End of Celtic migration to isles
”(ielt” is a general term used to describe a group oi
separate tribes connected by similar language and «
Also called Brythons, they are thought to have ow;
The Alps. The used bronze and iron-age weapons
easily drove out the indigenous peoples OiWllL1ltD.
become the British Isles.
Roman invasion led by Julius Caesar
Caesar founds Londinium on the site of an existing Celtic
settlement, whose name is lost to history. It is firmly
established by Emperor Claudius by 43 AD and Continues
4» “ to be fortified until 550 AD, well after the Roman
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Era of Roman Peace (Pax Romana)
28 BC — 200 AD
1! Africa (see image), there was an extendvci
~; services, relative good health, literacy am:
1 Because Rome ruled so much of Europe aw.
‘‘ prosperity and peace, called the Pax Romy
ii Peace. This was a time of efficient goverr:
End of Pax Romana
Constant warfare, interior political struggles, plague and
invasion end the Roman Peace.
Roman withdrawal from isles
"1- » number of troops it supported in the British Isles. This
_ l ' border which needed to be protected as the Romans
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With the impending fall of Rome (Alaric sacked Ronv;
410), troops were pulled out in 409. Romanesque
administration lasted another 40 years.
D7‘ For many years prior to 409, Rome had been f€(ltJ(‘l"_',
rl smaller number of troops, combined with the larger l : l
J conquered more of the island, led to weakened delw»
Christian missionaries arrive
-»_L—j--‘5Ti‘-7’. ',*’. l¥‘ " ‘ 2', -', ' Christianity has slowly spread from the middle east across
L , Europe. It arrives in the isles in 430 AD, bringing with it a
dUCing the : it
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_ '-3', unification of religious beliefs over the next 350 years. One
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This g ‘ K _’i5 W; -‘ notable missionary is St. Patrick, who arrives in Ireland in
'ger English : §,_c_‘. ' g" I . . Q 461.
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Rome in 3'-.5 I
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The Angles and Saxons, Germanic pagans, II}
_‘, ‘-'7 ‘ff British Isles in 449. They quickly spread acn: .-
. . replacing the Latin language and centralizt-r:
l/ T75‘ 'l'l " ‘it " of their Roman redecesors The are re iv
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3.4 ‘Q. ’ . . V. ‘ . ‘_; If- no written language) and politically Ofgaﬂélt‘-I
' - - ; "‘-Pf’-‘f7£«: «""_ 'i many quarrelling chiefs or kings.
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Welsh tribes united under Christianity
Though not historically verified, many scholars claim that
the historical figure who grew into the legendary King
I Arthur cobbled together an alliance of Christian tribes to
’ repel Anglo—Saxon invaders at the Battle of Badon. Arthur
would have been a Romano—British warrior and king. That
is, he would have been trained in the Roman tradition,
though he lived as the influence of Roman rule was waning
Viking invasions begin
Norsemen invade from Scandinavia, destroying the
Christian Abbey at Lindisfarne, the academic heart of
Christian England. They quickly and savagely press their
attacks on eastern England.
King Alfred of Wessex unites islands under Christianity: England is born.
4 7 ' N With most of the other Christian ”kingdoms” fallen under
the siege of the Vikings, Alfred becomes king of Wessex
and, over the next 2 decades, unites the people of England
under Christianity to repel the Norsemen.
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