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Russian Revolution (2009-2010)


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A brief presentation over the causes of the Russian Revolution.

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Russian Revolution (2009-2010)

  1. 1. Causes of the Russian Revolution A summary…
  2. 2. Why Revolt? (1881 – 1917) <ul><li>Tsar Alexander III and Tsar Nicholas II oppressed the people (autocracy – power rests with a single self-appointed ruler) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Censorship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secret police watched schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian was the official language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persecuted Jews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor working conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gap between the rich and poor </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Economy exploding <ul><li>Number of factories doubled between 1863 and 1900 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low wages, poor working conditions, child labor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fourth in steel production </li></ul><ul><li>Trans-Siberian Railway – world’s longest continuous rail </li></ul>
  4. 4. Revolutionaries grow (Early 1900’s) <ul><li>Marxists (Karl Marx – Communist Manifesto) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The workers would rule and everyone would be equal (Communism) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State controls the production & distribution of goods and social classes </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Revolutionaries grow (Early 1900’s) <ul><ul><li>Bolshevik group was formed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Willing to sacrifice everything for change </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leader was Vladimir Lenin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Left Russia so he wasn’t arrested </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The or <ul><li>Russo-Japanese War (Feb. 1904) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia broke a treaty, which led to war with Japan, which Russia lost, which made people angry </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. More <ul><li>Bloody Sunday (Jan. 1905) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>200,000 people went to the Tsar’s palace with a petition for better working conditions, freedom and a legislature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soldiers fired on the crowd killing between 500 and 1,000 people </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. More <ul><ul><li>Result: Duma (legislature) created </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t have any real power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>World War I </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany was dominating, Russia couldn’t keep up (food & fuel) and people got  </li></ul></ul>