THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST A Trivial Comedy for Serious People by Oscar Wilde
THE VICTORIAN AGEThe sun never sets on the British Empire. British imperialism led to holdings in India, Africa, Ireland, New Zealand, Hong Kong. It was the largest empire in history.As a result, the ways of the British became the ways of theworld.
THE VICTORIAN AGEThe Monarchy: Queen Victoria (reigned 1837-1901) Ruled for almost 64 years. It was the longest reign in English history. This was an era of incredible stability and, as a result, prosperity for the British.Victoria embrace the idea of Constitutional Monarchy. Yielded control of day to day governmental affairs to Parliament and, especially, Prime Ministers. Became an advisor, role model and figurehead.
THE VICTORIAN AGEThe Industrial Revolution A consequence of the stability of the empire and the massive resources that it made available to industry, manufacturing created new jobs and income for the British people. This led to the rise of a new middle-class of factory workers who also became the consumers of these new, mass- produced goods. Indulgence and the display of wealth (in the form of formal clothes, furniture, and other non-necessities) became common for the first time in history.
THE VICTORIAN AGEThe Industrial Revolution Also brought a downside. Poor working conditions Pollution Child Labor Consumerism/Greed Class struggles
THE VICTORIAN AGEVictorian Morality-Very conservative values (prudish)-Propriety and dignity-”Polite” conversation: euphemisms, hints, “language offlowers,”-Sexual restraint-A low tolerance for crime-Tolerated few social safety nets (saw the need asweakness and shamed those who expressed need)-A strict social code of conduct-Strong class divisions (lineage and then money)
THE VICTORIAN AGELiterature: the rise of the novel as a literary form. Darker themes with idealized morality and artificial/ elevated style emphasizing propriety Taught moral lessons reflecting Victorian morality Hard work, perseverance, love and virtue rewarded Bad guys lose and vice is punished