The future of scaling forrester research - GigaSpaces Road Show 2011


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  • Image source: NASA
  • Image Source: NASAMNG: Need reading from Steven Hawking Grand Design bookLike a photographer clicking random snapshots of a crowd of people, NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has taken a view of an eclectic mix of galaxies. In taking this picture, Hubble's Advanced Camera for Surveys was not looking at any particular target. The camera was taking a picture of a typical patch of sky, while Hubble's infrared camera was viewing a target in an adjacent galaxy-rich region. The jumble of galaxies in this image, taken in September 2003, includes a yellow spiral whose arms have been stretched by a possible collision [lower right]; a young, blue galaxy [top] bursting with star birth; and several smaller, red galaxies.But the most peculiar-looking galaxy of the bunch – the dramatic blue arc in the center of the photo — is actually an optical illusion. The blue arc is an image of a distant galaxy that has been smeared into the odd shape by a phenomenon called gravitational lensing. This "funhouse- mirror effect" occurs when light from a distant object is bent and stretched by the mass of an intervening object. In this case the gravitational lens, or intervening object, is a red elliptical galaxy nearly 6 billion light-years from Earth. The red color suggests that the galaxy contains older, cooler stars.The distant object whose image is smeared into the long blue arc is about 10 billion light-years away. This ancient galaxy existed just a few billion years after the Big Bang, when the universe was about a quarter of its present age. The blue color indicates that the galaxy contains hot, young stars.Gravitational lenses can be seen throughout the sky because the cosmos is crowded with galaxies. Light from distant galaxies, therefore, cannot always travel through space without another galaxy getting in the way. It is like walking through a crowded airport. In space, a faraway galaxy's light will travel through a galaxy that is in the way. But if the galaxy is massive enough, its gravity will bend and distort the light.Long arcs, such as the one in this image, are commonly seen in large clusters of galaxies because of their huge concentrations of mass. But they are not as common in isolated galaxies such as this one. For the gravitational lens to occur, the galaxies must be almost perfectly aligned with each other.Gravitational lenses yield important information about galaxies. They are a unique and extremely useful way of directly determining the amount of mass, including dark matter, in a galaxy. Galaxies are not just made up of stars, gas, and dust. An invisible form of matter, called dark matter, makes up most of a galaxy's mass. A study of this newly discovered system, dubbed J033238-275653, was published in the Astrophysical Journal Letters. This study, together with similar observations, may allow astronomers to make the first direct measurements of the masses of bright, nearby galaxies. Object Name: J033238-275653Image Type: AstronomicalCredit: NASA, ESA, J. Blakeslee and H. Ford (Johns Hopkins University
  • Mng: Business transactions need no help in rising
  • MIKEThis isn’t the only guy who will eat your lunch.
  • MIKEMng: Usually we talk about kids using social media, but this recent data shows that - Social networking use among internet users ages 50 and older has nearly doubled—from 22% to 42% over the past year. Half (47%) of internet users ages 50-64 and one in four (26%) users age 65 and older now use social networking sites. Source:
  • Image source: istockphoto
  • 1 year = 525,948.766 minutes1-.9999 = .00011-.9995 = .00054 nines = .0001 x 525949 = 52 minutes per year5 nines = .00001 x 525949 = 5 minutes99.5 = .0005 x 525949 = 263 minutes = 4 hours and
  • Image source: istockphoto
  • Image source:
  • Image Source: istockphoto
  • They are the poster child for cloud scalability…and they are highly profitableAnd they plan to live entirely in the cloud – their e-mail is Gmail, their accounting, their HR, even their productivity suite is SaaS.And by getting everything in the cloud they aren’t investing in IT but instead are investing to expand their reach…you see the applicability of what they have built doesn’t stop with consumers…
  • Image source: istockphoto
  • Image source: istockphoto
  • The future of scaling forrester research - GigaSpaces Road Show 2011

    1. 1.
    2. 2. The Future Of Scalability, Performance, And Reliability<br />Mike Gualtieri, Senior Analyst, Architecture & Design<br />February, 2011<br />
    3. 3.
    4. 4. An explosion of activity and information.<br />
    5. 5. Agenda<br />Massive scale<br />The seven qualities of wildly desirable applications<br />Massive scale solutions<br />Cloud ROI hinges on elasticity<br />Recommendations<br />
    6. 6. Volume equates to transactions, services, and data<br />Average daily volume of shares (in millions) by year on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)<br />Year <br />Source: NYSE Technologies: Market Data Facts & Figures (<br />
    7. 7. More eCommerce means more of everything: users, transactions, and data<br />
    8. 8. Yikes! This guy can persuade a million people that my product is rubbish<br />
    9. 9. They’re not just kids. Social networking use among Internet users 50 and older has nearly doubled.<br />Placeholder – social media influence <br />
    10. 10. Your business must scale to new heights<br />
    11. 11. Massive scale examples<br />
    12. 12. <ul><li>145M customer
    13. 13. 20k transactions per second
    14. 14. 1B events daily.</li></ul>Financial services has an enormous need for scalability, performance, and reliability. <br />
    15. 15. Agenda<br />Massive scale<br />The seven qualities of wildly desirable software<br />Massive scale solutions<br />Cloud ROI hinges on elasticity<br />Recommendations<br />
    16. 16. Wildly desirable business applications must strike the right balance among these seven qualities<br />
    17. 17. Availability<br />
    18. 18. What does high availability mean?<br />*Uptime calculations assume no scheduled downtime.<br />
    19. 19. Can “dial tone” reliability be achieved?<br />
    20. 20. Performance<br />
    21. 21. Achieving top performance is a moving target<br />Source:<br />
    22. 22. Scalability<br />20<br />Entire contents © 2009 Forrester Research, Inc. All rights reserved. <br />
    23. 23. Agenda<br />Massive scale<br />The seven qualities of wildly desirable applications<br />Massive scale solutions<br />Cloud ROI hinges on elasticity<br />Recommendations<br />
    24. 24. Legacy means you can’t just “rip and replace”.<br />
    25. 25. Elastic platforms are a great answer.<br />
    26. 26. Elastic application platforms are the future of scalability, performance, and reliability.<br />Code execution<br />Fault tolerance<br />Automatic scaling<br />Clustered resources<br />Memory speeds<br />
    27. 27. Forrester evaluated 8 platforms using 124 criteria<br />
    28. 28. Definition: Elastic caching platforms (ECP)<br />Platform software that provides data caching services distributed across two or more server nodes that:<br /> consistently perform as volumes grow,<br /> can be scaled without downtime,<br /> provide a range of fault-tolerance.<br />
    29. 29. Top 6 scenarios for ECPs <br />
    30. 30. Elastic platforms are distributed<br />
    31. 31. Typical IT Web architecture statically scales app server tier – but not the data tier at all<br />Load balancer<br />Application server<br />Application server<br />Application server<br />Application server<br />Database<br />Or, multiple data stores<br />
    32. 32. Elastic caching adds a layer to overcome data bottlenecks<br />Load balancer<br />Application server<br />Application server<br />Application server<br />Application server<br />Cache node<br />Cache node<br />Cache node<br />Database<br />Or, multiple data stores<br />
    33. 33. Elastic application adds a layer to overcome both data and application bottlenecks – elastically!<br />Load balancer<br />Application server<br />Application server<br />Application server<br />Application server<br />Code & Cache node<br />Code & Cache node<br />Code & Cache node<br />Database<br />Or, multiple data stores<br />
    34. 34. Elastic caching can eliminate bottlenecks.<br />
    35. 35. Programming to an elastic cache is straightforward<br />Scale, performance, & reliability just works<br />
    36. 36. Elasticity requires more than just caching<br />
    37. 37. Agenda<br />Massive scale<br />The seven qualities of wildly desirable applications<br />Massive scale solutions<br />Cloud ROI hinges on elasticity<br />Recommendations<br />
    38. 38. Cloud computing<br />
    39. 39. The power of cloud economics is elasticity<br />Peak of 5000 instances<br />Launch of Facebook modification<br />Steady state of ~40 instances<br />
    40. 40. The basics of cloud economics are clear<br />
    41. 41. Agenda<br />Massive scale<br />The seven qualities of wildly desirable applications<br />Massive scale solutions<br />Cloud ROI hinges on elasticity<br />Recommendations<br />
    42. 42. Use EAP to achieve high availability.<br />Replicated, distributed data<br />
    43. 43. Use EAP to achieve breakneck performance.<br />In-memory, optimized access<br />
    44. 44. Use EAP to achieve elastic scale.<br />Add and remove nodes as needed<br />42<br />Entire contents © 2009 Forrester Research, Inc. All rights reserved. <br />
    45. 45. Which of your competitors are doing this now?<br />
    46. 46. Thank you<br />Mike Gualtieri<br /><br />Twitter: mgualtieri<br /><br />