CAM for library technicians: sources of information

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Powerpoint created by Dean Giustini for 2015 class

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CAM for library technicians: sources of information

  1. 1. Complementary & alternative medicine (CAM): an introduction to sources of information for library technicians Dean Giustini, UBC health librarian & instructor | dean.giustini@ubc.ca | LIBR 2195 (Winter 2015)
  2. 2. 2 Complementary and alternative medicine: the Five Ws! • Who needs the information/ who are the users? • You!, patients, physicians, family members, consumers, public library users • What? • Are the valid sources of information about complementary & alternative therapies? • Where? • Where do users ask for CAM information? In libraries, on the phone, virtually, etc. • When? • When do they need the information? • For research? For family members? When standard treatments don’t work? • Why? • Do users need the information? Dean Giustini, UBC health librarian & instructor | dean.giustini@ubc.ca | LIBR 2195 (Winter 2015)
  3. 3. 3 • BC Government – Naturopathy Regulations http:// www.health.gov.bc.ca/professional-regulation/notice/naturopathic_medicine.html • British Columbia Naturopathic Association http://www.bcna.ca/ • Boucher Institute Of Naturopathic Medicine http://www.binm.org • Health Canada’s Natural and Non-prescription Health Products Directorate (NNHPD) http ://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/dhp-mps/prodnatur/index_e.html BC & Canada – CAM stuff… “context” http://www.cnpbc.bc.ca/
  4. 4. 4 • CAM in PubMed • AltHealthWatch & CINAHL …article searching on EBSCOhost • Google scholar • MedlinePlus pages http://medlineplus.gov • CAM websites • Print sources check catalogue! – Standard books – In public libraries – Remember “online sources” Sources of information in CAM The NIH organization for Complementary and Alternative Medicine is the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCAM) In Canada, see the Health Canada’s Natural Health Products Branch or the Public Health Agency of Canada for sources of information!
  5. 5. 5 Evidence-based sources of information https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/ Dean Giustini, UBC health librarian & instructor | dean.giustini@ubc.ca | LIBR 2195 (Winter 2015) https://nccih.nih.gov/research/camonpubmed
  6. 6. 6 • In CAM, it’s hard to tell what is information & what is advertising • Prescription drugs interact with herbal remedies & can cause adverse reactions • Regulation of CAM products in Canada is strict • Quackery a problem, due to Internet Ads or information in CAM? Dean Giustini, UBC health librarian & instructor | dean.giustini@ubc.ca | LIBR 2195 (Winter 2015)
  7. 7. 7 • Ask yourself: is this information? Or, advertising? • Health magazines are there to sell products • Weight lifting / body building magazines • Retail stores promote & sell products • Quackwatch is a site that critiques CAM therapies • Beware of misleading claims & testimonials Complementary medicine information Ask yourself: how good is this website? Evaluate it! Using the HON Principles: https://www.healthonnet.org/HONcode/Conduct.html
  8. 8. 8 1. Empathy, respect for and sensitivity to patient & physician needs, confidentiality 2. Knowledge of medical searching, information sources & databases (print & online) 3. Reference skills, interpersonal & “soft skills” (courtesy & respect) 4. Lifelong learning, computer & teaching skills (keeping up with new technology) 5. Knowledge of health care environment (research, education, patient care) Dean Giustini, UBC health librarian & instructor | LIBR2195 Top Five (5) Medical Reference Skills
  9. 9. 9 Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) • Any medical system, practice, or product that is not thought of as standard care Complementary medicine • A CAM therapy used along with standard medicine Alternative medicine • A CAM therapy used in place of standard treatments Integrative medicine • An approach that combines treatments from conventional medicine and CAM, and for which there is high-quality evidence of safety and effectiveness CAM Definitions Dean Giustini, UBC health librarian & instructor | dean.giustini@ubc.ca | LIBR 2195 (Winter 2015)
  10. 10. 10 • HLWIKI entry http://hlwiki.slais.ubc.ca/index.php/Complementary_%26_alternative_medicine_%28CAM%29 • Homeopathy Canada http://www.homeopathycanada.com/ • PedCAM – http://www.pedcam.ca • Red Book Online – directory source of services • UBC medical students operate alternative & integrative medical society • Free online Wellness Directory of CAM services in BC Other forms of CAM information in Canada & US
  11. 11. 11 1. Alternative medicine systems 2. Mind body 3. Drugs and supplements • Herbals, special diets, nutrition 4. Manual healing-manipulation methods 5. Energy field therapies National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Expanding horizons of healthcare. Five- year strategic plan http://nccam.nih.gov/strategic/ Five (5) areas of CAM Dean Giustini, UBC health librarian & instructor | dean.giustini@ubc.ca | LIBR 2195 (Winter 2015)
  12. 12. 12 • Patients treated as individuals • CAM aims to find root of problem rather than treat symptoms • Traditional medicine has limitations » Especially for certain conditions, problems • Practitioner patient relationship is close • More than 50% of Canadians use some form » Women use CAM more than men Why is CAM so popular?
  13. 13. 13 • Echinacea • Colds, flu • Gingko biloba • Memory, cerebral blood flow • Ephedra • Stimulates heart • St. John’s Wort • Depression • Chamomile • Relaxant, anti-anxiety Most popular herbal supplements Dean Giustini, UBC health librarian & instructor | dean.giustini@ubc.ca | LIBR 2195 (Winter 2015)
  14. 14. 14 • Acupuncture • Biofeedback • Exercise programs • Hypnosis & hydrotherapies • Massage therapy • Manipulation or energy (ie. Reiki) • Prayer & spiritual activities Other popular CAM therapies
  15. 15. 15 • CAM is a big issue in health • a wide range of therapies • Herbal/drug reactions - big problem • Safety is important first before use • ‘buyer beware’ • Finding CAM evidence and information important • library technicians should know how to find | assess CAM for library tTechnicians - Summary Dean Giustini, UBC health librarian & instructor | dean.giustini@ubc.ca | LIBR 2195 (Winter 2015)

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