IX
INTERGRATING TECHNOLOGY           IN    TEACHING          TIIT             Gioko, A      Ph D Candidate           Coordina...
TITLEHOW DO WE INTEGRATE TECHNOLOGYIN TEACHING UNDER LOW RESOURCED          ENVIRONMENT.
”If properly integrated, hasthe potential to enhance theteaching and learningprocess”(Apkan, 2002; Bork, 2003; Dwyer, Ring...
INTRODUCTION• Name• School• Position in school• Subject taught     “A sentence explaining how    technology is integrated ...
Session“Essential Agreements”
GoalContextually relevant and innovative instructional approachesand strategies in technology integration in teaching.Lear...
A powerful tool to supplement teachers’instruction in classroom.If properly used by teachers, technologycan foster more in...
Session outline • Discussions • Tasks   –Reviews   –Hands on   –Individual and Collaborative    Reflection • Demonstration...
How DO WE is integrated    in our schools     ACTIVITY
How DO WE is integrated    in our schoolsPRESENTATION
A new society requires new skills: Due to the fact thatICTs are the preeminent tools for information processing,new gener...
INTERGRATE VS USEWhats the difference?
Definitions (English)• transitive and intransitive verb make into whole:  to join two or more objects or make something  p...
TechnologyInformation communication technology (ICT):The term ICT encompasses the range ofhardware (desktop and portable c...
• …education  that is organized in such as way that it cuts across subject-matter lines, bringing together various aspects...
Integrate/UseIntegrating   Use
ICT USE/INTEGRATE• ICT Integration:            • Adjunct use is the  Integration is using ICT      use of  in teaching and...
Integration• It is important to integrate technology  based on the four principles  – enhancement,  – retrieval,  – revers...
Integration• This short video was intergraded in a  science lesson identify aspects of the  video that bring about  enhanc...
How          How it       Subject.   Topic.   technology is   impacts                            integrated.    learning.A...
How          How it       Subject.   Topic.   technology is   impacts                            integrated.    learning.A...
WHAT INFLUENCES LEARNINGWhat the learner already knows – prior knowledgeLearner’s interest – motivationPrior knowledge:A d...
Three Way Relationship                    PhenomenonEveryday Knowledge           EducationalEveryday, common sense       M...
Learning• Influences the PROCESS    whereby learning occurs.• Motivation: Learning styles and  Multiple Intelligences.• Au...
Ausubel• “If I was to reduce all of educational psychology  to just one principle, I would say this: the most  important s...
Meaningful Learning   Meaningful                                Rote                                      existing        ...
Meaningful Learning• Degree of meaningful learning depends on the  NATURE of existing knowledge and HOW it  interacts with...
INFORMATION PROCESSINGThe conversion of latent information into manifest informationSOME KEY IDEAS IN THIS VIEW OF LEARNIN...
Information Processing in ClassroomTeaching1. Gain the students attention.2. Bring to mind relevant prior learning.3. Poin...
Information Processing in ClassroomTeaching6. Provide opportunities for students to elaborateon new information.7. Show st...
TeachingThree types of Learning theories that have impacted teaching and learning with ICT.Tutor, Tutee and Tool.  – Compu...
TPCK
What isAFFORDANCE
Identifying Affordance1. What is the affordance i.e.opportunities for learning2. What is facilitating the affordance orpro...
ActivityWhile integrating technology you need to review affordance basedon elements that support affordanceAffordance for ...
AffordanceAffordance for    Provided by    Factors that may      Elements that   students                     increase deg...
Searching for informationSearch engines are usedGoogleMSNYahoo
Key Words are used to SearchTo find a demonstration of how volcanoserupt for your science class.Key words Demonstration an...
Watch your resource and copy for use
PRACTICUMLET GET TO THE LAB AN GET OURRESOURCES
REFLECTIONHOW WAS THE EXPERIENCE
Workshop FeedbackFILL IN THE WORKSHOP FEEDBACKFORM
GoalContextually relevant and innovative instructional approachesand strategies in technology integration in teaching.Lear...
The beginning
Technology Integration
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  • SIX1X6VI
  • Technology Integration

    1. 1. IX
    2. 2. INTERGRATING TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING TIIT Gioko, A Ph D Candidate Coordinator Professional Development Centre A K Academy Mombasa
    3. 3. TITLEHOW DO WE INTEGRATE TECHNOLOGYIN TEACHING UNDER LOW RESOURCED ENVIRONMENT.
    4. 4. ”If properly integrated, hasthe potential to enhance theteaching and learningprocess”(Apkan, 2002; Bork, 2003; Dwyer, Ringstaff, and Sandholtz, 1990;Kian-Sam Hong, Abang Ahmad Ridzuan and Ming-Koon Kuek, 2003; Lee andDziuban, 2002;Thompson, 2003; Gioko, 2007).
    5. 5. INTRODUCTION• Name• School• Position in school• Subject taught “A sentence explaining how technology is integrated in my school”
    6. 6. Session“Essential Agreements”
    7. 7. GoalContextually relevant and innovative instructional approachesand strategies in technology integration in teaching.Learning opportunities• Understanding the difference between integrating and using technology in teaching• Understanding how technology supports learning• Identifying areas where technology could be integrated in different subject at different levels• Searching for a resource and planning on how to integrate it in teaching.
    8. 8. A powerful tool to supplement teachers’instruction in classroom.If properly used by teachers, technologycan foster more interest in learning on thepart of students, and teachers can use itin the instruction of their respectivesubjects.Technology has the potential to makeinstruction easier, more challenging andmotivating for teachers. (Jhurree, 2005).
    9. 9. Session outline • Discussions • Tasks –Reviews –Hands on –Individual and Collaborative Reflection • Demonstration • Hands On
    10. 10. How DO WE is integrated in our schools ACTIVITY
    11. 11. How DO WE is integrated in our schoolsPRESENTATION
    12. 12. A new society requires new skills: Due to the fact thatICTs are the preeminent tools for information processing,new generations need to become competent in their use,should acquire the necessary skills, and therefore must haveaccess to computers and networks during their school life.Productivity enhancement: Schools are knowledge-handling institutions; therefore, ICTs should be fundamentalmanagement tools on all levels of an educational system,from classrooms to ministries.A quest for quality learning: Schools should profoundlyrevise present teaching practices and resources to createmore effective learning environments and improve life-longlearning skills and habits in their students. Hepp, Hinostroza, Laval and Rehbein (2004)
    13. 13. INTERGRATE VS USEWhats the difference?
    14. 14. Definitions (English)• transitive and intransitive verb make into whole: to join two or more objects or make something part of a larger whole, or be joined or made part of a larger whole "integrating light rail into the regional transportation plan"• transitive verb benefit from something: to benefit or get satisfaction from something
    15. 15. TechnologyInformation communication technology (ICT):The term ICT encompasses the range ofhardware (desktop and portable computers,projection technology, calculators, data-logging, and digital-recording equipment),software applications (Generic software such asexcel, access and multimedia resources such asflash, video and power point), and informationsystems (Intranet, Internet)
    16. 16. • …education that is organized in such as way that it cuts across subject-matter lines, bringing together various aspects of the curriculum into meaningful association to focus upon broad areas of study. It views learning and teaching in a holistic way and reflects the real world, Which is interactive? Shoemarker(1989)
    17. 17. Integrate/UseIntegrating Use
    18. 18. ICT USE/INTEGRATE• ICT Integration: • Adjunct use is the Integration is using ICT use of in teaching and learning, Technology as an as part and parcel of the extra or addition curriculum independent tool in teaching of time and place. This and learning. It could be as a tool or as technology. means that if technology is in• if it is used to enhance isolation of the the teaching and learning content then it is then it is integrated use adjunct use.
    19. 19. Integration• It is important to integrate technology based on the four principles – enhancement, – retrieval, – reversal, – obsolescence.• Integration should allow for enriching, enhancing and maximizing learning.
    20. 20. Integration• This short video was intergraded in a science lesson identify aspects of the video that bring about enhancement, retrieval, reversal, obsolescence.
    21. 21. How How it Subject. Topic. technology is impacts integrated. learning.Areas of integrationACTIVITY
    22. 22. How How it Subject. Topic. technology is impacts integrated. learning.Areas of integrationPRESENTATION
    23. 23. WHAT INFLUENCES LEARNINGWhat the learner already knows – prior knowledgeLearner’s interest – motivationPrior knowledge:A determinant of WHAT further learning canoccur
    24. 24. Three Way Relationship PhenomenonEveryday Knowledge EducationalEveryday, common sense More formalized waysway of talking and of talking and thinkingthinking Development andDeveloped and reinforced vandalized by learningby growing in a culture. communitiesLearned and reinforced Learning throughsubconsciously through explicit teaching (noteveryday communication these to be discovered)
    25. 25. Learning• Influences the PROCESS whereby learning occurs.• Motivation: Learning styles and Multiple Intelligences.• Ausubel “rote learning set/meaningful learning set” central
    26. 26. Ausubel• “If I was to reduce all of educational psychology to just one principle, I would say this: the most important single factor influencing learning is what the learner already knows.” (1968)• He argued that for “meaningful learning” the learner must make a conscious effort to relate new knowledge to existing knowledge, to identify key conceptions in the new knowledge and relate these to other key ideas.
    27. 27. Meaningful Learning Meaningful Rote existing New new Learning existing new knowledge knowledge learning learning
    28. 28. Meaningful Learning• Degree of meaningful learning depends on the NATURE of existing knowledge and HOW it interacts with new learning• Those aspects of existing knowledge which provide these interactions are “subsumers”• Logically meaningful materials DO NOT AUTOMATICALLY mean psychologically meaningful learning• Advanced organizers – an approach to assisting learning when there are no “subsumers” (existing knowledge to allow appropriate linkages
    29. 29. INFORMATION PROCESSINGThe conversion of latent information into manifest informationSOME KEY IDEAS IN THIS VIEW OF LEARNING• SELECTING• CHUNKING THINGS EVERYBODY DOES• PROCESSING OR• INTEGRATING• EXTENDING THINGS GOOD LEARNERS DO• MONITORING
    30. 30. Information Processing in ClassroomTeaching1. Gain the students attention.2. Bring to mind relevant prior learning.3. Point out important information.4. Present information in an organized manner5. Show students how to categorize (chunk)related information.
    31. 31. Information Processing in ClassroomTeaching6. Provide opportunities for students to elaborateon new information.7. Show students how to use coding whenmemorizing lists.8. Provide for repetition of learning.9. Provide opportunities for over learning offundamental concepts and skills.
    32. 32. TeachingThree types of Learning theories that have impacted teaching and learning with ICT.Tutor, Tutee and Tool. – Computer as tutor – Computer as Tutee. – Computer as Tool.
    33. 33. TPCK
    34. 34. What isAFFORDANCE
    35. 35. Identifying Affordance1. What is the affordance i.e.opportunities for learning2. What is facilitating the affordance orproviding the opportunity.3. What is promoting the degree ofaffordance?4. What is the source of information?
    36. 36. ActivityWhile integrating technology you need to review affordance basedon elements that support affordanceAffordance for Elements that Elements that may Elements that students Provide increase degree provide affordance of information about Affordance affordance Observe the Experiments and fill in the table
    37. 37. AffordanceAffordance for Provided by Factors that may Elements that students increase degree of provide affordance information about affordanceSelecting the Software Teacher prompts The teacher and variables to and inquiry the Guiding change questions questionsInstant results Software The graphics. Worksheets Teacher promptMultiple trials Simulation Ability to repeat Time, Less and within a short movement, Instant understandi interval results ng trends
    38. 38. Searching for informationSearch engines are usedGoogleMSNYahoo
    39. 39. Key Words are used to SearchTo find a demonstration of how volcanoserupt for your science class.Key words Demonstration and Volcano andErupt
    40. 40. Watch your resource and copy for use
    41. 41. PRACTICUMLET GET TO THE LAB AN GET OURRESOURCES
    42. 42. REFLECTIONHOW WAS THE EXPERIENCE
    43. 43. Workshop FeedbackFILL IN THE WORKSHOP FEEDBACKFORM
    44. 44. GoalContextually relevant and innovative instructional approachesand strategies in technology integration in teaching.Learning opportunities• Understanding the difference between integrating and using technology in teaching• Understanding how technology supports learning• Identifying areas where technology could be integrated in different subject at different levels• Searching for a resource and planning on how to integrate it in teaching.
    45. 45. The beginning

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