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The Ul


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The Ul

  1. 2. <ul><li>Constitution lays down that there shall be a Parliament for the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament consists of people’s elected representatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Govt at the centre is called the UG. </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of the President and the 2 Houses of the Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>House of the People (the Lok Sabha) is the lower chamber. </li></ul><ul><li>Council of States (Rajya Sabha) is the upper chamber of the Parliament. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Composition: Constitution originally fixed the max strength at 500 members. </li></ul><ul><li>After 1961 census this number was raised to 525. </li></ul><ul><li>After 1971 census this number was raised to 545. </li></ul><ul><li>Present strength of LS is 5435 including 2 members of the AIC nominated by the President of India. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Territorial areas set up for the purpose of election in each State or Union Territory are called parliamentary constituencies. </li></ul><ul><li>At present there exist 543 parliamentary constituencies against 543 seats to be contested for the LS. </li></ul><ul><li>Any number of members may contest the election from the same constituency. </li></ul><ul><li>Seats in LS are allotted to varous States and UT on the basis of their respective populations. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Special provisions were made for reservation of seats in the LS for SC & ST. </li></ul><ul><li>The reservation is to be made based on the population ratio of the SC & ST for 49 seats. </li></ul><ul><li>In a reserved constituency, persons belonging to only these castes and tribes can contest the election to ensure due representation of weaker sections of society in the Govt. </li></ul><ul><li>These weaker sections on their own, may not have been able to compete with more resourceful persons belonging to the advanced communities </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Election of LS is Direct i.e. the people themselves elect the candidate of their choice. </li></ul><ul><li>Key note of the Indian Electoral System= UAF </li></ul><ul><li>No person can be barred from the voting right on the grounds of gender, caste, colour or religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Secret ballot- Every voter castes the vote secretly for a candidate of his or her choice without fear. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Should be a citizen of India </li></ul><ul><li>Should not be less than 25 years of age. </li></ul><ul><li>Should not be a proclaimed criminal. </li></ul><ul><li>Should not be a direct beneficiary of the Govt and should not hold an office of profit under the Govt. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>If he holds any office of profit under the Govt of India or Govt of any state but a minister for the Union or for a state. </li></ul><ul><li>If he is of unsound mind declared by a competent Court. </li></ul><ul><li>If he is an undischarged insolvent. </li></ul><ul><li>If he has ceased to be a citizen of India or has voluntarily acquired citizenship of a foreign State or is under acknowledged allegiance or adherence to a foreign power. </li></ul><ul><li>If he is disqualified by or under any law made the Parliament </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>By writing a letter to the Speaker indicating the fact that he/she is vacating his seat. </li></ul><ul><li>May be removed on the grounds if defection as per norms laid down under the Tenth Schedule. </li></ul><ul><li>May also be removed if he/she is absent form the House for more than 60 days. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Term of the LS is fixed at 5 years by the Constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>LS can be dissolved by the President before the expiry of its term on the advice of the PM. </li></ul><ul><li>During the period of the national emergency, the life o the LS may be extended by the President beyond five years for one year at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>Its extending term should not be beyond a period of six months after the national emergency is lifted. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Sessions of LS are summoned by the President of India. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the Constitution, there should not be an internal of more than six months between its two consecutive sessions. </li></ul><ul><li>It implies that the LS must meet at least twice a year. </li></ul><ul><li>President may convene a Joint Session of both Houses as and when necessary. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Means the minimum number of members required to be present in the House to enable it to transact business. </li></ul><ul><li>One tenth of the total strength of the House constitutes the quorum in the LS for transacting business. </li></ul><ul><li>The Speaker may adjourn the meeting if it dos not meet the quorum of the House. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>The Presiding officer of the LS is called the Speaker and is elected soon after the newly elected House meets for the first time. </li></ul><ul><li>During his absence the DS takes charge and is elected by the House. </li></ul><ul><li>S & DS are elected by the LS from amongst its own members. </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution= When the House is dissolved the Speaker shall not vacate his office. </li></ul><ul><li>Will continue in office till a new Speaker is elected by the newly elected LS in its first meeting. </li></ul><ul><li>Normal term of a speaker is five years. </li></ul><ul><li>May seek re-election any number of times. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>May resign by submitting resignation addressed to the DS. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be removed from his office by a resolution of the House passed by a majority of the members of the House. </li></ul><ul><li>If the Speaker is to be removed form office, a 14 –day notice should be given of the intention of the House to move the resolution. </li></ul><ul><li>During this period of 14 days the DS presides over the meetings of the House. </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Speaker represents the House, must be neutral, non-partisan and impartial. </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory Powers. </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisory Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Miscellaneous Powers </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Speaker represents the House, must be neutral, non-partisan and impartial. </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory Powers. </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisory Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Miscellaneous Powers </li></ul>