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# Population profiles

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### Population profiles

1. 1. Population Profiles<br />(Age Distribution)<br />
2. 2. Population profiles…..<br />compare the proportion of males and females in a population.<br />
3. 3. Population profiles…..<br />compare the proportion of males and females in a population.<br />compare the distribution of age classes in a population.<br />
4. 4. Population profiles…..<br />compare the proportion of males and females in a population.<br />compare the distribution of age classes in a population.<br />allow one to predict the future of a country’s population.<br />
5. 5. Population profiles…..<br />compare the proportion of males and females in a population.<br />compare the distribution of age classes in a population.<br />allow one to predict the future of a country’s population.<br />allow one to analyze the phase in Human Demographic Transition of a country.<br />
6. 6. United States<br />
7. 7. Note that….<br />the ratio of males to females is relatively equal during <br /> childhood and through the working age years.<br />
8. 8.
9. 9. Note that….<br />the ratio of males to females is relatively equal during <br /> childhood and through the working age years.<br />2. as the population ages, the women outnumber men.<br />
10. 10.
11. 11. Note that….<br />the ratio of males to females is relatively equal during <br /> childhood and through the working age years.<br />as the population ages, the women outnumber men.<br /> Men tend to work more dangerous jobs, take <br />more risks than women, and are less careful with <br />their health than women. <br />
12. 12. Note that the U.S. population has reached that point where parents realize that children are expensive and rather unnecessary. We’re close to Post-industrialism.<br />
13. 13. The next slide will show an “average” of other countries that have reached the Industrial Phase of Demographic Transition.<br />
14. 14. MDC’s<br />
15. 15. MDC’s<br />Note that adults make up the majority of the population. Children are unnecessary regarding the welfare of parents.<br />
16. 16. LDC’s<br />If you walked the streets in the cities of these countries, you would be overwhelmed by the sheer number of children. <br />
17. 17. LDC’s<br />In LDC’s the vast majority of the population is either of reproductive age or they will be in the future. <br />
18. 18. LDC’s<br />What will the population of a country like this look like in the future?<br />
19. 19. LDC’s<br />What will the population of a country like this look like in the future? This profile will continue but the bottom will be wider.<br />
20. 20. A country with this “pyramid-shaped population profile is in Phase II of Demographic Transition (Transitional Phase).<br />
21. 21. male<br />female<br />Kenya<br />1998<br />
22. 22. male<br />female<br />Kenya<br />1998<br />male<br />female<br />Kenya<br />2008<br />
23. 23. Italy is a country whose population has a much higher percentage of adults than children. <br />
24. 24. Italy is a country whose population has a much higher percentage of adults than children. This is the population profile of a country in the Post –industrial Phase of Demographic Transition.<br />
25. 25. India has more than 1 billion people in its population and based on this population profile, what does the future hold for it?<br />
26. 26. India has more than 1 billion people in its population and based on this population profile, what does the future hold for it?<br />Continued growth.<br />
27. 27. China also has well over 1 billion people. This is China’s 1970 population profile.<br />
28. 28. The Chinese government recognized that if its population were to continue to grow as it was in the 1950’s through the 1970’s it would run out of a necessary resource<br />
29. 29. The Chinese government recognized that if its population were to continue to grow as it was in the 1950’s through the 1970’s it would run out of a necessary resource; water.<br />
30. 30. The Chinese government decided to do something that no country had done before. It would attempt to manage its human population.<br />
31. 31. The Chinese government decided to do something that no country had done before. It would attempt to manage its human population.<br /> - Please limit your family to one child.<br /> Limited cooperations. Culturally, the Chinese depended on their children to care for them in <br /> their old age.<br />
32. 32. The Chinese government decided to do something that no country had done before. It would attempt to manage its human population.<br /> - Please limit your family to one child.<br /> Little response. Culturally, the Chinese <br /> depended on their children to care for them in <br /> their old age.<br />1978 - One Child Policy – families living in certain provinces were “told” to have only one child. Those living in rural villages in agrarian societies could have more.<br />
33. 33. Objections from human rights activists, primarily those in the U.S. said that this imposed on peoples’ right to “reproductive freedom”.<br />
34. 34. Objections from human rights activists, primarily those in the U.S. said that this imposed on peoples’ right to “reproductive freedom”.<br />China’s attitude – <br />
35. 35. Objections from human rights activists, primarily those in the U.S. said that this imposed on peoples’ right to “reproductive freedom”.<br />China’s attitude – this isn’t your business.<br />
36. 36. Has it worked?<br />
37. 37. Has it worked?<br />China has grown from one of the more impoverished nations to one of the most prosperous between 1978 and today.<br />
38. 38. Has it worked?<br />China has grown from one of the more impoverished nations to one of the most prosperous between 1978 and today.<br />The following profiles will show the history of China’s population from 1950 and into the future.<br />
39. 39. China<br />
40. 40. All done!<br />