GHOST IN THE SHELLGhost in a Shell is about two cyborgs, MajorMotoko Kusanagi and Batou. A cyborgs job is much like a police officers’ job. They patrol publicsafety. Major Motoko Kusanagi and Batou areassigned the task of finding a hacker that goesby the name, Puppet Master. While everyone inthe film looked like humans, they were actuallyshells. These shells are completely robotic, buthouse the souls of individuals. The Puppet Master is responsible for creatingillegal shells via hacking his way into functioning shells.When the two cyborgs get a hold of The Puppet Master they try to disconnecthim from his shell, but The Puppet Master has also been hacked into a long timeago, so he no longer knows his true identity.Major Motoko Kusanagi and Batou are representatives of people who enforcesocietal rules and The Puppet Master is an example of technology and the crimethat can come with being in a technological world.
ROBOTSRobots is an AmericanPG computer animatedfilm released in 2005. Itwas a joint effort that wasdirected by Chris Wedgeand William Joyce. Thefilm was originally to becreated after WilliamJoyce’s children’s bookSanta Calls, but evolvedinto a work of its ownabout robots. There were6 credited film writersand its voice crew Winner of 2006 ASCAP Award for Top Box Office Filmfeatured an all star castwith Ewan Winner of 2005 MTV Movie Award for Favorite Song for a MovieMcGregor, HalleBerry, Mel Brooks, Paula Nominated for 13 other awardsAbdul, DrewCarey, James Earl The American Film Institute nominated Robots for its Top 10Jones, Jay Leno, Al Animated Films ListRoker, and RobinWilliams.
ROBOTSROBOTS IS A FILM ABOUT A YOUNG INVENTOR, RODNEY, WHO IS BORN INT OA TECHNOLOGICALLY ADVANCED WORLD OF ROBOTS, POOR BUT BRILLIANT.HE LEAVES HOME AGAINST HIS MOTHERS WISHES TO GO TO THE CITY TOMEET THE ICONIC INVENTOR, MR. BIGWELL, IN HOPES OF GETTING A JOBAS AN INVENTOR. BIGWELL HAS THE CLASSIC SAYING “SEE A NEED, FILL ANEED” , AND RODNEY LIVES BY THESE WORDS.RODNEY ENDS UP WITH A GROUP OF MISFITS ONCE IN THE CITY WHO OFFE RHIM A PLACE TO STAY. HE SOON COMES TO FIND THAT THE COMPANY ISDOING AWAY WITH OLD PARTS AND BOTS. HE WANTS TO SPEAK UP, BUTEVERYONE IS SCARED OF GOING TO THE CHOP SHOP FOR SPEAKING OUT.RODNEY TAKES THE LEAD AND LEADS A PROTEST INSISTING ON CHANGE, S OTHAT EVERYONE IN ROBOT CITY HAS A CHANCE, NOT JUST NEW SHINYBOTS. HE GIVES THE BOTS A VOICE, A MEANING, AND A LEADER, IN ANATTEMPT TO PROTEST TECHNOLOGY THAT IS BEING USED THE WRONGWAY, SO THAT HE MIGHT HELP AID IN TECHNOLOGY THAT FITS MR.BIGWELLS SAYING IN AN INCLUSIVE SOCIETY.
FILM LINKSGHOST IN THE SHELL:HTTP://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=XHFS7OQ_CWKALSO VISIT THEIR WEBSITE:HTTP://WWW.GHOSTINTHESHELL.TV/ROBOTS:HTTP://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=N8U2L-CQHX8&FEATURE=RELATEDHTTP://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=YQXJM0APQ_C&FEATURE=RELATED OTHER RELATED FILMS WITH SIMILAR THEMESREAL STEEL:HTTP://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=GXKJQ9NSOBSI, ROBOT:HTTP://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=S0F3JEDVEEO
Social and technologicalprogress is overseen by thosein charge within a society. Ifour leaders are wrong intheir execution to achieveprogress, someone oftenpays the price. Because weare a class system, those whopay the greatest price are thepoor, uneducated, minoritygroups first because they arethe most expendable. We must constantly moveforward to achieve change.Sometimes that requires thatwe go against the socialnorm. We may risk ourlives, our reputations, andchallenge others to do so aswell. But, we have to askourselves, what is moreimportant, equality, orreputation, and where do Idraw the line? This is aproblem faced in the filmsand in our society.
SYNOPSIS cont. Both films revolve around the main characters who are facing a moral demine, left to fight on the side of good against bad within their society. This is a common storyline plot within many films, but also within many cultures and societies. We will examine American culture with examples of moral derived dilemma in our society . We will take a look at how this has shaped social movements in this country from the beginning to the present. By looking at these examples we are able to see how protest and progress are connected, as discussed in the film overviews and in American history.
SYNOPSIS cont. The central theme of each film revolves around technology and progress . The main characters in the films are fighting against technology, yet not exactly against progress, just the way society is attempting progress. In American history we have many individuals who made brilliant contributions to society and our countries advancement through science and social sciences. They too were often found on the fighting end of their careers, seeking progress that they believed in when the majority did not support it.
SYNOPSIS cont. In American society, we have a class system. Like Rodney in Robots, many of America’s brilliant inventors and social activists and leaders derived from poor backgrounds at the bottom of that system. They believed in change and the hard work and tenacity required from everyone in order to obtain a more advanced society. It has been addressed from both groups how their intentions were to help and to inspire the next generation like themselves. These examples reiterate how imperative it is not to discriminate against someone, whether it be race, class, or sex. We all deserve a chance to be brilliant!
SYNOPSIS cont. In the end, our films exemplified examples of protest and technology in different realms, cultural context, and plots. But, they share the same messages. More importantly we seen how when power in society is given to one group over another they are often pitted against each other. By protesting, it enable there to be a shift in power, helping the minority individuals create a stronger platform to be understood. This has also been the case in many American protests.
The History of American ProtestAMERICA IS A YOUNG COUNTRY IN RELATION TOOTHERS AROUND THE WORLD. AND LIKE MOSTICONIC VERSIONS OF YOUTH, AMERICA ISRAPIDLY ADVANCING.IN THE PAST 100 YEARS WE HAVE SEEN MANYCHANGES WITHIN OUR SOCIETY. THOSECHANGES HAVE OFTEN BEEN QUITESIGNIFICANT AND HAVE NOT COME EASILY ANDWITHOUT PROTEST.
Change. Is it Fair? Is it necessary?American Airlines employees protest thecompany’s restructuring plan at Dallas-FortWorth International Airport inGrapevine, Texas.
The History of American Protest cont.TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION, ANTI -WARPROTESTS, WOMEN’S RIGHTS, MINORITIESRIGHTS, LABOR RIGHTS, AND NOW AS WE SETTLE INTOA NEW CENTURY, OUR COUNTRY IS EXPERIENCING ANEW SOCIAL UPROAR, THE OCCUPY MOVEMENT.WHEN PEOPLE IN THIS COUNTRY ARE FACED WITH ASOCIALLY MORAL DERIVED DILEMMA , WE HAVE SEENTHEM BAN TOGETHER AND FORM A VOICE IN ORDERTO ADDRESS OUR POLITICAL FOREMEN, SOCIALLAW, AND THE REST OF THE COUNTRY.
The History of American Protest cont.PROTESTS ARE OFTEN NOT MAJORITY SUPPORTED INTHIS COUNTRY. THEY HAVE TURNED VIOLENT ANDDEADLY. THEY HAVE BEEN LONG AND DRAINING FORBOTH SIDES. THEY HAVE DRAWN LINES IN THE SANDBETWEEN PEOPLE.BUT, THEY HAVE ALSO HELPED TO CREATE REAL ANDNECESSARY PROGRESSIVE CHANGE WITHIN SOCIETY.AND EACH GENERATION TO FOLLOW HAS REAPED THEFRUITS OF THE LABOR DERIVED FROM GENERATIONSBEFORE US.
PROTEST MAKES A DIFFERENCEHigh school students are hit by a high-pressure A multi-cultural class anywhere inwater jet from a fire hose during a protest inBirmingham, Alabama, in 1963 America, circa 2000
The History of American Protest cont.TECHNOLOGY MIGHT EQUATE PROGRESS, BUTPROTEST ALSO EQUATES PROGRESS FOR AMERICA.JUST AS THE COUNTRY HAS USED TECHNOLOGY TOMOVE FORWARD INTO ONE OF THE MOSTINDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD, OURCITIZENS HAVE ALSO USED PROTEST TO MOVEFORWARD INTO ONE OF THE MOST SOCIALLYPROGRESSIVE COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD.
The Boston Tea Party, December16, 1773The Boston Tea Party was theoriginal American protest.Citizens were fed up with theincreasing taxation that theBritish imposed on all teaimported. British Americansdid not vote inelections, however the Britishparliament was still able toimpose heavy taxes on theBritish colonies in theAmericas.When a law was passed thatgave the East India Company amonopoly on tea, the companywas required to sell Britain thetea at wholesale, while they inturn resold it at a considerableinflation to British Americans.When colonists heard about thesevere injustice they threw thetea in the Boston The Original American ProtestHarbor, hence the name TheBoston Tea Party. This actioncan be seen as the start of theAmerican Revolution, and thefirst notable protest .
Long after the AmericanRevolution women were stilldenied the right to vote. Withoutthe right to vote women were notbeing viewed as true Americancitizen’s, but as ownedproperty, as was their incomeand any inherited property sinceshe was not allowed to ownershiprights, per Coventry Laws.Naturally, many women weredissatisfied with having no voicein their country. Graduallymomentum was built and womenbegan protesting. The NAWSA, orNational American WomensSuffrage Association was formedin 1916. This group pioneered theway for women to obtain equalrights. They began silent protestsat the White House until theirneeds were met. By 1920 women Women’s Suffragewere given the right to vote withthe passing of the 19thAmendment.
The United Auto Workers, orUWA, is one of the largest laborunions in the country. Founded inthe 1930s, in Flint, Michigan, theUWA was created out of necessityfor poorly treated autoworkers of theGeneral Motors Factory. During theearly 1930s, America was reelingfrom the harsh times of the GreatDepression. As a result of the stockmarket crash, employee wages andthe demand of cars being low.General Motors implemented newregulations that would decrease theworker’s weekly wage in half andbegan sending work to plants thatwere not apart of a union.One night the workers of the Fischerbody plant stoppedproduction, locked the factorydoors, and sat down next to theirmachines. They refused to leaveuntil their needs were met. GeneralMotors put up a large fight. Theyturned off the heat with tempsreaching almost zero, calledauthorities and threatened legalaction to all the workers involved.The strike lasted forty days andended in favor of the workers. With Behind the United Auto Workersthe help of the mayor and presidentRoosevelt The workers demandswere met and they were also given a (UWA)five percent pay increase.
The Civil Rights Movement of the1950’s and 60’s forever changedAmerica. The movement is bestknown for its nonviolent methodsof struggle taken from Gandhi, toachieve change that was lead byDr. Martin Luther King Jr. Itaimed at outlawing racialdiscrimination against AfricanAmericans and restoring votingrights. The movement lasted nineyears from the time Rosa Parks satdown and refused to give her seatup to a white passenger to the timethat Congress outlawed Jim CrowLaws and restored voting rightsand the right to integrated, equaleducation.The Civil Rights era was a tryingand dangerous time for manyAmericans. As a matter of factBirmingham alone experiencedover 50 bombings between 1947and 1965 as a result to the CivilRights Movement. But, themovement worked. Dr. King’sdeath and the death and abuse ofso many victims did not go without The Civil Rights Movementa purpose that has been burnedinto our American history.
The Occupy Movement isbecoming widely publicized asit has continued on. It startedSeptember 17, 2011 in NewYork City as a protest inZuccotti Park. From there itgrew into a show of protestsaround the country in a moveof solidarity.The groups are against thesocial and economicalinequality in this country. Theyfeel that there is greed andcorruption between thecorporations and thegovernment that is effectingthe quality of life of theAmerican. Their slogan is “Weare the 99%”. It refers to thewealthiest 1% that owns themajority of the country.The Occupy Movement is The Occupy Movementyoung, and as we have seenwith the Civil Rights, WomensSuffrage, Welfare Rights, ect.These movements take time tosee change. So America waits.
PROTESTIN THE END, AS WE SEEN IN THE FILMS, AND INOUR COUNTRYS HISTORY, SOMETIMES PROTESTIS NECESSARY TO ACHIEVE PROGRESS.
TECHNOLOGYWHEN WE HEAR THE WORD TECHNOLOGY, WE AREINCLINED TO THINK OF THE NEWEST COMPUTERS ANDGAMING SYSTEMS. BUT, AMERICAN MADETECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS BEGAN LONG BEFORETHAT. IT CAN BE SEEN IN A VARIETY OF FORMS INAMERICAN HISTORY.THESE ADVANCEMENTS HELPED CATAPULT AMERICAINTO THE FOREFRONT OF “CUTTING EDGE” ANDESTABLISH OUR PLACE IN THE WORLD ECONOMY, ASWELL AS CHANGE LIFE AROUND THE COUNTRY ANDTHE WORLD.
TECHNOLOGY cont .AMERICAN MADE TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTSCAN BE BROKEN INTO THREE MAJOR CATEGORIES:INDUSTRIALIZED TECHNOLOGY, IMPROVED LIVINGTECHNOLOGY, AND MODERN AGE TECHNOLOGY.THESE ARE ALL INTERDEPENDENT BECAUSE WITHOUTONE, YOU LIKELY WOULD NOT HAVE ANOTHER. * PLEASE NOTE THAT THE FOLLOWING EXAMPLES ARE NOT ALL THE AMERICAN INVENTIONS, BUT THE MOST NOTEWORTHY WHEN LOOKING AT PROGRESS *
AMERICAN INDUSRTIALIZED TECHNOLOGY 1752, Benjamin Franklin invents the 1839, Charles Goodyear invents rubber lightening rod (Precursor to electricity) vulcanization 1776 , David Bushnell invents the 1842, Joseph Dart builds the 1st grain submarine , used during The elevator Revolutionary War (also invents the 1st 1862, Richard Gatling patents the time bomb) “machine gun” 1786, John Fitch invents the steamboat 1879, John Moses Browning invents 1794, Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin semi-automatic shotgun (including the 1831, Cyrus McCormick invents the reaper lever-action repeating rifle, semi- (an invention considered to revolutionize automatic shotgun, .22 caliber rifle, the farming) Browning 1919 .30 caliber and M2 .50 1834, Henry Blair patents a corn planter caliber machine guns (MGs), and the and in 1836 cotton planter. (Henry Blair Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR). was the only inventor to be identified in Perhaps his most famous weapon, the the Patent Office records as "a colored BAR was adopted by the military and man” and signed with an “X” because he famously used by soldiers in World could not write.) War I.) 1836, Samuel Colt invents the revolver 1903, Michael J. Owens invents a bottle- (used in the Mexican War and The Civil making machine War, His manufacturing methods also at 1903, the Wright brothers invent the 1st the forefront of the Industrial Revolution gas motored and manned airplanes because he was the 1st industrialist to successfully employ an assembly line) 1904, Benjamin Holt invents a tractor
AMERICAN INDUSRTIALIZED TECHNOLOGY cont. 1906, Lewis Nixon invents a sonar 1952, Edward Teller and team build device hydrogen bomb 1908, Henry Ford sold the 1st Model T 1954, Caplin, Fuller and Pearson invent car (also invented 1st automatic the solar cell conveyer built) 1911, Charles Kettering invents 1st automobile electrical ignition system 1914, Garrett A. Morgan invents the gas mask (1923 a traffic light) 1916, Henry Brearly invents stainless steel 1920, John Thompson patents the Tommy gun 1926, Robert Godard invent liquid- fueled rockets 1936, Sanuek Colt patents the coldt revolver’ 1945, US creates the Atomic bomb
AMERICAN IMPROVED LIVING TECHNOLOGY 1780, Benjamin Franklin invents Bi- 1851, Issac Singer invents 1st focal eye glasses “automatic” sewing machine 1834, Jacob Perkins invents ether ice 1857, George Pullman invents the machine (early refrigeration device) “sleeping car” for train travel 1835, Solymon Merrick patents the 1858, Hamilton Smith patents the wrench rotary washing machine 1845, Elias Howe invents 1st successful 1868, George Westinghouse invents air “modern” sewing machine (his brakes machine contained 3 essential features 1873, Joseph Glidden invents barbed still found in todays machines) wire 1846 , Dr. William Morton 1st to use 1876, Melvile Bissell patents the “carpet anesthesia for tooth extraction sweeper” 1848, Waldo Hanchett patents the 1884, Lewis Edison Waterman invents dental chair the fountain pen 1849, Walter Hunt invents the safety 1886, Josephine Cochrane invents 1st pin automatic dishwasher 1850, Joel Houghton given 1st patent 1889, Joshua Pusey invents the for a hand crank dishwasher matchbook
AMERICAN IMPROVED LIVING TECHNOLOGY cont. 1893, W.L. Judson invents the zipper Dow Corp invests silicone breast implants 1891, Jesse W. Reno invents the escalator 1969, Paul Winchell invents the artificial 1896, H. O’Sullivan invents the rubber heart. soled heel 1980, Baruch Blumberg invents Hepatitis 1902, Willis Carrier invents the air vaccine conditioner 1986, Gregory Gallico invents synthetic 1903, Mary Anderson invents windshield skin wipers 1992, Jerome Schentag invented the smart 1913, Mary Phelps Jacob invents the bra pill 1913, Gideon Sundback invents the 1994, Hoffman LaRoche Inc. invented modern zipper HIV protease inhibitor 1915, Lloyd Copeman receives the patent 2001, Dr. Kenneth Matsumura invents for the electric stove artificial liver Clearance Birdseye invents frozen food 2002, Francisco Guerro invents date rape 1930, Richard Drew patents scotch tape drug spotter 1954, Oral Contraceptives invents “the 2004, Robert Langer invents pill” SonoPrep, is a device that will deliver medication by sound waves rather than 1954, Dr. Jonas Salk invents Polio vaccine injection
AMERICAN MODERN AGE TECHNOLOGY 1829, W.A. Burt invents a typewriter 1898, Edwin Prescott agents the roller 1837, Samuel F.B. Morse invents the coaster telegraph (1838 he also invents Morse 1902, James Mackenzie invents the code) polygraph 1867, Christopher Scholes invents the 1st 1923, John Hardwood invents the self modern typewriter winding watch 1876, Alexander Grahm Bell patents the 1927, Philo Taylor Farnsworth invents a telephone (1881 a metal detector) complete electronic TV system 1877, Thomas Edison invents the 1929, Paul Galvin invents the car radio phonograph (1896 1st projector, 1910 1st 1930, Vannevar Bush invents an analog talking motion picture) computer 1884, George Eastman patents paper strip 1932, Edwin Herbert Land invents photographic film (1888 a handheld Polaroid photography portable Kodak camera) 1933 Edwin Howard Armstrong invents 1884, James Ritty invents the cash FM radio register 1936, Bell Labs invents voice recognition 1887, Emile Berliner invents the aching gramophone (sound recording system that 1937, Chester Carlson invents the photo recorded on records) copier
AMERICAN MODERN AGE TECHNOLOGY cont. 1940, Peter Goldmark invents a modern 1957, John Backus invents Fortran color TV system (computer language) 1942, John Atanasoff and Cliford Barry 1959, Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce invent build 1st electronic digital computer the microchip 1946, Percy Pencer invents the microwave 1962, Steve Russell invents Spacewar, the oven 1st video game 1947, AT&T and FCC invent 1st mobile 1965, Jack Russell invents the CD phone (1979 Motorola invents 1st publicly 1968, Douglas Englebart invents the usable cell phone, 1986 CTIA invents 1st computer mouse digital cell phone ) 1969, Charles Herzfeldt invented Arpanet 1950, Ralph Schneider invents the credit (1st internet) card 1970 , Alan Shuggart invents the floppy 1952, James Woodlan and Bernard Silver disk patent the bar code 1973, Robert Metcalfe and Xerox invent 1953, RCA invents 1st musical synthesizer Ethernet (computer network) 1953, David Warren invents the black box 1976, IBM invents laser printer - flight recorder 1981, IBM and Bill Gates invents IBM-PC 1953, Texas Instruments invents 1983, Steve Jobs creates Apple Lisa transistor radio
AMERICAN MODERN AGE TECHNOLOGY cont. 1984, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak invent Apple Macintosh 1985, Microsoft creates Windows 1992, IBM creates 1st Smartphone known as IBM Simon 1997, Larry Page and Sergey Bring create Google Search Engine 2000, Dean Kamen invents “Ginger” now known as the Segway 2000, Microsoft unveils Xbox 2001, Apple invents iPod 2002, Richard Merrill invents camera chip 2004, Adidas invents thinking shoes with built in microprocessor that decides how soft or firm support the wearer needs 2007, Steve jobs and Apple creates the Iphone, the 1st multitouch interface phone
TECHNOLOGYMANY OF THE GREAT INVENTORS OF THIS COUNTRY HAVEFOUGHT AT TIMES AGAINST SOCIETY AND BEEN DEEMED“MADMEN”, BEEN JAILED, BEEN BANKRUPT, IN GREAT DEBTAND INVOLVED IN LAWSUITS, AND BEEN OUTCASTE AS ARESULT. THEIR BRILLIANCE WAS NOT SEEN UNTILAFTERWARDS.THIS IS IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTAND WHEN WE DISCUSSTECHNOLOGY AND PROTEST BECAUSE THESE GENIUSESOFTEN HAD TO PROTEST AGAINST MAJORITY POINTS OFVIEW, VERY MUCH LIKE SOCIAL PROGRESS AND ACTIVISTSHAD TO. BOTH OFTEN EXPERIENCED SIMILARRIDICULE, SLANDER AND WERE THE TARGET OF OTHERSHARSH JUDGMENTS.
Final Thoughts from Great Minds…“THE WORLD HATES CHANGE, BUT IT IS THE ONLY THING THATHAS BROUGHT PROGRESS.” - C H A R L E S K E T T E R I N G , I N V E N T O R O F T H E 1 ST E L E C T R I C A L S T A R T E R MOTOR, 1911“WHEN AN INDIVIDUAL IS PROTESTING SOCIETYS REFUSAL TOACKNOWLEDGE HIS DIGNITY AS A HUMAN BEING, HIS VERY ACTOF PROTEST CONFERS DIGNITY ON HIM.” – BAYARD RUSTIN, CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER, VIETNAM WAR PROTESTOR AND GAY RIGHTS ACTIVIST, 1910 - 1987
QUESTIONS How is change achieved What trend have we seen through protest? in American History technology over the past How is change achieved 200 years? through technology? Is protest still relevant to How did the employees our society? of GM implement protest and technology in What does progress order to achieve what mean to you? they wanted?
REFERENCES Adams, M., Warwick, K. Northern Kentucky University; Civil Rights Era – Racial and Ethnic Attitudes. (1995- 1999).<http://www.nku.edu/~eng/history/civil.html >. American Inventors (2008) . <http://www.american-inventor.com/dr-jonas-salk.aspx>. Bellis, Mary. About.com Inventors, 20th Centurey Timeline. (Retrieved March 1, 2012). <http://inventors.about.com/od/timelines/a/modern_4.htm >. Cloward, R.A, Piven, F.A. (1977). Poor People’s Movements; Why They Succeed, How They Fail. New York: Vintage Books. Foner, Eric (2009). Give Me Liberty! An American History. New York: W.W. Norton and Company. The Franklin Institute. Resource for Science Learners (2012). http://fi.edu/franklin/inventor/bell.html IMDb. Retrieved March 1, 2012. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0358082/awards Wikipedia. (Retrieved March 1, 2012). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_inventors http://dpsinfo.com/women/history/timeline.html
Ginger Huizar Maiko Delgado GROUP 2 UNST 254T-W37MENTORED INQUIRY WORKSHOP MARCH 2012