Welcome to this presentation for Module III on the theme of collaboration …”A n introduction for students in LIBR559M” a course on social media for information professionals. My name is Dean Giustini, and I am your instructor. This photo is of the f inal YOUTUBE symphony concert streamed live from Australia on YouTube. 101 musicians from 33 countries were chosen to collaborate in the YouTube Symphony Orchestra I thought this a fitting metaphor for collaboration and for the theme of this module
Let’s look a look at our agenda for this presentation Our primary goal is to explore and or examine social media through the affordance of collaboration Throughout the presentation ask yourselves “what social media mediate collaboration (or have the affordance of collaboration) for projects that I might undertake in the future”? … .for example, will I use Google Drive, Sharepoint or something else to bring members of a project together??? We move from there to discuss social networking to trigger collaboration and cite examples such as Drupal and Zoho We end with trends in e-collaboration and tools that facilitate it
Let’s begin by breaking the word collaboration down into its constituent parts. To collaborate is to CO-LABOUR (or to share in the heavy lifting such as what we see in the photo) Charles Darwin is known for coining the phrase ‘survival of the fittest’ but on collaboration he says ….”in the long history of humankind those who have learned how to collaborate and improvise effectively are the ones who have prevailed…” I would only add that COLLABORATION is a rewarding part of our work and may even help you achieve something larger than yourself; it may take longer and require different skills but the rewards can be exponential
What is collaboration? According to this article in the American Association of School libraries in 2009 COLLABORATION IS … the process of shared creation when two or more individuals with complementary skills interact to create a shared understanding where none had previously existed. Collaboration creates shared meaning about something be it a process, product or event In the diagram, notice collaboration is central and dependent on the psychological and emotional spheres that revolve around it Below the Venn diagram: Collaboration with members of a community brings all kinds of social and economic benefits”
What is collaboration 2.0? In 2008, Colman and Levine said collaboration 2.0 included all of the outcomes, benefits and values of collaboration 1.0 but may take place in a virtual world… in cyberspace or via a mobile device … IT may ALSO require an evolutionary leap in relationship-building in a context that is more global, networked, across-borders …across-departments and environments…“ This is an instance where 2.0 adds the elements of distributed computing …there is also a global element, where none existed before or where it was not seen as necessary What I would add here is collaboration is also often based on deliberation; and a pooling of resources where different participants challenge each other and work out and mediate solutions to their problems
So why collaborate? As we occasionally work alone ….TO reduce isolation, To share excitement of something with others TO access others and “social support” TO get to know ne people, create networks of friends and what web users have dubbed “the invisible or virtual college” Other reasons to collaborate: TO learn new skills, break into new fields and solve major problems TO be more efficient; multiplies hands/minds TO MAKE progress; tackle “big” problems To learn and enhance productivity Source: Beaver D. Reflections on scientific collaboration (and its study): past, present and future. Scientometrics .
What are some of the practical reasons for collaboration? “When employees sit chained to desks, quietly going about business, an office is not functioning as it should…because innovation…is fundamentally social. Ideas arise as much out of casual conversation as they do out of formal meetings …” ~ Malcolm Gladwell Here in a photo of a typical library technical services department where professionals work together.. NOTICE HOW the arrangement affords social interaction and informal learning? In fact, the group is a flash mob of cataloguers sharing their knowledge and expertise by working close to each other…
Let’s talk about collaborating and why it is more meaningful generally than non-collaboration. Thinking about this might even help you as you work on writing your wiki entries: First without other people collaboration is impossible MEANING is thus only really possible by working with other people… WORKING WITH OTHERS may require putting your own needs second but it’s how most large projects get done Of course a project may have special meaning for you individually but the collective goals are what is important and shared in most projects Shared meaning (similar to our flash mob of cataloguers) is constructed through shared ideas, viewpoints and achievements Ultimately, they lead to the creation of knowledge objects or artefacts
There are a number of collaborative and social tools to help you create espaces OR electronic spaces for collaboration. Drupal is a free and open-source content management framework (CMF) written in PHP and distributed under the GNU General Public License . Drupal can be used as a website, a single- or multi-user blog, Internet forum or a community site for user-generated content (as in a wiki) As of January 2013, there are more than 20,000 free community-contributed addons, known as contrib modules, which allow you to alter and extend Drupal's core capabilities Zoho The Zoho is a Web-based office suite containing word processing , spreadsheets , presentations, note-taking, wikis and other applications. It was launched in 2005 as a web-based word processor. Additional products such as spreadsheets and presentations, were incorporated later into Zoho More about SOPHIE in the next slide
Sophie 2.0 is open source software for writing, reading and visualizing rich media documents in an interactive, networked environment. It was originally developed by the Institute for the Future of the Book at the University of Southern California's School of Cinematic Arts.The platform offers easy-to-use tools to allow authors to combine text, images, video and sound Users of sophie 2.0 are interested in creating multimedia without having to train others; educators refer to networked learning tools such as Sophie as PLNs or personal learning environments For more information, explore the link provided
JUMPSTART COLLABORATION EARLY it’s important for children to learn to play as part of a team, and to be collaborative. In fact, we see team-based pedagogies entering the schools. In terms of using social media, UBC librarian, Joanne Naslund says “… free software tools such as GoogleDocs and Zoho introduce students to the notion of collaborative authoring and how ideas can evolve through iterative editing. ...Noodletools helps students create note cards, bibliographies and a place to store research. 2Learn.ca uses a similar approach with its online netlog sheets, concept maps and notepaper sheets. At mySchoolog students organize their school life online, create schedules, organize projects and ...upload various forms of media." Once the right collaborative tools are given to kids it seems as though their collaborative skills are built almost instinctively.
In the context of social media, collaboration across organizations, virtual environments and networks won’t happen without open, transparent and egalitarian processes in place… But once a fair and equitable process is in place some experts believe that virtual environments are important for the future of collaboration For example, the act of teleportation which is a part of Second Life for example creates all kinds of new opportunities for interaction And includes opportunities for greater creativity and exploration Twitter shows potential for collaboration to support back channels at conferences such as this talk by dana boyd (notice the backchannel posts behind her) Finally, in the setting of a F2F class, students collaborate by using Twitter and exchanging ideas and lecture notes in an synchronous flow of text (or read later asynchronously)
There are a number of trends in collaboration worth mentioning some of which you have heard before in this class or in other classes: for example: Altmetrics Altmetrics ( alternate or alternative metrics ) is the study of newer web-based metrics in scholarship that look at total influence of someone via blogposts, social media, Twitter and Slideshare, among a range of other tools. Mendeley is a free, multiplatform social bibliography tool that allows users to manage collections, find links (citations, authors, ideas) among papers and setup networks of researchers It offers features to help with automatic metadata extraction using a powerful "metadata scanner" Social cataloguing Social cataloguing refers to web-based applications that help users tag and track books and other materials in their own e-inventory or filing system One example is LIBRARYTHING Flash-Mob Cataloging is when a horde of LibraryThing members descend on some small library, catalogue their books in LibraryThing, eat some pizza, talk some talk and leave them with a gleaming new LibraryThing catalog. There is talk in the collaborative software communities about these new tools taking the place of e-mail but I can tell you that as of January 2013 I see very little evidence of that prediction. E-mail will be here at least for a while
So what is collective intelligence? Some of you may know Pierre Levy a cultural theorist and media scholar who has written a number of excellent books such as Collective Intelligence, Becoming Virtual, Cyber culture and The Semantic Sphere. Lévy says CI is “a form of universally distributed intelligence, constantly enhanced, coordinated in real time, and resulting in the effective mobilization of skills” … it should offer “mutual recognition and enrichment of individuals” toward building powerful knowledge communities, leading to more clearly democratized societies.. .” One of Levy’s compelling ideas is that our economy is moving towards an economy based on interactions; in other words, a social economy…. And one based on collaboration
If you are interested in exploring collaborations between archivists and librarians, and other information professionals, you could explore your ideas on a your blog. You might consider writing up some guidelines for successful collaboration or talk about how a successful collaboration involving archivsts and librarians might develop in the real world…. Some examples of novel collaborations are located at the wiki website listed on this slide.
In conclusion, as you progress through this module think of new ways to collaborating to generate and or complete projects using some of the tools presented Remember to use social media to facilitate or encourage interactions that takes place face to face, even if you have to Skype to meet Also try to seek out new ways to embed archivists & librarians online but support the process by selecting and applying tools skillfully Finally I think the progression from participate to create WITH COLLABORATION as an intermediate step is worth exploring as you explore and identify new social media tools for your information management processes Thank you for your attention, and talk to you soon.
Collaboration - Module III
Module III (collaborate) an introduction for students in LIBR559M101 musicians from 33 countries chosen to collaborate in the YouTube Symphony Orchestra http://www.youtube.com/user/symphony Dean Giustini, UBC librarian | firstname.lastname@example.org | LIBR559M Winter 2013
Our agenda for this presentation• Explore and / or examine the notion of collaboration• What social media tools facilitate collaboration? – i.e., Google Drive, Moodle, Sharepoint, others?• Social networking and collaboration in the cloud – i.e., Drupal, Zoho Projects, other tools?• Trends in e-collaboration & tools …100 conversations lead to 20 collaborations, lead to 5 grants, lead to 1 invention or award …
To collaborate is to “co – labour”‘…in the long history of humankind those who learned how to collaborate and improvise effectively have prevailed…’ Charles Darwin (1809 - 1882)
What is collaboration? …the process of shared creation: two or more individuals with complementary skills interacting to create a shared understanding that none had previously possessed …on their own. Collaboration creates a shared meaning about a process, product or event… Toward a theory of collaboration for teachers & librarians. AASL, 2009Collaboration with members of a community brings social and economic benefits” — Wikipedia
What is collaboration 2.0?“…collaboration 2.0 includes all of the outcomes, benefits andvalues of collaboration 1.0 but may take place in a virtual world…or cyberspace via the computer. ….it requires an evolutionary leapin relationship building with others in a global, networked, cross-border …cross-department, cross-functional environment…“ ~ Coleman & Levine, 2008
Why collaborate…?• To reduce isolation, to share excitement• To access people, intelligence and “social support”• To get to know people, create networks “the invisible college”• To learn new skills, break into a new field, solve a problems• To be more efficient, many hands/minds make lighter work• To make progress or tackle “big” problems• To learn and enhance productivity Source: Beaver D. Reflections on scientific collaboration: past, present and future. Scientometrics. 2001
Collaboration by design“When employees sit chained to desks, quietly going about business, an office isnot functioning as it should…because innovation…is fundamentally social. Ideas arise as much out of casual conversation as they do out of formal meetings …” Malcolm Gladwell, Designs for working …Social collaboration is a blending of community – Flash-mob cataloguing
Collaboration & meaning-making• Without people, collaboration is rendered meaningless• Meaning is made through groups• Meaning may be interpreted by individual(s)• New meaning is constructed through sharing• Meaning is made persistent in artifacts and objects
Creating e-spaces for open collaborationZoho projects – http://www.zoho.com/projects/ Drupal – http://drupal.com
Sophie 2.0 allows simultaneous reading & collaborative creation of multimedia documents• Create complex networked multimedia books • Import, embed and export PDF filesbut without any specialized training • Open Sophie inside other Sophie books• Read books in a browser without downloadingany applications • Frame-based timelines present easy way• Comment & discuss ideas inside a book to create animations• Embed web browsers in book pages • Sophie allows uploading, managing, and downloading books on a server
Jumpstart collaboration early…“…free software tools such as GoogleDocs and Zoho introduce students to the notion of collaborative authoring and how ideas can evolve through iterative editing. ...Noodletools helps young students create note cards, bibliographies and a place to storeresearch. 2Learn.ca uses a similar approach with its online netlog sheets, concept maps and notepaper sheets. At mySchoolog students organize their school life online, create schedules, organize projects and ...upload various forms of media." Naslund, 2008
Open collaborative practices• Virtual environments are free from physical constraints of real life• They allow for a different kind of creativity and exploration• Twitter is a potential tool supporting back channels (a concept that is difficult or impossible to replicate in real life)• Students exchange lecture notes in synchronously in an environment where ideas and discussions flow freely and openly
Other collaborative ideas• Altmetrics• Collaborative librarianship• Distributed cognition• Collaborative innovation network• Smart mobs• Social bibliography e.g., Mendeley• Social cataloguing• Wisdom of the crowdhttp://altmetric.com
What is collective intelligence? Pierre LévyAuthor of Collective Intelligence (1994),Becoming Virtual (1995), Cyberculture(1997), The Semantic Sphere (2011) Lévy says that CI is a form of universally distributed intelligence, constantly enhanced, coordinated in real time, and resulting in the effective mobilization of skills” … it should offer “mutual recognition and enrichment of individuals” toward building powerful knowledge communities, leading to more clearly democratized societies...
Archivists & librariansWrite up guidelines for a successful collaborationbetween archivists and librarians – could be a SHORTSTORY, A PARAGRAPH OF IDEAL COLLABORATION Include: who, what, where, when why? How? http://collaboration.wikia.com/wiki/Collaboration
In conclusion…• Encourage collaboration to generate projects• Use social media to encourage F2F interaction• Embed archivists & librarians online supported by appropriate tools• Participate – Collaborate – Create Dean Giustini, UBC librarian | email@example.com | LIBR559M Winter 2013