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EXHIBITS AND MUSEUMS

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about the history and types of exhibits and museums

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EXHIBITS AND MUSEUMS

  1. 1. EXHIBITS AND MUSEUMS prepared by: Girlie Bernales
  2. 2. EXHIBIT/EXHIBITIONS • is an organized presentation and display of a selection of items. • exhibitions usually occur within museums, galleries and exhibition hall, and World's Fairs. • may be permanent displays or temporary. • in common usage, "exhibitions" are considered temporary and usually scheduled to open and close on specific dates. While many exhibitions are shown in just one venue, some exhibitions are shown in multiple locations and are called travelling exhibitions, and some are online exhibitions.
  3. 3. Art exhibitions • include an array of artifacts from countless forms of human making: paintings, drawings, crafts, sculpture, video installations, sound installations, performances, interactive art, etc. • may focus on one artist, one group, one genre, one theme or one collection; or may be organized by curators, selected by juries, or show any artwork submitted.
  4. 4. Interpretive exhibitions • are exhibitions that require more context to explain the items being displayed. • The topics of interpretive graphics cover a wide range including archaeology, anthropology, ethnology, history, science, technology and natural history.
  5. 5. Commercial exhibitions • generally called trade fairs, trade shows or expos • usually organized so that organizations in a specific interest or industry can showcase and demonstrate their latest products, service, study activities of rivals and examine recent trends and opportunities • Some trade fairs are open to the public, while others can only be attended by company representatives (members of the trade) and members of the press.
  6. 6. MUSEUMS
  7. 7. MUSEUMS • an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of scientific, artistic ,cultural, or historical importance and makes them available for public viewing through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary • The purpose of modern museums is to collect, preserve, interpret, and display items of cultural, artistic, or scientific significance for the education of the public. The purpose can also depend on one’s point of view.
  8. 8. Early museums • began as the private collections of wealthy individuals, families or institutions of art and rare or curious natural objects and artifacts. • Public access to these museums were often possible for the "respectable", especially to private art collections, but at the whim of the owner and his staff. • One way that elite men during this time period gained a higher social status in the world of elites was by becoming a collector of these curious objects and displaying them.
  9. 9. CAPITOLINE MUSEUM the oldest public collection of art in the world, began in 1471 when Pope Sixtus IV donated a group of important ancient sculptures to the people of Rome.
  10. 10. TYPES OF MUSEUMS
  11. 11. ARCHITECHTURAL MUSEUMS • Architectural museums are institutions dedicated to educating visitors about architecture and a variety of related fields, often including urban design, landscape design, interior decoration, engineering, and historic preservation.
  12. 12. ARCHITECHTURAL MUSEUMS
  13. 13. ARCHITECHTURAL MUSEUMS
  14. 14. ART MUSEUMS • An art museum, also known as an art gallery, is a space for the exhibition of art, usually in the form of art objects from the visual arts, primarily paintings, illustrations, and sculpture.
  15. 15. ART MUSEUMS
  16. 16. BIOGRAPHICAL MUSEUMS • Biographical museums are dedicated to items relating to the life of a single person or group of people, and may also display the items collected by their subjects during their lifetimes. • Some biographical museums are located in a house or other site associated with the lives of their subjects
  17. 17. BIOGRAPHICAL MUSEUMS
  18. 18. CHILDREN’S MUSEUMS • Children's museums are institutions that provide exhibits and programs to stimulate informal learning experiences for children. • In contrast with traditional museums that typically have a hands-off policy regarding exhibits, children's museums feature interactive exhibits that are designed to be manipulated by children.
  19. 19. CHILDREN’S MUSEUM
  20. 20. ETHNOLOGY MUSEUMS • Ethnology museums are a type of museum that focus on studying, collecting, preserving and displaying artifacts and objects concerning ethnology and anthropology. • This type of museum usually were built in countries possessing diverse ethnic groups or significant numbers of ethnic minorities.
  21. 21. ETHNOLOGY MUSEUMS Indonesia Museum in TMII built in Balinese architecture, is an ethnology museum displaying various artifacts and way of life of ethnic groups in Indonesia
  22. 22. HISTORY MUSEUMS • History museums cover the knowledge of history and its relevance to the present and future. Historic houses is the most numerous within this category.
  23. 23. HISTORY MUSEUMS
  24. 24. MARITIME MUSEUMS • Maritime museums are museums that specialize in the presentation of maritime history, culture or archaeology. • They explore the relationship between societies and certain bodies of water.
  25. 25. MARITIME MUSEUMS
  26. 26. MEDICAL MUSEUMS • Medical museums functioned as an integral part of medical students education. • Dry and wet anatomical specimens, casts, drawings, oil paintings, and photographs provided a means for medical students to compare healthy anatomical specimens with abnormal, or diseased organs.
  27. 27. MEDICAL MUSEUMS
  28. 28. MILITARY AND WAR MUSEUMS • Military museums specialize in military histories; they are often organized from a national point of view, where a museum in a particular country will have displays organized around conflicts in which that country has taken part. • They typically include displays of weapons and other military equipment, uniforms, wartime propaganda and exhibits on civilian life during wartime, and decorations, among others.
  29. 29. MILITARY AND WAR MUSEUMS
  30. 30. MOBILE MUSEUMS • Mobile museum is a term applied to museums that make exhibitions from a vehicle such as a van. • Some institutions, use the term to refer to a portion of their collection that travels to sites away from the museum for educational purposes. • Other mobile museums have no "home site", and use travel as their exclusive means of presentation.
  31. 31. MOBILE MUSEUMS
  32. 32. NATURAL HISTORY/NATURAL SCIENCE MUSEUMS • Museums of natural history and natural science typically exhibit work of the natural world. The focus lies on nature and culture. • Exhibitions educate the public on natural history, dinosaurs, zoology, oceanography, anthropology and more. Evolution, environmental issues, and biodiversity are major areas in natural science museums.
  33. 33. NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUMS
  34. 34. OPEN-AIR MUSEUMS/ LIVING HISTORY MUSEUMS • Open-air museums and living history museums collect and re-erect old buildings at large outdoor sites, usually in settings of re-created landscapes of the past.
  35. 35. OPEN-AIR MUSEUMS and LIVING MUSEUMS
  36. 36. Las Casas Filipinas de Acuzar, Bataan
  37. 37. SCIENCE MUSEUMS • Science museums were institutions of authoritative, uncontestable, knowledge, places of 'collecting, seeing and knowing, places where "anybody" might come and survey the evidence of science.
  38. 38. SCIENCE MUSEUMS
  39. 39. SPECIALIZED MUSEUMS • A number of different museums exist to demonstrate a variety of topics.
  40. 40. SPECIALIZED MUSEUMS
  41. 41. VIRTUAL MUSEUMS • A recent development, with the expansion of the web, is the establishment of virtual museums. Online initiatives provide physical museums with a web presence.
  42. 42. VIRTUAL MUSEUMS

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