Language & power.V smith 04209877


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  • Ginni,
    I am incomplete agreement about valuing all minority languages. We need somehow to engineer a societal change such that people do not feel threatened by difference.

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  • Ginni

    I agree with your conclusion although as you point out this is becoming increasingly difficult. I guess we need to promote the relevance of minority languages.

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Language & power.V smith 04209877

  1. 1. Global English and the death of minority languages in the New Zealand context<br />Language & Power<br />Virginia Smith 04209877<br />
  2. 2. The beginning<br />
  3. 3. The spread of English<br /><ul><li>Early English spread to different territories throughout the world with the movement of the British, the spread of Christianity, and European style education.
  4. 4. Power of English speaking countries such as U.S.A that have economic and global power in areas of technological development and cultural matters, increase English use throughout the world (Arndt, Harvey, & Nuttall, 2000).
  5. 5. English educated graduate students returning home to non-English speaking countries and taking senior professional positions increases the use of English.</li></li></ul><li>English in the world today <br /><ul><li>English is the most widely used language in the world
  6. 6. English is a global language
  7. 7. English is used as a ‘lingua franca’ between non-english speaking countries
  8. 8. There are many varieties of English</li></ul>(Arndt et al. 2000). <br />
  9. 9. Death of Minority languages<br /><ul><li>At least 75 languages have become extinct in Europe and Asia alone!
  10. 10. Causes of language extinction? globalisation, Technological progression, cultural assimilation from colonialism, power of English speaking countries. </li></ul>(Crystal, 2000)<br /><ul><li>Prime example of near language extinction in New Zealand is Te Reo Maori.</li></li></ul><li>Learning English in New Zealand <br />
  11. 11. New Zealand attitudes<br /><ul><li>New Zealand has recently become significantly more culturally diverse than in previous times. We are one of few countries who do not have second language learning as a mandatory subject. Many people in society have not adjusted to this cultural and lingual diversity and often do not have any awareness or personal experience of other languages or cultures.
  12. 12. Many community organisations struggle to communicate with people that do not speak English, but it is usually the responsibility of the ‘foreigners’ to learn English, not the other way around.
  13. 13. People with children at school often wish for their children to speak only English but do not realise the importance of the native language in this society, in order for them to maintain their identity and their cultural heritage.
  14. 14. In order to compete in the future of language New Zealanders need to become more cognizant of language. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Having a need to learn the language
  15. 15. Many opportunities to hear authentic language
  16. 16. Expectation to speak English
  17. 17. Cultural differences
  18. 18. Expectations of parents for children to speak English
  19. 19. Few people that speak native language to interact with
  20. 20. Differences in learning styles and educational expectations
  21. 21. Attitudes of people in society
  22. 22. Identity adaptation
  23. 23. Different varieties of English</li></ul>Factors of learning in New Zealand<br />
  24. 24. of living in NZ English majority linguistic society<br />Learning difficulties caused by different learning styles and classroom expectations<br />Assimilation into English speaking society<br />Families with children often want their children to speak only English. The native language becomes lost in the next generation<br />Not being accepted unless you speak English<br />Rejection of native language and culture <br />Few people of your culture and language to socialise with.<br />Feeling of inequality in society.<br />
  25. 25. The future of English<br />In the 21st century the future of language may be a bilingual one where those who are monolingual will be at a disadvantage. Keeping language and culture alive is vital in maintaining cultural identity and in instilling respect and acceptance of others in future generations. <br />A ‘world standard’ English will evolve and the cross-cultural negotiation of meaning and communication strategies in ‘lingua franca’ will take greater importance. The future for English language teachers will include the command of a range of varieties of English. <br />(Arndt et al. 2000)<br />
  26. 26. Language learning factors<br />
  27. 27. Teaching students of english in New Zealand<br />(Abramsand Ferguson, 2005)<br />
  28. 28. With English becoming a global language and New Zealand constantly becoming more diverse in language and culture, we need to be aware of the importance of the power that language holds. We need to value minority languages in this country and ensure that people feel comfortable to continue using them in the community. Teachers of English should be increasingly aware of these issues and to ensure their pedagogical practice takes into account the value of the native language and cultural values that come with it. <br />Conclusion<br />
  29. 29. References<br />Arndt, V., Harvey, P., and Nuttall, J. (2000). Alive to language. Perspectives on language awareness for English language teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.<br />Crystal, D. (2000). Language Death. Pp. 68-90. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.<br />Abrams, J. and Ferguson, J. (2005). Teaching Students from Many Nations. Students from many countries can learn together, each sharing his or her individual gifts. Educational Leadership. Association for supervision and curriculum development.<br />