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  1. 1. An Early Steam Locomotive
  2. 2. Increasing agricultural and industrial production It wasn´t possible to deliver the goods to the population Solution: Railroad BIG PROBLEM
  3. 3. The first railways <ul><li>Before 1700, trucks ran on wooden rails in Cornish tin mines </li></ul><ul><li>By about 1780, coal trucks in the North-East were running on wooden and stone tracks. A few tracks were made of iron </li></ul><ul><li>All these ‘waggonways’ were drawn by horses </li></ul>
  4. 4. No competition from other means of transport Industry need iron From stations to towns Fresh products available News and letters speed up Ability to travel further Effects
  5. 5. Locomotive <ul><ul><li>By 1800, fixed steam engines were working in mines and factories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The next step was the Locomotive – a moving steam engine that pulled coal trucks </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Liverpool to Manchester Railway <ul><li>There was a competition in 1829 to see who’s locomotive was best. Stephenson won </li></ul><ul><li>He was chosen to build the Liverpool to Manchester railway </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 people used the new railway in the first year. They were thrilled to travel at 18 m.p.h. </li></ul>
  7. 7. New world <ul><li>The ‘modern world’ took off with the coming of the railways. The world was never the same again after 1830. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Increase of Trade <ul><li>When the Economy grows , protectionism would be imposed </li></ul><ul><li>So each country has tariffs and taxes on imports </li></ul>Growing purchasing power More goods for sale Increase sales Increase production Market grows Economy grows