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The Role of Military in Disasters<br />Civil-Military Coordination<br />Gísli Ólafsson<br />Disaster Management – Technica...
Introduction<br />Coordination<br />Technology<br />Agenda<br />
Port-au-Prince<br />Haiti – January 12, 2010<br />
Haiti<br />
Roles – Medical Assistance<br />
Roles – Logistical Support<br />
Roles – Air Traffic Control<br />
Roles – Aid Distribution<br />
Roles – Protection<br />
Roles – Recovery<br />
Issues - Overload<br />
Issues - Coordination<br />
“Coordination between civilian and military actors is essential during an emergency response. The increasing number and sc...
Coordination – Simple Diagram<br />
Coordination – Language & Terminology<br />
Coordination on the ground<br />
The Role of Civil-Military Coordinator<br />
Normal (routine emergencies)<br /><ul><li>People relate as roles
People are the problem
Orgs are the solution</li></ul>Disaster<br /><ul><li>Relate as People
Orgs are the problem
People are the solution</li></ul>Catastrophe<br /><ul><li>Society breaks down
No relationships – survival
Only happened a few times (Hiroshima)</li></ul>Importance of People<br />
<ul><li>A relationship of mutual support, trust, respect, and separateness.
An understanding of common objectives.
Exchange of information between military and civil actors.
Aided by joint planning – before, during and after deployment.</li></ul>Effective Relationship - Characteristics<br />
Information Management<br />
The Role of Technology<br />
Standardized<br />Rationalized<br />Dynamic<br />Basic<br /><br />Connectivity<br />Risk Management<br /><br />Early War...
Information Sharing - OneResponse<br />
OneResponse - Disaster Sites<br />
OneResponse - Disaster Clusters<br />
Situational Overview - SingleView<br />
SingleView – Power of Layers<br />
Resource & Incident Management - eSponder<br />
eSponder - Customers<br />
http://www.twistpair.com/<br />Unified Communications - Wave<br />
Agency A<br />Agency B<br />WAVE Channel<br />Agency C<br />Publish<br />Extended Access<br />Radio Channel<br />WAVE<br /...
Remote Connectivity - CommsFirst<br />
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Role of Military in Disaster Response

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A presentation given on the role of military in disaster response and examples of technology solutions that they can deploy to assist in that effort.

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Role of Military in Disaster Response

  1. 1. The Role of Military in Disasters<br />Civil-Military Coordination<br />Gísli Ólafsson<br />Disaster Management – Technical Advisor<br />Microsoft Corporation<br />Email: gislio@microsoft.com<br />Blog:http://blogs.msdn.com/disaster/<br />Twitter: @gislio<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Coordination<br />Technology<br />Agenda<br />
  3. 3. Port-au-Prince<br />Haiti – January 12, 2010<br />
  4. 4. Haiti<br />
  5. 5. Roles – Medical Assistance<br />
  6. 6. Roles – Logistical Support<br />
  7. 7. Roles – Air Traffic Control<br />
  8. 8. Roles – Aid Distribution<br />
  9. 9. Roles – Protection<br />
  10. 10. Roles – Recovery<br />
  11. 11. Issues - Overload<br />
  12. 12. Issues - Coordination<br />
  13. 13. “Coordination between civilian and military actors is essential during an emergency response. The increasing number and scale of humanitarian emergencies, in both natural disaster and conflict settings, has led to more situations where military forces and civilian relief agencies are operating in the same environment.”<br />John Holmes, Emergency Relief Coordinator and United Nations Under-Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs<br />Coordination – Global Issue<br />
  14. 14. Coordination – Simple Diagram<br />
  15. 15. Coordination – Language & Terminology<br />
  16. 16. Coordination on the ground<br />
  17. 17. The Role of Civil-Military Coordinator<br />
  18. 18. Normal (routine emergencies)<br /><ul><li>People relate as roles
  19. 19. People are the problem
  20. 20. Orgs are the solution</li></ul>Disaster<br /><ul><li>Relate as People
  21. 21. Orgs are the problem
  22. 22. People are the solution</li></ul>Catastrophe<br /><ul><li>Society breaks down
  23. 23. No relationships – survival
  24. 24. Only happened a few times (Hiroshima)</li></ul>Importance of People<br />
  25. 25. <ul><li>A relationship of mutual support, trust, respect, and separateness.
  26. 26. An understanding of common objectives.
  27. 27. Exchange of information between military and civil actors.
  28. 28. Aided by joint planning – before, during and after deployment.</li></ul>Effective Relationship - Characteristics<br />
  29. 29. Information Management<br />
  30. 30. The Role of Technology<br />
  31. 31. Standardized<br />Rationalized<br />Dynamic<br />Basic<br /><br />Connectivity<br />Risk Management<br /><br />Early Warning/Alert<br />Mobilization<br />Incident Cmd & Situational Overview<br /><br /><br />Resource and Relief Tracking<br /><br /><br /><br />Citizen Involvement<br />Critical Infrastructure Protection<br /><br />ICT Assessment<br />
  32. 32. Information Sharing - OneResponse<br />
  33. 33. OneResponse - Disaster Sites<br />
  34. 34. OneResponse - Disaster Clusters<br />
  35. 35. Situational Overview - SingleView<br />
  36. 36. SingleView – Power of Layers<br />
  37. 37. Resource & Incident Management - eSponder<br />
  38. 38. eSponder - Customers<br />
  39. 39. http://www.twistpair.com/<br />Unified Communications - Wave<br />
  40. 40. Agency A<br />Agency B<br />WAVE Channel<br />Agency C<br />Publish<br />Extended Access<br />Radio Channel<br />WAVE<br />Media<br />Server<br />Radio<br />Gateway<br />Radio<br />Wave - Overview<br />
  41. 41. Remote Connectivity - CommsFirst<br />
  42. 42. CommsPack - Components<br />
  43. 43. The Cloud<br />
  44. 44. <ul><li>On and off workloads (e.g. batch job)
  45. 45. Over provisioned capacity is wasted
  46. 46. Time to market can be cumbersome
  47. 47. Successful services needs to grow/scale
  48. 48. Keeping up w/growth is big IT challenge
  49. 49. Complex lead time for deployment</li></ul>“On and Off “<br />“Growing Fast“ <br />Inactivity<br />Period <br />Compute <br />Compute <br />Average Usage<br />Usage<br />Average<br />Time <br />Time <br /><ul><li>Services with micro seasonality trends
  50. 50. Peaks due to periodic increased demand
  51. 51. IT complexity and wasted capacity
  52. 52. Unexpected/unplanned peak in demand
  53. 53. Sudden spike impacts performance
  54. 54. Can’t over provision for extreme cases </li></ul>“Unpredictable Bursting“ <br />“Predictable Bursting“ <br />Optimal Cloud Workload Patterns<br />Compute <br />Compute <br />Average Usage<br />Average Usage<br />Time <br />Time <br />
  55. 55. On Premise<br />Security & Privacy<br /> Customizability<br />Visibility & Control<br />Data accessibility<br />OR<br />Cloud<br />Global reach<br />Ease of provisioning<br />Business agility<br />Deployability& manageability<br />The Software Debate<br />
  56. 56. On-Premise<br />Best of both worlds<br />User in control<br />Deployment choices for IT<br />+<br />Cloud Services<br />Extending tools and platform to cloud<br />Experience across multiple devices<br />Best-in-class SLAs and IT governance<br />The Software Conclusion<br />
  57. 57. VirtualizedDatacenter<br />PrivateCloud<br />PublicCloud<br />TraditionalDatacenter<br />POWER OF CHOICE<br />The Power Of Choice<br />
  58. 58. Sample Cloud Application - IncaX<br />
  59. 59. http://coe-dmha.org/<br />http://ocha.unog.ch/uncmcoord/<br />Further resources<br />

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