Acontecimientos de la segunda guerra

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Acontecimientos de la segunda guerra

  1. 1. Japan Invades Manchuria, 1931
  2. 2. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 The The N a t io n a l P o p u la r Front Front [ N a t io n a lis t s ] [ R e p u b lic a n s ] Carlists [ultra-Catholic . Anarcho-Syndicalists. monarchists]. i Basques.C Catholic Church. i Catalans.C Falange [fascist] Party. i Communists.. Monarchists. i Marxists. i Republicans. i Socialists.
  3. 3. The Japanese Invasion of China, 1937
  4. 4. The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, 1939 Foreign Ministersvon Ribbentrop & Molotov
  5. 5. Poland Attacked: Sept. 1, 1939 Blitzkrieg [“Lightening War”]
  6. 6. Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis, 1940 The Tripartite Pact
  7. 7. European Theater of Operations
  8. 8. The “Phoney War” Ends: Spring, 1940
  9. 9. Dunkirk Evacuated June 4, 1940
  10. 10. France Surrenders June, 1940
  11. 11. A Divided France Henri Petain
  12. 12. The French ResistanceThe Free French General Charles DeGaulle The Maquis
  13. 13. Now Britain Is All Alone!
  14. 14. Battle of Britain: The “Blitz”
  15. 15. Battle of Britain:The “Blitz”
  16. 16. The London “Tube”:Air Raid Shelters during the Blitz
  17. 17. The Royal Air Force
  18. 18. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
  19. 19. The Atlantic Charter P Roosevelt and Churchill sign treaty of friendship in August 1941. P Solidifies alliance. n Fashioned after Wilson’s 14 Points. t Calls for League of Nations type organization.
  20. 20. Operation Barbarossa:Hitler’s Biggest Mistake
  21. 21. Operation Barbarossa: June 22, 1941 o 3,000,000 German soldiers. 3,400 tanks.
  22. 22. The “Big Three”Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin
  23. 23. Axis Powers in 1942
  24. 24. Battle of Stalingrad: Winter of 1942-1943 German Army Russian Army 1,011,500 men 1,000,500 men10,290 artillery guns 13,541 artillery guns 675 tanks 894 tanks 1,216 planes 1,115 planes
  25. 25. The North Africa Campaign: The Battle of El Alamein, 1942 Gen. Ernst Rommel, The “Desert Fox”Gen. Bernard LawMontgomery (“Monty”)
  26. 26. The Italian Campaign [“Operation Torch”] : Europe’s “Soft Underbelly”n Allies plan assault on weakest Axis area - North Africa - Nov. 1942-May 1943n George S. Patton leads American troopsn Germans trapped in Tunisia - surrender over 275,000 troops.
  27. 27. The Battle for Sicily: June, 1943 GeneralGeorge S. Patton
  28. 28. The Allies Liberate Rome: June 5, 1944
  29. 29. Gen. Eisenhower Gives the Ordersfor D-Day [“Operation Overlord”]
  30. 30. D-Day (June 6, 1944)
  31. 31. Normandy Landing (June 6, 1944)German Prisoners Higgins Landing Crafts
  32. 32. July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot Major Claus von Stauffenberg
  33. 33. July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot 1. Adolf Hitler 2. Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel 3. Gen Alfred von Jodl 4. Gen Walter Warlimont 5. Franz von Sonnleithner 6. Maj Herbert Buchs 7. Stenographer Heinz Buchholz 8. Lt Gen Hermann Fegelein 9. Col Nikolaus von Below 10. Rear Adm Hans-Erich Voss 11. Otto Gunsche, Hitlers adjutant 12. Gen Walter Scherff (injured) 13. Gen Ernst John von Freyend 14. Capt Heinz Assman (injured)
  34. 34. The Liberation of Paris:August 25, 1944 De Gaulle in Triumph!
  35. 35. French Female Collaborators
  36. 36. Yalta: February, 1945, FDR wants quick Soviet entry into Pacific war.S FDR & Churchill concede Stalin needs buffer, FDR & Stalin want spheres of influence and a weak Germany.w Churchill wants strong Germany as buffer against Stalin. FDR argues for a ‘United Nations’.
  37. 37. Mussolini &His Mistress, Claretta PetacciAre Hung inMilan, 1945
  38. 38. Hitler Commits Suicide April 30, 1945 Cyanide & PistolsThe Führer’s Bunker Mr. & Mrs. Hitler
  39. 39. V-E Day (May 8, 1945) General Keitel
  40. 40. Pearl Harbor
  41. 41. Pearl Harbor from the Cockpit of a Japanese Pilot
  42. 42. Pearl Harbor - Dec. 7, 1941 A date which will live in infamy!
  43. 43. President Roosevelt Signs the US Declaration of War
  44. 44. USS Arizona, Pearl Harbor
  45. 45. Pacific Theater of Operations
  46. 46. Paying for the War
  47. 47. Singapore Surrenders [February, 1942]
  48. 48. U.S. Surrenders at Corregidor, the Philippines [March, 1942]
  49. 49. The Burma Campaign General Stilwell Leaving Burma, 1942The “Burma Road”
  50. 50. Allied Counter-Offensive: “Island-Hopping”
  51. 51. Farthest Extentof Japanese Conquests
  52. 52. Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle:First U. S. Raids on Tokyo, 1942
  53. 53. Battle of the Coral Sea: May 7-8, 1942
  54. 54. Battle of Midway Island: June 4-6, 1942
  55. 55. Battle of Midway Island: June 4-6, 1942
  56. 56. Japanese Kamikaze Planes:The Scourge of the South Pacific Kamikaze Pilots Suicide Bombers
  57. 57. Gen. MacArthur “Returns” to the Philippines! [1944]
  58. 58. US Marines on Mt. Surbachi, Iwo Jima [Feb. 19, 1945]
  59. 59. Potsdam Conference: July, 1945c FDR dead, Churchill out of office as Prime Minister during conference.c Stalin only original.i The United States has the A-bomb.s Allies agree Germany is to be divided into occupation zones Poland moved around to suit P.M. Clement President Joseph the Soviets. Atlee Truman Stalin
  60. 60. The Manhattan Project: Los Alamos, NM I am become Major GeneralLesley R. Groves death, the shatterer Dr. Robert Oppenheimer of worlds!
  61. 61. Tinian Island, 1945Little Boy Fat Man Enola Gay Crew
  62. 62. Col. Paul Tibbets & the A-Bomb
  63. 63. Hiroshima – August 6, 1945 © 70,000 killed immediately. © 48,000 buildings. destroyed. © 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.
  64. 64. The Beginning of the Atomic Age
  65. 65. Nagasaki – August 9, 1945© 40,000 killed immediately.© 60,000 injured.© 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.
  66. 66. Japanese A-Bomb Survivors
  67. 67. Hiroshima Memorials
  68. 68. V-J Day (September 2, 1945)
  69. 69. Japanese POWs, Guam
  70. 70. V-J Day in Times Square, NYC
  71. 71. WW II Casualties: Europe Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations
  72. 72. WW II Casualties: Asia Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations
  73. 73. Country Men in war Battle deaths Wounded WW IIAustralia 1,000,000 26,976 180,864Austria 800,000 280,000 350,117Belgium 625,000 8,460 55,5131 CasualtiesBrazil2 40,334 943 4,222Bulgaria 339,760 6,671 21,878Canada 1,086,3437 42,0427 53,145China3 17,250,521 1,324,516 1,762,006Czechoslovakia — 6,6834 8,017Denmark — 4,339 — 1. Civilians only. 2. Army and navy figures.Finland 500,000 79,047 50,000 3. Figures cover period July 7,France — 201,568 400,000 1937 to Sept. 2, 1945,Germany 20,000,000 3,250,0004 7,250,000 and concern only Chinese regular troops. They do notGreece — 17,024 47,290 include casualties sufferedHungary — 147,435 89,313 by guerrillas and localIndia 2,393,891 32,121 64,354 military corps. 4. Deaths from all causes.Italy 3,100,000 149,4964 66,716 5. Against Soviet Russia;Japan 9,700,000 1,270,000 140,000 385,847Netherlands 280,000 6,500 2,860 against Nazi Germany. 6. Against Soviet Russia;New Zealand 194,000 11,6254 17,000 169,822Norway 75,000 2,000 — against Nazi Germany.Poland — 664,000 530,000 7. National Defense Ctr., CanadianRomania 650,0005 350,0006 — Forces Hq., Director ofSouth Africa 410,056 2,473 — History.U.S.S.R. — 6,115,0004 14,012,000United Kingdom 5,896,000 357,1164 369,267United States 16,112,566 291,557 670,846Yugoslavia 3,741,000 305,000 425,000
  74. 74. Massive Human Dislocations
  75. 75. The U.S. & the U.S.S.R.Emerged as the Two Superpowers of the later 20c
  76. 76. The Bi-Polarization of Europe: The Beginning of the Cold War
  77. 77. The Division of Germany: 1945 - 1990
  78. 78. The Creation of the U. N.
  79. 79. The Emergence of ThirdWorld Nationalist Movements
  80. 80. The De-Colonization of European Empires

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