World Bank TVET Afghanistan Program Review

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This project concerns the creation of a National Institute of Management and Administration (NIMA) that responds to a government initiative to establish an intensive education program in management and administration to train domestic experts in fields such as management, accounting, procurement, auditing, computers and information technology, English and secretarial functions. It represents the intent of the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Higher Education and the Ministry of Economy to collaborate and with major international donor (namely the World Bank and the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund) to establish NIMA as a major investment in capacity building and workforce development for the young people of Afghanistan. Dr. Charles Giammona is Team Leader

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World Bank TVET Afghanistan Program Review

  1. 1. APRIL 2011 NIMA   MID TERM REVIEW BRIEFING     Consultant Services for Curricular and Academic Development Activities for NIMA, Grant H352-AF  Afghanistan Skills Development Project P102573 PREPARED FOR THE AFGHANISTAN MINISTRY OF EDUCATION & WORLD BANK
  2. 2. Briefing Focus <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Project Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Profile </li></ul><ul><li>Accomplishments </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure Development </li></ul><ul><li>Accreditation </li></ul><ul><li>Project Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons Learned </li></ul><ul><li>Next Steps </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>
  3. 3. Project Objectives <ul><li>Support Two Year Diploma Program Development </li></ul><ul><li>Administration & Management </li></ul><ul><li>Finance & Accounting </li></ul><ul><li>Information & Computer Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Advance English Proficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Diploma Level Labor Market Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Train Teachers for Other TVET Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Set Accreditation & Other Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Assist Institute in its Management </li></ul>
  4. 4. Institutional Profile <ul><li>Institutional Partner </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Institute Of Mgmt and Admin (NIMA) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Established 2008 by Ministry of Education (MOE) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission: Young Afghan Capacity Building/Workforce Dev </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Part of Afghanistan Skills Development Project (ASDP) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Goal: Build Tech and Vocation Education (TVET) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equitable /Market Driven /Cost Effective </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Funding Agency: World Bank </li></ul>
  5. 5. Institutional Profile <ul><li>Enrollment: 2700 </li></ul><ul><li>Standardized Entrance Exam Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30% Women </li></ul></ul><ul><li>500 Dormitory/250 Rental Facility Students </li></ul><ul><li>37 Junior Faculty </li></ul><ul><li>3 Faculty Trainers </li></ul><ul><li>3 Senior Faculty </li></ul><ul><li>4 Support Staff </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>100 Afghan Teacher Trainees (ATT)-now 7 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>29 Placement Teacher Trainees (PTT) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Institutional Profile <ul><li>Semester Enrollment Comments </li></ul><ul><li>1 2700 NIMA Mgmt </li></ul><ul><li>2 1700 ASDP Contract </li></ul><ul><li>3 1510 10,000 Exams </li></ul><ul><li>4 1050 Graduates </li></ul><ul><li> 1260 Placements </li></ul><ul><li> 250 Waiting Placement </li></ul>
  7. 7. Significant Achievements <ul><li>Curriculum Development (50 courses) </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Skills Development </li></ul><ul><li>Standardized Examinations </li></ul><ul><li>Examination Rules, Regulations and Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Staff and Student Codes of Conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Committee and Sub Committees </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Structure Based on Bloom’s Taxonomy* </li></ul><ul><li>Student-Centered Learning/Living Classroom Model Based </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross Modular, Blended Learning, Kabul in the Classroom </li></ul></ul>* Post-Bloom Research is Acknowledged But it is Not Yet Standardized in Textbooks
  8. 8. Competency Balance Attitudes
  9. 9. Prior Curriculum: Semester 1 <ul><li>Independent Curricula </li></ul>Fundamentals of Accounting Fundamentals of Management Fundamentals of IT in Business Fundamentals of Economics Fundamentals of Mathematics English
  10. 10. New Interactive Learning
  11. 11. From Knowledge to Synthesis
  12. 12. Blended Learning Space http://net.educause.edu/section_params/resources/learning_spaces/Ch11fig1_web.jpg
  13. 13. Blended Learning Constructs http://e4innovation.com/images/8things.jpg
  14. 14. <ul><li>Don’t Do </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t Come </li></ul>New Philosophy of Conduct
  15. 15. <ul><ul><li>Teachers and Students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Life Skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discipline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect </li></ul></ul>An Evolving Values-Added Model
  16. 16. Infrastructure Development Lab/Office Connectivity Curriculum Enhancements Advanced Technical Skills Project Mobilization--August 2009 Six Computers Some Whiteboards Semester 2: September 2009 - January 2010 Resource Development No LAN or Internet Four Labs Created Software on DVD Open Source Software E-commerce and Web Site Building Notepad and Web Browser Courses/Exercises on Paper Basis Semester3: March - July 2010 Resource Development Computer and Network Maintenance Courses Management Systems Courses Project Initiative Attendance Administrator Project Initiative Counseling & Security Semester 4: September 2010 - January 2011 Resource Development Project Management 7 Additional Computer Labs 140 Computers LAN Internet Connection 2 Satellite Dishes Library TBD Placement Officers Begin Duties 20 Staff Semester 1 , YEAR 2 : April – June 2011 New Cohort Semester 1 , YEAR 2 : July – August 2011 Post MSP Placement Period for Cohort One Post MSP
  17. 17. Accreditation <ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure Programs Fulfill Internationally Recognized Quality Criteria </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pedagogical Principles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accreditation Reviewers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Jyväskylä Continuing Education Centre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faculty of Information Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jyväskylä School of Business and Economics </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Accreditation <ul><li>Tasks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review NIMA Curricula and Program Quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide Expert Opinion On Comparable International Courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct Monitoring Visits, Interviews, Observations, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare Action Plan for Accreditation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Target Areas for Development </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Accreditation <ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quarterly Monitoring Report </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Numerical Value Assessment Table Describing Level of Accreditation Criteria Attained </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aim Not to Criticize or Find Guilt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provide Developmental Input/Benefit </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Project Structures Basic Venn— Synergistic Relationships Stacked Venn— Non Overlapping Relationships
  21. 21. Organization Chart
  22. 22. Project Components Now Infrastructure Finance & Administration Academic Instruction & Curriculum
  23. 23. Project-Next Phase
  24. 24. Lessons Learned <ul><li>Student Orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expectation Management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third Party Influence </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure Effectiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Library, Technology, Sanitation/Power, Office/Class/Lab </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Administrative Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Counselor/Discipline, Registrar, Security, Placement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ATT/PTT Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Senior Faculty Ratio </li></ul><ul><li>Native English Skills </li></ul>
  25. 25. Next Steps <ul><li>Academic Sustainability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revise Teacher Training Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance Placement Partners/Process/Personnel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase Native English Staff Recruitment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Management Sustainability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebuild Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate Administrative and Academic Structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve Communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revise Contract Oversight Structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expedite Procurement Processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance Travel/Visa Processes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Establish Advocacy Board </li></ul>
  26. 26. Remaining 2011 Calendar Spring Semester Fall Semester April ‘11 August ‘11 September ’11 December‘11 July Contract End
  27. 27. Semester Options w/o Contract <ul><li>1) Don’t Start Semester </li></ul><ul><li>2) Start Semester </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Let Contract Expire July 7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continue without Existing Faculty, Staff or Admin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3) Start Semester </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terminate Semester July 7 (Contract End) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restart Semester with New Contractor Personnel </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Impacts <ul><ul><li>Ministry Embarrassment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students Disenfranchised--Left Without Direction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NIMA Credibility Loss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All Capital Investment Stolen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tender of New Contract Difficult </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Execution of Remaining Semester(s) Difficult </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Same New Contractor “Learning Curve” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlikely Modifications of Contract Technical Tasks with “Lessons Learned” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlikely Modifications of Contract Management Tasks with “Lessons Learned” </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Contract Options <ul><li>Contract Extension—August 2011 (Semester End) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPACT: Same as Above </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contract Extension—31 December’11 (Academic Year End) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMPACT: Enough Time to Modify, Solicit, Evaluate and Award New Contract with All Above Issues Addressed </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Summary <ul><li>In this project, “the boat is being built and sailed at the same time.” </li></ul><ul><li>All large projects have “start-up” and growing pains. </li></ul><ul><li>Twenty years from now, Afghanistan will have a sustainable middle class workforce because of the vision and dedication of the pioneer faculty, staff and students on this project. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not become distracted from the long term goal by inexperience and/or self-interest by those who do not understand the commitment required for success a generation away. </li></ul>… From Rubble to Rome

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