Paul ricoeur


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Paul ricoeur

  1. 1. Paul Ricoeur
  2. 2. <ul><li>Paul Ricoeur was a leading exponent of hermeneutical philosophy. He developed a theory of metaphor and discourse as well as articulating a comprehensive vision of the relation of time, history, and narrative. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>&quot;...the self does not know itself immediately, but only indirectly by the detour of the cultural signs of all sorts which are articulated on the symbolic mediations which always already articulates actions, and, among them, the narratives of everyday life.&quot; </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Biographical Sketch </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Ricoeur was born i n 1913 in Valence, France. He studied philosophy first at the University of Rennes and then at the Sorbonne. From the earliest years of his academic life he was convinced that there is a basic, irreducible difference between persons and things. Unlike things, persons can engage in free, thoughtful action. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Аll self-understanding comes about only through “signs deposited in memory and imagination by the great literary traditions.” This suspicion was a major motivator for his hermeneutic or “linguistic turn.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Stimulated by structuralism, Ricoeur embarked upon a detailed study of psychoanalysis that culminated in his Freud and Philosophy and the essays that make up his The Conflict of Interpretations (1969). These investigations reinforced his view that there is no unmediated self-understanding. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Discourse <ul><li>Discourse is language in use. </li></ul><ul><li>It always involves as speaker or writer and a hearer or reader as well as something said about some topic. It follows that a full interpretation of discourse requires both the objective sort of analysis of which structuralism is an example and an appreciation of the self-understanding of the discursive partners. </li></ul>
  8. 9. T heory of metaphor and text <ul><li>Ricoeur's emphasis on the interpretive shape of understanding required reflection on the power of texts, symbols, and myths to disclose something about the human and its world. Central to his interpretation theory was work on the referential power of texts through studies of metaphor ( The Rule of Metaphor, 1976) and narrative ( Time and Narrative ). </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Language contains within itself resources that allow it to be used creatively. Two important ways in which these resources come to light are </li></ul><ul><li>in the coining of metaphors </li></ul><ul><li>in the fashoning of narratives. </li></ul><ul><li>In “ The Rule of Metaphor ” , Ricoeur argues that there is a linguistic imagination that &quot;generates and regenerates meaning through the living power of metaphoricity.&quot; </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>M eaning is generated when there is a clash of literal claims at the level of the sentence or when human time and action are configured as a whole through narration. </li></ul><ul><li>T exts refer to the world, but do so in an indirect way: they disclose a different vision of the world as possible for the reader. </li></ul>
  11. 12. “ H ermeneutical arch&quot; <ul><li>I n ‘ Interpretation Theory: Discourse and the Surplus of Meaning ’ (1976) b y &quot;hermeneutical arch&quot; Ricoeur means that interpretation begins with the pre-reflective dimensions of human life. In order to reach an understanding of our pre-reflexive being in the world it is necessary to undertake the interpretation of the texts, symbols, actions, and events that disclose the human situation. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Literature: <ul><li>Ricoeur, Paul . Interpretation Theory: Discourse and the Surplus of Meaning / Paul Ricoeur . - Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1976. </li></ul><ul><li>Ricoeur, Paul . Freud and Philosophy: An Essay on Interpretation / Paul Ricoeur ; trans. Denis Savage. - New Haven: Yale University Press, 1970 (1965). </li></ul><ul><li>Ricoeur, Paul . The Conflict of Interpretations: Essays in Hermeneutics / Paul Ricoeur ; trans. Willis Domingo et al. - Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1974 (1969). </li></ul><ul><li>Ricoeur, Paul . The Rule of Metaphor: Multi-Disciplinary Studies in the Creation of Meaning in Language / Paul Ricoeur ; trans. Robert Czerny with Kathleen McLaughlin and John Costello .- London: Routledge and Kegan Paul 1978 (1975). </li></ul><ul><li>Ricoeur, Paul . Intellectual Autobiography in The Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur / Paul Ricoeur; ed. Lewis Hahn . - Chicago: Open Court, 1995. </li></ul>