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Mindfulness According to Early
Buddhist Sources
The Threefold and Fourfold
Establishments of Mindfulness
Talk at Spirit Ro...
Topics
1) Four establishments of mindfulness
2) Mindfulness of breathing
3) Three establishments of mindfulness
Four establishments of mindfulness:
- body
- feelings
- mental states
- dharmas
Discourse versions:
a) Theravāda – Dīgha- and Majjhima-nikāya
b) Sarvāstivāda – Madhyama-āgama
c) uncertain school – Ekott...
Body contemplation – common ground:
a) anatomical constitution of the body
b) body made up of elements
c) decay of body af...
contemplation of feeling – common ground:
a) pleasant, unpleasant, neutral
b) worldly and unworldly
contemplation of mental states – common ground:
a) presence or absence of lust, anger, delusion etc.
b) presence or absenc...
contemplation of dharmas – common ground:
a) 5 hindrances
b) 7 factors of awakening
5 hindrances:
- sensual desire
- ill will
- sloth-and-torpor
- restlessness-and-worry
- doubt
7 awakening factors:
- mindfulness
- investigation of phenomena
- energy
- joy
- tranquility
- concentration
- equanimity
x
They lead to awakening –
Therefore they are called awakening factors
(SN V 74)
Topics
1) Four establishments of mindfulness
2) Mindfulness of breathing
3) Three establishments of mindfulness
Mindfulness of breathing
1) contemplation of the body:
- long breath,
- short breath,
- experience whole body (or: all bod...
Mindfulness of breathing
2) contemplation of feelings:
- experience joy,
- experience happiness,
- experience mental activ...
Mindfulness of breathing
3) contemplation of mental states:
- experience the mind,
- gladden the mind,
- concentrate the m...
Mindfulness of breathing
4) contemplation of dharmas:
- contemplate impermanence,
- contemplate fading away (or: eradicati...
Breathing 4 establishments of mindfulness:
body: long breath, short breath, whole
body, calm bodily activities.
feelings: ...
1) body
2) feelings
Object of
Contemplation 3) mental states
4) dharmas
2
Topics
1) Four establishments of mindfulness
2) Mindfulness of breathing
3) Three establishments of mindfulness
Three establishments of mindfulness:
- disciples do not listen
- some do not listen, some listen
- all disciples listen
Th...
mindfulness and evaluation:
a) know: body is "not beautiful" / "impure"
b) know: feelings is "worldly" or "unworldly"
c) k...
common ground of the three and four
establishments of mindfulness:
aware & equanimous
x
After all, it's a matter of balance
Those who always proceed with mindfulness
... proceed evenly among what is uneven (SN I 17)
Mindfulness according to_early_buddhist_sources_-_bhikkhu_analayo
Mindfulness according to_early_buddhist_sources_-_bhikkhu_analayo
Mindfulness according to_early_buddhist_sources_-_bhikkhu_analayo
Mindfulness according to_early_buddhist_sources_-_bhikkhu_analayo
Mindfulness according to_early_buddhist_sources_-_bhikkhu_analayo
Mindfulness according to_early_buddhist_sources_-_bhikkhu_analayo
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Mindfulness according to_early_buddhist_sources_-_bhikkhu_analayo

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Bhikkhu Anālayo's powerpoint slides accompanying his talk at Spirit Rock Meditation Center, 2011-10-16, "Mindfulness According to Early Buddhist Sources" (2:37:12) http://www.dharmaseed.org/teacher/439/talk/14214/

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Mindfulness according to_early_buddhist_sources_-_bhikkhu_analayo

  1. 1. Mindfulness According to Early Buddhist Sources The Threefold and Fourfold Establishments of Mindfulness Talk at Spirit Rock Meditation Center: http://www.dharmaseed.org/teacher/439/talk/14214/ Paper in Journal of Buddhist Studies: http://www.math.leidenuniv.nl/~gill/MindfulnessEarlyBuddhism.pdf Bhikkhu Anālayo
  2. 2. Topics 1) Four establishments of mindfulness 2) Mindfulness of breathing 3) Three establishments of mindfulness
  3. 3. Four establishments of mindfulness: - body - feelings - mental states - dharmas
  4. 4. Discourse versions: a) Theravāda – Dīgha- and Majjhima-nikāya b) Sarvāstivāda – Madhyama-āgama c) uncertain school – Ekottarika-āgama
  5. 5. Body contemplation – common ground: a) anatomical constitution of the body b) body made up of elements c) decay of body after death
  6. 6. contemplation of feeling – common ground: a) pleasant, unpleasant, neutral b) worldly and unworldly
  7. 7. contemplation of mental states – common ground: a) presence or absence of lust, anger, delusion etc. b) presence or absence of higher states of mind
  8. 8. contemplation of dharmas – common ground: a) 5 hindrances b) 7 factors of awakening
  9. 9. 5 hindrances: - sensual desire - ill will - sloth-and-torpor - restlessness-and-worry - doubt
  10. 10. 7 awakening factors: - mindfulness - investigation of phenomena - energy - joy - tranquility - concentration - equanimity
  11. 11. x They lead to awakening – Therefore they are called awakening factors (SN V 74)
  12. 12. Topics 1) Four establishments of mindfulness 2) Mindfulness of breathing 3) Three establishments of mindfulness
  13. 13. Mindfulness of breathing 1) contemplation of the body: - long breath, - short breath, - experience whole body (or: all bodily activities), - calm bodily activities.
  14. 14. Mindfulness of breathing 2) contemplation of feelings: - experience joy, - experience happiness, - experience mental activities, - calm mental activities.
  15. 15. Mindfulness of breathing 3) contemplation of mental states: - experience the mind, - gladden the mind, - concentrate the mind, - free the mind.
  16. 16. Mindfulness of breathing 4) contemplation of dharmas: - contemplate impermanence, - contemplate fading away (or: eradication), - contemplate cessation (or: dispassion), - contemplate letting go (or: cessation).
  17. 17. Breathing 4 establishments of mindfulness: body: long breath, short breath, whole body, calm bodily activities. feelings: experience joy, happiness, mental activities, calm mental activities. mental states: experience, gladden, concentrate, free the mind. dharmas: contemplate impermanence, fading away, cessation, letting go.
  18. 18. 1) body 2) feelings Object of Contemplation 3) mental states 4) dharmas 2
  19. 19. Topics 1) Four establishments of mindfulness 2) Mindfulness of breathing 3) Three establishments of mindfulness
  20. 20. Three establishments of mindfulness: - disciples do not listen - some do not listen, some listen - all disciples listen The Buddha remains equanimous in each case
  21. 21. mindfulness and evaluation: a) know: body is "not beautiful" / "impure" b) know: feelings is "worldly" or "unworldly" c) know: mind is "lustful", "angry", "deluded" d) know: "sensual desire" or "ill will" is present
  22. 22. common ground of the three and four establishments of mindfulness: aware & equanimous
  23. 23. x After all, it's a matter of balance
  24. 24. Those who always proceed with mindfulness ... proceed evenly among what is uneven (SN I 17)

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