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Turkish ExCo lecture 1


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Turkish ExCo lecture 1

  1. 1. Welcome to An Introduction to the Turkish Language!
  2. 2. About this class… <ul><li>The course will be taught in English. </li></ul><ul><li>I will be teaching mostly conversational Turkish. </li></ul><ul><li>We will meet twice a week, but I’m available for outside help (find contact information in syllabus). </li></ul><ul><li>We will use Blackboard pretty extensively. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Requirements <ul><li>Attendance: Please come to class every time! If you can’t… the ExCo committee allows 3 absences per semester. </li></ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Homework Assignments: Given at the end of each class, due at the beginning of the next class. </li></ul><ul><li>Film Screenings: There will be two of these throughout the semester, attendance to one is required. </li></ul><ul><li>Quizzes: Two take-home quizzes and pop-quizzes. </li></ul><ul><li>Final Project: Individual or group presentation. See syllabus for details. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Film #1: Gönül Yarası (Lovelorn) (2005) <ul><li>Nazım returns to Istanbul after working as a teacher for years in Eastern Turkey. He temporarily starts working as a cab driver, and one day while working, he meets Dünya, an astonishing customer. She is a beautiful mother who has run away from her very troubled husband to Istanbul with her daughter, and has to sing at a nightclub to earn a living. Nazım starts to drive her to and from the club every day, and becomes her helper and protector against the many troubles and obstacles life has set for her. </li></ul><ul><li>Filming locations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Istanbul </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mardin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Runtime: 142 min. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Film #2: Mutluluk (Bliss) (2007) <ul><li>When a young woman named Meryem is raped, her village custom requires that she be killed in order for the dishonor to be expunged from her family. A young man named Cemal, the son of the village leader, is given the task but at the last moment he has doubts. The pair go on the run, followed close behind by local thugs intent on killing the girl. Luckily enough, Cemal and Meryem meet up with a charismatic man named Irfan, an ex-university professor who is embarking on a sailing trip, and needs a crew. Seems Irfan is running away too--in his case from a dead marriage and an empty life. Together this unlikely trio set forth on a voyage that will change all of their lives. ( </li></ul><ul><li>Filming locations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bodrum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Istanbul </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marmaris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Karaman Taskele Village </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Runtime: 105 min. </li></ul>
  6. 6. About Türkiye (Turkey) <ul><li>Officially known as the Republic of Turkey, founded October 29, 1923. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capital city: Ankara </li></ul><ul><li>Largest city: İstanbul </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 73,722,988 (2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Currency: Türk Lirası (Turkish Lira) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Istanbul, initially Constantinople, was the capital of the Byzantine Empire and the Ottoman Empire. </li></ul>Fun Facts
  8. 8. <ul><li>It is the only city in the world built on two continents. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fun Facts <ul><li>The highest peak in Turkey is Mount Ağrı (Ararat) - 5,137 m/16,854 ft. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The name &quot;Ararat&quot; for the peak derives from the tradition linking it with the Biblical Mountains of Ararat where Noah's Ark came to rest after the great flood (Genesis 8:4). </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Fun Facts <ul><li>Saint Nicholas was born in Greco-Roman Lycia, an area now part of modern-day Turkey (Demre). </li></ul>
  11. 11. Fun Facts <ul><li>The Turks were the first to introduce coffee to Europe. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Fun Facts <ul><li>The famous Trojan Wars took place in Western Turkey, around the site where the Trojan horse rests today. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Fun Facts <ul><li>Alexander the Great cut the Gordian knot near Ankara. The double knotting technique used in Turkish rugs is also called as Gordian Knot. </li></ul>
  14. 14. About the language… <ul><li>Spoken by more than 77 million people worldwide, </li></ul><ul><li>Most common Turkic language (40% of all Turkic language speakers!), </li></ul><ul><li>One of the Oghuz languages. </li></ul><ul><li>Where is it spoken the most? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turkey (Over 70 million)* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cyprus* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulgaria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greece </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany (lots of Turkish immigrants – more than 2 million!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kosovo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Albania </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Republic of Macedonia </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. More about the language… <ul><li>Modern Turkish is very different from Ottoman Turkish. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We started to use a modified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>version of the Latin alphabet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>after the script reform in 1928. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Turkish Language Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(TDK) replaced loanwords from </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arabic and Persian with Turkish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>equivalents. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Istanbul Turkish is the official </li></ul><ul><li>standard language in Turkey. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Even more about the language… <ul><li>The basic word order is Subject – Object – Verb. </li></ul><ul><li>We use LOTS of suffixes. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Çekoslavakyalılaştıramadıklarımızdanmışsınız (You are said to be one of those that we couldn't manage to convert to a Czechoslovak) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The language is highly PHONEMIC! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A word’s pronunciation is identified by its spelling. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. The Turkish Alphabet <ul><li>Consists of 29 letters (21 consonants + 8 vowels). </li></ul><ul><li>No Q, W or X. </li></ul>
  18. 18. A B C Ç D E F G Ğ H I İ J K L M N O Ö P R S Ş T U Ü V Y Z
  19. 19. A NNE B ABA
  20. 20. C ADI Ç OCUK
  21. 21. D EFTER E L
  22. 22. F ORM G ÖL
  23. 23. H ALI I RMAK
  24. 24. İ NEK J İLET
  25. 25. K ALEM L ALE
  26. 26. M ASA N ANE
  27. 27. O KUL Ö PÜCÜK
  28. 28. P ASTA R ESİM
  29. 29. S AKSI Ş ARKI
  30. 30. T AKVİM U ŞAK
  31. 31. Ü ZÜM V ALİ
  32. 32. Y AZI Z ARF
  33. 33. Hello! Merhaba! Selam! İyi günler! Alo. Günaydın! İyi akşamlar! İyi geceler!
  34. 34. What’s your name? (Senin) adın ne? (familiar) (Sizin) adınız ne? (polite)
  35. 35. My name is… Benim adım … Ben … Adım …
  36. 36. How are you? Nasılsın? (fam.) Nasılsınız? (polite) Ne haber? (N’aber?)
  37. 37. I am … Üzgünüm. Uykusuzum. Yorgunum. Açım. Sinirliyim. Stresliyim. Mutluyum! Fena değilim. İyiyim. Heyecanlıyım!
  38. 38. Pleased to meet you. Memnun oldum! Tanıştığımıza sevindim!
  39. 39. Good-bye! Güle güle! Görüşürüz! Görüşmek üzere! İyi akşamlar! Hoşçakal! (fam.) Hoşçakalın! (pol.) İyi geceler! İyi günler!
  40. 40. Sample Dialogue: <ul><li>Gizem: Merhaba. Benim adım Gizem. Senin adın ne? </li></ul><ul><li>Ali: Selam. Ben Ali. Nasılsın? </li></ul><ul><li>Gizem: İyiyim. Sen? </li></ul><ul><li>Ali: Fena değilim. </li></ul><ul><li>Gizem: Tanıştığımıza sevindim! </li></ul><ul><li>Ali: Memnun oldum. Görüşürüz! </li></ul><ul><li>Gizem: Hoşçakal! </li></ul>