 30. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>V. Renaissance Men </li></ul><ul><li>A. William Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>- One of, if not the, greatest playwright of all time </li></ul><ul><li>- Macbeth, Romeo & Juliet, Hamlet, Julius Caesar </li></ul><ul><li>Why write about the assassination of Julius Caesar? </li></ul>
    31. 31. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>B. Michelangelo </li></ul><ul><li>- painter, sculptor, architect, engineer and poet (Renaissance Man?) </li></ul><ul><li>- sculptures: the David and the Pieta </li></ul><ul><li>- paintings: Sistine Chapel </li></ul>
    32. 32. <ul><li>Michelangelo’s </li></ul><ul><li>Pieta </li></ul>
    33. 33. <ul><li>Michelangelo’s David </li></ul><ul><li>Rated PG </li></ul>
    34. 35. <ul><li>The Last </li></ul><ul><li>Judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Sistine </li></ul><ul><li>Chapel </li></ul><ul><li>The Second </li></ul><ul><li>coming of </li></ul><ul><li>Christ </li></ul>
    35. 36. <ul><li>Scenes from </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis </li></ul><ul><li>- Creation </li></ul>
    36. 37. Big Idea: Change <ul><li> C. Leonardo da Vinci </li></ul><ul><li>- scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, painter, sculptor, architect, musician and writer </li></ul><ul><li>- had ideas for a helicopter, a tank, solar power and a calculator </li></ul>
    37. 38. <ul><li>da Vinci’s </li></ul><ul><li>Mona Lisa </li></ul><ul><li>Happy or sad? </li></ul>
    38. 39. <ul><li>da Vinci’s </li></ul><ul><li>The Last Supper </li></ul>
    39. 40. <ul><li>da Vinci’s helicopter </li></ul>
    40. 41. <ul><li>da Vinci’s tank </li></ul>
    41. 42. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>Niccolo Machiavelli </li></ul><ul><li>- political philosopher, poet and musician </li></ul><ul><li>- Main work entitled The Prince </li></ul><ul><li>1) described how a ruler can keep control of his empire </li></ul>
    42. 43. Big Idea: Change <ul><li>Renaissance Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>A. Architectural style went back to Ancient Roman style </li></ul><ul><li>B. Symmetry, proportion, order </li></ul>
    43. 44. St. Peter’s Basilica
    44. 45. Renaissance Bingo <ul><li>Humanistic </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Serfs </li></ul><ul><li>King </li></ul><ul><li>Crusades </li></ul><ul><li>Ring Around the Rosie </li></ul><ul><li>Black Death </li></ul><ul><li>Rebirth </li></ul>
    45. 46. Renaissance Bingo <ul><li>Greek and Roman </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures looked natural </li></ul><ul><li>The Globe </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabethan </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion and symmetry </li></ul><ul><li>How a ruler can keep his/her empire </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul>
    46. 47. Renaissance Bingo <ul><li>Secular </li></ul><ul><li>Humanism </li></ul><ul><li>Skepticism </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance man </li></ul><ul><li>Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Secularism </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance </li></ul>
    47. 48. Renaissance Bingo <ul><li>Machiavelli </li></ul><ul><li>Michelangelo </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>Da Vinci </li></ul><ul><li>Raphael </li></ul>