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Development Studies (DS)
in the Philippines
VirGILio G. Gundayao, MBA/MPA
POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES
PUP-GRADUATE SCHOOL
RHA 720 Dissertation Seminar I
Development Studies
in the Ph...
I. Prologue
One of the few specialized educational curricula
and/or professional field of endeavours that utilizes multi-
...
The DS as a curricular offering prepares
students to become seasoned professionals
who are adept in the intricate processe...
II. Development Studies as Educational
Curricular Offering
As a relatively young discipline or field of
study, DS, is bein...
DLSU - Bachelor of Arts (AB) in Development Studies (AB-DSM)
Program Orientation
The Bachelor of Arts in Development Studi...
The curriculum includes general education
courses, major courses and elective units. With
the program's integral approach ...
1. Theory-development and Model-building: research, analysis and
conceptualization of theories that promote understanding ...
Major Courses Major Year 1, Second Term
* Social Development (SOCDEVT) 3 units
Comparative analysis of social development
...
Major Year 1, Third Term
* Development Management (DEVTMAN) 3 units
A course on the different processes and strategies in
...
Major Year 2, First Term
* Development Communication (DEVCOMM) 3 units
Discusses the role of information, education and
co...
Major Year 2, Second Term
* Community Development (COMDEVT) 3 units
A course on community-based strategies for development...
Major Year 2, Third Term
* Practicum (PRCDSM1) 3 units 120 hrs.
This course aims to apply the learnings of
the students th...
Minor Courses
The Department also offers minor courses for both Political Science
and Development Studies that provide non...
* Political Language (POLLANG) 3 units
Political language is to be understood in the broader context of
political communic...
* Political Personalities (FIGURES) 3 units
Aristotle noted that human beings are by nature political animals.
Politics is...
* Political Marketing (POLMARK) 3 units
The end of the current century has been marked by sweeping
transformations that ha...
Women and Politics (WOMEPOL) 3 units
The course discusses the major debates concerning gender
scholarship in general, and ...
* Development Institutions (DEVINST) 3 units
A study of the dynamics and processes of development-oriented
institutions su...
The DLSU likewise offers Master of Arts in International
Studies; Master of Arts in Development Policy (36 units), which i...
B. Ateneo de Manila University (ADMU)
http://socsci.ateneo.edu/module.php?LM=programs.detail&id=1204130796259
ADMU - Devel...
The Development Studies Program also offers a Minor in Development
Management and Minor in Health and Development for unde...
* DS 112 Survey of Social Development Approaches 3 units
An overview of social development approaches used by various
deve...
* DS 120.2 Qualitative Research Methods 3 units
An introduction to the various qualitative methods in the social
sciences....
* DS 132 Project Management 3 units
Prerequisite: DS 130 or any DS 135.xx
A practical overview of the cycle of the develop...
* DS 135.4 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: Orgl. Mgnt. 3 units
An overview of the processes and dynamics of interpersonal r...
* DS 135.9 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: MicroFinance 3 units
An overview of the practice of providing financial services...
* DS 135.12 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: Training Mgnt. 3 units
A course that develops knowledge, skills, and capabiliti...
* DS 135.22 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: Social Innovations II 3 units
A three-phase seminar on the necessary knowledge ...
* DS 140.3 140.2 Practicum in Social Development III 3 units
A course that allows students to participate in development
i...
* DS 150.2 Field Specialization III 3 units
Prerequisites: All required DS courses (DS 101, 102, 112, 120, 122)
A synthesi...
* DS 165.41 Sp Topics in Dev’t Studies: Globalization & Governance 3 u
An analysis of globalization as a constructed and c...
* DS 175.80 Special Topics in Contemporary Dev’t Issues:
The Political Economy of Health & Dev’t 3 units
A course that sit...
Minor in Development Management
Development Management involves the application of management
principles and practices to ...
* Electives offered in the first semester
DS 135.2 Social Entrepreneurship
DS 135.10 Alternative Dispute Resolution Proces...
C. University of the Philippines (UP)
Bachelor of Arts in Development Studies. A four-year course that is
comparable to th...
III. The Philippine Institute of Development Studies (PIDS)
The PIDS is a government corporation attached under the Nation...
In general, PIDS research is envisioned to help government
planners and policy-makers in the executive and legislative
bra...
B. Programs, Activities & Organization
To carry out its mandate, the Institute has maintained three basic
programs, namely...
The Research Information Staff (RIS) markets the research
outputs of the Institute to promote their utilization and sets u...
The Operations and Finance (Staff) Department takes charge of
providing effective, timely and facilitative auxiliary and l...
IV. Concluding Statement
Having scanned and studied the many write-ups on the Development
Studies, I can therefore conclud...
DS authorities must push for genuine reforms that are not
just within the realm of “sloganeering” and of the “icing on the...
V. Epilogue
Development Studies is in the forefront of developing countries which
transcend the entire gamut of developmen...
The government, may replicate the IRBD, turned World Bank
(replicated by ADB and our DBP) to extend loans to the educated ...
VI. References
Assessment of Development Results (ADR) Evaluation of UNDP
Contribution, 2009
Evaluation on Japan’s Develop...
Thank YOU
And
MABUHAY!
Development Studies:  An Academic Approach (DSAAP)
Development Studies:  An Academic Approach (DSAAP)
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Development Studies: An Academic Approach (DSAAP)

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Development Studies as a course and discipline is only taught in at least 3 universities in the Philippines. This yet popular academic program in the tertiary, graduate and post-graduate schools may be a great options for students and professionals whose work outlook and demand is imperative in the community, national and international arena.

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Development Studies: An Academic Approach (DSAAP)

  1. 1. Development Studies (DS) in the Philippines VirGILio G. Gundayao, MBA/MPA
  2. 2. POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES PUP-GRADUATE SCHOOL RHA 720 Dissertation Seminar I Development Studies in the Philippines By: VirGILio G. Gundayao, MBA/MPA To Fellow Classmates and for: Prof. Juan C. Birion, DPA PUP Vice-President, Student Services 20 August 2011
  3. 3. I. Prologue One of the few specialized educational curricula and/or professional field of endeavours that utilizes multi- disciplinary approach is the Development Studies (DS). As such, DS borrows largely from social and behavioural sciences, such as Economics, History, Political Science, Sociology, Psychology, Anthropology, further extending to the spheres and realms of the arts and science of research, development, and communication, etc. The DS is being utilized in order to come out with plans, programs, projects, and models of practical solutions, policies and practices in developing countries/nations with or without the assistance of highly developed countries (HDCs).
  4. 4. The DS as a curricular offering prepares students to become seasoned professionals who are adept in the intricate processes of nation-building. From among the professional endeavours that it generates are those in foreign and/or international relations; community development; project and program management; cooperative development; development management; international studies; teaching profession, consulting, and other emerging DS job- related functions.
  5. 5. II. Development Studies as Educational Curricular Offering As a relatively young discipline or field of study, DS, is being offered by both the Philippine and foreign colleges, and universities in either, the undergraduate and graduate schools. A. De La Salle University (DLSU) http://www.dlsu.edu.ph/academics/programs/undergraduate/cla/ab- dsm.asp
  6. 6. DLSU - Bachelor of Arts (AB) in Development Studies (AB-DSM) Program Orientation The Bachelor of Arts in Development Studies was instituted in 1995 as the DLSU's response to the need to help the Philippines achieve total human development. The program is oriented towards a systematic study of development theories, models and strategies based on the experiences of developed and developing countries. It is envisioned that by providing the students with adequate knowledge, skills and appropriate values, the students' ability to formulate and implement people-centered development programs in the country will be enhanced. The program consists of five areas: development theories, development models, development administration techniques, development research, and social mobilization strategies. Development studies will draw on perspectives from the fields of political science, economics, public administration, sociology, anthropology, history, management and community development.
  7. 7. The curriculum includes general education courses, major courses and elective units. With the program's integral approach to development studies, the students are given the opportunity to harness their potentials in preparation for a development work career in the government, non-government organizations, research institutions, and academe. Program Design The AB Development Studies Program is designed to equip students with knowledge, skills and appropriate values necessary for development work. It is focused on developing the students' abilities in the following areas:
  8. 8. 1. Theory-development and Model-building: research, analysis and conceptualization of theories that promote understanding of development trends and issues; analysis of current models to develop new strategies, policies and concepts according to the country's needs at the national and local levels; 2. Action-Oriented Research: assessment of development needs, constraints, resources, and policies through situation analysis, socio-economic and environmental impact assessment, profiling methods, process documentation, and other action-oriented methodologies; 3. Administration and Management Techniques: development planning (including demography), project management, human resource management, conflict management, organization development, monitoring and evaluation, and financial management. 4. Social Mobilization: development of communication and advocacy strategies, political negotiation skills, community organizing and development approaches, education and training.
  9. 9. Major Courses Major Year 1, Second Term * Social Development (SOCDEVT) 3 units Comparative analysis of social development theories, with emphasis on their evolution and growth in the Philippine context. * Development Economics (DEVECON) 3 units Comparative analysis of micro and macro theories and models of economic development and their implications to Philippine development. * Philippine Development (PHILDEV) 3 units A study of political, economic and socio-cultural factors and forces that influence Philippine development or underdevelopment.
  10. 10. Major Year 1, Third Term * Development Management (DEVTMAN) 3 units A course on the different processes and strategies in implementing public and non-governmental development programs and projects. This includes discussion on organization development, conflict management and human resource management. * Development Finance (DEVEFIN) 3 units A study of the fund-sourcing mobilization strategies and administration of government, NGOs and non-profit sector. * Development Planning (PLANDEV) 3 units A course on the different models, processes and strategies of development planning (national, regional, provincial, municipal, barangay, urban and rural development planning). This includes discussion of demographical considerations such as the size, distribution and composition of population, and the implications of population problems to development planning.
  11. 11. Major Year 2, First Term * Development Communication (DEVCOMM) 3 units Discusses the role of information, education and communication in mobilizing people to participate in the development processes, e.g. planning, implementation and monitoring and evaluation of development programs and projects. This also includes advocacy strategies and political negotiations skills-building. * International Development (INTDEVT) 3 units A comparative study of development perspectives, trends and patterns in the First World Countries, Latin America, Africa and Asia. * Management of Development Projects (MANPROJ) 3 units Discusses the project cycle, e.g. from identification to monitoring and evaluation of development programs. The course is geared towards skills-building in writing project feasibility studies, project appraisal and monitoring and evaluation.
  12. 12. Major Year 2, Second Term * Community Development (COMDEVT) 3 units A course on community-based strategies for development such as community organizing, cooperative-formation, community-based enterprise development and leadership formation. This includes discussion the theories and models of community organizing and development. * Action Research in Development (ACREDEV) 3 units An introduction to theories, methods, techniques and research processes. It also discusses methodological issues in the study of development. The students are expected to come up with an action- oriented research addressing major development issues in the country such as poverty-reduction, promotion of social equity, employment, among others.
  13. 13. Major Year 2, Third Term * Practicum (PRCDSM1) 3 units 120 hrs. This course aims to apply the learnings of the students through actual practice in an NGO or government-based development program or project. Prerequisite: Completed all major courses Integration Requirements The students are required to undergo a practicum to earn their degree in AB Development Studies.
  14. 14. Minor Courses The Department also offers minor courses for both Political Science and Development Studies that provide non-major students an overview and understanding of the basic concepts of political science and development studies. The courses are offered exclusively to students of the minor program and are offered on a rotating basis. 1. Political Science * Seminar in Legislation (LEGISLA) 3 units This is an attempt to provide a detailed and comprehensive but non- technical study of the background and phases in the making of Philippine statutes, starting from the origin and development of an inchoate idea into a legislative proposal through its enactment into a statute and its approval by the President or Chief Executive, including its publication. * Philippine Political Issues (PIPOISU) 3 units The course deals with contemporary issues in politics, and governance and development. Inasmuch as political issues cannot be treated in isolation from socio-economic and cultural dimensions, the course will touch on issues which have are of concern to the nation. External factors that have direct or indirect impacts on domestic affairs shall be the subject of the study.
  15. 15. * Political Language (POLLANG) 3 units Political language is to be understood in the broader context of political communication. Will examine, among others, the impact of the post-Cold War ethos, ethnic awareness, post-modern influences and cultural heterogeneity. * Philippine Political Economy (PIPOLEC) 3 units The course studies social relations in the process of production, distribution, exchange and consumption. * Environmental Politics (ENVIPOL) 3 units The wanton disregard for the environment has affected global plant, animal and human life on Earth. The ecology has emerged as one of the main issues of the 1990s. The effects of the massive destruction of the environment are now being felt worldwide and ecological awareness, advocacy and activism are now permeating global consciousness. This course will attempt to dissect the rise of environmental politics in industrial and developing states.
  16. 16. * Political Personalities (FIGURES) 3 units Aristotle noted that human beings are by nature political animals. Politics is essentially a human activity situated within a societal context. However, there are instances in which individual personalities rise to political preeminence for one reason or another. Machiavelli points toward the combination of virtù (political skills), necesità (the occasion for greatness), and fortuna (fortune) as the necessary ingredients for the emergence of political lions and foxes. This course is a study of selected political personalities who have emerged and made an impact (whether positive or negative) on the development of the Philippine nation-state. * Political Parties and Party Systems (PARTIES) 3 units Party politics is an integral part of liberal democratic polities. The existence of political parties provides an avenue for the articulation of the demands of diverse groups and interests in society and the legitimation of the state. There are two major components in the study of political parties. The first is the study of party "units" and characteristics as discrete entities (e.g. various social bases, histories, goals and appeals, formal organizations and actual power structures). The other involves party systems, the competitive interaction patterns among party units or "the forms and mode of their coexistence".
  17. 17. * Political Marketing (POLMARK) 3 units The end of the current century has been marked by sweeping transformations that have altered traditional structures of power relations. This power shift is enhanced by socio-economic and political changes, such as globalization and recent advancements in information technology. As a result, traditional assumptions about electoral competition are continuously being rewritten. Thus, the challenge of capturing the electorates' imagination and support necessitates the need to effectively identify and target segments of the political market. * Political Contestation (CONTEST) 3 units This course explores the interplay among various political forces such as political elites, parties, groups and social and political movements. * Politics of Sex (POLIGEN) 3 units An examination of structures that influence relations among gender groups in formal and nonformal decision making systems. It also covers a discussion of an array of issues concerning the extent of representation and participation of gender groups in the institutions of governance and the processes of social change.
  18. 18. Women and Politics (WOMEPOL) 3 units The course discusses the major debates concerning gender scholarship in general, and the role women play in politics and development in particular. It intends to trace the beginnings of the feminist discourse, contemporary feminist theories, and their relevance to emerging gender perspectives in the field of politics. 2. Development Studies * Development Issues (DEVISSU) 3 units This seminar course answers the need for a comprehensive and intensive discussion of selected development issues and concerns at the national and international levels. Special topics will focus on the relationships between poverty and development, population and development, gender and development, among others. * Development Perspectives (DEVTPER) 3 units An overview of emerging development models, trends and strategies at the national and international levels. With emphasis on new development models, implications of globalization, market-centered economy, donor-NGO relations, bilateral agreements between debtors and donor-countries.
  19. 19. * Development Institutions (DEVINST) 3 units A study of the dynamics and processes of development-oriented institutions such as the NGOS, non-profit sector, international NGOs and donor institutions. Electives * Peace and Development (PEACEDE) 3 units This course looks at the origin, approaches and dynamics of conflict and conflict resolution at the inter- and intra-state levels and discusses traditional and non-traditional security issues. * Sustainable Development (SUSDEVT) 3 units The course explores the potential of sustainable development as an approach to and strategy for total human development. * Urban Development (URBADEV) 3 units A discussion of the processes and dynamics of urban development. This includes discussion of current problems brought about by urbanization such as traffic congestion, pollution, rural-urban migration, and proliferation of slums. Its main emphasis is on the concept of urban renewal as a strategy for urban development. * Development Advocacy (DEVADVO) 3 units Analysis of the different arenas for advocating social reforms and changes and political mapping key of forces in the development process.
  20. 20. The DLSU likewise offers Master of Arts in International Studies; Master of Arts in Development Policy (36 units), which is designed for professionals in the private and public sector who require advanced knowledge of development issues viewed within the context of competing theoretical and policy perspectives. With a strong focus on the study of development theory, public policy political economy, development administration, and policy research methods, graduates are expected to contribute to professionalizing and democratizing the process of formulating and implementing development policies, programs, and projects. It is further noted that the DLSU also offers Doctor of Philosophy in Development Studies (60 units), which aims to advance knowledge of teachers and researchers, as well as those of development specialists who choose a career in policy development, planning, and administration. It employs a multi- disciplinary orientation in training students to address development problems, design new research directions, and contextualize the application of development theories.
  21. 21. B. Ateneo de Manila University (ADMU) http://socsci.ateneo.edu/module.php?LM=programs.detail&id=1204130796259 ADMU - Development Studies Program The Development Studies Program at the Ateneo de Manila University provides systematic, multidisciplinary formation for individuals who want to make effective contributions to the continuing effort to improve Philippine society. The Program draws on the traditional strengths of the University in teaching, research and development practice. It brings together the faculty of the constituent disciplines of economics, sociology-anthropology, and political science as well as practitioners with extensive experience in development work. It has also hosted international researchers interested in various aspects of Philippine development. Graduates of the Bachelor of Arts degree in Development Studies have made significant contributions in development through multilateral and bilateral development institutions, the Executive and Legislative branches of government, the diplomatic corps, non-government organizations and advocacy groups, development research organizations, law groups, business, corporate foundations, and the academe.
  22. 22. The Development Studies Program also offers a Minor in Development Management and Minor in Health and Development for undergraduate students, and Microfinance Capability Building Services for microfinance practitioners. Development Studies Course Descriptions * DS 101 Perspectives in Development I 3 units An introduction to the various competing perspectives in the analysis of economic development and underdevelopment, laying the foundation for a critical and theoretically informed understanding of contemporary issues in Philippine and international development. * DS 102 Perspectives in Development II 3 units An introduction to various perspectives in the politics of development, underlining the importance of the "political element" in the development process. Theoretical concepts and issues provide the parameters for a discussion of the nature of politics in the Philippines from a historical and comparative perspective. * DS 103 Perspectives in Development III 3 units An overview of various socio-cultural perspectives on development and modernization, thus laying the ground for a critical and theoretically informed understanding of contemporary issues in Philippine and international development.
  23. 23. * DS 112 Survey of Social Development Approaches 3 units An overview of social development approaches used by various development institutions. Inputs from development professionals demonstrate how these frameworks are applied in practice. The course also provides an overview of the evolving concept of poverty, from income poverty to poverty as human insecurity. * DS 120 Research Methods 3 units An overview of the methods of social analysis and their relevance to the interpretation of social data and the study of social situations. Emphasis is on the practice of social research, rather than the theory of methodology, and entails work outside the classroom. * DS 120.1 Quantitative Research Methods 3 units An introduction to the various quantitative methods in the social sciences. The course begins with a discussion of the methodological implications of the use of quantitative methods, then proceeds to a discussion of the various quantitative methods including an assessment of their strengths and limitations.
  24. 24. * DS 120.2 Qualitative Research Methods 3 units An introduction to the various qualitative methods in the social sciences. The course begins with a discussion of the methodological implications of the use of qualitative methods, then proceeds to a discussion of the various qualitative methods including an assessment of their strengths and limitations. * DS 122 Statistics for Social Sciences 3 units An introduction to statistics using applications from the social sciences. Instruction is supplemented by the use of computer statistical packages and actual statistical research projects. * DS 130 Community Development & Social Change 3 units An introduction to the art of introducing and sustaining development interventions on various levels. Inputs from development practitioners demonstrate the basic principles discussed in the lectures. The course frames development interventions as social change projects and draws from change management literature. * DS 130.8 Public Health & Social Change 1 unit Public health interventions involve social change on various levels. This case study course introduces the art of managing such interventions to properly respond to the problems or concerns in an effective and sustainable manner.
  25. 25. * DS 132 Project Management 3 units Prerequisite: DS 130 or any DS 135.xx A practical overview of the cycle of the development process involved in the management of development programs and projects, including project conceptualization, design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. * DS 135.1 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: Social Marketing 3 units An overview of basic marketing principles and how these can and must be used to support various development interventions. Case studies are analyzed to illustrate the concrete application of social marketing theories. * DS 135.2 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: Social Entrep. 3 units A course that shows how business principles can be integrated with social responsibility and the application and contextualization of these principles to social development. Case studies are analyzed to illustrate the concrete application of social entrepreneurship concepts.
  26. 26. * DS 135.4 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: Orgl. Mgnt. 3 units An overview of the processes and dynamics of interpersonal relations in organizations. Topics include the individual, group dynamics, and problem-solving skills. Focus is on the unique dynamics of organizational management and development interventions affecting the potentials of the group and its members. * DS 135.5 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: Cooperatives & Devt. 3 units An in-depth analysis of the cooperative movement. Various forms of cooperatives and cooperative networks are examined, primarily through the use of case studies. Focus is on examining the relative strengths and limitations of cooperativism as a social development initiative. * DS 135.6 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: Community Org. 3 units An in-depth analysis of community organizing as an approach to social development, and the philosophy underlying this approach. Focus is on examining the relative strengths and limitations of community organizing as a social development initiative by assessing various community organizing efforts.
  27. 27. * DS 135.9 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: MicroFinance 3 units An overview of the practice of providing financial services to marginalized clients. Topics include the philosophy and methodology of well- established models (Grameen, Village Banking) and emerging models (financial services associations, cooperative savings). Existing Philippine initiatives and standards are analyzed and juxtaposed with international best practice. * DS 135.10 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: Alternative Dispute Resolution Processes 3 units An introduction to the theory and practice of alternative dispute resolution methods. The course introduces a set of conceptual frameworks and proven techniques that help students analyze and reflect on their own experiences of conflict resolution and prepare them for dealing effectively with future situations. * DS 135.11 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: Dev Comm 3 units A course on the role of communication in social change, particularly in the context of its potential to facilitate changes in knowledge and behaviors among stakeholders in development programs. Students examine the theory behind the tools employed in communication programs and identify patterns in application.
  28. 28. * DS 135.12 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: Training Mgnt. 3 units A course that develops knowledge, skills, and capabilities to manage training programs. Focus is on the training management cycle. Deeper appreciation of the course material is facilitated by hands-on learning exercises and an actual training conducted for target groups such as members of people’s organizations * DS 135.13 Spec. Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: Resource Mobilization 3 units An overview of the theory and practice of resource mobilization. Resources are defined broadly to include financial resources, human resources, and any other resource useful for achieving an initiative’s goals. Various resource mobilization techniques are discussed and assessed. * DS 135.14 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: Bridging Leadership 3 units An introduction to Bridging Leadership—a leadership style appropriate to the complex development challenges of our time. Lectures, case- discussions, and structured learning experiences immerse the students in the three phases of the Bridging Leadership Framework. In the process, students discover their personal leadership style.
  29. 29. * DS 135.22 Special Topics in Dev’t Mgnt.: Social Innovations II 3 units A three-phase seminar on the necessary knowledge and skills to enable students to develop their own social enterprise, broadly defined as a social development initiative. The third phase involves the actual implementation of the social development initiative. * DS 140 Practicum in Social Development I 3 units A course that allows students to participate in development interventions and apply their learning to development situations. At the end of the practicum, students assess the experience and articulate the underlying development definition and strategy that motivates the agency to which they were assigned. * DS 140.2 Practicum in Social Development II 3 units A course that allows students to participate in development interventions and apply their learning to development situations. At the end of the practicum, students assess the experience and articulate the underlying development definition and strategy that motivates the agency to which they were assigned.
  30. 30. * DS 140.3 140.2 Practicum in Social Development III 3 units A course that allows students to participate in development interventions and apply their learning to development situations. At the end of the practicum, students assess the experience and articulate the underlying development definition and strategy that motivates the agency to which they were assigned. * DS 150 Field Specialization II 3 units Prerequisites: All required DS courses (DS 101, 102, 112, 120) A synthesis of the courses taken for the AB Development Studies degree program. Students are expected to complete a thesis or a project. This course provides students with an opportunity to apply the lessons they have learned from the AB Development Studies Program. * DS 150.1 Field Specialization 3 units Prerequisites: All required DS courses (DS 101, 102, 112, 120) A synthesis of the courses taken for the AB Development Studies degree program. Students write a thesis proposal or project proposal. This course provides students with an opportunity to apply the lessons they have learned from the AB Development Studies Program.
  31. 31. * DS 150.2 Field Specialization III 3 units Prerequisites: All required DS courses (DS 101, 102, 112, 120, 122) A synthesis of the courses taken for the AB Development Studies degree program. Students are expected to complete a thesis or a project. This course provides students with an opportunity to apply the lessons they have learned from the AB Development Studies Program. * DS 165.35 Special Topics in Dev’t Studies: Research in Development Issues 3 units A research course that requires students to undertake a critical review of articles and examine the methodologies used in testing hypotheses within a particular field of study. The required output of the course is equivalent to a thesis proposal. * DS 165.39 Special Topics in Dev’t Studies: Dev’t Policy 3 units An overview of the development policy process including policy formulation, implementation, and evaluation. Attention is given to the informational, economic, bureaucratic, and political constraints that policy-makers face; and to the process of policy reform.
  32. 32. * DS 165.41 Sp Topics in Dev’t Studies: Globalization & Governance 3 u An analysis of globalization as a constructed and contested terrain of social meanings and relations, and of governance as processes of partial steering and ordering in a multi-centered world with diverse but often overlapping spheres or sites of authority. * DS 165.55 Special Topics in Dev’t Studies: CSR 3 units A discussion on the history of Corporate Social Responsibility, its rationale, current trends both internationally and locally, actual practices, and implementation issues. Emphasis is on its location within the discourse of business ethics and corporate governance. * DS 165.56 Special Topics in Dev’t Studies: ICT for Dev’t 3 units A discussion on the role of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in development. Topics include how ICTs are changing organizations and how people work; important policy issues such as access, privacy, content; and the role of government, private organizations, and ordinary citizens.
  33. 33. * DS 175.80 Special Topics in Contemporary Dev’t Issues: The Political Economy of Health & Dev’t 3 units A course that situates public health issues in the broader discourses of development and governance. Topics include the interaction between public health issues and other social concerns, the various agents of development and public health management, and the role they play in public health management. * DS 175.83 Special Topics in Contemporary Dev’t Issues: Survey of Public Health Interventions 2 units An overview of various public health interventions by situating these interventions within various classificatory frames. Lectures on these classificatory frames are supplemented by inputs from health development practitioners.
  34. 34. Minor in Development Management Development Management involves the application of management principles and practices to the context of social development. The Minor in Development Management is being offered by the Development Studies Program in response to the increasing need for good managers working with social development institutions – managers who do not only have a mastery of development concepts but who also possess management skills that will make them effective change agents. The minor is open to all undergraduate students of the Loyola Schools. Required Courses and Electives. Students in the minor program are required to enroll in two core courses and three electives. They are required to obtain a grade of C or higher in these courses. (1) DS 130. Development Management (2) DS 132. Project Management (3) Three Development Management electives. Choose from among existing development management electives and other DS 135.xx courses that may be made available in the future.
  35. 35. * Electives offered in the first semester DS 135.2 Social Entrepreneurship DS 135.10 Alternative Dispute Resolution Processes DS 135.14 Bridging Leadership * Electives offered in the second semester DS 135.1 Social Marketing DS 135.6 Community Organization DS 135.9 Microfinance * Other Electives offered occasionally DS 135.4 Organizational Management DS 135.5 Cooperatives and Development DS 135.7 Seminar on Basic Management Concepts DS 135.8 Strategic Leadership DS 135.11 Development Communication DS 135.12 Resource Mobilization DS 135.13 Training Management *Credited Electives PoS 116 Fundamentals of Public Management (Department of Political Science) Accounting (John Gokongwei School of Management) Finance (John Gokongwei School of Management)
  36. 36. C. University of the Philippines (UP) Bachelor of Arts in Development Studies. A four-year course that is comparable to those being offered by DLSU and AdMU. UP-CIDS The then UP President Edgardo J. Angara envisioned the University of the Philippines Center for Integrative and Development Studies (UP-CIDS) in the early 1980s as a policy research unit that will harness the multidisciplinary expertise of UP toward the solution of the nation’s critical problems. The UP President’s Committee for the Establishment of a Strategic Areas Studies Unit submitted its recommendations as regards the creation of a university-based think-tank. On June 13, 1985, the UP Board of Regents (BOR) approved the establishment of the University Center for Strategic and Development Studies (UCSDS). This was soon changed to the University Center for Integrative and Development Studies (UCIDS) “in order to reflect the center’s primary objectives and goals.” http://www.up.edu.ph/content.php?r=7&c=7
  37. 37. III. The Philippine Institute of Development Studies (PIDS) The PIDS is a government corporation attached under the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA). The PIDS was created by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 1201 on September 27, 1977, as a non-stock, non-profit government corporation. In this year’s budget under the GAA 2011, the PIDS was allotted an amount of P25,300,000, the amount of P13,793,000 of which is for research program expenses, and the rest for general administration and operational support, respectively. The PIDS was established to respond to the critical and growing need for research for planning and policy formulation.
  38. 38. In general, PIDS research is envisioned to help government planners and policy-makers in the executive and legislative branches of government. Its primary clientele consists of the network of agencies which make up the National Economic and Development Authority. http://www.pids.gov.ph/ A. Roles and Goals Broadly stated, the goals of PIDS are: 1) To develop and implement a comprehensive and integrated research program that will provide the research materials and studies required for the formulation of national development plans and policies; 2) To serve as a common link between the government and existing research institutions; 3) To establish a repository for economic research information and other related activities.
  39. 39. B. Programs, Activities & Organization To carry out its mandate, the Institute has maintained three basic programs, namely: Research Program; Outreach Program; and Dissemination and Research Utilization Program. The Research Services Department provides both technical and management support to all the research undertakings of the Institute, particularly those conducted by the Research Staff. The RSD is comprised of two units, Project Services and the Management Information Services. Each unit is composed of four highly dedicated personnel. The Project Services unit undertakes all the components of research management, from proposal development to contracting to monitoring and review of research outputs. The PSS likewise facilitates the formulation of the PIDS research agenda and coordinates its implementation. It also maintains continuous liaison with other departments within the Institute and with external contacts, such as current and prospective donor agencies and clients. The Management Information Services unit, meanwhile, takes care of all the computing services required by all the departments within the Institute. It manages the PIDS information systems and services all the IT requirements of the Institute. The MIS also provides training to PIDS staff on various software applications and manages all the IT and computing hardware of the Institute.
  40. 40. The Research Information Staff (RIS) markets the research outputs of the Institute to promote their utilization and sets up appropriate fora to encourage dialogues between researchers and other key sectors, especially the policymakers. To carry out this task, the department handles and maintains two programs, namely, the Publications and Circulation program, and the Public Affairs program. The Library Services unit of the Institute is an integral part of the Publications and Circulation program. As an important part of its mandate, the department includes fora and papers that delve on issues which may not necessarily be part of a completed or ongoing PIDS research study but are critical components of the country's overall development thrust. By focusing on these issues, the Institute is able to immediately respond to the growing demands of the concerned sectors even before it actually undertakes a comprehensive study.
  41. 41. The Operations and Finance (Staff) Department takes charge of providing effective, timely and facilitative auxiliary and logistical services to the day-to-day operation of the Institute and its research projects. It also provides technical advice and assistance in various areas of the administrative services such as personnel management and development, financial management and control, accounting, property and supply procurement and management, records management, general utility, housekeeping and transport. The department also monitors the investment operation of the Institute's Endowment Fund in order to maximize the returns to be generated from its investment and at the same time preserve the value of its principal. The department is also responsible for providing PIDS management with the financial status of the Institute's various research projects to enable them to formulate the necessary courses of action in order to maximize the utilization of its resources. Finally, the Administrative and Finance Department provides the necessary linkage, cooperation and working relationship with various government agencies like the Commission on Audit, Civil Service Commission, Career Executive Service Board, Department of Budget and Management, Presidential Management Staff/Government Corporate Monitoring and Coordinating Committtee, Senate, House of epresentatives, etc.. The Department has 3 divisions, namely: the Administrative Division, Finance Division and Accounting and Control Division.
  42. 42. IV. Concluding Statement Having scanned and studied the many write-ups on the Development Studies, I can therefore conclude that the DS, just like any research and development input and output is as only good as those in Authority supports it. Without the honest-to-goodness support and political will and moral ascendancy of the powers that be, no amount of “outstanding DS inputs and outputs” can be put to reality. While a lot of constraints are at stake such as financial viability, population explosion, commercial and trade competition in the domestic and foreign markets, technological advances, moral and spiritual dimension, and a host of potential threats to national and global developments must be transcended. Inasmuch as the patterns and features in the bureaucratic processes and workings are concerned, the various DS may be utilized to fully assist and guide the policy-makers and framers--minus the political trappings and power plays that are out of context of nation-building. How will this be? It needs maturity and selfless transcendence on the part of the politicians/partisan politics, the Government, and the citizens to rally behind and throw extra baggage of wastes: emotionally, physically, and spiritually.
  43. 43. DS authorities must push for genuine reforms that are not just within the realm of “sloganeering” and of the “icing on the cakes.” DS must assert its palpable and empirical computations and scientific research findings that will make life easier. I am just in the quandary hitherto as to why is it that the Monetary Board and the BSP, since its rebirth from its erstwhile Central Bank of the Philippines (CBP)—has not been successful in bringing back the “Anti-Usury Law” and the “disparity on the interest rates on lending and loaning”—which it and the NEDA/PIDS can ably and strongly endorse for a law in favor of the Filipino sovereign. These policy inputs whenever enacted as a law, together with the Anti-Trust legitimization (that will rectify monopoly and cartel) shall surely make the playing field much better not only to the traders, industry, and government, but to the citizens as well. O, a great propeller to nation-building are those policies that will empower the people towards cooperativism, tourism, and educational enterprises, among other worthy endeavors.
  44. 44. V. Epilogue Development Studies is in the forefront of developing countries which transcend the entire gamut of developmental efforts. These are the likes of development communication, management development, research and development (R&D), international relations, community development, project and program development, development finance, social studies, sustainable development, ODA, millennium development, exchange programs, policy analysis and research, grants in aid, etc., can be summarily stated in the mellieu of social and economic development. On this note, we are reminded by Mr. Kenneth J. Arrow, a Nobel Prize winner in economics, who has pointed out that technical knowledge is not costless. But once developed, it can be used repeatedly without extra cost. In other words, it yields increasing returns. Ideas can emanate from various sources. Likewise, the DS as an educational curricular offering, I can profoundly understand that schools, just like any other non-profit organization must also generate funds in order to pursue its cause for academic excellence. While I find the curriculum responsive to the foreign labor market, the compelling needs for this country to produce entrepreneurs that will propel countryside development is an imperative link of schools, government and other stakeholders.
  45. 45. The government, may replicate the IRBD, turned World Bank (replicated by ADB and our DBP) to extend loans to the educated mass acting as entrepreneurs in nation-building. Lest, graduates will just end-up in a pool of under-employed in the call centers or really find themselves in the unemployed sector—unproductive, remaining consumers of WTO-driven goods and services that flood the country with much lowered prices that we produce. The question of loyalty and patriotism in contrast with the practicality or economy will determine one’s lot. As DS is basically a tool or device of developing countries, this doesn’t mean that the NICs or HDCs do not utilize it. The NICs and HDCs are stakeholders and participants to the DS being proposed or offered by those developing nations who are partnering to them vis-a-vis the current treaty/ies specially on economic and trade agreements such that of WTO, regional and bilateral agreements, and other twinning agreements as well. While it necessitates a miracle, development studies cum Research & Development must be strengthened at all cost in order to compete in the community of nations. DS just like the bureaucracy must be propelled with a spirit of fortitude, prudence, justice, and temperance that will generate true and lasting social and economic development that shall be genuinely felt by the citizenry who can say that “we have already attained genuine” national development.
  46. 46. VI. References Assessment of Development Results (ADR) Evaluation of UNDP Contribution, 2009 Evaluation on Japan’s Development Studies, 2007 International Cooperation Bureau of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) Humanitarian Development Studies in Europe Assessment of Universities’ Training and NGOs Needs, edited by July Gonzales, et al., University of Deusto, Bilbao, 1999. Philippines: Critical Development Constraints, Asian Development Bank, December 2007 & 2008. The General Appropriations Act (GAA) 2011 The New York Times Almanac, edited by John w. Wright, Penguin Reference, New York, 2002 Webliography: www.neda.gov.ph; www.pids.gov.ph
  47. 47. Thank YOU And MABUHAY!

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