Coming OUT Is Hard To Do ! 2007 ACPA/NASPA JOINT MEETING ORLANDO, FL Gregory J. Victory, MS, GCDF,  Syracuse University
Setting the Tone <ul><li>Define the norms for our discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of our time together </li></ul><ul...
Join Me On the Journey <ul><li>On the six cards that have been handed out to you, please write a word, phrase, or name tha...
It’s More Than A Theory! <ul><li>Limitations of of LGBT Sexual Identity Theories </li></ul><ul><li>Created from research o...
It’s More Than A Theory! <ul><li>Several Theories </li></ul><ul><li>Cass (1979):  6 stage model of development </li></ul><...
It’s More Than A Theory! <ul><li>Fassinger (1996) Model of Sexual Identity </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusive multi-faceted model...
Factor’s That Influence  Career-Decision Making <ul><li>Effect of Oppression </li></ul><ul><li>Limited exposure to Role Mo...
LGBT Case Studies Locate the individuals in the room that have the same color handout as you.  Your group will have 15 min...
Common Student Misperceptions <ul><li>Students often offer subtle insights into the stage/phase of their identity developm...
Common Student Misperceptions <ul><li>“ My personal life is separate from my work life and therefore irrelevant.  The work...
Common Student Misperceptions <ul><li>“ I wouldn’t work for an organization where I had to hide my orientation or where I ...
Common Student Misperceptions <ul><li>“ It isn’t safe to go to the Career Center” </li></ul><ul><li>Cynicism of students b...
Environmental Heterosexism <ul><li>Proposed Levels of Work Environment Heterosexism </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1-Overt Discri...
Gay Issues in the Workplace <ul><li>Environmental Factors-Heterosexism </li></ul><ul><li>Fear Levels/Not Safe </li></ul><u...
Career Counseling Strategies <ul><li>Affirming Attitudes and Behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Assumptions/Overcompensate </li><...
Best Practices <ul><li>What are the struggles you face on your campus? </li></ul><ul><li>What innovative programs or appro...
What Else??? Questions? Concerns?
Thank You! <ul><li>Gregory J. Victory, MS, GCDF </li></ul><ul><li>Associate Director, Campus and Employer Engagement </li>...
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Sexual Identity and the Job Search: Necessary Considerations

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A presentation from the 2007 ACPA Conference on necessary considerations for LGBT Students in the job search process. Primary audience college level career professionals

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Sexual Identity and the Job Search: Necessary Considerations

  1. 1. Coming OUT Is Hard To Do ! 2007 ACPA/NASPA JOINT MEETING ORLANDO, FL Gregory J. Victory, MS, GCDF, Syracuse University
  2. 2. Setting the Tone <ul><li>Define the norms for our discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of our time together </li></ul><ul><li>What Do We Think? </li></ul><ul><li>Sit back, relax and join us on a journey to what it might be like to have grown up as an LGBT youth. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Join Me On the Journey <ul><li>On the six cards that have been handed out to you, please write a word, phrase, or name that best fits the category: </li></ul><ul><li>A person from your childhood with who you shared secrets </li></ul><ul><li>The name of your best friend in grade school </li></ul><ul><li>A small valued material possession from junior high that you used to keep in your locker </li></ul><ul><li>Your favorite place </li></ul><ul><li>A person who is close to you </li></ul><ul><li>A goal or dream </li></ul>
  4. 4. It’s More Than A Theory! <ul><li>Limitations of of LGBT Sexual Identity Theories </li></ul><ul><li>Created from research on men </li></ul><ul><li>Social and Political Forces of 1970’s </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Empirical Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Do not consider race </li></ul><ul><li>Not able to be replicated or generalized </li></ul>
  5. 5. It’s More Than A Theory! <ul><li>Several Theories </li></ul><ul><li>Cass (1979): 6 stage model of development </li></ul><ul><li>Movement in self perception from heterosexual to homosexual </li></ul><ul><li>Savin-Williams (1990): 8 Stage Model </li></ul><ul><li>challenges (trajectories) reflect identity development which is tied to specific cognitive responses at turning points </li></ul><ul><li>D’Augelli (1994): Life Span Model, 6 interactive processes </li></ul><ul><li>Based on social constructionist view of sexual orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Rhoads (1994) : Ethnic, Cultural Identity </li></ul><ul><li>Not sequential or progressive, encourages the development of a community of difference by including diverse members and at the same time advancing a common sense of identity </li></ul>
  6. 6. It’s More Than A Theory! <ul><li>Fassinger (1996) Model of Sexual Identity </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusive multi-faceted model </li></ul><ul><li>Dual aspects of individual and group identity </li></ul><ul><li>Four stages: </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness, Exploration, Deepening Commitment, and Internalization/Synthesis </li></ul><ul><li>Why this model? </li></ul><ul><li>Mirrors the process students go through each time that they enter a new environment…college, your office, an internship, graduate school, each new job . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Factor’s That Influence Career-Decision Making <ul><li>Effect of Oppression </li></ul><ul><li>Limited exposure to Role Models </li></ul><ul><li>Student’s Own Internalized Homophobia </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Esteem/Self-Efficacy Issues </li></ul>
  8. 8. LGBT Case Studies Locate the individuals in the room that have the same color handout as you. Your group will have 15 minutes to read the case study, and develop suggestions and strategies. Select one person to be the spokesperson. That individual will report back to the group.
  9. 9. Common Student Misperceptions <ul><li>Students often offer subtle insights into the stage/phase of their identity development. </li></ul><ul><li>Listen closely to what you hear them saying, and respond accordingly </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Straight people don’t have to talk about their sexuality why should I? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you have a gay counselor on staff? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should I come out on my resume? </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Common Student Misperceptions <ul><li>“ My personal life is separate from my work life and therefore irrelevant. The work place is not a social environment…” </li></ul><ul><li>Help students understand that work is a social environment </li></ul><ul><li>Small talk is all about our “personal lives” </li></ul><ul><li>Switching pronouns is stressful and tiring </li></ul><ul><li>Heterosexuality is affirmed every day… </li></ul>
  11. 11. Common Student Misperceptions <ul><li>“ I wouldn’t work for an organization where I had to hide my orientation or where I was not welcome.” </li></ul><ul><li>Help students conduct research on corporate culture, nondiscrimination policies, domestic partner benefits, etc. ( www.gfn.com , www.hrc.org ) </li></ul><ul><li>Students need to network and do informational interviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the campus LGBT group, and LGBT alumni group, Gayellow pages, or local Gay publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage them to call human resource dept’s of companies they are considering </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Common Student Misperceptions <ul><li>“ It isn’t safe to go to the Career Center” </li></ul><ul><li>Cynicism of students because of perceived lack of support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish a strong liaison relationship with LGBT student group or center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be sensitive to LGBT issues, and incorporate them in all diversity programming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain confidentiality </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Environmental Heterosexism <ul><li>Proposed Levels of Work Environment Heterosexism </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1-Overt Discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2-Covert Discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Level 3-Tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Level 4-Affirmation </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Toward a Conceptualization of Career Counseling with GLB Persons, Chojnakci & Gelberg, Journal of Career Development, Vol. 21 (1), Fall 1994 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Gay Issues in the Workplace <ul><li>Environmental Factors-Heterosexism </li></ul><ul><li>Fear Levels/Not Safe </li></ul><ul><li>LGBT Support Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Discrimination Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of AIDS In The Workplace </li></ul>
  15. 15. Career Counseling Strategies <ul><li>Affirming Attitudes and Behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Assumptions/Overcompensate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizational Climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Heterosexist Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Navigating the Search Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To Be Out or not to be Out </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Be prepared if LGBT person comes out </li></ul><ul><li>Become An Ally! </li></ul>
  16. 16. Best Practices <ul><li>What are the struggles you face on your campus? </li></ul><ul><li>What innovative programs or approaches have you implemented? </li></ul><ul><li>What resources do you need to make this happen at your college or university? </li></ul>
  17. 17. What Else??? Questions? Concerns?
  18. 18. Thank You! <ul><li>Gregory J. Victory, MS, GCDF </li></ul><ul><li>Associate Director, Campus and Employer Engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Center for Career Services </li></ul><ul><li>235 Schine Student Center </li></ul><ul><li>Syracuse University </li></ul><ul><li>315-443-3616 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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