Theoretical Studies II

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A Brief View on World Architectural Styles. Session 1
Universitas Pelita Harapan Jakarta Indonesia

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Theoretical Studies II

  1. 1. COURSE PLAYRULE BE PUNCTUAL STAY ON THE GROUP EAT DRINK VOLUME CONTROL HAVE FUN
  2. 2. WHAT ISSTYLES
  3. 3. Style is the vocabulary we use when we classify buildings according to theirappearance, structure, materials, and historic period. Buildings are said to belong tothe same classification (or style) when they share many of the same characteristics.• roof shape• decorative details• construction materials• floor plan• historic period
  4. 4. The Pulitzer BuildingCompleted in 1890, the 309-foottall skyscraper pioneered newtechnologies.But the architect, George B. Post,topped his modern new buildingwith a Neoclassical dome.
  5. 5. Flatiron BuildingDesigned by Daniel H. Burnhamand completed in 1902.It has a steel structure, elevators,central heating, and electricalplumbing pumps.Facade?Borrowed - from Renaissance Italy.
  6. 6. Grand Palace Bangkok Begun by King Rama I in 1782, King Rama III introduced Chinese designs. King Rama V added Western touches.The result? Exotic hybrids such as the Chakri Maha Prasat Throne Hall, which combines Palladian arches and classical columns with a traditional Thai roof.
  7. 7. Rumah Klasik MinimalisDesain acakadut nan amburadulyang dibuat untuk memuaskanselera pembeli yang tak berselera.Menjadi template desain untukresidensial di Indonesia.Klasik, tapi minimalis?
  8. 8. How many Architectural Styles are there?
  9. 9. That list only covers the Western World…
  10. 10. Chinese architecture Tenjiku Vietnam architectureKorean architecture Burmese architectureBhutan style Indian architecture Nusantara architecture Japanese architecture Cambodian architecture Sri Lankan architecture Old Siam style Candi & Stupa
  11. 11. Chinese architectureHan dynasty stylesShang dynasty stylesQing dynasty stylesLingnan stylesShikumen stylesSiheyuan styles Nusantara architecture Pre-Hindu styles Islamic styles Balinese styles Javanese styles Dayak styles Jengki styles Dutch-Indies styles Post-colonial styles
  12. 12. There are 2 types of styles• Styles develop from a philosophy/people/eventcritical regionalism, Bauhaus, Naziarchitecture, modernism, Queen Anne style, post-colonial style, gothic, etc.• Styles develop from a culture (region, climate, materials, place)Swiss Chalet style, American revival, Greekarchitecture, Nusantara architecture, AncientEgypt, Mudejar, etc.
  13. 13. Space define people, people define spaceAt the beginning, natural elements such as as weather, topography, resource become the main consideration of men building. Men are not able to define place they want to live in.
  14. 14. Space define people, people define space Now, there is almost no boundaries and constraints to build.Materials are globally distributed. Styles are imported and exported. Men already defining places they want to live in.
  15. 15. We can know, understand and even predictwhat kind of architecture emerge in other placesby studying its space and its people.
  16. 16. Your task TODAY• Form a group. Consist of 3-4 students.• Go to library. Find three (3) architectural styles that interest your group.• List down all the qualities that you find interesting.• Come back at 13.00• We discuss and select your style as your semester assignment.

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