Pragmatism Dewey

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Simple basic explanation of Dewey's pedagogical theory of pragmatism.

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Pragmatism Dewey

  1. 1. John Dewey
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ Education is life itself.” </li></ul><ul><li>- John Dewey </li></ul>
  3. 3. Philosophy <ul><li>Mr. Dewey believed that the core curriculum should encompass the students’ interests. </li></ul><ul><li>John Dewey approached education with a hands-on, cohesive philosophy, rather than teaching isolated topics which prevented learners from grasping the whole of knowledge. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pragmatism <ul><li>Pragmatism is the philosophy of considering practical consequences or real effects to be vital components of both meaning and truth. </li></ul><ul><li>One important aspect is fallibilism </li></ul><ul><li>Fallibilism is the philosophical doctrine that all claims of knowledge could, in principle, be mistaken. Some fallibilists go further, arguing that absolute certainty about knowledge is impossible . </li></ul>Wikipedia (2009)
  5. 5. Pragmatism - Instrumentalism <ul><li>Dewey did not consider himself a pragmatist, but rather referred to his philosophy as Instrumentalism. </li></ul><ul><li>Instrumentalism: concepts and theories are measured as useful, not by whether they are true or false, but by how effective they are in explaining and predicting phenomena </li></ul>Wikipedia (2009)
  6. 6. Philosophy <ul><li>Students need to learn practical, pragmatic daily-life skills in order to build a better society. </li></ul><ul><li>Dewey wanted students to learn through experience and to think and reflect critically on their experiences. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Examples <ul><li>Math could be learned by cooking, traveling, building things </li></ul><ul><li>History could be learned by experiencing field trips, museums, replicas </li></ul><ul><li>Reading can be learned through independently-selected literature </li></ul>
  8. 8. Current Day Evidence of this Theory <ul><li>Vocational Technical School </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Scientific Method in classrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Kinesthetic Learning (role playing, non-traditional learning techniques) </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating Technology into lessons </li></ul>
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