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# HLABC Statistics Bootcamp 2013

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Making sense of statistics at the reference desk.

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### HLABC Statistics Bootcamp 2013

1. 1. MAKING SENSE OF STATISTICS AT THE REFERENCE DESK Write down a statistical question that you’d like help answering
2. 2. MAKING SENSE OF STATISTICS AT THE REFERENCE DESK ANDREA CAMERON CARLA GRAEBNER SYLVIA ROBERTS Health Libraries Association of BC June, 2013
3. 3. SESSION GOALS: Increase confidence and understanding in answering statistical queries Learn the difference between data and stats Share in effective strategies and tools to find the right source Key (and free) Canadian and international statistical sources Answer actual stats questions!!!
4. 4. STATISTICAL TRIVIA Highest alcohol consumption per capita: Spain, Estonia or Canada? Estonia! (OECD factbook) Do more Canadians have cats or dogs as pets? Cats! (WSPA report) How much has the value of the gluten-free retail market increased in Canada between 2011 and 2012? 2%? 5%? 10%? 10%! (Agri-foods Canada) More people have a mobile phone than a toothbrush: True or False? TRUE! (although difficult to verify) (MMA)
5. 5. DATA VS STATISTICS
6. 6. DATA •Facts or figures* from which conclusions can be drawn •Numeric files created and organized – for analysis, or to create a new table –require processing •Includes geographic data –(to make maps)
7. 7. STATISTICS Statistics are processed data, or data that have been analyzed in some way Generally used to support an argument or position in a study or report Presentation ready
8. 8. DATA OR STATISTICS? STATISTICS OR DATA? RAW OR COOKED?
9. 9. GBD HEATMAP How do different health challenges rank across countries? Rank and compare causes and risks in different countries based on deaths, YLLs, YLDs, and DALYs by age group and sex.
10. 10. CANSIM Updated continuously Free / Fee based Access via Statistics Canada Website* or licensed through CHASS @ the University of Toronto Data statistics, no analysis
11. 11. JURISDICTIONS AND DIMENSIONS
12. 12. THE BUILDING BLOCKS Basic methods for gathering statistics: Census: Census of Canada Survey: Canadian Community Health Survey; Twenty Years of Student Sexual Behavior (2004) Administrative data: Vital Statistics-Birth Database; Image credit: jassijava bricks on flickr
13. 13. CAN YOU TRUST THE NUMBERS? Image credit: Wikipedia
14. 14. AND MORE RECENTLY
15. 15. WHO MIGHT GATHER THESE STATS? International infant mortality Cost of rent in Lethbridge Drinking fountains in Vancouver Tobacco use among Canadians Teen Internet Gambling Midwifery Industry Pharmaceutical sales from drug stores Primary school enrollment in Ghana
16. 16. SOURCES BY CATEGORY Official Inter- governmental United Nations World Bank IMF WHO Governmental Federal Statistics Canada Health Canada Provincial BC stats Provincial Health Authorities Municipal Metro Vancouver Statistics Unofficial Non-Profit Think Tanks Trade / Professional Associations NGOs Academic Research Commercial Euromonitor EIU IMS Health
17. 17. FOLLOW THE DATA… Data re-use at the Provincial level
18. 18. THE REFERENCE INTERVIEW
19. 19. THE REFERENCE INTERVIEW Intent Content Constraints
20. 20. What do they want to do with the info? Use in a report: they need statistics! Can you find an existing table/ graphic/map? Yes? Done! No? Can one be generated in a database? Yes? Done! No? Perhaps someone else can help Analyze or map: they need data! Can you find an appropriate, accessible data source? Yes? Done! No? Perhaps someone else can help Intent
21. 21. CONTENT
22. 22. CONSTRAINTS Geography Time Particular Measures Outputs
23. 23. YOUR TURN! A bewildered patron has been wandering the halls, asking that SOMEONE please help her find some numbers …can you? Image credit: AlexanderDrachmann on Flickr
24. 24. SECONDARY SOURCES AS SHORTCUTS
25. 25. SECONDARY SOURCES AS SHORTCUTS News articles Citations from research sources (books, articles, reports) Statistical yearbooks, abstracts, almanacs Library and organizational metaguides Organizational sites with specialized data
26. 26. FAST STATS! STATISTICAL COMPENDIA
27. 27. META GUIDES Off Stats (University of Aukland) Statistics Canada’s external links Library guides, e.g. York University Finding medical / health care statistics online (Dean’s wiki)
28. 28. STATISTICS CANADA – A BRIEF TOUR
29. 29. WHAT CAN WE FIND IN STATISTICS CANADA AS SUPPORT FOR OUR DISCUSSION?
30. 30. STATISTICS CANADA TIPS  Another word for: Higher education? Fitness? Poverty?  Try a broad search term and scope the results  Browse by subject from front page  Search secondary sources for leads, e.g. The Daily  Finding and Using Statistics REALLY useful overview of Statistics Canada and statistical research in general  Google searching