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Hobi2History of the British Isles v 2.0

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Used as an introduction to Beowulf

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Hobi2History of the British Isles v 2.0

  1. 1. End of Celtic migration to isles 75 BC ”(ielt” is a general term used to describe a group oi separate tribes connected by similar language and « Also called Brythons, they are thought to have ow; The Alps. The used bronze and iron-age weapons easily drove out the indigenous peoples OiWllL1ltD. become the British Isles.
  2. 2. Roman invasion led by Julius Caesar 55 BC Caesar founds Londinium on the site of an existing Celtic settlement, whose name is lost to history. It is firmly established by Emperor Claudius by 43 AD and Continues 4» “ to be fortified until 550 AD, well after the Roman i Ao~'. . ' I §S. ;,‘: : withdrawal. %i". *i 3 't. C-sail Sm -u= *‘. ‘~: a L
  3. 3. Era of Roman Peace (Pax Romana) 28 BC — 200 AD 2 4 1! Africa (see image), there was an extendvci ~; services, relative good health, literacy am: ii stability. , TI 1 Because Rome ruled so much of Europe aw. ‘‘ prosperity and peace, called the Pax Romy ii Peace. This was a time of efficient goverr:
  4. 4. End of Pax Romana Constant warfare, interior political struggles, plague and invasion end the Roman Peace.
  5. 5. Roman withdrawal from isles 409 AD "1- » number of troops it supported in the British Isles. This I _ l ' border which needed to be protected as the Romans 'ly. '. V ‘I r. ' .1. R": i~, . With the impending fall of Rome (Alaric sacked Ronv; 410), troops were pulled out in 409. Romanesque administration lasted another 40 years. D7‘ For many years prior to 409, Rome had been f€(ltJ(‘l"_', rl smaller number of troops, combined with the larger l : l J conquered more of the island, led to weakened delw»
  6. 6. Christian missionaries arrive 430 AD -»_L—j--‘5Ti‘-7’. ',*’. l¥‘ " ‘ 2', -', ' Christianity has slowly spread from the middle east across L , Europe. It arrives in the isles in 430 AD, bringing with it a dUCing the : it . _,, i, _ '-3', unification of religious beliefs over the next 350 years. One - i ~: -Iv " . . . . . . . This g ‘ K _’i5 W; -‘ notable missionary is St. Patrick, who arrives in Ireland in 'ger English : §,_c_‘. ' g" I . . Q 461. nans 3'1 I ‘ sf -. ‘ defenses. tgi, g Rome in 3'-.5 I *’ ‘ Je rfiigj ll-, .'llL' Fl '. l. ’I E I | 0'; I‘ : ‘. -a _-- as 4 2 -1.-_». '—-vfy-.4-< E; ’. f : A I I’ l i i I 5
  7. 7. Anglo-Saxon invasions 449 AD The Angles and Saxons, Germanic pagans, II} _‘, ‘-'7 ‘ff British Isles in 449. They quickly spread acn: .- . . replacing the Latin language and centralizt-r: l/ T75‘ 'l'l " ‘it " of their Roman redecesors The are re iv . c“‘ s . P ‘. . V P . ‘ 3.4 ‘Q. ’ . . V. ‘ . ‘_; If- no written language) and politically Ofgaflélt‘-I ' - - ; "‘-Pf’-‘f7£«: «""_ 'i many quarrelling chiefs or kings. '—"L'. ']l’ C l. I‘ . - ‘pl-K *1. ’. ;" : R T ‘ 3 “ l}. .; _y 3 ‘.8 -~ _. , . "' ‘‘ ‘~ ‘T s o ', ‘_ R .
  8. 8. Welsh tribes united under Christianity Though not historically verified, many scholars claim that the historical figure who grew into the legendary King I Arthur cobbled together an alliance of Christian tribes to ’ repel Anglo—Saxon invaders at the Battle of Badon. Arthur would have been a Romano—British warrior and king. That is, he would have been trained in the Roman tradition, though he lived as the influence of Roman rule was waning in England.
  9. 9. Viking invasions begin 793 AD Norsemen invade from Scandinavia, destroying the Christian Abbey at Lindisfarne, the academic heart of Christian England. They quickly and savagely press their attacks on eastern England.
  10. 10. King Alfred of Wessex unites islands under Christianity: England is born. 871 AD 4 7 ' N With most of the other Christian ”kingdoms” fallen under the siege of the Vikings, Alfred becomes king of Wessex and, over the next 2 decades, unites the people of England under Christianity to repel the Norsemen. . .155» i 1715‘. ' “ , I/ ".‘* . , A _, I’ , _ / 0 tr - V A . -L, E , .. ’—r-. -.r»¢1""r'""

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