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The british isles


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The british isles

  2. 2. WHAT ARE THE BRITISH ISLES ? <ul><li>GEOGRAPHY: 2 ISLANDS </li></ul><ul><li>IRELAND and GREAT BRITAIN </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE BRITISH ISLES - GEOGRAPHY <ul><li>How many countries are in Ireland ? </li></ul><ul><li>TWO </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Ireland and The Republic of Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>How many countries are in Great Britain ? </li></ul><ul><li>THREE </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland, England, and Wales </li></ul>
  4. 4. WHAT IS THE UNITED KINGDOM (UK)? <ul><li>GOVERNMENT: POLITICALLY ONE EU NATION </li></ul><ul><li>THE UK: 4 countries </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE UK - POLITICS <ul><li>How many countries are part of the UK? </li></ul><ul><li>Four </li></ul><ul><li>England, Scotland, Wales, and N. Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>How many UK countries are from Ireland? </li></ul><ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>How many UK countries are from Great Britain? </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul>
  6. 6. WHICH HAS A BIGGER AREA? <ul><li>SPAIN = 506,000 km 2 </li></ul><ul><li>THE UK = 244,800 km 2 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Which UK country has about the same population as Spain? <ul><li>UK = 66 million </li></ul><ul><li>England = 50.4 million </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland = 5 million </li></ul><ul><li>Wales = 2.9 million </li></ul><ul><li>N. Ireland = 1.7 million </li></ul>
  8. 8. Where do they speak these languages? <ul><li>English </li></ul><ul><li>Irish </li></ul><ul><li>Welsh </li></ul><ul><li>Gaelic </li></ul>
  9. 9. British Immigration <ul><li>85% White British </li></ul><ul><li>5% Indian (ex-colony) </li></ul><ul><li>10% Mixed (mainly Eastern European – Polish, Lithuanian, and Asian - Bangladeshi, etc.) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Are British people very religious?
  11. 11. Where are things more expensive? <ul><li>CURRENCY: THE EXCHANGE RATE </li></ul><ul><li>1 GBP = 1.15 EUROS </li></ul><ul><li>1 EURO = 0.87 GBP (pounds) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Why is England warmer than Poland? <ul><li>Same Latitude as Poland </li></ul><ul><li>Gulf Stream current </li></ul>
  13. 13. THE RELIEF: Are there more plains or mountains? <ul><li>Highest Mountain- Ben Nevis 1,334 meters </li></ul><ul><li>Longest River – Severn 354 km </li></ul>
  14. 14. Can you find the capital cities? <ul><li>England: London </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland: Edinburgh </li></ul><ul><li>Wales: Cardiff </li></ul><ul><li>N. Ireland: Belfast </li></ul><ul><li>Republic of Ireland: Dublin </li></ul>
  15. 15. Why are these cities famous? <ul><li>1. Bath </li></ul><ul><li>2. Liverpool </li></ul><ul><li>3. Nottingham </li></ul><ul><li>4. Oxford and Cambridge </li></ul><ul><li>5. Stone Henge </li></ul><ul><li>A. Universities </li></ul><ul><li>B. The Beatles </li></ul><ul><li>C. Robin Hood (Sherwood Forest) </li></ul><ul><li>D. Roman Baths </li></ul><ul><li>E. Ancient Ruins 2500bc </li></ul>
  16. 16. Can you match the flags? <ul><li>1. The UK </li></ul><ul><li>2. England </li></ul><ul><li>3. Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>4. N. Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>5. Great Britain </li></ul>
  17. 17. Traditional Costumes <ul><li>THE KILT IN SCOTLAND </li></ul><ul><li>BEEFEATERS – Queen’s guards </li></ul>
  18. 18. HOUSING <ul><li>DETACHED or SEMI DETACHED </li></ul><ul><li>FLATS or TERRACED </li></ul>
  19. 19. THE CHANNEL TUNNEL “CHUNNEL” <ul><li>WHAT IS IT? </li></ul><ul><li>The 50 km long tunnel across the English Channel (canal de la mancha) that connects Britain and mainland Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Built from 1987 to May 1994. </li></ul><ul><li>The above water distance is 35km between Dover and Calais. </li></ul><ul><li>EUROSTAR ROUTES </li></ul>
  20. 20. What is the channel tunnel? <ul><li>3 SEPARATE TUNNELS </li></ul><ul><li>Fast Train – Eurostar – transports people </li></ul><ul><li>Shuttle train – </li></ul><ul><li>transports cars and freight </li></ul><ul><li>Service tunnel - maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Which tunnel? </li></ul>
  21. 21. How fast is the Eurostar? <ul><li>Speed of 300 km/hr </li></ul><ul><li>140 km/hr through the English Channel </li></ul>
  22. 22. Why not take other transportation? <ul><li>Cross-Channel journey time </li></ul><ul><li>- loading and unloading </li></ul>
  23. 23. Why not take other transportation? <ul><li>London to Paris Journey time is 3 hours </li></ul>
  24. 24. Why was it built? <ul><li>The English Channel prevented easy movement of people and goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Air travel couldn’t handle traffic increase. </li></ul><ul><li>Sea routes (ferry and hovercraft) couldn’t handle the traffic increase. </li></ul><ul><li>The Channel barrier was no longer needed to protect Britain from European neighbors. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Eurotunnel Good or Bad? <ul><li>Joins road and rail transport between Britain and Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Tunnel rubbish hurts the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Big rail stations are ugly. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel time is faster. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 35,000 new jobs for people. </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs are lost at ports and ferry companies. </li></ul><ul><li>Animals with disease can go through the tunnel. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Eurotunnel Good or Bad? <ul><li>There is less pollution and congestion. </li></ul><ul><li>New railways hurt the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel is easier. </li></ul><ul><li>There is more tourism. </li></ul><ul><li>There is more trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation is easier for industry. </li></ul><ul><li>1,500 lorries per day are not driving. </li></ul>