Gilded Egg Gilded Age 1850-1920 Is it all about the Benjamins ($)? Big Idea:  Bittersweet
<ul><li>Business was changing during the Gilded Age. </li></ul><ul><li>- Compare the &quot;Robber Barons“ or “Captains of ...
<ul><li>2) Poverty was a part of life and the Gospel of Wealth and Social Darwinism tried to explain it.  </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Bittersweet is the BIG IDEA for the Gilded Age. </li></ul><ul><li>Why does the word Bittersweet fit the Gilded Age...
<ul><li>People started to stand up for themselves during the Gilded Age. </li></ul><ul><li>- Can you predict the outcome i...
Greed is Good <ul><li>Is what he talks about true?  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is greed good? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why or...
<ul><li>Transforming America </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean? </li></ul><ul><li>I.  Industry </li></ul><ul><li>1)  R...
Unites the U.S.
 
<ul><li>2)  Steel </li></ul><ul><li>- Lots of resources </li></ul><ul><li>- Quick steel  </li></ul><ul><li>making process ...
 
<ul><li>3)  Oil </li></ul><ul><li>- Drilling for oil was </li></ul><ul><li>easier and it was  </li></ul><ul><li>becoming a...
 
 
 
<ul><li>- Cornelius William Vanderbilt </li></ul><ul><li>- Andrew Carnegie </li></ul><ul><li>- John D. Rockefeller </li></...
<ul><li>It’s OK to be a Robber Baron. </li></ul><ul><li>Robber Barons are good for society. </li></ul>
 
<ul><li>2)  1859 – 1899 (U.S.) </li></ul><ul><li>- Manufactured product value up 622%  </li></ul><ul><li>a) $1.8 billion -...
Different business trustees Bob’s Oil Jen’s Oil Spike’s Oil Anna’s Oil Stocks Money Business owners
<ul><li>Are these businesses competing against each other? </li></ul><ul><li>What is going to happen? </li></ul><ul><li>Wh...
<ul><li>- Vertical Integration </li></ul><ul><li>a) the process of buying out suppliers and distributors </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Show some examples of vertical integration and horizontal integration. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagram, act out, som...
<ul><li>4)  Gospel of Wealth </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re rich what do you do with all the money? </li></ul><ul><li>- Make ...
<ul><li>5)  Social Darwinism  </li></ul><ul><li>- Reading, Notes over the reading </li></ul><ul><li>- Definition </li></ul...
<ul><li>6)  Government Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think? </li></ul><ul><li>How much should the gov’t be inv...
<ul><li>- Sherman Anti-Trust Act </li></ul><ul><li>a)  No more trusts (monopolies)  </li></ul><ul><li>- Federal Trade Comm...
<ul><li>Labor movement  </li></ul><ul><li>1)  Workers weren’t exactly treated well </li></ul><ul><li>- Used the working cl...
Work Wages Jobs Children Start at age 10 30% of what men make Factories  Newsies Unskilled  labor Women All women work 50%...
<ul><li>What does immigration have to do with this? </li></ul><ul><li>Likert Scale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration helpe...
Little girl who had forgotten how old she was.
Furman Owens, 12 years old. Can't read. Doesn't know his A,B,C's. Said, &quot;Yes I want to learn but can't when I work al...
 
What is the message of this cartoon? How does it fit today?
<ul><li>2)  “We’re Not Gonna Take It!!” </li></ul><ul><li>- Workers decided they had rights </li></ul><ul><li>- Labor unio...
<ul><li>What/Who are these? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>strikes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samuel Gompers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
What to do? <ul><li>- Reword the song </li></ul><ul><li>- Draw a picture that represents the song </li></ul><ul><li>- Writ...
<ul><li>Students will be divided into groups:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(1) lower class workers requesting higher wages  </li...
<ul><li>Populist Movement </li></ul><ul><li>- Farmers weren’t happy </li></ul><ul><li>- Wages were high and imports were e...
<ul><li>shamrag.blogspot.com/.../last-day-of-year.html   </li></ul><ul><li>www.yousephtanha.com/blog/category/transformers...
<ul><li>http://www.j-bradford-delong.net/Econ_Articles/carnegie/delong_moscow_paper2.html </li></ul>
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Gilded Age

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Simple Gilded Age presentation I used with my U.S. History class. I tried to give credit where credit was due.

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  • a) multiple companies in-trust their stocks to a board of trustees. Companies would receive dividends of profits
  • In time, many wealthy American businessmen, inspired by biologist Charles Darwin’s new theories of natural selection, began to believe that they had become rich because they were literally superior human beings compared to the poorer classes. The wealthy applied Darwin’s idea of “survival of the fittest” to society; in the words of one Social Darwinist, as they became known, “The millionaires are the product of natural selection.” Pious plutocrats preached the “Gospel of Wealth,” which was similar to Social Darwinism but explained a person’s great riches as a gift from God
  • Social Darwinism: a theory in sociology that individuals or groups achieve advantage over others as the result of genetic or biological superiority
  • Governments main job was to deliver the mail, maintain a national military, collect taxes and tariffs and conduct foreign policy.
  • To understand exactly what is meant by &amp;quot;free coinage of silver&amp;quot;, it is necessary to understand the way mints operated in the days of the gold standard . Essentially, anyone who possessed uncoined gold, such as successful prospectors, or assayers or refiners to whom they had sold their holdings, could deposit it at one of the U.S. Mints, where it would be made into gold coins.The coins would then be given to the depositor, less a small deduction for processing and funding Mint operations.Possibly in most cases the depositor would not receive coins made of the actual gold he had deposited, but would receive his due compensation in coins the mint already had ready. Free silver advocates wanted silver to be accepted by the mints in the same way: if a person deposited enough silver, by weight, to manufacture a silver dollar, then the mint should pay out a silver dollar to that person.
  • Gilded Age

    1. 1. Gilded Egg Gilded Age 1850-1920 Is it all about the Benjamins ($)? Big Idea: Bittersweet
    2. 2. <ul><li>Business was changing during the Gilded Age. </li></ul><ul><li>- Compare the &quot;Robber Barons“ or “Captains of Industry” to business people today. </li></ul><ul><li>- Were these people “Robber Barons” or &quot;Captains of Industry&quot; or would you call them something else? </li></ul><ul><li>- Explain your answer. Be specific. </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>2) Poverty was a part of life and the Gospel of Wealth and Social Darwinism tried to explain it. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you believe that people's attitudes toward the poor have changed or remained the same? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>Are these beliefs true in your opinion? </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to provide examples & be specific. </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Bittersweet is the BIG IDEA for the Gilded Age. </li></ul><ul><li>Why does the word Bittersweet fit the Gilded Age? </li></ul><ul><li>If you could give the Gilded Age a theme other than Bittersweet, what would you call it? </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to provide examples and BE SPECIFIC. </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>People started to stand up for themselves during the Gilded Age. </li></ul><ul><li>- Can you predict the outcome if people didn’t start to stand up for themselves? </li></ul><ul><li>- Should labor unions play as big a part today as they did back then? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>- Explain and BE SPECIFIC </li></ul>
    6. 6. Greed is Good <ul><li>Is what he talks about true? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is greed good? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why or why not? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What are the goals of his corporation? </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Transforming America </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean? </li></ul><ul><li>I. Industry </li></ul><ul><li>1) Railroads </li></ul><ul><li>- 1890 : Were making twice as much as the government </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    8. 8. Unites the U.S.
    9. 10. <ul><li>2) Steel </li></ul><ul><li>- Lots of resources </li></ul><ul><li>- Quick steel </li></ul><ul><li>making process </li></ul><ul><li>was invented making steel cheaper to produce </li></ul>
    10. 12. <ul><li>3) Oil </li></ul><ul><li>- Drilling for oil was </li></ul><ul><li>easier and it was </li></ul><ul><li>becoming a useful product </li></ul><ul><li>How would these industries change the U.S.? Ex. of each </li></ul><ul><li>How have these impacted your life? </li></ul><ul><li>II. Big Business </li></ul><ul><li>1) “Robber Barons” or </li></ul><ul><li> “ Captains of Industry” </li></ul>
    11. 16. <ul><li>- Cornelius William Vanderbilt </li></ul><ul><li>- Andrew Carnegie </li></ul><ul><li>- John D. Rockefeller </li></ul><ul><li>“ Captain of Industry” or </li></ul><ul><li>“ Robber Baron” Why? </li></ul>
    12. 17. <ul><li>It’s OK to be a Robber Baron. </li></ul><ul><li>Robber Barons are good for society. </li></ul>
    13. 19. <ul><li>2) 1859 – 1899 (U.S.) </li></ul><ul><li>- Manufactured product value up 622% </li></ul><ul><li>a) $1.8 billion - $13 billion </li></ul><ul><li>3) Who do you trust? </li></ul><ul><li>- What is a trust? </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    14. 20. Different business trustees Bob’s Oil Jen’s Oil Spike’s Oil Anna’s Oil Stocks Money Business owners
    15. 21. <ul><li>Are these businesses competing against each other? </li></ul><ul><li>What is going to happen? </li></ul><ul><li>Why might/should this be illegal? </li></ul>
    16. 22. <ul><li>- Vertical Integration </li></ul><ul><li>a) the process of buying out suppliers and distributors </li></ul><ul><li>ex. Buying a tire factory because we make cars </li></ul><ul><li>- Horizontal Integration </li></ul><ul><li>a) the process of buying out competitors </li></ul><ul><li>ex. A hot dog vender who starts selling hamburgers </li></ul>
    17. 23. <ul><li>Show some examples of vertical integration and horizontal integration. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagram, act out, something!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are some examples in the world today? </li></ul></ul>
    18. 24. <ul><li>4) Gospel of Wealth </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re rich what do you do with all the money? </li></ul><ul><li>- Make sure the money is put to good use </li></ul><ul><li>- The rich are superior humans, God gave the rich the money </li></ul><ul><li>Can the poor have the money? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>- The poor make poor decisions and therefore shouldn’t have the </li></ul><ul><li>money </li></ul>
    19. 25. <ul><li>5) Social Darwinism </li></ul><ul><li>- Reading, Notes over the reading </li></ul><ul><li>- Definition </li></ul><ul><li>How is the Gospel of Wealth similar to Social Darwinism? </li></ul>
    20. 26. <ul><li>6) Government Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think? </li></ul><ul><li>How much should the gov’t be involved in the economy? </li></ul><ul><li>- Laissez-faire – “let do” </li></ul><ul><li> gov’t not involved </li></ul><ul><li>- People wanted the gov’t to fix economic and societal problems </li></ul>
    21. 27. <ul><li>- Sherman Anti-Trust Act </li></ul><ul><li>a) No more trusts (monopolies) </li></ul><ul><li>- Federal Trade Commission </li></ul><ul><li>a) Keep business competition free and fair </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    22. 28. <ul><li>Labor movement </li></ul><ul><li>1) Workers weren’t exactly treated well </li></ul><ul><li>- Used the working class </li></ul><ul><li>- Eliminated competition, supply went down </li></ul><ul><li>- Cheap labor ($8-12/week) </li></ul><ul><li>- 12-14 hour days, 6-7 days/week </li></ul><ul><li>- Accidents were plentiful </li></ul>
    23. 29. Work Wages Jobs Children Start at age 10 30% of what men make Factories Newsies Unskilled labor Women All women work 50% of what men make Factories
    24. 30. <ul><li>What does immigration have to do with this? </li></ul><ul><li>Likert Scale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration helped this country. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration could help our country now. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers are treated better today. </li></ul></ul>
    25. 31. Little girl who had forgotten how old she was.
    26. 32. Furman Owens, 12 years old. Can't read. Doesn't know his A,B,C's. Said, &quot;Yes I want to learn but can't when I work all the time.&quot; Been in the mills 4 years, 3 years in the Olympia Mill. Columbia, S.C.
    27. 34. What is the message of this cartoon? How does it fit today?
    28. 35. <ul><li>2) “We’re Not Gonna Take It!!” </li></ul><ul><li>- Workers decided they had rights </li></ul><ul><li>- Labor unions are an organization of workers who want to improve status </li></ul>
    29. 36. <ul><li>What/Who are these? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>strikes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samuel Gompers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Haymarket </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mother Jones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial Workers of the World </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eugene Debs </li></ul></ul>
    30. 37. What to do? <ul><li>- Reword the song </li></ul><ul><li>- Draw a picture that represents the song </li></ul><ul><li>- Write a paragraph about how the song represents this period </li></ul>
    31. 38. <ul><li>Students will be divided into groups: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(1) lower class workers requesting higher wages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(2) barons of industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(3) a group of concerned citizens that feel threatened by immigrants coming into American. </li></ul></ul>
    32. 39. <ul><li>Populist Movement </li></ul><ul><li>- Farmers weren’t happy </li></ul><ul><li>- Wages were high and imports were expensive </li></ul><ul><li>- Formed the Populist party </li></ul><ul><li>a) Wanted gov’t ownership of all railroads </li></ul><ul><li>b) Election reform </li></ul><ul><li>c) Free silver </li></ul>
    33. 40. <ul><li>shamrag.blogspot.com/.../last-day-of-year.html </li></ul><ul><li>www.yousephtanha.com/blog/category/transformers/ </li></ul><ul><li>www.simpsonstrivia.com.ar/superman-picture.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://amhist.ist.unomaha.edu/module_files/Iron,%20Steel%20and%20Coal%20Production.bmp </li></ul>
    34. 41. <ul><li>http://www.j-bradford-delong.net/Econ_Articles/carnegie/delong_moscow_paper2.html </li></ul>

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