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M9-EIA-Draft Final Report

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M9-EIA-Draft Final Report

  1. 1. NT NL I WY UHR Y AI A H HA ATOI O G TDraft Final ReportJune 2012Environmental & Social Impact Assessment (ESIA)Karachi Hyderabad Motorway (M-9)
  2. 2. Bina Puri Pakistan (pvt) Ltd.Environmental and Social Impact AssessmentKarachi Hyderabad Motorway (M-9) Project Draft Final Report June 2012 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS 503, Anum Estate, Opp. Duty Free Shop, Main Shahrae Faisal, Karachi. Phones: 9221-4311466, 4311467, Fax: 9221-4311467. E-mail: mail@emc.com.pk, emc@cyber.net.pk Website: www.emc.com.pk
  3. 3. EnvIRonMEntAl And SocIAl IMpAct ASSESSMEnt foR KARAchI hYdERAbAd MotoRwAY (M-9) pRojEct EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Background of the Project The existing 136 km Karachi-Hyderabad section of N-5 (popularly known as Super Highway) connects the port city of Karachi with the North of Pakistan. This section of the highway is amongst the most densely trafficked in the entire country, the existing highway is serving heavy traffic volume with large portion of truck traffic. The route is also the shortest possible distance between the two cities i.e. Karachi and Hyderabad and feeds into the main North – South Links i.e. National Highway N-55 (Indus Highway) and the National Highway N-5 (Grand Trunk Road). In order to accelerate the process of expansion of motorways the Government has invited the private sector to participate in expansion of Motorway Network, on the basis of build, operate and transfer (BOT) arrangement. The National Highway Authority selected M/s Binapuri Pakistan Pvt. Ltd. (BPL) for the construction of existing 4-lane Karachi-Hyderabad Superhighway as 6-lane, access controlled and world class Motorway (M-9) along with its allied facilities. Environmental & Social Impact Assessment of the proposed project Karachi- Hyderabad M-9 has been conducted by M/s Environmental Management Consultants in order to comply with the regulatory requirement of environmental laws of Pakistan. Under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Review of IEE and EIA) Regulations 2000; “Federal or provincial highways or major roads (except maintenance or rebuilding or reconstruction of existing roads) with total cost of Rupees 50 Million and above” is in Schedule II, List of projects requiring an Environmental Impact Assessment” As per the EPA Guidelines, the present Project is classified as “Schedule II” that requires an EIA study and approval from the concerned authority, prior to the construction. The approach adopted for conducting Environmental & Social Impact Assessment of Karachi-Hyderabad M-9 Project is to follow the requirements of Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Review of IEE/EIA), Regulations 2000. Proposed Project The project starts off at Km 13+000 (Project Chainage 0+000) of the NHA reference under the flyover/interchange provided for the Lyari Expressway on the Lyari River and ends at Km 149+000 (Project Chainage 136+000) in the proximity of the clover leaf interchange on the Hyderabad Bypass. The proposed project involves rehabilitation of the existing 134.35 Km (Length EnvIRonMEntAl MAnAgEMEnt conSUltAntS I of vII ExEcUtIvE SUMMARY
  4. 4. EnvIRonMEntAl And SocIAl IMpAct ASSESSMEnt foR KARAchI hYdERAbAd MotoRwAY (M-9) pRojEct reduced by 1.65 Km at Hyderabad end, terminating before Hyderabad Interchange) of 4-lane carriageway both north-bound and south-bound and construction of an additional new lane on the inner side of the Highway wherever technically feasible. Both rehabilitation and widening bound carriageways will be divided by a New Jersey Barrier. Extensions are to be made to all the existing bridge structures and culverts. Four (4) bridges have an additional extension on either side accommodating service roads to allow local traffic to negotiate land locked areas between canals. Table 2.1-Silent Features of the Project Project Name Environmental & Social Impact Assessment for the proposed M-9 Karachi to Hyderabad. Project Proponent Binapuri Pakistan Pvt. Ltd. (BPL) Project Location Existing 136Km Karachi-Hyderabad section of National Highway N-5. Interchanges Seven (7) Service Area Two (2) Facilities at Service Area: l Restaurants and Food Courts l Toilets l CNG/LPG Filling Stations with Tuck Shop l Diesel/Petrol Filling Stations with Tuck Shop l Tyre Shop and Mini Workshop l Trauma Centre l Mosque l Parking Area l Truckers Workshop l AamSarai and Dhaba (with Trucks/Buses Parking) l Customer service centers where motorists can inquire about products, services, road information, weather etc. l Internal Roads, Sewerage, Water Supply and Electrification Toll Plazas Two New 16-lane Toll Plazas with Electronic Toll and Traffic Management (ETTM) system Weigh Stations Seven (7) weigh stations Motorway Facilities l Electronic Toll Collection l Emergency Call Service l Centralized Operation Centre l Traffic Counting Stations/ Weigh in Motion (WIM) system l Variable Message Signs l Emergency Assistance System Project Objectives The prime objective of the proposed project is to facilitate movement of people and goods transport in the project area and between Sindh and other provinces by providing better access and enhance the efficiency of the existing road network. The scope of project is but not limited to: EnvIRonMEntAl MAnAgEMEnt conSUltAntS II of vII ExEcUtIvE SUMMARY
  5. 5. EnvIRonMEntAl And SocIAl IMpAct ASSESSMEnt foR KARAchI hYdERAbAd MotoRwAY (M-9) pRojEct n Strengthen the existing road infrastructure, n Construct existing 4- lane Karachi-Hyderabad Superhighway as 6-lane, access controlled in order to provide world class Motorway (M-9) along with its associated facilities n Design and construct bridges, culverts, and underpasses where necessary, n Provide helpline services, services area and other motorway facilities. Relevant Legislation & Guidelines To carry out the present ESIA study, the environmental legislation and guidelines enforced by the Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency have been followed. Project Alternatives Different alternative of the project were analyzed by considering no Project, alternative transport modes and improvement of the existing carriageway. Improvement of existing road with widening on both sides in different lane alignments, construction of more lanes and construction of bypass was considered for project alternatives. Rehabilitation of existing carriageway and construction of new lane was considered feasible due to least impact and more benefits. Description of Environment and Social Conditions of the Area Baseline conditions were studied for the physical, ecological resources and for socioeconomic environment. The project is located in three districts of Sindh Province; Malir, Thatta and Jamshoro. The climate of most parts of the Project Area is arid characterized by four district seasons in a year, that is, winter from Mid-November to February, spring during March and April summer from May to Mid- September and autumn from Mid- September to Mid-November. June is the hottest month in most parts of the Hyderabad area, with mean daily maximum temperature recorded as 34.7 °C. January is the coldest month in the area, with the mean daily minimum temperature recorded as 20.7 °C. The air temperature prevailing at Karachi city and its adjoining coastal areas are generally high throughout the year. During winter the range of variation of temperature is large for Karachi coast especially in respect of maximum and minimum temperatures. The mean maximum summer temperature is 33°C, while the mean minimum temperature of Karachi is 21.0°C. EnvIRonMEntAl MAnAgEMEnt conSUltAntS III of vII ExEcUtIvE SUMMARY
  6. 6. EnvIRonMEntAl And SocIAl IMpAct ASSESSMEnt foR KARAchI hYdERAbAd MotoRwAY (M-9) pRojEct In order to analyze the existing air quality of the project area, ambient air monitoring was conducted at four locations in association with Suparco through their mobile monitoring lab by using USEPA designated monitoring equipment. The estimated value of the ambient air quality data parameters when compared with the NEQS were within the limits at all sites except the CO and NO which are slightly higher than the NEQS limits at site of Hyderabad (Near Toll plaza). EMC team has measured noise quality of the project area. Noise level at Damba Goth was found to be 80.6 dB (Max) which is above the NEQs Level. The geology of the region is divisible in three main regions, the mountain ranges of Kirthar, Pab containing a chain of minor hills in the west and in east it is covered by the Thar Desert and part of Indian Platform where the main exposure is of Karonjhar Mountains, which is famous for Nagar Parkar Granite. The geology of Sindh is divisible in three main regions, the mountain ranges of Kirthar, Pab containing a chain of minor hills in the west and in east it is covered by the Thar Desert and part of Indian Platform where the main exposure is of KaronjharMountains, which is famous for Nagar Parkar Granite. The soils in the vicinity are generally coarse textured extensively laden with gravels and pebbles. The River Indus is the prime surface water resource of Sindh. According to the seismic zone map of Pakistan the project area lies in Zone 2A and 2B of Modified Mercalli (M.M) intensity scale i.e. minor to moderate damage, distinct earthquakes may cause damage to structures with fundamental period corresponds to intensity IV- VII the M.M Scale. Most wildlife species were found to be present or reported quite far away from the project area in relation to the officially notified protected areas which may comprises ecosystems that includes wildlife reserves and forests, archaeological sites, monuments, buildings, antiquities or cultural heritage sites. As many as 12 species of mammals, 18 species of birds and 11 species of reptiles were recorded from the area. None of the threatened species of mammals, birds or reptiles was recorded from the area. On both the sides of the road several tree plantations were seen which are mainly dominated by Eucalyptus citriodora, Azedarahtaindica, Thespeciapopulenaea, Conocarpuslatifolia, Parkinsoniaaculeata, Neriumindicum, Callistemon sp, Guacamofficinale, Bougainvillaglabra. There is a big tract of abandoned land on either side of the project dominated by two invasive species viz Prosopisjuliflora and Prosopisglandulora. The nearest Wildlife Protected Area is the Surjan Game Reserve which is about 2.0Km from the existing Karachi-Hyderabad Super Highway. The limits of Mahal Kohistan Wildlife Sanctuary have been extended. These may be taken into account. In order to assess the present socio-economic and socio-cultural conditions of the community living in the project area, a social survey was conducted. Meetings EnvIRonMEntAl MAnAgEMEnt conSUltAntS Iv of vII ExEcUtIvE SUMMARY
  7. 7. EnvIRonMEntAl And SocIAl IMpAct ASSESSMEnt foR KARAchI hYdERAbAd MotoRwAY (M-9) pRojEct were held with different Government departments, educational institutions, NGOs and local communities to discuss the project, its components and its expected environmental and socio-economic impacts. Environmental Impact and Mitigations Potential impacts were identified in relation to planning, design and location for construction and operation phases of the proposed Karachi-Hyderabad M-9 Project. Mitigation measures have been suggested to reduce all negative impacts to acceptable levels. These were discussed with specialists responsible for the engineering aspects, and measures have been included in the designs for the infrastructure. This means that the number of impacts and their significance have already been reduced by amending the design. These including Strengthen the existing road infrastructure without disturbing the business of the people; n Design of structures as per seismic zone to eliminate risk; n Design of storm water drainage system in consideration of change in topography; n Replantation of trees and Compensatory plantation; n Avoiding complete closure of road by limiting the construction area to actual M-9 RoW and allowing the traffic as per the traffic management plan. n Provide provision of chain link fence and all necessary arrangement on both sides of defined RoW; During the construction phase, impacts mainly arise from generation of dust from soil excavation and refilling; and from the disturbance of residents, businesses, traffic and important buildings by the construction work. Among these, public and worker safety due to large scale construction using heavy-duty construction equipment, traffic disturbance during construction is considered to be significant. Important measures suggested include: n Dust control measures such as water sprinkling and covering the loose material during transport; n Proper planning and scheduling of noise generating activities; n Providing alternative traffic routes/detours and informing public about the same; n Providing public information boards at site (project details, traffic arrangements, executing agency and contractor details; safety and contact information); n Following standard and safe construction practices (barricading the site EnvIRonMEntAl MAnAgEMEnt conSUltAntS v of vII ExEcUtIvE SUMMARY
  8. 8. EnvIRonMEntAl And SocIAl IMpAct ASSESSMEnt foR KARAchI hYdERAbAd MotoRwAY (M-9) pRojEct properly; avoiding accidental traffic entry including pedestrians; deployment of safety and security staff; providing warning/sign boards; provision of protection equipment; special precautions during risky works like arranging the pre-cast elements and equipment safety checks, etc.) n By considering the above mentioned factors and the road will now be constructed first on one side and then on the other side from centerline of the existing road to a 6 lane carriageway. This will have the advantage of enhanced safety during construction and operational stages, and less disruption to the passing traffic during construction. It will also minimize resettlement of structures, trees and other utilities The construction of the existing road will be in such a way with minimal land acquired and less disruption to the traffic hence no major impacts are envisaged. The main beneficiary of the proposed project is to provide a future access to the Karachi- Hyderabad Motorway that would be achievable in the most appropriate location. Mitigation will be assured by a program of environmental monitoring conducted to ensure that all measures are provided as intended, and to determine whether the environment is protected as envisaged. This will include observations on and off site, document checks, and interviews with workers and beneficiaries, and any requirements for remedial action will be reported to the EPA. Stakeholders were involved in developing the ESIA through face-to-face discussions in meetings at ESIA preparatory stage and a large public hearing will be held, after which views expressed will be incorporated into the ESIA and the planning and development of the project. There are two essential recommendations that need to be followed to ensure that the environmental impacts of the project are successfully mitigated. The proponent and NHA shall ensure that: n All mitigation, compensation and enhancement measures proposed in this ESIA report are implemented in full, as described in the document; n The Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan proposed is also implemented in letter & spirit. Environmental Management Plan A comprehensive, Environmental Management Plan (EMP) has been developed for Karachi-Hyderabad M-9 Project. An Environmental Mitigation Matrix has also been prepared considering impacts on different components of the physical, biological and socio-economic environment. In addition, a comprehensive monitoring plan has been proposed for the project. EnvIRonMEntAl MAnAgEMEnt conSUltAntS vI of vII ExEcUtIvE SUMMARY
  9. 9. EnvIRonMEntAl And SocIAl IMpAct ASSESSMEnt foR KARAchI hYdERAbAd MotoRwAY (M-9) pRojEct The EMP includes review of regulatory requirements and applicable standards, EMP institutional arrangements for implementation of EMP, roles and responsibilities of different agencies & Environmental Monitoring plan. Conclusion The proposed project will increase the economic activities around the area, creating avenues for direct/indirect employment in the post project period. It will improve the commercial activity in the project area resulting in economic uplift of the people of the Project area. There would be a wider economic impact in terms of generating opportunities for other business like transportation, marketing, repair and maintenance tasks, etc. Property value especially near interchanges may increase in future. It is planned by the Government to develop Industrial Zones near each interchange, which will enhance the commerce and trade activities. It gives a speedy as well as safe way for traveling and trade (as there are minimum chances of accidents due to controlled speed). Decreasing the vehicle operating cost and travel time costs due to better/ improved road facility, reduced traffic congestion, uninterrupted and smooth traffic flow, and for shorter route between Karachi and Hyderabad. Due to better condition of road, the wear and tear of vehicles/engines of vehicles is very much reduced resulting in the reduction of maintenance expanses of vehicles. Free flow conditions throughout M-9 will reduce traffic congestion and in turn reduce both air and noise pollution. Generally the project will show positive impacts once completed but may cause some short term negative impacts during its construction stage. These negative impacts however, can be minimized or avoid if proposed mitigation measures are duly taken into account. The overall conclusion is that providing the mitigation, compensation and enhancement measures are implemented in full, there should be no significant adverse environmental impacts as a result of location, design, construction or operation of the project. EnvIRonMEntAl MAnAgEMEnt conSUltAntS vII of vII ExEcUtIvE SUMMARY
  10. 10. environmental and social impact assessment for Karachi hyderabad motorway (m-9) project contents 01 Introduction 01 of 07 1.1 General 01 of 07 1.2 Overview of the Project 01 of 07 1.2.1 Project Location 01 of 07 1.2.2 Scope of the Project 02 of 07 1.2.3 Profile of the Proponent 02 of 07 1.3 Environmental and Social Impact Assessment of the Proposed Project 02 of 07 1.3.1 Justification and Categorization of the Project 02 of 07 1.3.2 Objectives and Scope of ESIA 03 of 07 1.3.3 Environmental Standards and Guidelines 04 of 07 1.3.4 ESIA Methodology 04 of 07 1.3.5 Composition of the ESIA Report 06 of 07 1.3.6 ESIA Study Team 07 of 07 02 Description of the Project 01 of 10 2.1 Existing Karachi-Hyderabad Superhighway 01 of 10 2.2 The Proposed Project 02 of 10 2.2.1 Project Location 02 of 10 2.3 Project Component 02 of 10 2.3.1 Rehabilitation and Extension 02 of 10 2.3.2 New Interchanges 04 of 10 2.3.3 Service Road Formations 04 of 10 2.3.4 Service Areas 04 of 10 2.3.5 Toll Plazas 05 of 10 2.3.6 Weigh Stations 05 of 10 2.3.7 Safety Fances or Barriers 05 of 10 2.3.8 Maintenance and Operation Compounds 06 of 10 2.3.9 Ancillary Development 06 of 10 2.3.10 Motorway Facilities 06 of 10 2.4 Detail Design of the Project Component 07 of 10 2.4.1 Design Life 07 of 10 2.4.2 Geometric Design 07 of 10 2.4.3 Pavement Design 07 of 10 environmental management consultants contents
  11. 11. environmental and social impact assessment for Karachi hyderabad motorway (m-9) project 2.4.4 Structural Design 08 of 10 2.4.5 Highway Drainage Design 09 of 10 2.4.6 Hydrological Design 09 of 10 2.4.7 Electrical Wiring and Lighting 09 of 10 2.4.8 Road Signs and Markings 10 of 10 03 Legislative Cosiderations, Environmental Regulations and Guidelines 01 of 11 3.1 Introduction 01 of 11 3.2 Institutional Setup 01 of 11 3.3 National Policies and Stretagies 01 of 11 3.3.1 National Conservation Strategy 01 of 11 3.3.2 Biodiversity Action Plan 03 of 11 3.3.3 National Environmental Policy-2005 03 of 11 3.3.4 National Resettlement Policy 03 of 11 3.4 National Legislations 03 of 11 3.4.1 Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997 04 of 11 3.4.2 Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Review of (IEE/EIA) Regulations 2000 05 of 11 3.4.3 Land Acquisition Act 05 of 11 3.4.4 Antiquities Act 1975 06 of 11 3.4.5 Sindh Cultural Heritage Preservation Act 1994 06 of 11 3.4.6 The Forest Act 1927 07 of 11 3.4.7 Sindh Wildlife Protection Ordinance, 2001 07 of 11 3.5 National Environmental Guidelines 07 of 11 3.5.1 Pakistan Environmental Assessment Procedures 2000 07 of 11 3.5.2 National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS) 08 of 11 3.6 International Guidelines 09 of 11 3.6.1 World Bank Guidelines on Environment 09 of 11 3.6.2 Obligation under International Treaties and Convention 09 of 11 3.6.3 International Convention on Biodiversity 10 of 11 3.6.4 Convention on Wetlands 10 of 11 3.6.5 IUCN Red List 10 of 11 3.6.5 KYOTO Protocol 10 of 11 04 Screening of Alternatives 01 of 04 4.1 No Project Alternatives 01 of 04 environmental management consultants contents
  12. 12. environmental and social impact assessment for Karachi hyderabad motorway (m-9) project 4.2 Alternate Transport Modes 01 of 04 4.2.1 Alternate Access Road 01 of 04 4.3 Improvement of Existing Carriageway 02 of 04 4.3.1 Rehabilitation of Existing Roads and Addition of Two Lanes 02 of 04 4.3.2 Construction of 8-Lane Highway 04 of 04 4.3.3 Construct a Completely New Carriageway Parallel to the Existing Road 04 of 04 4.3.4 Provision of Bypass 04 of 04 4.3.5 Advantages and Disadvantages 04 of 04 05 Environmental & Social Baseline of the Region 01 of 39 5.1 Micro and Macro Environment of the Project Area 01 of 39 5.2 Physical Environment 01 of 39 5.2.1 Ambient Air Quality 01 of 39 5.2.2 Ambient Noise Quality 04 of 39 5.2.3 Climate and Meteorology 05 of 39 5.2.4 Recent Trend in Moon Soon Pattern 09 of 39 5.2.5 Storms 11 of 39 5.2.6 Surface Water Resources 11 of 39 5.2.7 Ground Water Resources 13 of 39 5.2.8 Geography 13 of 39 5.2.9 Geology and Topography 15 of 39 5.2.10 Soil 15 of 39 5.2.11 Seismic Information 16 of 39 5.3 Biological Resources 17 of 39 5.3.1 Original Ecozones 18 of 39 5.3.2 Modified Nature of Habitat 20 of 39 5.3.3 Fauna of the Project Area 21 of 39 5.3.4 Flora of the Project Area 21 of 39 5.3.5 Sensitive or Critical Habitat 24 of 39 5.4 Traffic Study on the Proposed Karachi Hyderabad Motorway M-9 24 of 39 5.4.1 Data Analysis 24 of 39 5.5 Socioeconomic Condition in Microenvironment 25 of 39 5.5.1 Communities and their Economic Activity 25 of 39 5.5.2 Displacement and Resettlemet 25 of 39 5.5.3 Pedestrian Underpasses 25 of 39 environmental management consultants contents
  13. 13. environmental and social impact assessment for Karachi hyderabad motorway (m-9) project 5.5.4 Indiginous People 25 of 39 5.5.5 Cultural Heritage 27 of 39 5.5.6 Aesthetics and landscape 27 of 39 5.5.7 Human Health and Safety 27 of 39 5.5.8 Reservation of Cultural Heritage 28 of 39 5.6 Socioeconomic Conditions in Macroenvironment 28 of 39 5.6.1 Demography 28 of 39 5.6.2 District Malir (Karachi) 28 of 39 5.6.3 HIstory, Ethnicity/Tribes and Culture 28 of 39 5.6.4 Occupation 30 of 39 5.6.5 Betrothal and Marriages 30 of 39 5.6.6 Important Historical Places 31 of 39 5.6.7 Population Size Growth and Distribution 31 of 39 5.6.8 Household Size 31 of 39 5.6.9 Rular/Urban Distribution 32 of 39 5.6.10 Religion 32 of 39 5.6.11 Mother Tongue 32 of 39 5.6.12 Literacy Ratio 32 of 39 5.6.13 Education Attainment 32 of 39 5.7 District Thatta 32 of 39 5.7.1 Population 32 of 39 5.7.2 Administration Setup 33 of 39 5.7.3 Historical Importance 33 of 39 5.7.4 Demographic Conditions 33 of 39 5.7.5 Gender Balance 33 of 39 5.7.6 Social Infrastructure 33 of 39 5.7.7 NGOs Working in the Area 35 of 39 5.7.8 Economy 35 of 39 5.8 District Jamshoro 36 of 39 5.8.1 Location 37 of 39 5.8.2 Population of District Jamshoro 37 of 39 5.8.3 Infrastructure 38 of 39 5.8.4 Economy 38 of 39 5.8.5 Power Plants 39 of 39 environmental management consultants contents
  14. 14. environmental and social impact assessment for Karachi hyderabad motorway (m-9) project 06 Stakeholder Consultation 01 of 08 6.1 Identification of Stakeholder 01 of 08 6.2 Approach and Methodolgy 01 of 08 6.2.1 Scoping Meeting 01 of 08 6.2.2 Consultation Meeting 02 of 08 07 Environmental and Social Impact Assessment and Proposed Mitigation Measures 01 of 21 7.1 Screening Potential Environmental Impacts 01 of 21 7.2 Identification of Impacts during Design Phase 03 of 21 7.2.1 Topography 03 of 21 7.2.2 Formation in Built-up Area 03 of 21 7.2.3 Location of Labour Camps & Other Material 04 of 21 7.2.4 Change of Land Use 04 of 21 7.2.5 Cross Drainage and Accessory Structures 04 of 21 7.3 Identification of Impacts during Construction Phase 04 of 21 7.3.1 Air Quality 04 of 21 7.3.2 Noise and Vibration 08 of 21 7.3.3 Impacts on Water Resources 10 of 21 7.3.4 Impacts on Land Environment 11 of 21 7.3.5 Biological Environment 13 of 21 7.3.6 Impact on Traffic 14 of 21 7.3.7 Impacts on the Socio-economic of the Area 14 of 21 7.3.8 Public Health and Safety 17 of 21 7.3.9 Natural and Manmade Hazards 17 of 21 7.4 Identification of Impacts during Operation Phase 17 of 21 7.4.1 Air Quality 19 of 21 7.4.2 Noise and Vibration 19 of 21 7.4.3 Impacts on Water Resources 19 of 21 7.4.4 Impacts on Land Environment 19 of 21 7.4.5 Bilogical Environment 20 of 21 7.4.6 Traffic Conditions 20 of 21 7.4.7 Socio-economic 20 of 21 08 Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan 01 of 30 8.1 General 01 of 30 8.2 Objectives 01 of 30 environmental management consultants contents
  15. 15. environmental and social impact assessment for Karachi hyderabad motorway (m-9) project 8.2.1 Key Environmental and Social Components 01 of 30 8.3 Environmental Management System 02 of 30 8.3.1 Functions of Environmental Management System 02 of 30 8.3.2 Organization Structure 03 of 30 8.3.3 Roles and Responsibilities 03 of 30 8.3.4 Specific Implementation Responsibilities 07 of 30 8.4 Environmental Management Program 08 of 30 8.5 Training, Awareness and Competence 08 of 30 8.6 Communication 09 of 30 8.7 EMMP Documentation 09 of 30 8.8 Operational Control 10 of 30 8.9 Environmental Management Procedures 10 of 30 8.9.1 Measures to Improve Environmental Awareness 10 of 30 8.9.2 Specific Process to meet Environmental Requirements 10 of 30 8.9.3 Water Quality Management 11 of 30 8.9.4 Refuse Management 11 of 30 8.9.5 Wastewater Management 11 of 30 8.9.6 Materials Management Plan 12 of 30 8.9.7 Worker’s Health and Safety 13 of 30 8.9.8 Emergency Preparedness and Response 13 of 30 8.10 Environmental Management Plan 13 of 30 8.11 Environmental Monitoring 26 of 30 8.11.1 Objectives 26 of 30 8.11.2 Monitoring Roles, Responsibilities and Schedules 26 of 30 8.11.3 Monitoring Parameters 27 of 30 8.11.4 Reporting Structures and Outcomes 27 of 30 09 Conclusion 01 of 02 9.1 Findings 01 of 02 9.2 Conclusion 02 of 02 ANNEXURES Annex-I National Resettlement Policy, 2005 Annex-II A Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997 Annex-II B Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency, EIA / IEE Regulations 2000 environmental management consultants contents
  16. 16. environmental and social impact assessment for Karachi hyderabad motorway (m-9) project Annex-III National Environmental Qualtiy Standards (NEQS) Annex-IV IUCN Red List Annex-V List of Stakeholders environmental management consultants contents
  17. 17. envIronmental and SocIal Impact aSSeSSment for KarachI hyderabad motorway (m-9) project 01 IntroductIon allied facilities. The project is to be carried out under 1.1- General Public-Private Partnership (PPP) arrangement on Build- The Karachi-Hyderabad 136 km section of N-5 Super Operate-Transfer (BOT) basis. Highwaywas constructed as a part of the First Highway Understanding the existing environmental and socio- Project with the assistance of World Bank during 1964 – 68 economic characteristics of the region is a prelude to and idealized in 1991 as part of the Fourth IBRD Highway evaluate the likely impacts (positive/ negative) that can Project.The project corridor serves as the main spine for occur from the proposed project. For this Binapuri traffic movement between Karachi and Hyderabad as it Pakistan Pvt. Ltd. has appointed M/s Environmental provides the shortest route between these two major Management Consultants to conduct Environmental and urban centers. According to the Traffic study March 2012, Social Impact Assessment of proposed Karachi- more than 98% of traffic both passenger and goods Hyderabad M-9 Projectin compliance with the mandatory vehicles used Karachi- Hyderabad M-9 to travel from requirements of Section 12 of Pakistan Environmental Karachi towards Punjab, Northern areas and lower Sindh Protection Act (PEPA) 1997 and Pakistan Environmental region especially desert areas of Sindh. Protection Agency Review of EIA/IEE Regulations 2000. In order to accelerate the process of expansion of motorways the Government has invited the private sector to participate in expansion of Motorway Network, on the 1.2- Overview of the basis of build, operate and transfer (BOT) arrangement. Project The GOP believes that the technical, managerial and financial resources of the private sector can make a useful 1.2.1- Project Location addition to its own efforts in this regard. The proposed 134.35 Km Karachi- Hyderabad M-9 project The National Highway Authority selected M/s Binapuri will likely to starts off at Km 13+000 (Project Chainage Pakistan Pvt. Ltd. (BPL)for the construction of existing 4- 0+000) of the NHA positioned under the lane Karachi-Hyderabad Superhighway as 6-lane, access flyover/interchange provided for the Lyari Express way controlled and world class Motorway (M-9) along with its on the Lyari River and ends at 149+000 (Project Chainage Table 1.1- Project Brief Project Name Environmental & Social Impact Assessment for the proposed M-9 Karachi to Hyderabad. Project Location Existing 136Km Karachi-Hyderabad section of National Highway N-5. Project Construction Cost 18,235,000,000 PKR Project Proponent Binapuri Pakistan Pvt. Ltd. (BPL) Contact Person Ooi Chin Giap (Azlan) PD / Acting Head – Pak, No.84 St-3 Sector HH Phase-IV, DHA Lahore. ESIA Consultants Environmental Management Consultants (EMC) Syed NadeemArif Office # 503, Anum Estate Building, Main Shahrae Faisal, Karachi. Tel: 021-34311466, Fax: 021-34311467, E-mail: nadeem@emc.com.pk, mail@emc.com.pk envIronmental management conSultantS 1 of 7 SectIon 1
  18. 18. envIronmental and SocIal Impact aSSeSSment for KarachI hyderabad motorway (m-9) project 136+000) in the closeness of the clover leaf interchange company which is listed in the main boardof Bursa which is present on the Hyderabad Bypass. Malaysia managed by a team of professional, devoted, qualified andexperienced personnel supported by the 1.2.2- Scope of the Project resources of the company. The Proponent is conceited to The scope of project is but not limited to: have completed more than 1,000 kilometers of roads andhighway, bridges, interchanges, waterworks and n Strengthen the existing road infrastructure, projects related to land reclamation.The projects related to Building completed comprise commercial buildings, n Construct existing 4- lane Karachi-Hyderabad educational institutions, hotels, hospitals, government Superhighway as 6-lane, access controlled in order to complexes and residential projects. provide world class Motorway (M-9) along with its associated facilities n Design and construct bridges, culverts, 1.3- Environmental and andunderpasses where necessary, Social Impact Assessment n Provide helpline services, services area and other of the Proposed Project motorway facilities. 1.3.1- Justification 1.2.3- Profile of the Proponent &Categorization of Project Binapuri Pakistan Pvt. Ltd. (BPL)is a renowned The Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997 construction company on the Main Board ofBursa empowers the EPA as the principal authority for Malaysia Berhad, with 35 years of work experience in civil environmental management in Pakistan. It has also and building constructionboth locally and internationally. established the requirement of environmental assessment The diverse work has been done by the proponent that of any project in place prior to commencement of comprises business activities, investment holdings, civil work.Section 12 of Pakistan Environmental Protection Act and building engineering management, 1997 states that: propertydevelopment, highway concessionaire, quarry “No proponent of a project shall commence construction operations, manufacturing ofconstruction materials, or operation unless he has filed with the Government polyurethane system house, utilities and Agency designated by Federal Environmental Protection hospitalitymanagement. Agency or Provincial Environmental Protection Agencies, The proponent is certified with MS ISO 9001:2000, as the case may be, or, where the project is likely to cause OHSAS 18001, MS 1722 Certifications and has won many adverse environmental effects an environmental impact award laudable of mention including the Prominent assessment, and has obtained from Government Agency Player Award2005: Malaysian Construction Industry approval in respect thereof.” Excellence Awards 2005 (MCIEA 2005), theContractor EIA study is carried out in compliance with the Award 2007: Grade G7 (MCIEA 2007) and the mandatory requirements of Section 12 of Pakistan International AchievementAward (MCIEA 2008) Environmental Protection Act (PEPA) 1997. This legal awarded by the Construction Industry Development provision requires an initial environmental examination Board ofMalaysia.BinaPuri commenced to expand (IEE) or an environmental impact assessment (EIA) to be globally in 1995 as well as it has various operations offices carried out and the report submitted to the relevant in Thailand,United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Agency or Department, which has been delegated the Pakistan, Indonesia and Brunei Darussalam. authority for review and approval of EIA/IEE findings. Nowadays BinaPuri is a remarkable construction envIronmental management conSultantS 2 of 7 SectIon 1
  19. 19. envIronmental and SocIal Impact aSSeSSment for KarachI hyderabad motorway (m-9) project The Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Review 1.3.2- Objectives & Scope of ESIA of EIA/IEE) Regulations 2000 defines the categories of The objective of ESIA is to foresee the potential projects requiring an Initial Environmental Examination environmental problems that would arise out of the (IEE) or Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in proposed development activity and address them in the Schedules I & II respectively. According to Clause 4 of the planning and design stage of the project. The ESIA Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Review of process should then allow for the communication of this IEE and EIA) Regulations, 2000, “a proponent of a project information to: falling in any category specified in Schedule II shall file an EIA with the Federal Agency.” Schedule II of the n The project proponent regulations includes “all projects situated in environmentally sensitive areas” and “any project likely n The regulatory agency (ies); and, to cause an adverse environmental effect.” n All stakeholders and interest groups. Under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency ESIA integrates the environmental concerns in the (Review of IEE and EIA)Regulations 2000; development activities right from the time of initiating the “Federal or provincial highways or major roads (except preparation of feasibility report. In doing so, it enables the maintenance or rebuilding or reconstruction of existing integration of environmental concerns and mitigation roads) with total cost of Rupees 50 Millionand above” is measures in project development. ESIA can often prevent in Schedule II, List of projects requiring an Environmental future liabilities or expensive alterations in project design. Impact Assessment” The purpose of this EIA study is to evaluate the activities As per the EPA Guidelines, the present Project is classified associated with the construction and operation of as “Schedule II” that requires an EIA study and approval proposed Karachi- Hyderabad Motorway project. from the concerned authority, prior to the construction. Environmental assessments made here are in conformity with the requirements of Pakistan Environmental Accordingly detailed Environmental and Social Impact Protection Act 1997 as well as other national and Assessment has carried out to address the regulatory international environmental guidelines where national requirements as well as to make it acceptable to: guidelines are not available. n BinaPuriPakistan Pvt Ltd who are the proponents The scope of this study is to assess the environmental and social impacts that could occur as a result of construction n BOT entrepreneur investing in its establishment and and operations of the proposed project. Following are operation; and some of the main objectives of this EIA study: n EPA Sindh against the requirement of Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997. n To determine and document the state of the environment of the project area to establish a baseline n The ESIA study has accordingly been designed to in order to assess the impact of implementation of the focus on making certain that: proposed project; n If there is a negative impact, it should be mitigated as n To collect and assess existing environmental and much as possible through specified design and social profile of entire project area and incorporate it construction procedures, and in report for future use by client; n Any remaining short term or long term negative n To identify all environmental sensitivities including impact is identified clearly and made known to all flora, wildlife and avifauna of the project area, if there those likely to be affected. is any; envIronmental management conSultantS 3 of 7 SectIon 1
  20. 20. envIronmental and SocIal Impact aSSeSSment for KarachI hyderabad motorway (m-9) project n To identify national heritage sites, archaeological Environmental Assessment of new projects and sites and ecologically important areas in the project n Pakistan National Environmental Quality Standards zone of influence; (NEQS) gaseous including Vehicular exhaust n To identify and assess all the major and minor emissions; noise emissions and liquid effluents. environmental & socio-economic aspects and Scoping to explain all stakeholders of the need of the impacts due to construction and operation of the project and the likely environmental as well as social office building project specifically in the project area impact has already been held as the necessary first step of and generally on its surrounding in accordance with process of EIA .The views and concerns expressed by the national and international environmental legislations stakeholders have been recorded and they will be duly and guidelines. responded in the EIA. n To provide assistance to the proponent for planning, designing and implementing the project in a way that 1.3.4- ESIA Methodology would eliminate or minimize the negative impact on EMC adopted the following procedures for making the biophysical and socio-economic environment assessment of impact of different activities during the and maximizing the benefits to all parties in the most construction and operational phases on micro cost effective manner; environment and macro environment of the project activity areas: n To provide opportunity to the public for understanding the project and its impact on the community and their environment in the context of A. Understanding of the Proposed sustainable development. Operation n To develop a detailed environmental management This step involved collecting information from on the plan (EMP) for the sustainable implementation propose project activities and understanding the activities mechanism of mitigation measures identified during to identify potential impacts from them. the study along with monitoring plan. B. Review of Legislation and 1.3.3- Environmental Guidelines Standards and Guidelines National legislation, international agreements, Issues related to Environment and control all over environmental guidelines, and best industry practices Pakistan are governed by Pakistan Environmental were reviewed to set environmental standards that Protection Act (PEPA) 1997.Guidelines and procedures BinaPuriwill be required to follow during different stages for preparing EIA reports have been published by Federal of the project. EPA in the form of “ Pakistan Environmental Assessment Package”. C. Secondary Data Collection Before commencement of Projects the requirements of All available published and unpublished information Govt. of Pakistan that need to be met are as follows: pertaining to the micro and macro environment of the n Legal requirements in Pakistan for Environmental Project was obtained and reviewed. It included the earlier Assessment for new projects under the environmental studies and environmental baselines Environmental Protection Agency Sindh conducted the consultants for development activities in M-9 Motorway project. All data sources were reviewed to n Pakistan EPA Guidelines and Procedures (2000) for collect information relevant to physical, biological and envIronmental management conSultantS 4 of 7 SectIon 1
  21. 21. envIronmental and SocIal Impact aSSeSSment for KarachI hyderabad motorway (m-9) project socio-economic condition of the macroenvironment and F. Impact Identification and microenvironment of project site. Assessment Potential impacts which may arise from proposed D. Scoping Sessions with Relevant activities were identified. These included effects on Stakeholders physical, biological, socio-economic environment; Meetings were held with all project related stakeholders archaeology and culture. Impacts were identified in to have expert opinion and get a better understanding on particular on the biological habitats and assessed on the project area, its physical, biological features, as well as basis of field data collected from area, secondary data, social and economic issues. The stakeholders gave expert opinion, and monitoring results ofprojects in valuable suggestions and input which were very useful proposed project area. while carrying out the impact assessment. G. Recommendations to Mitigate E. Field Data Collection Impacts EMC teamvisited the project area in the months of Keeping in view the baseline data collected and impacts May2012. During the site visit, primary information on identified mitigation measures have been recommended the physical, biological and socio-economic conditions of to minimize, reduce, eliminate, or compensate for the the project area were collected. envIronmental management conSultantS 5 of 7 SectIon 1
  22. 22. envIronmental and SocIal Impact aSSeSSment for KarachI hyderabad motorway (m-9) project potential environmental and social impacts on the project format, prescribed by the Environmental Protection Act zone of influence. Mitigation measures recommended (PEPA) 1997, and Pakistan EPA guidelines and here are based on past experience, best industry practices, procedures (2000) for the Environmental Assessment of legislative requirements and professional judgment. New Projects. The Report has been presented in the following sections: H. Environmental Management Plan (EMP) Chapter 01- Introduction Environmental management plan (EMP) was developed Provides an introduction and background of the project for effective implementation of the recommended and justification of ESIA. mitigation measures. EMP includes controls to minimize the identified impacts, and monitoring programme to Chapter 02- Description of Project monitor residual impacts, if any, during the operation. Describes the project, its objective; its type and category; The EMP has laid down procedures to be followed during location of the facilities and project details while in the Karachi-Hyderabad Motorway (M-9) construction, operation along with proposed schedule for operation and associated activities and has identified roles implementation. and responsibilities for all concerned personnel during the operation, including post project monitoring and reporting. Chapter 03- Governing legislation and Statutory Requirements I. Documentation, Review & Provide an overview of Policy and Legislation along with Conclusion International Guidelines relevant to operation of Karachi Hyderabad M-9. This is the final step in the environmental assessment. The document is based on reports produced by EMC Team of experts and compiled by Project Coordinator and office Chapter 04- Screening of staff, duly overseen by Team Leader and Project Alternatives Manager. The Report was reviewed by Team leader for Provides evaluation of different alternatives to arrive at screening/assessment of potential environmental impacts the best possible option for the project. and put forward recommendations of mitigation measures and the Environmental Monitoring and Chapter 05- Environmental & Management Plan. Socio-economic Baseline The Report has been prepared according to the Policy and This section describes the existing environmental and Procedures for Filing, Review and Approval of Socio-economic baseline situation of the macro and micro Environmental Assessments 2000 and relevant guidelines environments of the proposed project area. of the PEPA 1997. This report includes the findings of the assessment of the project impacts, and the mitigation measures to be adopted during the execution of the Chapter 06- Stakeholder proposed activities. Consultation Describes the consultations process performed for the 1.3.5- Composition of ESIA ESIA of Karachi Hyderabad M-9 project and gives the Report concerns of stakeholders during consultation process. The ESIA report has been structured on the standard envIronmental management conSultantS 6 of 7 SectIon 1
  23. 23. envIronmental and SocIal Impact aSSeSSment for KarachI hyderabad motorway (m-9) project Chapter 07- Screening of anticipated Impacts and Proposed Mitigations Describes the potential environmental and social impacts on different features of the micro and macro environment, and using the general guidelines presents a screening of potential environmental impacts at the designing, construction and operation stages. The screening includes the residual impact as a result of adoption of mitigation measures that may be needed for minimizing the impact. Chapter 08-Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan Presents the environmental management that has been incorporated in the design, construction and operation of Karachi Hyderabad M-9. Chapter 9-Conclusion Summarizes the report and presents its conclusions. 1.3.6- ESIA Study Team The study was assigned to Environmental Management Consultant. EMC organized the following team to carry out the study: Table 1.2: EIA Study Team S.No. Name Position 1 Mr. Syed NadeemArif Project Manager 2 Mr. SaquibEjazHussain Dy. Project Manager / EIA Expert 3 Dr. MirzaArshad Ali Beg Team Leader / Principal Expert 4 Dr. Muhammad Mansha Expert on Air 5 Dr. IqbalHashmi Expert on Water Resources 6 Dr. Mansoor Imam Expert on Waste Management 7 Dr. Syed Ali Ghalib/Mr. Razaque Expert on Fauna/Ornithologist 8 Ms. SamitaNadeem Environmental Engineer 9 Dr. ViqarHussain Expert on Geology 10 Dr. Saddar-ud-din Expert on Flora 11 Ms. Tasneem Bhatti Expert on Social Issues 12 Ms. Noor Fatima Environmentalist 13 Ms. Sarah Sidiki Environmentalist envIronmental management conSultantS 7 of 7 SectIon 1
  24. 24. ENvIRONmENTal aND SOCIal ImPaCT aSSESSmENT FOR KaRaCHI HyDERabaD mOTORway (m-9)PROJECT 02 DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT cities i.e. Karachi and Hyderabad and feeds into the main 2.1- Existing Karachi- North – South Links i.e. National Highway N-55 (Indus Hyderabad Super Highw ay Highway) and the National Highway N-5 (Grand Trunk The existing 136 km Karachi-Hyderabad section of N-5 Road). (popularly known as Super Highway) connects the port The Karachi-Hyderabad section was constructed as a part city of Karachi with the North of Pakistan. This section of of the First Highway Project with the assistance of World the highway is amongst the most densely trafficked in the Bank during 1964 – 68 and dualized in 1991 as part of the entire country, the existing highway is serving heavy Fourth IBRD Highway Project. Toll is being collected traffic volume with large portion of truck traffic. The route from Highway users by the NHA. is also the shortest possible distance between the two Figure 2.1: The existing Karachi- Hyderabad Section of National Highway N-5 ENvIRONmENTal maNagEmENT CONSulTaNTS 1 OF 10 SECTION 2
  25. 25. ENvIRONmENTal aND SOCIal ImPaCT aSSESSmENT FOR KaRaCHI HyDERabaD mOTORway (m-9) PROJECT Chainage 136+000) in the proximity of the clover leaf 2.2- The Proposed Project interchange on the Hyderabad Bypass. The National Highway Authority intends to construct existing 4-lane Karachi-Hyderabad Superhighway as 6- lane, access controlled, world class Motorway (M-9) along 2.3- Project Component with its allied facilities. The project is to be carried out The key engineering features of the Project, for under Public-Private Partnership (PPP) arrangement on construction of a world-class motorway, include but not Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) basis. limited to the following: Table 2.1-Silent Features of the Project Project Name Environmental & Social Impact Assessment for the proposed M-9 Karachi to Hyderabad. Project Proponent Binapuri Pakistan Pvt. Ltd. (BPL) Project Location Existing 136Km Karachi-Hyderabad section of National Highway N-5. Project Cost 13,235,000,000 PKR Interchanges Seven (7) Service Area Two (2) Facilities at Service Area: l Restaurants and Food Courts l Toilets l CNG/LPG Filling Stations with Tuck Shop l Diesel/Petrol Filling Stations with Tuck Shop l Tyre Shop and Mini Workshop l Trauma Centre l Mosque l Parking Area l Truckers Workshop l AamSarai and Dhaba (with Trucks/Buses Parking) l Customer service centers where motorists can inquire about products, services, road information, weather etc. l Internal Roads, Sewerage, Water Supply and Electrification Toll Plazas Two New 16-lane Toll Plazas with Electronic Toll and Traffic Management (ETTM) system Weigh Stations Seven (7) weigh stations Motorway Facilities l Electronic Toll Collection l Emergency Call Service l Centralized Operation Centre l Traffic Counting Stations/ Weigh in Motion (WIM) system l Variable Message Signs l Emergency Assistance System 2.2.1- Project Location 2.3.1- Rehabilitation& The project starts off at Km 13+000 (Project Chainage Extensions 0+000) of the NHA reference under the The proposed project involves rehabilitation of the flyover/interchange provided for the Lyari Expressway existing 134.35 Km (Length reduced by 1.65 Km at on the Lyari River and ends at Km 149+000 (Project Hyderabad end, terminating before Hyderabad ENvIRONmENTal maNagEmENT CONSulTaNTS 2 OF 10 SECTION 2
  26. 26. ENvIRONmENTal aND SOCIal ImPaCT aSSESSmENT FOR KaRaCHI HyDERabaD mOTORway (m-9)PROJECT Figure 2.2: Proposed Project Location ENvIRONmENTal maNagEmENT CONSulTaNTS 3 OF 10 SECTION 2
  27. 27. ENvIRONmENTal aND SOCIal ImPaCT aSSESSmENT FOR KaRaCHI HyDERabaD mOTORway (m-9)PROJECT Interchange) of 4-lane carriageway both north-bound and n CH 0+000 to CH 15+000 Both Sides of Motorway south-bound and construction of an additional new lane 2. Semi-Urban, rural (Shoulder – 1.0m (Earthen), on the inner side of the Highway (wherever technically Carriageway -6m (TST), feasible) with 3.0 m outer shoulder and 1.0 m inner shoulder. Lane width is to be taken as 3.65 m. Both Shoulder – 1.0m (Earthen) rehabilitation and widening bound carriageways will be n CH 15+000 to CH 19+800 Both Sides of Motorway divided by a New Jersey Barrier. n CH 22+000 to CH 34+000 Both Sides of Motorway Extensions are to be made to all the existing bridge structures and culverts. Four (4) bridges have an n CH 36+875 to CH 46+875 Both Sides of Motorway additional extension on either side accommodating n CH 51+600 to CH 58+600 Both Sides of Motorway service roads to allow local traffic to negotiate land locked areas between canals. n CH 61+350 to CH 83+600 Both Sides of Motorway 2.3.2- New Interchanges 2.3.4- Service Areas As shown in figure 2.1 Seven (7) new interchanges are to Minimum two main Service Areas of M-2 (Lahore- be provided to support populations, towns, industrial Islamabad Motorway) Service Areastandard, with zones and other isolated pockets enabling them to minimum following facilities, are to be established as part commute on the motorway after fencing of the Right of of the Project: Way (“ROW”). Although at some locations, volume of traffic does not justify an interchange, the isolation of road a) Restaurants and Food Courts side developments and populations warrants connectivity as there is no other route available for b) Toilets transport. Interchanges within the closed system to have c) CNG/LPG Filling Stations with Tuck Shop entry and exit 2-lane Toll Plazas. The locations for the new interchanges are as follows: d) Diesel/Petrol Filling Stations with Tuck Shop Table 2.2: Location of New Interchanges Sr.No. Chainage (Km) Name of Interchange 1 Ch 14+985 Malir Road 2 Ch 23+112 Damba Goth 3 Ch 45+596 Lucky Cement 4 Ch 55+760 Nooriabad 5 Ch 66+936 Tooriabad 6 Ch 80+952 ThanoBullah Khan 7 Ch 113+440 Borari Sand 2.3.3- Service Road Formations e) Tyre Shop and Mini Workshop Two kinds of service road formations are to be incorporated with minimum provisions as follows: f) Trauma Centre 1. Urban (Shoulder – 1.5m (DST), Carriageway – 7.0m g) Mosque (Asphalt), Shoulder – 1.5m (DST) h) Parking Area ENvIRONmENTal maNagEmENT CONSulTaNTS 4 OF 10 SECTION 2
  28. 28. ENvIRONmENTal aND SOCIal ImPaCT aSSESSmENT FOR KaRaCHI HyDERabaD mOTORway (m-9)PROJECT i) Truckers Workshop impact and. j) AamSarai and Dhaba (with Trucks/Buses Parking) n Parking and toilet facilities shall be provided as per k) Customer service centers where motorists can inquire parameters stipulated in Para above. about products, services, road information, weather etc. In the case of closed toll systems, the ticket issuing procedures shall be such that. l) Internal Roads, Sewerage, Water Supply and Electrification n The opportunity for fraud is reduced to a minimum. The CH 60+790 (North Bound & South Bound) is a n The information provided on the ticket conforms to proposed location for Service Areas. Access and egresses the operation standard and. to each service (and rest) areas will be conformed to AASHTO Guidelines in terms of Geometric layout and n Data can be retrieved regarding the entry and exit position in relation to adjacent intersection. points of all traffic using facility, by time of day and by vehicle type. 2.3.5- Toll Plazas 2.3.6- Weigh Stations Two New 16-lane Toll Plazas with Electronic Toll and Seven (7) weigh stations are to be provided strategically to Traffic Management (ETTM) system and other state-of- cover movement of heavy traffic minimize overloading at the-art facilities are to be provided on the main least on the following locations: carriageway at entry point on the Karachi End and the Hyderabad End on the following Project Chainages, n CH 15+500 (North Bound) respectively. These new Toll Plazas shall replace the existing Toll Plazas: n CH 30+750 (South Bound) n CH 16+000 n CH 40+850 (South Bound) n CH 131+900 n CH 40+850 (North Bound) Toll Collection Areas n CH 71+850 (South Bound) Toll collection areas shall be designed to ensure that an n CH 71+850 (North Bound) adequate number of toll booths are provided at each toll n CH 132+900(South Bound) collection point so as to ensure that the operational standards with regards to delays to road users are 2.3.7- Safety Fences or Barriers adhered to. Chain link fence with all necessary arrangements will be The toll collection area will be of Rigid Pavement. The provided on both sides of defined ROW.The form, layout layout of the toll collection area and its approaches shall and vertical profile of such fences/barriers shall conform be designed in such a manner as to provide safe to the requirements of United Kingdom, Department of conditions for both road users and toll collection staff. Transport Standards TD 19/85 or other similar approved This shall include but not limited to. international standard. n The provision of adequate advance warning signs and road markings. a. All the edge of the carriageway. n Lighting at times of darkness. n On the embankment 6m or more in height or where there is a road, railway, water hazard or other feature n Protection of staff from vehicle emissions and vehicle at or near the flood of the slope. ENvIRONmENTal maNagEmENT CONSulTaNTS 5 OF 10 SECTION 2

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