Fukushima pranesimas


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Nuo Fukušimos tragedijos praėjo daugiau kaip metai, tačiau informacija apie šį įvykį iki šiol lieka prieštaringa, neišsami ir netiksli. Fukušimos prefektūros, kur oras dabar užterštas radioaktyviomis medžiagomis, gyventojai grįžo prie įprasto gyvenimo. Jie tikisi, kad radiacija neturės jokios įtakos jų sveikatai. Tiesa, ramybės jiems neduoda per nepriklausomus šaltinius vis dažniau nutekanti informacija apie realias katastrofos pasekmes. Vidinis apšvitinimas, atviros evakuacijos zonos, radioaktyvus maisto užterštumas – visos šios grėsmės kelia didžiulį siaubą, kurio jie patys nugalėti neįstengs…

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  • Two months after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident in March 2011, a team of Japanese researchers collected 144 adult pale grass blue (Zizeeriamaha) butterflies from 10 locations in Japan, including the Fukushima area. By comparing mutations found on the butterflies collected from the different sites, the team found that areas with greater amounts of radiation in the environment were home to butterflies with much smaller wings and irregularly developed eyes. 
  • Fukushima pranesimas

    1. 1. Fukušima, melas, valdţia ir referendumasSaulius Lapienis 2012 lapkričio 13 d., Vilnius, Venclovų namai-muziejus
    2. 2. Statybų pradţia: 1967 liepos 25 d. Veiklos pradţia: 1971 kovo 26 d. Veiklos pabaiga: 2012 balandžio 20 d.Fukušima
    3. 3. Techninėinformacija
    4. 4. Dizaineris: Uţsakovas: Reaktoriai: GE pastatų architektas: Ebasco Statytojas: Kajima
    5. 5. The reactors for Units 1, 2, and 6 were supplied by General Electric,those for Units 3 and 5 by Toshiba, and Unit 4 byHitachi.All six reactors were designed by General Electric.[5][6]Architectural design for General Electrics units was done by Ebasco.All construction was done by Kajima.[7]Since September 2010, Unit 3 has been fueled by a small fraction 6%)[8] of plutonium containing mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel, rather than the lowenriched uranium (LEU) used in the other reactors.[9][10]Units 1–5 were built with Mark I type (light bulb torus)containmentstructures.[11][12]The Mark I containment structure was slightly increased in volume byJapanese engineers.[13]
    6. 6. Fukushima Dai-ichi (dai-ichi reiškia "numeris vienas")2010 rugsėjis6% Pu; MOX 1-5 reaktorių tipas – BWR MARK 1 6 reaktoriaus – BWR MARK 2
    7. 7. Pirmoji klaida:statybų pradţia
    8. 8. Statant Fukušima-1 atominę elektrinę buvęs35 m aukščio status vandenyno krantas buvo “pažemintas” beveik 25 metrais.
    9. 9. One reason the bluff was lowered was so that the base ofthe reactors could be constructed on solid bedrock to mitigatethe threat posed by earthquakes. Another reason was the lowered height would keep therunning costs of the seawater pumps low. TEPCOs analysis of the tsunami risk when planning thesites construction determined that the lower elevation was safebecause the sea wall would provide adequate protection for themaximum tsunami assumed by the design basis. However, the lower site elevation did increase thevulnerability for a tsunami larger than anticipated in design.
    10. 10. 2011-03-11
    11. 11. Avarija: 2011 kovo11,12,14,15 d.
    12. 12. 1) Unit 1: Explosion, roof blown off (12 March)2) Unit 2: Explosion (15 March), Contaminated water inunderground trench, possible leak from suppression chamber3) Unit 3: Explosion, most of concrete building destroyed (14March), Possible plutonium leak4) Unit 4: Fire (15 March), Water level in spent fuel pools partlyrestored5) Multiple trenches: probable source of contaminated water,partly underground, leaked stopped (6 April)
    13. 13. 2011-03-12 2011-03-152011-03-15 2011-03-14 2011 balandžio 6 d.
    14. 14. 1 reaktorius
    15. 15. Type: BWR-3Containment: Mark IConstruction: July 25, 1967Criticality: October 10, 1970Commercial Operation: March 26, 1971Electric Power: 460 MWReactor Supplier: General ElectricArchitecture: EbascoConstruction: KajimaFuel: LEUINES Disaster rating: 7
    16. 16. The first of the Fukushima Daiichi reactors to be built, unit one lostpower at 3:41pm JST in March 11 after the earthquake and suffered ahydrogen at 3:36pm JST March 12th.The isolation condenser valve was closed in the initial response to theearthquake, technicians were unable to reopen it after power waslost.The building‘s older design featured a sheet metal upper level that blewout during the explosion leaving the building‘s roof laying on therefueling floor.It is now estimated that the reactor core melted to the bottom ofthe reactor vessel within 16 hours of the station black out (power loss).The melted core is also likely melted through the vessel and issomewhere within the containment structure.Tepco started to inject seawater into the No. 1 reactor at 8:20 p.m.March 12, but at 7:04 p.m. JST that day, stopped it at 7:25 p.m. JSTand resumed it at 8:20 p.m. JSTReactor 1 had the shroud replaced in 2008
    17. 17. 2 reaktorius
    18. 18. Type: BWR-4Containment: Mark IConstruction: June 9, 1969Criticality: May 10, 1973Commercial Operation: July 18, 1974Electric Power: 784 MWReactor Supplier: General ElectricArchitecture: EbascoConstruction: KajimaFuel: LEUINES Disaster Rating: 7
    19. 19. The second of the Fukushima Daiichi reactors to be built, unit two lostemergency cooling function of the ECCS at 4:36pm on March 11 after theearthquake.The pressure control function was lost at 5:32am JST on March 12th.The reactor water level was found to be low at 1:24pm JST leading to theconclusion that reactor cooling function had been lost.On the morning of March 13 an attempt was made to manually open theventing valve.At Midnight March 14th, another attempt to open the venting valve wastried. Sea water was injected into unit 2 in an attempt to establish coolingfunctions at 4:34pm JST on March 14th.It suffered a hydrogen explosion at 6:20am JST March 15th.The hydrogen explosion blew holes in the suppression chamber. After thisincident radiation levels at the main gate spiked to doses reaching 11,930microsieverts per hour from 73 microsieverts 3 hours earlier. The damageled to leakage of the contaminated water into the rest of the building, theninto the ocean.It is now estimated that the reactor core melted to the bottom of thereactor vessel within 16 hours of the station black out (power loss). Themelted core is also likely melted through the vessel and is somewherewithin the containment structure. It is also likely that the lowersuppression chamber is damaged and causing radioactive water to leak outof the containment.Reactor 2 had the shroud replaced in 2001
    20. 20. 3 reaktorius
    21. 21. Type: BWR-4Containment: Mark IConstruction: December 28, 1970Criticality: September 6, 1974Commercial Operation: March 27, 1976Electric Power: 784 MWReactor Supplier: ToshibaArchitecture: ToshibaConstruction: KajimaFuel: LEU/MOXINES Disaster Rating: 7
    22. 22. The third of the Fukushima Daiichi reactors to be built, reactor 3 had the shroudreplaced in 1999. At the same time Fukushima Daiichi received it’s first shipment ofMOX (plutonium-uranium) fuel. Various issues and the rescinding of local governmentapproval to run MOX in unit 3 delayed the installation of MOX fuel until September of2010. At the time of the earthquake unit 3 had a mixed load of MOX and LEU in thereactor. It is unclear how many total MOX shipments were received at Daiichi and howmany total assemblies are stored or in use at the power plant. Records show unit 3 to bethe only one running MOX but MOX fuel must be stored in a spent fuel pool even if it isunused due to volatility. Unit 3 lost all AC power at 3:42pm JST on March 11th. Loss ofthe emergency core cooling function of the ECCS was reported to authorities at 5:58amJST on March 13th. At 9:20am JST on March 13th the pressure relief valve for thereactor was opened. At 1:12pm JST on March 13th sea water was injected into thereactor. Pressure in the reactor reached 460 kPa beyond the design value at 6:10amJST March 14th. Unit 3 suffered an intense hydrogen explosion at 11:01am on March14th. At 8:32am JST an enormous amount of white smoke belched from unit 3. SelfDefense Forces attempted to drop water by helicopter at 4pm JST on March 16th butwas abandoned due to high radiation levels. At 9:48am JST Self Defense Forcesresumed helicopter water drops.It is now estimated that the reactor core melted to the bottom of the reactor vessel within16 hours of the station black out (power loss).The melted core is also likely melted through the vessel and is somewhere withinthe containment structure.
    23. 23. 4 reaktorius
    24. 24. Type: BWR-4Containment: Mark IConstruction: February 12, 1973Criticality: January 28, 1978Commercial Operation: Oct. 12, 1978Electric Power: 784 MWReactor Supplier: HitachiArchitecture: HitachiConstruction: KajimaFuel: LEUINES Disaster Rating: 7
    25. 25. The fourth of the Fukushima Daiichi reactors to be built. At the time of the earthquakeunit 4 was shut down for extensive maintenance. The rod assemblies were removedfrom the core and stored in the spent fuel pool. Some of the extensive work to be donewas the replacement of the reactor vessel shroud. Unit 4 lost AC power along with theother units at the plant. At 4:08am JST on March 14th, the spent fuel pool at unit 4 was84 degrees celsius. At 6:20am JST on March 15th a part of a wall in the operation areaof Unit 4 of Fukushima Daiichi was damaged. TEPCO provided no further details on thisdamage. At 9:38am JST on March 15th a fire broke out in the reactor building of unit4, the fire was reported extinguished by 12:29pm JST. TEPCO has changed their storyon unit 4 multiple times but eventually admitted to a very obvious explosion occurring atunit 4. No video of unit 4 exploding exists to date and it is assumed the explosiontook place before dawn. One of TEPCO’s later admissions regarding unit 4 is that theythink hydrogen leaked into unit 4 from unit 3 via the venting pipes and a faulty valve. Noreason was given as to why unit 4 did not then ignite when unit 3 exploded.The blast at unit 4 did extensive damage to the structural integrity of the building.TEPCO has admitted the blast ignited within both the lower floors and upper floors of thebuilding. A concrete entrance garage can be seen to have the wall panels blown out. Aninner staircase was identified as destroyed by TEPCO. There is extensive obviousstructural damage. The spent fuel pool has been identified as leaking and unstable.Work cranes have been seen working around the building.The IAEA reported that on May 9th work began to structurally support the floor of thespent fuel pool at unit 4.
    26. 26. 5 reaktorius
    27. 27. Type: BWR-4Containment: Mark IConstruction: May 22, 1972Criticality: August 26, 1977Commercial Operation: April 18, 1978Electric Power: 784 MWReactor Supplier: ToshibaArchitecture: ToshibaConstruction: KajimaFuel: LEUINES Disaster Rating: 7
    28. 28. The fifth of the Fukushima Daiichi reactors to be built.Unit 5 was in cold shutdown when the earthquake hit.No known major damage occurred at unit 5 and it managed tomaintain a somewhat safe status until AC power could be restored.Unit 5 has a slightly different construction than units 1-4 includingoutside vertical structural beams that can be seen in the image.Reactor 5 had the shroud replaced in 2000.
    29. 29. 6 reaktorius
    30. 30. Type: BWR-5Containment: Mark IIConstruction: October 26, 1973Criticality: March 9, 1979Commercial Operation: October 24, 1979Electric Power: 1,100 MWReactor Supplier: General ElectricArchitecture: EbascoConstruction: KajimaFuel: LEUINES Disaster Rating: 7
    31. 31. The sixth of the Fukushima Daiichi reactors to be built. Unit 6 is the onlyMark II unit at the plant and has a different outer containment systemthan other units at Fukushima. This unit was also in cold shutdown modeduring the earthquake.It has no known major damage but has had issues withcontaminated groundwater in the turbine building. This waterinfiltration could risk the cooling system function if it should reach thereactor building. Two meters of water was discovered in the turbinebuilding in mid-May.Unit 6 has not had the shroud replaced to our knowledge.
    32. 32. Avarijosįvertinimas
    33. 33. World Nuclear News, here.It reports:Japanese authorities notified the International Atomic Energy Agency oftheir decision to up the rating:―As a result of re-evaluation, total amount of discharged iodine-131 isestimated at 1.3 1017 becquerels, and caesium-137 is estimated at6.1 1015 becquerels.Hence the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency has concluded thatthe rating of the accident would be equivalent of Level 7.‖
    34. 34. The INES (International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES) What the INES-7 Rating at Fukushima Means
    35. 35. What are some of the similarities and differences betweenFukushima and Chernobyl?Both have involved breeches of radiological barriers and controls,overwhelming of defence-in-depth measures, and large-scale release ofradioactive isotopes into the environment. The causes and sequence ofthe two events were, however, very different, in terms of reactordesigns, the nature of the triggering events, and time-scale forresolution — this is a topic to be explored in more depth in some futurepost.The obviously big contrast is in the human toll and nature of theradioactive release. Barry Brook, Adelaidės universitetas, Australija
    36. 36. Avarijosprieţastys
    37. 37. Key points in nuclear disaster report 5 July 2012A Japanese parliamentary panel has delivered a damning verdict afterinvestigating the accident at the Fukushima nuclear plant which followed anearthquake and tsunami on 11 March 2011.Disaster manmade - chairmans message Chairman Kiyoshi KurokawaCollusion and lack of governanceOrganisational problems within TepcoEmergency response issuesEvacuation issuesContinuing public health and welfare issuesRegulator failuresOperator failuresShortcomings in laws and regulationsNo cosmetic solutions
    38. 38. Japonijos parlamento komiteto REKOMENDACIJOS Permanent committee in National Diet [parliament] to oversee theregulators, with regular investigations and hearings Reform of the crisis management system, making boundariesbetween responsibilities of local and national governments and the operatorsclear, and establishing clear chain of command in emergency situations Establishment of system to deal with long-term public health effects,including monitoring and decontaminating radiation-affected areas Dramatic corporate reform of Tepco and new relationships establishedamong the electric power companies built on safety issues, mutualsupervision and transparency New regulatory body established on independence, transparency,professionalism, and consolidation of functions Reform of laws related to nuclear energy to meet global standards ofsafety, public health and welfare Develop a system of independent investigation commissions
    39. 39. Japonijos parlamento komiteto išvados (Lietuvoje paskelbta tik ne centrinėje spaudoje) „nors nelaimė prasidėjo dėl gamtos stichijos, tačiau vėlesni incidentai Fukušimos branduolinėje jėgainėje turi būti laikomi kaip žmonių sukelti―. Priduriama, kad „katastrofos padarinius efektyvesnis žmonių darbas taip pat galėjo sušvelninti―. Komisijos išvadose negailima kritikos tiek valstybės, tiek jėgainės valdytojos „Tepco― padarinių likvidavimo darbų kokybei. Išvadose taip pat pastebima, kad Japonijos kultūrinės tradicijos ir nenoras prieštarauti autoritetui neigiamai prisidėjo prie efektyvaus Fukušimos krizės sprendimo.Skaitykite daugiau:http://www.15min.lt/naujiena/aktualu/pasaulis/japonija-fukusimos-katastrofa-ivyko-del-zmogaus-kaltes-57-231688#ixzz2Btmq4GsI
    40. 40. Japonijos parlamento komiteto išvados (rusiška apţvalga)Авария на АЭС "Фукусима-1" вызвала резко отрицательноеотношение к ядерной энергии в японском обществе.Парламентский комитет в Японии по итогам расследованиязаявил, что причиной аварии на АЭС "Фукусима-1" в мартепрошлого года были действия человека.Авторы доклада заявляют, что аварию можно было спрогнозироватьи сделать все возможное для того, чтобы избежать катастрофическогоразвития событий."Авария на "Фукусиме-1" была не природной, а техногеннойкатастрофой.Атомная станция не была готова ни к удару сильного землетрясения, ник цунами", - говорится в докладе.В докладе помимо прочего упоминается, что еще одной из причинаварии были особенности японской культуры, в которой непринято возражать вышестоящим.
    41. 41. Reaktoriųkonstrukcija: klaidos
    42. 42. BWR MARK 1 tipo reaktoriaus konteinerio skerspjūvis: Advanced Boiling DW = sausa erdvė, WW = drėgna Water Reactor (ABWR)erdvė, SF = panaudoto kuro saugykla technology
    43. 43. Kas yra atominėenergetika?
    44. 44. Nuclear Energy Information Service "Atoms For Peace"For as long as there has been federal control of nuclear research andmaterials, there has been an interest in using commercial nuclearreactors as a source of materials to make weapons.In the early 1950s it was recognized that the weapons program wouldrequire more plutonium than could be furnished by the AtomicEnergy Commission (AEC).One suggestion, made by Dr. Charles A. Thomas, then executive vice-president of Monsanto Chemical Company, was to create a dualpurpose plutonium reactor, on which could produce plutonium forweapons, and electricity for commercial use. http://www.neis.org/literature/Brochures/weapcon.htm
    45. 45. In a document from the Los Alamos NationalLaboratory dated August, 1981, one finds thisstatement:"There is no technical demarcation between themilitary and civilian reactor and there never wasone.What has persisted over the decades is just themisconception that such a linkage does notexist.― ("Some Political Issues Related to Future Special Nuclear Fuels Production," LA- 8969-MS, UC-16).
    46. 46. TEN FACTS ABOUT NUCLEAR WEAPONS1. There are still some 26,000 nuclear warheads in the world, enough to destroycivilization many times over and destroy most life on earth. Nuclear weapons makehumans an endangered species.2. More than 95% of all nuclear weapons are in the arsenals of the US and Russia.3. The average nuclear weapon in the US arsenal is approximately eight times morepowerful than the nuclear bomb that destroyed Hiroshima, immediately killing some90,000 people.4. There are currently nine countries with nuclear weapons (US, Russia, UK, France,China, Israel, India, Pakistan and North Korea).7. There are up to 2,000,000 kilograms of Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) in globalstockpiles, and it takes just 15-24 kilograms for a nuclear weapon. There are28 countries with at least one bomb‘s worth of HEU and 12 countries with at least 20bombs‘ worth.8. Plutonium created in nuclear power reactors is another source of bomb material.It takes as little as three to five kilograms of plutonium to create a nuclearweapon.There are now some 500,000 kilograms of separated plutonium in globalstockpiles. Plutonium stocks continue to increase due to civilian ‗spent‘ fuelreprocessing. https://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2009/09/facts_myths.pdf
    47. 47. Americans cannot afford from a security standpoint to haveJapan abandon nuclear power. It‘s too important to us.John Hamre, president and CEO of the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington •―Nuclear power from the very beginning was (not only) a source of promise, but (also) a source of great threat because nuclear power electric generation is also the base for making nuclear weapons, and it‘s a great risk to the world to have commercial nuclear power plants because there is a possibility of diverting the material and turning it into weapons.‖ •―The countries that have given us the security system are going to diminish, and who‘s going to replace them?‖ •―Americans cannot afford from a security standpoint to have Japan abandon nuclear power. It‘s too important to us.‖ •―Citizens right now do not believe the government can protect them and they don‟t have any confidence the government can provide safe nuclear power‖ •―But if you‘re going to stay a rich and prosperous country, and if you‘re going to help provide a global system of security, we‘ve got to rebuild confidence that the government can indeed protect citizens and it can oversee this industry and make sure that it‟s safe and reliable.” •―There can‟t be any romanticism about alternative energy. If you‘re going to be a modern, sophisticated economy, you have to address this question of making nuclear power a legitimate source of energy.‖ http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/nb20121103d1.html
    48. 48. Atominiai ir kariniaiţemėlapiai
    49. 49. Galvosūkis:―Skaidrumo testas‖
    50. 50. Tiesą apiePasaulio piliečiųsveikatos būklę ―reguliuoja‖ Tarptautinė Atominės Energijos Agentūra !
    51. 51. Conflicting Mandates, Co-Opted Studies:Atomic Energy Agency and the World Health OrganizationBackground: Conflicting Mandates In 1959, the International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA) and World Health Organization(WHO) entered into an working agreement which is out-of-date and conflicts with the research of the WHO to determine the effects of ionizing radiation exposure on human health. We are concerned that the language of this agreement (WHA 12.40 approved by the 12th World Health Assembly on 28 May 1959) mingles promotion of nuclear technology, including nuclear power, with the WHO‘s mandate to undertake international health research work on people exposed to ionizing radiation-a product of this same nuclear technology. Specifically the WHO, as stated in its Constitution, has a mandate to ―promote and protect the health of all peoples.‖ Health is defined as ―not merely the absence of disease or infirmity‖ but ―the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health.‖ This highest attainable standard ―is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition.‖ In order to meet this objective, the WHO is ―to act as the directing and co-ordinating authority on international health work… and to assist in developing an informed public opinion among all peoples on matters of health…‖ http://www.nirs.org/radiation/whoiaeastatment.pdf
    52. 52. No confidence in the InternationalAtomic Energy Agency June 3, 2011 Firstly, the IAEA needs to guard against the spreading of nuclear weapons – among others by overseeing that no nuclear material from the nuclear industry is diverted for military use. You remember probably their missions to Iraq and Iran. Secondly, the IAEA draws up nuclear safety standards. These are used as benchmarks in virtually all nuclear countries. In the European Union they are even enshrined in law. Thirdly, it controls research on health issues surrounding radiation that should then feed into its safety standards. Fourthly, it promotes nuclear power. According to the statutes of the agency, the objective of the IAEA is to ‗accelerate and enlarge the contribution of atomic energy‟. Can you begin to see the conflicts of interest here? An organisation charged with promoting nuclear power around the world also controls nuclear safety and health standards. It‟s like expecting a tobacco company to prevent lung cancer. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/news/Blogs/nuclear-reaction/no- confidence-in-the-international-atomic-ene/blog/35120/
    53. 53. Greenpeace vs the United Nations.The Chernobyl Body Count Controversy 18.04.2006By Charles Hawley and Stefan SchmittIn other words, coming up with a reliable estimate of the human costs of theChernobyl meltdown is politically loaded and extremely difficult. Everybody has aguess, but they vary widely based on how a given study was designed and themethodology used:The IAEA says that 56 people died as a direct result of theaccident, including emergency workers sent in to fight the reactor fireand nine children who died of thyroid cancer in the immediate vicinity.The Ukraine Commission for Radiation Security claims that 34,499emergency workers died as a result of having worked at thedisaster site.An estimate by WHO from the year 2000 places the death toll amongemergency workers, radiation victims and suicide victims at50,000.The International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, agroup which won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1985, says the death toll liesbetween 50,000 and 100,000 among emergency workers andthose who helped in the clean up.In a top secret report from mid-July, 1986, the Soviet communistparty put the toll at 26 dead.http://www.spiegel.de/international/greenpeace-vs-the-united-nations-the-chernobyl-body-count-controversy-a-411864.html
    54. 54. Kas tikrai laukia mūsųvaikų ir anūkų?
    55. 55. Kaţkada sūnau visa tai priklausys Tau!
    56. 56. Fušima avarijospasekmėsPasauliui?
    57. 57. http://www.amfir.com/AmFirstInst/NonToolbarTopics/Black_Ops/Japan_Quake-Nuclear_Catastrophe_2011/Radiation_Forecasts/2011/03-20_03-26/Radiation_index.html
    58. 58. Černobylis, Ukraina
    59. 59. CNN:We know contamination from Fukushima reactors isstill seeping into ocean -ResearcherTitle: Radioactive levels staying high off Fukushima Daiichi in JapanSource: CNNBy: Matt SmithDate: October 25, 2012―We can‘t say whether it‘s today‘s cooling water or from last April, but wecontinue to see cesium in the ocean, directly at the plant, iselevated,‖ he said.But he added that those levels are ―not dangerously high — I don‘t think weneed to be alarmist about this.‖[...] Tokyo Electric Power Company, has set up a system to absorb cesiumfrom reactor coolant water.But not all that water is being recovered, Buesseler said. [...]
    60. 60. More US tuna contaminated — Study: Entire food web ―includinghumans‖ may be affected as Fukushima radionuclides spread toWest CoastPresented: Oct. 16, 2012 in Hiroshima, JapanTitle: Assessment and characterization of radionuclide concentrations from the Fukushima Reactorrelease in the plankton and nekton communities of the Northern California CurrentDelvan Neville (Oregon St. Univ.), Richard D. Brodeur (NOAA), A. Jason Phillips (OSU) and Kathryn Higley (OSU)The incident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant released a substantialradioactive contamination into the environment. With the predominant windand current flow in this part of the North Pacific, these radionuclides willgradually spread to the US West Coast waters after a suitable period oftime, with the possibility of affecting food quality throughout thefood web (including humans). In addition to the passive transport bycurrents and winds, the migratory pathways of large pelagic fish extend fromJapan to the Northern California Current. These organisms can serve astransport vectors for these nuclides, especially given their capacity toconcentrate radionuclides from surrounding waters and prey. [...] Bypredicting the radio-biologic stress (if any) for a managed species as moreFukushima-related radionuclides are uptaken, appropriate action may betaken before significant population effects have occurred.Determination of natural background concentrations and high qualitytransport models produced from these data also aid in management in theevent of a future accidental release, and in regulating safe activity releases.
    61. 61. Fukushima Radiation Concerns in Alaska:No clams found in area — Salmon season canceled, populationtoo low — Large mammals with huge soresInterview with Don Heckert, U.S. Air Force (Ret.)Host: John B. WellsDate Published: Oct. 23, 2012
    62. 62. Huge increase in tsunami debris for U.S. andCanada on the way — Still over 100 times more toreach coast over next few monthsTitle: 33,000 tons of debris to land in June The Environment MinistrySource: Kyodo projects that 33,000 tons ofDate: Nov. 11, 2012 tsunami debris will reach[...] In April, it forecast that 41,300 tons North America by next June,would reach North America by February. revising downward its earlierThe earlier study only predicted the amount estimates.of debris that would reach waters within 10km of the North American shoreline, butthe new calculations provide a moreaccurate projection by also predicting howmany tons are likely to reach thecontinent‘s shores.Around 290 tons are expected to reachNorth America by December, rising to 3,200tons by February and 14,000 by April, thelatest analysis showed. But the newestimates kept the total amount of debriswashed away from the three hardest-hitprefectures -Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima -unchanged at 1.33 million tons. [...]
    63. 63. TV: 200% as many radioactive products returned toJapan this year than in 2011 says Russian reportSource: TBS/JNNDate Aired: Oct 25, 2012Date Published: Nov 6, 2012According to the Russian news agency Prima Media, from January toSeptember in this year, the radiation dose exceeded of Russia standardvalue was detected from 319 goods, such as used car, food, medicalsupplies and others which were imported from Japan, to the Russian Far Eastports.The Russia customhouse did not accept importing 284 goods, then, sendback to Japan.145 goods send back to Japan in whole last year, due to the radiationdose exceeded of standard value was detected in the Russian Far East area.
    64. 64. Augalai ir gyvūnai―kalba‖ apie radiaciją
    65. 65. Gigantic mutated On 11/6/2012, On sweet potato was deformed Japanese 11/7/2012, deforme found in Yonezawa radish was found in d European pear (Lecity Yamagata as well. Yonezawa city Lectier) was found in Five potatoes are Yamagata. Higashine city connected to one It‘s 25cm long. Yamagata. root. It weighs 15kg. It‘s 9cm high, 8cm wide.
    66. 66. KEDRAS Extremely high radiation levels of more than 250,000 becquerels per kilogram of radioactive cesium have been detected in male flowers of cedar trees in the no-entry zone near the damaged Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.http://enformable.com/2011/12/japan-male-cedar-flowers-found-with-more-than-250000-bqkg-of-cesium/#ZAohCMoDSGtSZWUu.99
    67. 67. 10/X/2011 Gerbera Saitama
    68. 68. Saulėgrąţa Saitama
    69. 69. 9/X/2011 Saulėgrąţa Sumidaku Tokyo
    70. 70. 6/VI/2011 Baltoji roţė North Ibaraki
    71. 71. Kiaulpienė Saitama
    72. 72. 10/X/2011 Persimonas Tochici
    73. 73. 30/IX/2011 Saldţioji bulvė Funabashi
    74. 74. Japoniškas ridikas Oshu Iwate
    75. 75. 13/VII/2011 Pomidorai Saitama
    76. 76. Radioaktyvios darţovės
    77. 77. Kyodo: Rice exceeds new cesium limit for first time— 60 km from Fukushima plantTitle: Radioactive cesium level of Fukushima rice exceeds allowable limitSource: Kyodo NewsDate: Oct. 24, 2012 RyţiaiRice produced by a farmer in Sukagawa, Fukushima Prefecture, returned aradioactive cesium reading of 110 becquerels per kilogram, exceeding theregulatory maximum of 100, the prefectural government said Wednesday.While it is the first time that the radiation level of Fukushima-producedrice surpassed the current limits introduced in April, the rice produced by thefarmer has not been put on distribution channels, the local government said.Of 320 bags of rice produced by the Sukagawa farmer, only a bag of theKoshihikari brand of unpolished rice showed the excessive level ofradioactive cesium.
    78. 78. 10 regions Drugeliai Fukushima Two months after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident ... much smaller wings and irregularly developed eyes ...
    79. 79. ElniavabalisMutated stag beetle of male head with female body,―Probably the first case in Japan‖
    80. 80. Ţuvys According to Tokyo Electric Power Co. who reported the disturbing discovery, the fish registered 25,800 becquerels of caesium per kilo. That is 258 times the level the government deems safe for consumption. What is even more disturbing is that the fish were caught 20 km away from the plant, which raises all sorts of questionsRead more: about what the effectJapanese Fish Show Record Levels of Radiation on the region‘s wildlifeFrom Fukushima Nuclear Disaster has been.
    81. 81. Ţuvys Japanese Fish Show Record Levels of Radiation From Fukushima Nuclear DisasterDidesnis nei įprasta radioaktyvumo lygis žuvyse, pagaunamose prie Japonijos rytiniųkrantų, galimai rodo, kad praėjus metams po Fukušimos atominės jėgainės katastrofosį aplinką vis dar patenka pavojingų teršalų, sakoma naujo tyrimo išvadose.
    82. 82. 2012 spalio 26d. 09:02 Ties Fukušimos atomine elektrine – nevalgomos, radiacijos paveiktos ţuvysTies Fukušimos atomine elektrine sugautų ţuvų radiacijos lygis vis dar išlieka aukštas.JAV mokslininko teigimu, iš atominės jėgainės į vandenyną vis dar gali sklisti tarša.„Didžioji dauguma Japonijoje sugautų žuvų nėra užterštos ir žmonėms nepavojingos―, – šią savaitęžurnale „Science― skelbė Masačiusetse įsikūrusio okeonografijos instituto jūrų chemikas KenasBuesseleris.Tiesa, tokios žuvys pagaunamos kituose regionuose, ties Fukušima jos paveiktos radiacijos.
    83. 83. Moliuskai (―suši‖)Tokyo resident Namiko Murata had this to say toBloomberg:"Im really paying attention to food because of theradiation problems," said Murata as she waited in line ata Tokyo supermarket."We gave up eating fish even though my family likes itvery much. Now, for protein, we drink three cups of soymilk a day."
    84. 84. Radioactive cesium level in fish off Fukushima notdeclining The requested article has expired, and is no longer available. Any related articles, and user comments are shown below.
    85. 85. Radioactive beef over cesium limit from cow raised far outsideFukushima… As Fukushima beef shipments to US resume this weekTitle: Cesium above new limit in Miyagi beefSource: JijiDate: Oct. 18, 2012 JautienaRadioactive cesium levels above the government‘s new limit have been foundin beef from Miyagi Prefecture, the prefectural government said.Meat from a cow shipped by a farmer in Tome was found to contain morethan 150 becquerels of radioactive cesium per kilogram, the MiyagiPrefectural Government said Wednesday.The stricter limit of 150 becquerels for beef and rice took effect Oct. 1.The previous limit was 500 becquerels per kilogram.[...]Miyagi Prefecture told the farmer not to ship any more cows until theinvestigation is completed, and asked nearby ranchers to suspendshipments voluntarily.
    86. 86. Apie radiaciją ―kalba‖ ir vaikai
    87. 87. Fukušimos apylinkėse Japonijoje buvo ištirta 38tūkst. vaikų sveikata. Paaiškėjo, kad praėjusmetams po branduolinės tragedijos daugiau neitrečdalis (36 proc.) jų jau turi cistas ar gumbusskydliaukėse, praneša „Fukushima Voice―.Grėsmingus rezultatus paskelbė Fukušimos radioaktyvios taršos simptomųtyrimų grupė.Atkreipiamas dėmesys, kad Fukušimos tragedijos pasekmėsprogresuoja žymiai greičiau nei Černobylio atveju.Po avarijos Ukrainoje tyrimai parodė, kad auglius skydliaukėse turėjo vos1,74 proc. 5-10 metų vaikų.Skaitykite daugiau:http://www.15min.lt/naujiena/aktualu/pasaulis/36-procentai-fukusimos-vaiku-jau-turi-auglius-57-234880#ixzz2Btn6yoFU
    88. 88. ...―kalba‖ irmenininkai
    89. 89. Photographer: You can‘t fix what‘s happening inFukushima — Silence was something that I‘ve onlyever heard at Chernobyl (VIDEO)Published: October 14th, 2012 at 2:13 am ETDescription: VICE accompanies photographer Donald Weber to the buffer zone atFukushima, Japan, where the eerie silence mirrors that at Chernobyl, and follow him ashe attempts to document the unfolding nuclear crisis. In this silence, in the stillness was something that I‟ve only ever heard at Chernobyl.[...] I have a feeling that people just don‟t really understand, they‘re not grasping the whole scope of the potentiality. I think with the earthquake and tsunami, yeah it was a catastrophe, but it was an engineering catastrophe, we can fix this. But you can‟t fix what‟shttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bi3OA1tNFfo happening in Fukushima.
    90. 90. Atominėelektrinė –tai rizikossinonimas
    91. 91. Fort Calhoun, JAV - 2011
    92. 92. Los Alamos, JAV - 2011
    93. 93. Alabama, JAV -2011
    94. 94. North Anna, JAV -2011 5.8-magnitudeearthquake created astate of emergency at the North Annanuclear-power station in central Virginia, causing it to lose electricity and automatically shut down, although generators restored power. The North Anna Power Station declared an "alert" status, which is the second lowest of four emergency situations.August 24, 2011
    95. 95. Expert:―There‘s another nuclear disaster‖ if operatorsaren‘t able to connect temporary equipment infloodingTitle: U.S. nuclear energy safety questionedSource: UPIAuthor: LINYI ZHANGDate: Nov. 1, 2012Tuesday‘s historic hurricane brought the issue into sharp focus as OysterCreek nuclear station — one of the oldest nuclear plants adjacent to theOyster Creek in New Jersey using Mark I boiling water reactor [identical tothe containment vessels used at Fukushima Daiichi] — declared an alertbecause of high water levels.The plant experienced power disruption but backup diesel fuel was ableto provide power for cooling.But experts said if future events become more severe, under-designedprotections might fail. [...]
    96. 96. New Jersey, JAV - 2012 Uraganas Sandy Salem Oyster Creek Indian Point
    97. 97. Tai kasLietuvoje nebuvopaskelbta
    98. 98. Russian Fires Scorch Forest Near Chernobyl August 11, 2010When wildfires swept Bryansk in 2002, the level of radioactivecontamination in the smoke reaching nearby regions was very lowPublic-safety authorities in Germany, Lithuania, Sweden and Finland andother nearby countries said the threat of smoke-borne radiation fromRussia was insignificant.
    99. 99. 2002 metų rudenį kilo dideli gaisrai Briansko srityje. Pakilo radiacija, vėjas pūtė Vilniaus kryptimi. Tuo pat metu degė durpynai netoliVilniaus. Vilniuje buvo pranešta apie smogą, bet apie 3 x 4 padidėjusią radiaciją – ne. Rekomendacijos gyventojams, kaip elgtis padidinto aplinkos oro užterštumo atvejais: kuo daugiau laiko praleisti uţdarose patalpose; vėdinant patalpas, langus ar orlaides uždengti drėgna marška; atsisakyti fizinio aktyvumo - sporto ir fizinio darbo lauke, visuose švietimo - ugdymo įstaigose nutraukti kūno kultūros pamokas lauke; jei įmanoma, pasistengti išvykti iš didmiesčio, ypač vyresnio amžiaus žmonėms ir mamoms su kūdikiais bei asmenims, sergantiems bronchine astma ir kitomis lėtinėmis kvėpavimo takų ligomis; sergantiems lėtinėmis ligomis pasirūpinti vaistų atsarga; saugoti kvėpavimo takus, pridengiant juos marlės kauke (raiščiu), marlės-vatos kauke(raiščiu) ar respiratoriumi.
    100. 100. JAV
    101. 101. Ignalinos AE, 2010Slepiama iki šiol. LIETUVA
    102. 102. Ar ţinote ką nustatė EU atlikę ―stress-test‖Ignalinos atominėje elektrinėje ?
    103. 103. Fukušimos melo, nutylėjimų ir problemųkaleidoskopas
    104. 104. Japonijos vyriausybė praėjus kelioms valandoms po pernai smogusiogalingo cunamio numatė, kad nuniokotos Fukušimos atominės jėgainėsreaktorių šerdys gali išsilydyti, tačiau praėjo daugiau neimėnuo, kol pareigūnai viešai pripažino šią grėsmę.Vienas Prekybos ministerijos pareigūnas, atlikęs vyriausybės atstovovaidmenį po šios avarijos, buvo pakeistas, kai kovo 12 dieną užsiminėapie reaktorių šerdžių išsilydymo galimybę.Tik gegužę TEPCO pripažino, kad branduolinio kuro strypaiveikiausiai tikrai išsilydė, išprovokuodama kritikos bangą, jogbendrovė ir pareigūnai stengiasi nuslėpti tikrąjį avarijos mastą. BNS, 2012 kovo 9 d.
    105. 105. Fukushima radiation ‗underreported‘ —Metal boxes in monitors are blocking radioactivity — Hundreds oflocations in multiple prefectures affectedSource: KyodoDate: Nov. 8, 2012Tokyo Paper: Thick iron shielding placed below radiation monitoringpost — Dose was double 5 meters awayJournalist Shoji Ozawa reported that surface soil had been replaced and thata thick iron shielding had been placed below a monitoring post inIitate that measured 1.2uSv.He measured 2.4uSv when he walked 5m away from the post.The Ministry of Education currently publishes less than 1uSv for Iitate.Professor Imanaka of Kyoto University said that the current monitoring postsare not usable at all.
    106. 106. Caldicott Live on TV as US Election Called:―About half of Japan is contaminated‖ — Hugecensorship on what‘s happening with Fukushima…Helen Caldicott Interview Democracy Now Election SpecialLink TVNov. 6, 2012 at 11:00p ETDr. Helen Caldicott, Physician:About half of Japan is contaminated. I‘m going there next week.There‘s a huge, a very big press censorship on what‟s happening inJapan with Fukushima.
    107. 107. Japanese receiving biased information — Hundredsof thousands or more may die of cancer fromFukushima disaster — It‘s all hidden from viewDr Stephen Hickey, School of Biology, Chemistry and Health Science, ManchesterMetropolitan University, England; Faculty of Computing, Engineering and Technology,Staffordshire University, EnglandAnd the information that they receive from the government and theofficials channels and the media is biased. Individuals in Japan andanybody affected by the disaster have only one option and that is to takeresponsiblity for themselves and their family. And to act as a rational humanbeing to take what measures are practicable and beneficial for themselves.[...]There are going to be at least tens of thousands and possibly hundredsof thousand or more of people in the future dying of cancer or havingchildren with birth defects, but that once again is all hidden from view.
    108. 108. Fukushima reactor on track for cold shutdown byyear-end: TEPCO
    109. 109. Top Japan filmmaker dies after being hit by car — Interview: ―I wasplanning to make something about the nuclear accident andTEPCO‖… but changed my mindTitle: Japanese Director Koji Wakamatsu Dies at 76Source: Hollywood ReporterAuthor: Gavin J. BlairDate: 10/17/2012Japanese director Koji Wakamatsu died at 11 p.m. Wednesday from injurieshe sustained Oct. 12, when he was struck by a taxi while crossing abusy road in central Tokyo. [...]Earlier this month Wakamatsu had been to Busan International Film Festivalin Korea to receive the Asian Filmmaker of the Year Award for 2012.Wakamatsu told The Hollywood Reporter in an interview on Friday, Sept. 28,two weeks before the accident, that his left-wing, anti-authority politicalviews, which had got him harassed by the police in the 1960s and 1970s,had never faltered.[...]Age had not diminished his passion or energy, having released three filmsthis year, he was talking about his next two projects weeks before his death,an individualist to the end.―I was planning to make something about the nuclear accident andTEPCO, but everyone‘s doing stuff about that now, so I‘ve changed mymind,‖ Wakamatsu told The Hollywood Reporter.
    110. 110. Japan Nuclear Expert: Humans must‗decommission‘ Fukushima reactors — Robots can‘tdo anything basicallyInterview with Hiroaki KoideFilmed: Oct. 18, 2012Published: Oct. 23, 2012Translation: Fukushima DiaryHiroaki Koide, Kyoto University Reactor Research Institute:You should think robot can‘t do anything basically. It has nothing to dowith settling the situation.[...] They can‟t be a help at all. [...]Japan hasn‘t developed a robot for nuclear emergency at all on theassumption that nuclear accident can never happen.However, some European nations and US have such robots indeed, but theircapacity is very limited regardless of remote controlling technology.After all, it must be done by human.
    111. 111. Report: 100,000 Tepco employees being sent toFukushima in 2013Oct. 27 ,2012 report in NikkeiIn the mid-term administration plan, Tepco decided to send all of theiremployees to Fukushima for decontamination from 2013.They are sent to Fukushima for 2~3 times a year, about 100,000 people intotal will go to Fukushima annually.This is not volunteer, this is obligation.
    112. 112. NHK: Concerns rising at Fukushima plant — 16,000workers have quit, ‗severe working conditions‘blamedTitle: TEPCO over-reports number of Fukushima workersSource: NHKDate: Nov. 5, 2012[...] NHK found through an interview with TEPCO officials that only 8,000workers are registered for the job, as of last month.Earlier, the utility said there would be no manpower shortage as it hadsecured about 24,000 workers.But this figure represents the total number of people who have worked at thecrippled plant since the accident on March 11 last year.16,000 workers have already quit the job. Many of them left due to severeworking conditions. [...]
    113. 113. ABC Footage of Anonymous Worker:Radiation injuries after being at Fukushima plantTitle: Ex-Fukushima worker files lawsuit against TEPCOSource: ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)Author: North Asia correspondent Mark WillacyDate: Nov 1, 2012 8:37pm AEDTA former worker at the Fukushima nuclear plant has filed a lawsuit,alleging the operator sent crews into highly radioactive areas withoutproper protection
    114. 114. Asahi: Criminal charges for promoters of nuclearpower? Fukushima radiation victims want justiceTitle: Second mass complaint coming over Fukushima disasterSource: AJW by The Asahi ShimbunAuthor: MASAKAZU HONDADate: November 02, 2012More than 10,000 people from across Japan are seeking criminalcharges against officials of Japan‟s government and the utility thatoperates the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant [...]The group numbers about 10,850 individuals, from Hokkaido in the north toOkinawa in the south. [...]Complainants argued that a broadly backed complaint would show that thegeneral public is seeking criminal accountability for those whopromoted nuclear power—and hold them responsible for damage from thedisaster and for exposing victims to radiation. [...]
    115. 115. Japan Prince‘s Son:No one died, no one got injured from Fukushima…No one — No one is worried about radiationTsunekazu Takeda is the current President of the Japanese Olympic Committee [... He is] the thirdson of Prince Tsuneyoshi Takeda. His great-grandfather was the Emperor MeijiTitle: INTERVIEW: Tokyo 2020 brushes aside Fukushima: ―No one died‖Source: DPAAuthor: By Sebastian FestDate: Nov. 1, 2012[...] ―No one died, no one got injured from this event. No one,‖Tsunekazu Takeda, president of the Japanese Olympic Committee (JOC) andhead of the bid, told dpa in an interview. [...]Takeda, who was elected this year as a member of the International OlympicCommitte (IOC), stresses that Fukushima is no longer a problem.―No one is worried about the tsunami or radiation. Last year we hadthe 100th anniversary of the JOC, 34 IOC members including Jacques Roggevisited us and they understood how is Tokyo now,‖ Takeda said. [...]
    116. 116. AP: ―Outrageous‖ — Japan nuclear engineer worries publicwater supplies far beyond Fukushima plant could be at risk —Contamination from below reactors may already be inunderground water systemTitle: AP Interview: Japan Nuke Plant Water Worries Rise (PHOTOS)Source: Associated PressAuthor: MARI YAMAGUCHI (Malcolm Foster contributed to this report)Date: October 25, 2012Japan Nuke Plant Water Worries Rise[...] leaks in reactor facilities are allowing ground water pour in [atFukushima Daiichi] [...]Nuclear engineer and college lecturer Masashi Goto said the contaminatedwater buildup poses a long-term health and environmental threat. He worriesthat the radioactive water in the basements may already be gettinginto the underground water system, where it could reach far beyond theplant, possibly the ocean or public water supplies.―You never know where it‘s leaking out and once it‘s out you can never put itback in place,‖ he said. ―It‘s just outrageous and shows how big a disasterthe accident is.‖ [...]If it [radioactive water from Fukushima reactors] goes inland, Robert, I thinkwe‟re looking at a hundred years where people will not be able touse that groundwater
    117. 117. Watch: Concern Japan gov‘t is manipulatingradiation readings — Levels nearby much higherthan some monitoring posts indicateFollow-up to: Asahi Interview: Official radiation measurements are wrong -- Contaminated soil removednear monitoring post -- Radioactivity now many times lowerTitle: False hope: radiation monitoring in the Fukushima areaSource: Greenpeace InternationalAuthor: Greg McNevinDate: Oct 23, 2012Between October 16 and 19, Greenpeace checked 40 monitoring poststhroughout Fukushima city.For 75% of them, the radiation readings close to the posts were lower thanreadings for their immediate surroundings.Contamination levels within 25 metres of the posts were up to six timeshigher than at the posts themselves.―We have found that in general the government monitoring stationsdo not give a reliable indication of radiation risks‖ -Greenpeaceradiation expert http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-b91VJ1KgwA
    118. 118. US Analysis: Fukushima released 200% as much radioactive iodineas Chernobyl — Only includes Reactors 1 and 3Title: March 13th, 2011 – NRC analysis shows Fukushima Daiichi worse than TMI and Chernobyl AccidentsSource: Nuclear Regulatory CommissionDocument Date: Mar. 13, 2011Date Published: 10/17/2012
    119. 119. Red Cross labels Fukushima disaster ―ongoing humanitarian crisis‖ —Physician: ―Difficult to reveal what potential health effects mayoccur long term‖ — Official: ―It has not ended‖Title: Red Cross labels Fukushima evacuations humanitarian crisisSource: Asahi ShimbunAuthor: HIROYUKI MAEGAWADate: October 17, 2012Last year‘s nuclear disaster is an ongoing “humanitarian crisis,‖according to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red CrescentSocieties (IFRC), which released its World Disasters Report 2012 on Oct. 16.The report, subtitled ―Focus on forced migration and displacement,‖described the March 2011 accident at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear powerplant as a technological disaster leading to the ―evacuation and resettlementof affected communities.‖[...]While the report said the radiation exposure doses in Fukushima Prefectureare far lower than in Chernobyl, it quoted a physician as saying: ―It isdifficult to reveal what potential health effects may occur long termstretching into the future.‖
    120. 120. Gov‘t Nuke Experts: Top part of Reactor 1containment may have opened up before firstFukushima explosionTitle: The Fukushima Accident: Research at the Service of CommunicationSource: CIEMAT [Part of Spains Ministry of Science and Technology])Authors: Luis Enrique HERRANZ y Enrique GONZÁLEZ CIEMAT Nuclear Fission DivisionAnother plausible hypotheses is the loss of airtightness of the upper headof the drywell which, according to studies performed in the 1990s,under high pressure and temperature conditions, could lose its hermeticityand allow gases to escape from the inside
    121. 121. Fukushima 3/11 Tapes: It‘s time to make a―geezers‘ suicide squad‖ — ―We‘ve exhausted ouroptions‖ when discussing evacuationTitle: INSIDE FUKUSHIMA: How workers tried but failed to avert a nuclear disasterSource: THE ASAHI SHIMBUNAuthor: Toshihiro Okuyama, Hideaki Kimura and Takashi SugimotoDate: October 14, 2012[...] Personal radiation dosimeters worn by workers in the central controlroom of the No. 3 and 4 reactors began to beep every three seconds. Thismeant only one thing: Radiation levels were rising rapidly. [...]―This is not good at all,‖ Yoshida muttered, 23 minutes later. ―This isespecially bad news for the No. 3 reactor, given what‘s been happeningthere. And since we probably should anticipate a hydrogen explosion at theNo. 2 reactor, I‘ve ordered all workers to evacuate.‖―The No. 2 reactor‘s seawater injection line is still not working,‖ he said. ―Togo there and get the line working again takes tremendous courage. But sincewe now know that the safety-release valves can be opened, I was justdiscussing with my people that it‘s time to put together a „geezers‟suicide squad.‘‖
    122. 122. WSJ: Tepco in stunning reversal — Admits knowingof problems before 3/11 and doing nothing… thenblames actions on anti-nuclear movementTitle: Japan Utility Says Nuclear Crisis Was AvoidableSource: Wall St. JournalAuthor: PHRED DVORAKDate: October 12, 2012, 12:54 p.m. ETIn a stunning reversal, the operator of Japan‟s Fukushima Daiichipower plant admitted for the first time Friday that it had made errorsof judgment that contributed to one of the world‘s worst nuclear accidentslast year.[Tecpo] said in a report that the company failed to adequately preparefor a disaster and that it knew it wasn‟t prepared, and yet it didnothing, out of fear for the economic and social consequences.―There was a worry that if the company were to implement a severe-accidentresponse plan, it would spur anxiety throughout the country and in thecommunity where the plant is sited, and lend momentum to the antinuclearmovement,‖ said the report, explaining what it described as the ―underlyingreasons‖ Tepco didn‟t have a good plan for such accidents. [...]The report represents a shift in stance for Tepco, which had continued tomaintain it had done its best to prevent an accident from happening—despiterepeated criticism from government and private-sector panels that studiedevents. [...]
    123. 123. Fukušimospasekmių Ateitiesscenarijai
    124. 124. Kinijos sindromas ?http://fukushimaupdate.com/fukushima-update-day-280/
    125. 125. Top Nuclear Official: Japan in ―desperate, seemingly endless battlewith radiation‖ — ―Seemingly infinite damage to the daily life ofresidents‖Title: (1.7MB pdf) Accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Stations of TEPCO—Outline & lessons learnedSource: Proceedings of the Japan Academy, Series B; Vol. 88 (2012) No. 9 p. 471-484Author: Shunichi Tanaka, Chairman Japan‘s Nuclear Regulation AuthorityDate: Nov. 9, 2012The severe accident that broke out at Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear powerstations on March 11, 2011, caused seemingly infinite damage to the dailylife of residents. Serious and widespread contamination of the environmentoccurred due to radioactive materials discharged from nuclear power stations(NPSs). [...]The accident has seriously contaminated the environment, such as houses,farmland, forests and seacoasts, resulting in significant radiation exposure toresidents. After one year, there seems to be no concrete program torecover from the damage to the environment and to nuclear powerapplications, while the nation is forced to struggle with a desperate,seemingly endless battle with radiation. [...]
    126. 126. NHK Documentary:Recently deteriorating working conditions at Fukushima plantcausing workers to quit — Company hasn‘t been able torecruit a single employeeTitle: WANTED: Workers forFukushima DecommissionSource: NHKDate: Nov 12, 2012NHK Narrator: This company that manages and maintains nuclear plantinstruments hasn‟t been able to recruit a single worker for the plantsince the accident.Yukiteru Naka, Chairman: If nothing changes there will be no youngworkers at the plant in future. I think that‘s very clear.[...]NHK Reporter: Many workers in areas with high radiation levels arequitting. They have to leave in around 3 months when their level of exposureis at the safety limit.Recently deteriorating working conditions are also making others leave. http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=AdByg6RrcTc
    127. 127. Thousands protest against nuclear power in centralTokyoSource: MainichiDate: Nov 12, 2012 According to figures released by demonstration organizer Metropolitan Coalition Against Nukes, roughly 100,000 people took part in the protest. Police put the figure at about 7,000. "We dont need nuclear power!" chanted people
    128. 128. If you do not want to die, run away from Fukushima.Title: Fukushima is not a city where people can liveDate: November 10, 2012
    129. 129. Sometimes, the nuclear victims of the earlier nuclear escapades had children. And those children often rememberprecisely what happened to their parents, and sometimes, to themselves, as a result of nuclear ―mistakes‖.The children of Fukushima will retain theirmemories for a long time, and will perhapspass onto their children their recollections of what some leaders calls an ―error‖.
    130. 130. Naujausios ―atominės‖technologijos
    131. 131. ―Fukušima lėkštė‖"Fukushima Plate" Tells You If Your Sushi Is Radioactive
    132. 132. Radiacijos telefonasNew smartphone can measure radiation (but not its own)You can finally put your radiation fears to rest and check your Twitter feed atthe same time.Japanese cellphone carrier Softbank has unveiled a new smartphone thatcan detect radiation levels with a built-in sensor, Wired is reporting.Manufactured by Sharp, the Pantone 5 107SH has a built-in Geiger counterthat measures radiation within 20 percent accuracy.Read more at http://venturebeat.com/2012/05/29/softban-pantone-5-with-geiger-counter/#5z6HTQCfCBZXFbsX.99
    133. 133. Karščiausiosantiatominės naujienos
    134. 134. The price of nuclear energy is going up and at the same time theprice of renewable energy is going down.It makes more sense to move towards solar or wind energy.Many delegates also raised the issue of ethical obligation of nuclearwaste disposal.Trade Arabia reported that Bahrain has postponed its plans to adoptnuclear energy as a source of power by 2017. http://www.steelguru.com/middle_east_news/Bahrain_postpones_nuclear_energy_plans/288618.html
    135. 135. EnergyPower exports peak, despite nuclear phase-outDate 11.11.2012Author Günther BirkenstockRenewable energy sources are booming in Germany, and electricutilities exported more power in 2012 than ever before.
    136. 136. Informacijos šaltiniai
    137. 137. May 17th, 2011Our group began out of a live blog run by Reuters about the Great East JapanEarthquake and the related Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident.We wanted the real news and a way to do something about this unprecedentedtragedy.Our strength is in our diversity. People from around the globe, from variedprofessions and industries came together to research, investigate, analyze andeducate about this ongoing incident.Using the knowledge of the crowd for research and analysis of both the technical andhumanitarian aspects of complex incidents and concerns without focus on profit.We have no affiliation or funding from any government, industry or university.
    138. 138. Specialistai –AE oponentai
    139. 139. http://blog.imva.info/medicine/time-worryDr. Michio KakuNow he is weighing in with the threat from the spent-fuel pool in reactorbuilding No. 4 in focus saying, ―People don‘t realize that the Fukushimareactor is on a knife‘s edge; it‘s near the tipping point.A small earthquake, another pipe break, another explosion couldtip it over and we could have a disaster much worse, many timesworse than Chernobyl.It‘s like a sleeping dragon.‖ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rrxmy6R3m90&feature=related
    140. 140. http://www.unwelcomeguests.net/Christopher_BusbyChristopher BusbyI have car air filters from Fukushima and Tokyo.We have found high levels of radioactive particles in these.In my March/April paper13 I predicted more than 200,000 additionalcancers in the next 10 years within a 200 KM radius of Fukushima.14I have been hoping all along that I was wrong, and even now there maybe some good development that I had not expected or foreseen, but thesituation is bad and I am very sorry. http://www.japanfocus.org/-Satoko-NORIMATSU2/3563
    141. 141. Dr. Helen Caldicott http://www.helencaldicott.com/Fukushima Nuclear Disaster- You wont hear thison the Main Stream News. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ITrXVJMKeQ
    142. 142. He served as an expert witness in the investigation of the Three Mile Island accident.[2]Arnold "Arnie" GundersenFormer nuclear industry senior vice president who has coordinatedprojects at 70 nuclear power plants around the country.Arnie provides independent testimony on nuclear and radiation issuesto the NRC, congressional and state legislatures, and governmentagencies and officials in the U.S. and abroad.He is the chief engineer at Fairewinds Associates.Arnie co-wrote the new Greenpeace report, "Lessons from Fukushima." http://www.democracynow.org/appearances/arnie_gundersen
    143. 143. He researches the safety of nuclear reactors and the radioactivity measurement.Assoc. prof. Hiroaki KoideThe accident level of INES (The International Nuclear Event Scale) atthe Fukushima First Nuclear Power Plant of Tokyo Electric PowerCompany (TEPCO) was raised to 7 from 5 on 12th.It‘s the same level of Chernobyl and the worst.He has shifted his position of pro-nuke to anti-nuke, and then haspublicized the dangers of nuclear power generation for 40 years.http://moshimoshimo.wordpress.com/2011/04/16/the-actual-condition-of-fukushima-first-nuclear-power-plant-an-interview-with-hiroaki-koide-a-leader-of-antinuclear-power-movement/
    144. 144. Japanese engineer Masashi Goto, who helped design the containment vessel for Fukushimas reactor coreMasachi GotoThe engineer Masashi Goto says:the design was not enough to withstand earthquakes or tsunamis andthe plants builders, Toshiba, knew this.He say:that as the reactor uses mox (mixed oxide) fuel, the melting point islower than that of conventional fuel.Should a meltdown and an explosion occur, he says, plutonium could bespread over an area up to twice as far as estimated for a conventionalnuclear fuel explosion.
    145. 145. Iori MochizukiLiving in Yokohama.Occupation: Civil engineerOccupation2: Exporting Japanese pop culture goods. http://fukushima-diary.com/iori-mochizuki/
    146. 146. Секретно! Масштабы катастрофы-ФУКУСИМЫ!Истинные масштабы катастроф-ШОК!Атомные электростанции выработанны,сроки эксплуатации вышливо многих странах.Жизнь всей планеты в опасности и все молчат.Фукусима-взорвано 3 реактора,Чернобыль - 1 реактор.Японцы молчат о истинных масштабах.С Фукусимы радиация идет в океан уже почти 2 года -последствияужасающие!!!!Так же в фильме рассказано о спутниках разведчиках с маленькимиатомными реакторами( 2 уже затопленно в Индийском океане).Смотрите и передавайте всем !!! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UyHMdw0ARQ4&feature=youtu.be
    147. 147. ―Atominės‖ lietuviųvaldţios mintys
    148. 148. D.Grybauskaitė: AE nauda abejoja maţiau neitrečdalis balso teisę turinčių piliečiųwww.DELFI.lt2012 m. spalio 15 d. 11:09 D. GrybauskaitėNaujos atominės jėgainės nauda abejoja mažiau nei trečdalis balso teisęturinčių Lietuvos piliečių.Nauja Vyriausybė ir Seimas turės atsižvelgti į dalies šalies gyventojųnuomonę ir priimti Lietuvai naudingiausią sprendimą, - prezidentės nuomoneperdavė patarėja Daiva Ulbinaitė.
    149. 149. V.Adamkus patariamąjį referendumą dėl AE vadinanesąmoneBNS2012 m. rugpjūčio 7 d. 13:16 V. Adamkus"Tokia nesąmonė skelbti referendumą apie elektrinės statymą ar nestatymą.Tai pasityčiojimas iš tautos ir iš viso tokį klausimą kelti referendumekaip rekomendacinį. O jeigu tauta nuspręs – nestatyti, o Vyriausybėnuspręs – statyti?" - žurnalistams sakė V.Adamkus, antradienį parlamentorūmuose sveikinęs Pasaulio lietuvių bendruomenės Seimą."Patys prieš save apsijuoksime", - tvirtino jis.
    150. 150. Kubilius: mums reikia naujos atominės elektrinės2012-10-09 17:17 ELTA A. Kubilius Fukušima įvyko dėl cunamio, kurio mes čia, Baltijos šalyse, nesitikime.
    151. 151. I. Degutienė: Lietuvoje AE privalo būti pastatytaElta2012-10-17 10:14 I. Degutienė Nors dauguma balsavusiųjų sekmadienį referendume dėl planuojamos Visagino atominės elektrinės pasisakė prieš naująją jėgainę, Seimo Pirmininkė Irena Degutienė teigia, kad savą atominę Lietuva privalo turėti. ... skalbimo mašinos gedimą bando palyginti su gedimais AE ... http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QcwbSoB95HA
    152. 152. Būsimą Lietuvos atominę jėgainę drebina kritikųstrėlėsGediminas Stanišauskas, „Valstiečių laikraštis―2011 m. kovo 16 d. 13:29 R. Ţilinskas„Įvykiai Japonijoje niekaip nepakoreguos mūsų planų statyti atominęelektrinę, nes net ir nenaujausios branduolinės technologijos parodė,kad jos yra saugios“, – tikino Rokas Žilinskas.Reaktoriai Fukušimos AE buvo įrengti prieš 30–40 metų.R.Žilinsko teigimu, Japonijoje sprogo ne reaktoriai.„Mūsų reikalas yra formuoti visuomenės nuomonę, kad branduolinėenergetika net nelaimių akivaizdoje yra saugi―, – akcentavo R.Žilinskas.
    153. 153. A. Čekuolis: Rusijos sąjungininkas – kai kurių mūsųţmonių kvailumasMindaugas Jackevičius2012 m. spalio 15 d.Didžiausias Rusijos sąjungininkas –žmonelių kvailumas A. ČekuolisČekuolio tvirtinimu, šiuo metu pasaulyje dirba 500 atominių jėgainių,dar 150 statoma.Pasak jo, per maždaug 35 metus būta 6 sutrikimų ir avarijų –tai daug rečiau, nei genda automobiliai ir garvežiai.A. Čekuolis aiškina, kad Fukušimos atominėje žuvo tik du žmonės –palyginimui Lietuvos keliuose per savaitę žūsta daugiau dviratininkų.Atominės energetikos entuziastas taip pat primena, kad nuotraukose iškosmoso Lietuva atrodo juoda – esą kas gali investuoti į tokią šalį. http://www.diena.lt/naujienos/ekonomika/a-cekuolis-rusijos-sajungininkas-kai-kuriu-musu-zmoniu-kvailumas-454805
    154. 154. B. VėsaitėPolitikės B. Vėsaitės citata:“Esu branduolinės energetikos entuziastė.Dar daugiau.Noriu pasakyti, kad tiek Europoje, tiek pasaulyjevyksta branduolinės energetikos renesansas.Europos šalys atnaujina savo branduolines jėgaines irstato naujas, nes tai efektyviausia priemonė pristabdytiklimato kaitą planetoje ir mažinti anglies dvideginioemisijas.Be to, branduolinė elektros energija yra pigiausia pohidroelektros energijos, įskaitant branduolinę saugą,atliekų saugojimą bei laidojimą‖.
    155. 155. Hitachi― ţada Visagine statyti atominę elektrinę,patobulintą pagal Fukušimos avarijos patirtįLietuvos Rytas, Andrius Sytas 2011-06-16 11:30Balandį Japonijoje įvyko rimta avarija Fukušimos atominėjeelektrinėje.Žemės drebėjimo metu ji išsijungė, tačiau dėl drebėjimo sukeltocunamio neįsijungė atsarginiai siurbliai, turėję šaldyti reaktorius.Įsiplieskus gaisrams reaktoriuose, į aplinką pateko radiacija, o patysreaktoriai sugedo nebepataisomai.
    156. 156. Švieţiausios ―neAtominės‖ lietuviųvaldţios mintys
    157. 157. Atsisakius atominės energetikos, Lietuva grįţtų įakmens anglies laikus„Atsisakius atominės energetikos,Lietuva grįţtų į akmens anglies laikus―Sako premjero Andriaus Kubiliauspatarėjas energetikos klausimamsKęstutis Škiudas. Kalbino: Rimantas Varnauskas, Alfa.lt K. ŠkiudasTačiau praradimai bus ne tik finansiniai, o ir valstybės prestižo, nes kol kas nėrapateikiami jokie aiškesni paaiškinimai, kodėl šis projektas netinka.Dar šiek tiek dėl nuostolių. Šiuo metu visiškai neaišku, kaip ateityje Lietuva, atsisakiusiatominės energetikos, gamins elektros energiją ir ar apskritai ją gamins.Nes matosi, kad jokios realios alternatyvos neturima.Kokia tai suma? Jei jis bus nutrauktas, ar reikės mokėti kaţkokiasnetesybas?Jokių netesybų nebus, nes jokių įpareigojančių sutarčių nėra. Tiek, kiekpartneriai investavo, tiek ir yra jų pačių atsakomybė.Lietuva jau yra investavusi virš 100 mln. litų.
    158. 158. Tai dabar pagalvokime―Ką mums siūlo ―Hitachi‖?
    159. 159. Epilogas
    160. 160. Japanese tread radioactive water, attempt damage controlHaejin Song, Staff WriterNovember 12, 2012Filed under World & NationCurrently, about 200,000 tons of radioactive water, enough to fillmore than 50 Olympic-sized swimming pools, are stored in gigantictanks built around the nuclear power plant, reported news source Al Jazeera.The company predicts that the amount of water will triple within 3years.―If you‘ve been exposed to Cesium because you‘re a nuclear powerworker, even after you‘re long dead and buried, your gravesite will beradioactive,‖ said physicist Michio Kaku on CBS‘s ―60 Minutes.‖Japan Nuclear Engineer:―Mind-blowing… truly outrageous‖ — Many massive pools ofcontaminated water are spread around Fukushima plant ―Your great grandkids can come with Geiger counters and see that great granddaddy still has radiation.‖
    161. 161. Fukušima
    162. 162. Fukušima – gyvai http://www.youtube.com/user/tbsnewsi/featured
    163. 163. Ačiū uţ dėmesį