Sustainability, in a broad sense
is the ability to maintain a certain process or state. It is now most frequently used in connection with biological and human systems. In an ecological context, sustainability can be deﬁned as the ability of an ecosystem to maintain ecological processes, functions, biodiversity and productivity into the future. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sustainability
“If copying hurts the software
industry but has no eﬀect on general welfare a prohibition is not morally justiﬁable on consequentialist grounds. If copying is not directly related to income, nor income to a decline in the industry, then too, the argument breaks down. On close scrutiny these links don't stick.” [...] “Finding that there are insuﬃciently strong moral grounds for universally prohibiting copying, I conclude not that all unauthorized copying is morally acceptable, but that some copying is acceptable. There is suﬃcient variability in the types of situations in which software users copy to suggest that we ought to evaluate them case-by-case” Nissenbaum, Helen. quot;Should I Copy My Neighbor's Software,quot; in Computers, Ethics, and Social Values. D.J. Johnson and H. Nissenbaum eds.Prentice Hall. 1995.
“Any technology which creates abundance
poses problems for any process which existed to beneﬁt from scarcity. The beneﬁcial abundances caused by technology usually bring unpleasant societal side-eﬀects. Then we complain about the very things that were previously beneﬁts.” http://www.automation.com/resources-tools/articles-white-papers/articles-by-jim-pinto/the-problems-of-scarcity-abundance
“Well, for starters the classic
deﬁnition of economics is quot;the science of choice under scarcityquot;. That's a warning sign right there. From Adam Smith on, economics has focused almost exclusively on behavior within constraints. My college textbook, Gregory Mankiw's otherwise excellent Principles of Economics, doesn't mention the word abundance. And for good reason: if you let the scarcity term in most economic equations go to nothing, you get all sorts of divide-by-zero problems. They basically blow up.” - Chris Anderson http://longtail.typepad.com/the_long_tail/2005/03/the_tragically_.html
Commercial Open Source Commercial Open
Source is a business “model” based on customers paying a ﬁxed or recurring fee to a vendor to use software that, give or take a few details, is also available for free and as Open Source. The value proposition can be based on ✓ FUD (warranty, indemniﬁcation, support), ✓ ease of use (better packaging, faster updates), ✓ more functionalities (widget frosting) ✓ enabling of aggregates (avoiding the non-permissive licensing reciprocality).
“every [corporation] endeavors to employ
its capital so that its produce may be of greatest value. By pursuing its own interest it frequently promotes that of society more eﬀectually than when it really intends to promote it.” Adam Smith